du.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Spaces for multilingual education: Language orientations in the national curricula of Sweden and Finland
Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English. Stockholm University. (Utbildning och Lärande)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9024-330X
University of Helsinki, Finland.
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Multilingualism is visible and officially recognised in Sweden and Finland. Both have education systems promoting equity and equality, articulated in the motto “one school for all”. However, recent societal and political changes linked to increased immigration have created new challenges in efforts to support linguistic diversity. Our study aims at clarifying the conceptual frameworks of multilingual education in the two contexts through an analysis of their compulsory school curricula, using Ruiz’s (1984) framework of three language orientations of language planning: language as problem, resource or right. Questions emerging from the language-as-problem orientation include how and for whom languages are considered problems, which hierarchies may be in place, and what challenges are created for minority speakers. The language-as-right orientation focuses on the right to both avoid discrimination for language use and to use one’s own language to access democracy. Finally, language-as-resource offers a more positive view on multilingualism, one in which linguistic diversity is both valued and supported as part of a pluralistic society. The material investigated includes the Swedish Curriculum for the compulsory school, preschool class and the recreation centre (2015) and the Finnish National comprehensive school curriculum (2014), as well as some supporting documents from each country. The two curricula differ in their orientations of language as problem, resource or right. Both stress the rights of minority language speakers through mother tongue support. Finland, however, has an explicit emphasis on the value and place of multilingualism in the classroom; while in Sweden, a language hierarchy is evident and a monolingual norm is prevalent. Given the common focus on providing education for all and also given Sweden’s long history of provision of mother tongue support and Swedish as a second language instruction, the different spaces for multilingual education revealed in the education policies are somewhat surprising. In our presentation, we will examine and compare examples from our analysis of the orientations and discuss how these spaces created are key to our possibilities as educators to promote linguistic diversity and social justice in the schools of today’s global societies.

 

Ruiz, R. (1984). Orientations in Language Planning. NABE Journal, 8(2), 15–34.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
national curriculum, language orientations, multilingual education
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Educational Sciences
Research subject
Education and Learning
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-27845OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-27845DiVA, id: diva2:1218024
Conference
Language, Identity and Education in Multilingual Contexts,(LIEMC18), Marino Institute of Education – an Associated College of the University of Dublin, Trinity College on 1 – 3 February 2018
Available from: 2018-06-13 Created: 2018-06-13 Last updated: 2018-06-14Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Authority records BETA

Paulsrud, BethAnne

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Paulsrud, BethAnne
By organisation
English
General Language Studies and LinguisticsEducational Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 2 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf