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Patienters upplevelser av att leva med bensår: Litteraturöversikt
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patient’s experiences of life with leg ulcers (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund:

Bensår är ett symtom som orsakas av olika bakomliggande sjukdomar

varav nedsatt venös cirkulation är vanligast. Störst risk att drabbas har patienter

över 65 år. Bensår är plågsamma för patienter och innebär stora kostnader för

vården.

Syfte:

Att beskriva patienters upplevelser av att leva med bensår.

Metod:

Studien genomfördes som en litteraturöversikt där databaserna Cinahl,

Pubmed och Psycinfo användes vilket resulterade i 16 vetenskapliga artiklar av

både kvalitativ och kvantitativ design.

Resultat:

Patienters upplevelser av att leva med bensår resulterade i tre kategorier:

att uppleva lidande, att känna sig begränsad samt att uppleva brister. Patienter

upplevde stort lidande relaterat till att tvingas leva med smärta, sömnbrist samt

negativa känslor. Begränsningar som patienter upplevde orsakades av fysisk

begränsning, begränsning i val av kläder och skor samt social begränsning.

Kunskaps- och informationsbrist hos patienter samt bristande kunskap om

bensårsbehandling bland sjuksköterskor framkom i litteraturöversikten.

Konklusion:

Patienter upplevde omfattande lidande och begränsningar relaterat

till att leva med bensår. Smärta var det mest dominerande symtomet som sällan var

adekvat bedömd eller behandlad. Smärtproblematiken ledde i sin tur till

försämring och förstärkning av andra symtom med djupgående påverkan på

patienters välmående. Ökat stöd, information och smärtlindring skulle förbättra

patienters välmående.

Abstract [en]

Background:

Leg ulcer is a symptom caused by different underlying illnesses of

which poor venous circulation is the most common one. People over 65 years of

age are at the highest risk. Leg ulcer is a burden both for the patient and the

healthcare system.

Aim:

To describe patients experiences of life with leg ulcers.

Method:

This study was conducted as a literature review, in which 16 articles was

included using the databases Cinahl, Pubmed and Psycinfo. The articles were of

qualitative and quantitative design.

Result:

Patient experiences of living with leg ulcers resulted in three categories:

To experience suffering, to feel restricted and to experience lack of knowledge.

The patients experienced a lot of suffering regarding pain, sleep deprivation and

negative emotions. The patients also experienced limitations caused by

immobility, limitations in the choice of clothes and shoes and social restrictions.

The patients lack of knowledge, information and the nurses lack of knowledge

about leg ulcer treatment was obvious in this study.

Conclusion:

Patient perceived a lot of suffering and limitations caused by life with

leg ulcers. Pain was the most dominant symptom and was rarely assessed or

treated properly. Pain caused deterioration and enhancement of other symptoms

with profound effect on patient's wellbeing. Added support, information and pain

control could improve patient wellbeing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Experiences, leg ulcer, literature review, patients, perceptions
Keywords [sv]
Bensår, erfarenheter, litteraturöversikt, patienter, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-27862OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-27862DiVA, id: diva2:1218284
Available from: 2018-06-14 Created: 2018-06-14

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