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Patienters upplevelse av att vårdas på enkelrum - en litteraturöversikt
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund:

Idag när nya sjukhus byggs blir designen till större delen enkelrum. Vårdmiljön

bör stödja patienternas hälsa och välbefinnande. Att det finns en länk mellan hälsa och miljön

som patienterna vistas i fastställs i begreppet evidensbaserad design. När patienter idag vårdas

på sjukhus finns olika typer av rum. Dessa är flerbäddsrum, som rymmer två eller flera

patienter samt enkelrum, där endast en patient ryms. I denna litteraturöversikt undersöks

patienternas upplevelse av att vårdas i enkelrum. Patientens upplevelse av sin vård är viktig

för sjuksköterskan att känna till. Den personcentrerade vården är nyckeln till upplevelsen.

Syfte:

Att beskriva patienters upplevelse av att vårdas på enkelrum. Metod: Studien är en

litteraturöversikt baserad på elva vetenskapliga artiklar från två världsdelar. Artiklarna söktes

i databaserna Pubmed, Cinahl och Science Direct, inklusionsår var 2000 – 2018.

Resultat:

Redovisas utifrån studiens syfte och presenteras under fyra kategorier; socialt stöd, autonomi

& kontroll, komfort och ensamhet & isolering som i sin tur har underkategorier. Kategorierna

har utformats utifrån återkommande begrepp i artiklarna som ligger till grund för resultatet.

Resultatet visar både på fördelar och nackdelar med patienternas upplevelse av att vårdas på

enkelrum.

Slutsats: Patienternas upplevelse av att vårdas på enkelrum är mer komplex än

rummets utformning, design och smyckning. Det handlar även om patienternas ålder och

personligheter. Mer forskning kring detta ämne kommer att behövas innan generella direktiv

om att endast införa enkelrum i byggnationer av nya sjukhus.

Abstract [en]

Background: Today, when new hospitals are being built, the design becomes mostly single

rooms. The healthcare environment should support patients' health and well-being. That there

is a link between health and the environment in which patients stay in is established in the

concept of evidence-based design. When patients are hospitalized today, there are different

types of hospital rooms. These are multibed rooms that accommodate two or more patients as

well as single rooms, where only one patient is accommodated. This literature review

examines the patient's experience of being cared for in a single room. Patient´s experience of

the care is important for the nurse to be aware of and the person-centered care is the key to the

experience.

Purpose: To describe patients' experience of care in single rooms.

Method:

The study is a literature review based on eleven scientific articles from two

continents. The articles were searched in the databases pubmed, cinahl and science direct,

inclusion year were 2000-2018.

Results: Reported on the purpose of the study and presented

in four categories: social support, autonomy &controll, comfort and lonliness & isolation,

which in turn has subcategories. The categories have been designed based on recurring

concepts in the articles that underlie the results. The result shows both the advantages and

disadvantages of the patient's experience of being cared for in single rooms.

Conclusion:

Patients' experience of care in single rooms is more complex than the design, and decoration

of the room. It is also about the age and personalities of the patients. More research on this

subject will be required before general directives to only introduce single rooms in

construction of new hospitals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Care, experience, nursing, patient, single-room
Keywords [sv]
Enkelrum, omvårdnad, patient, upplevelse, vård.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-27746OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-27746DiVA, id: diva2:1212096
Available from: 2018-06-01 Created: 2018-06-01

Open Access in DiVA

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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 361 kBChecksum SHA-512
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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