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Robotdjur i demensvården: En litteraturstudie
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Robotic animals in dementia care (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund:

Demens är ett samlingsnamn för en grupp olika sjukdomar som drabbar hjärnan och dess funktioner. Terapidjur används för att lugna och förbättra livskvaliteten hos personer med demenssjukdomar. För att undvika problem som allergier, kostnader för skötsel och skador som kan uppstå vid användandet av levande djur har därför robotdjur utvecklats.

Syfte:

Att sammanställa aktuell forskning som beskrivit effekter och erfarenheter av robotdjur inom demensvården.

Metod:

En litteraturöversikt grundad på 15 vetenskapliga artiklar, publicerade mellan åren 2013 och 2018.

Resultat:

De flesta studierna visade på positiva effekter på social interaktion och att intervention med robotdjur kunde främja psykiskt välbefinnande och reducera ensamhet hos äldre med demenssjukdom. Resultatet från de olika studierna visade att med hjälp av ett robotdjur kunde isolering och avskärmning brytas. Inverkan på aggression och utåtagerande beteende varierade vid interaktion med robotdjur.

Slutsats:

Resultatet av denna studie visade att användande av robotdjur kan ha positiv effekt på social interaktion och livskvalitet. Vidare kan användande av robotdjur ha en lugnande inverkan och dämpa agitation samt reducera nedstämdhet hos äldre personer med demenssjukdom.

Abstract [en]

Background:

Dementia is an umbrella term which involves a number of diseases that effects the brain and its functions. Animal assisted therapy is being used to calm and enhance the overall quality of life for people who suffers from dementia. To avoid problems like allergies and costs that involves care for the animals and for the damages that they might cause, the development of the robotic animal has begun.

Aim:

To compile current research, which highlights the effects and experiences of using robotic animal in the care of people who suffers from dementia.

Method:

Literature review based upon 15 scientific studies, published between the years 2013 and 2018.

Results:

Most studies pointed towards a positive effect upon social interaction and that intervention with a robotic animal could promote mentaly well-being as well as reducing loneliness in elderly people suffering from dementia. The result from the studies showed that using a robotic animal could help break isolation among the participants. The effects on aggression and extroverted behaviour when using an robotic animal showed a varying result.

Conclusion:

The results of this study shows that the use of robotic animals could have positive effects on social interaction and quality of life. A robotic animal could also have a calming impact on agitation and reduce depression in people who suffers from dementia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Dementia, effects, experiences, robotic animal, person centered care.
Keywords [sv]
Demens, effekter, erfarenheter, robotdjur, personcentrerad vård
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-27866OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-27866DiVA, id: diva2:1218310
Available from: 2018-06-14 Created: 2018-06-14

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CiteExportLink to record
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