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Intra-urban location of stores and labour turnover in retail
Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4212-8582
Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4871-833X
2019 (English)In: International Review of Retail Distribution & Consumer Research, ISSN 0959-3969, E-ISSN 1466-4402Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to analyse labour turnover in retail firms with stores in different city locations. This case study of a Swedish mid-sized city uses comprehensive longitudinal register data on individuals. In a first step, an unconditional descriptive analysis shows that labour turnover in retail is higher in out-of-town locations, compared to more central locations in the city. In a second step, a generalized linear model (GLM) analysis is conducted where labour turnover in downtown and out-of-town locations are compared. Firm internal and industry factors, as well as employee characteristics, and location-specific factors are controlled for. The results indicate that commuting costs and intra-urban location have no statistically significant effect on labour turnover in retail firms. Instead, firm internal factors, such as human resource management, has a major influence on labour turnover rates. The findings indicate that in particular firms with multiple locations may need to pay extra attention to work conditions across stores in different places in a city, in order to avoid diverging levels of labour mobility. This paper complements previous survey-based studies on labour turnover by using a comprehensive micro-level dataset to analyse revealed rather than stated preferences concerning job-to-job mobility. An elaborated measure of labour turnover is used to analyse differences between shopping areas in different locations within the city. The particular research design used in this paper makes it possible to isolate the effect of intra-organizational conditions by analysing mobility within firms with workplaces in both downtown and out-of-town locations. This is the first comprehensive study of labour turnover and mobility with an intra-urban perspective in the retail sector.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Employee turnover, commuting cost, firm internal factors, firm external factors, generalized linear modelling
National Category
Human Geography Probability Theory and Statistics
Research subject
Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-29862DOI: 10.1080/09593969.2019.1591480Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85063257645OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-29862DiVA, id: diva2:1302922
Available from: 2019-04-08 Created: 2019-04-08 Last updated: 2019-08-26Bibliographically approved

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Han, MengjieHåkansson, Johan

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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