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Sjuksköterskans copingstrategier vid stress: - En litteraturöversikt
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurse’s coping strategies in dealing with stress - A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

Coping innebär individens förmåga att anpassa sig efter och hantera

olika förhållanden. För att kunna hantera den stress som finns i sjuksköterskeyrket

idag kan det behövas kunskap om olika copingstrategier. Sjuksköterskans roll och

ansvar har vuxit och kräver mer av sjuksköterskan. Bristande arbetsmiljö kan bidra

till ökad risk för stress i arbetet. En del i KASAM, känsla av sammanhang, är

hanterbarhet vilket bland annat innebär att människan har de resurser för att möta

de krav och påfrestningar den ställs inför.

Syfte

Att sammanställa vilka copingstrategier sjuksköterskan kan använda

i omvårdnaden för att hantera stress.

Metod

Litteraturöversikt baserad på 15 artiklar publicerade mellan 2008

och 2018. Databaserna som användes var Cinahl, PubMed och Psycinfo.

Resultat

De olika copingstrategier som framkom att sjuksköterskorna kunde

använda sig av för att hantera stress var

Be om hjälp och socialt stöd, Positivt

tänkande, Självkontroll, Problemlösning, Acceptans, Flykt och undvikande, Utöva

religion

samt Återhämtning. Copingstrategierna delades in i två kategorier,

Känslofokuserad coping

och Problemfokuserad coping.

Slutsats

Resultatet i litteraturöversikten visar att sjuksköterskor använder

flera olika copingstrategier för att kunna hantera stress. Den mest förekommande

copingstrategin var att be om hjälp och socialt stöd.

Abstract [en]

Background

Coping is the individual's ability to adapt to and handle different

conditions. In order to handle stress in the nursing profession today, knowledge

about different coping strategies may be needed. The nursing role and the

responsibility of nurses has grown and more is required of the nurse. Unhealthy

working environment can contribute to increased risk of stress at work. A part of

SOC, a sense of coherence, is manageability, which can mean that a person has the

resources to meet the demands and stress that she or he or she faces.

Aim

The aim of this review of literature was to compile the coping

strategies nurses use to cope with stress

Method

The Literature review is based on 15 articles published between

2008 and 2018. Databases used were Cinahl, PubMed and Psycinfo.

Result

The different coping strategies that were found showed that nurses

could use

Asking for help and social support, Positive thinking, Self-control,

Problem solving, Acceptance, Escape and avoidance, Exercising religion

and

Recovery.

Coping strategies were divided into two categories, Emotion-focused

coping

and Problem-focused coping.

Conclusion

The result in the literature review shows that nurses use several

different coping strategies to handle stress. The most common coping strategy was

to ask for help and social support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Coping, copingstrategies, literature review, nurses, nursing, stress
Keywords [sv]
Coping, copingstrategier, litteraturöversikt, omvårdnad, sjuksköterskor, stress
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-27748OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-27748DiVA, id: diva2:1212101
Available from: 2018-06-01 Created: 2018-06-01

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Citation style
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Language
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  • nn-NB
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