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A top-down control method of nZEBs for performance optimization at nZEB-cluster-level
City University of Hong Kong.
2018 (English)In: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, E-ISSN 1873-6785, Vol. 159, p. 891-904Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nearly zero energy buildings (NZEBs) are considered as a promising solution to the mitigation of the energy problems. A proper control of the energy system operation of the nZEB cluster is essential for improving load matching, reducing grid interaction and reducing energy bills. Existing studies have developed many demand response control methods to adjust the operation of energy systems to improve performances. Most of these studies focus on optimizing performances at individual-nZEB-level while neglecting collaborations (e.g. energy sharing and battery sharing) between nZEBs. Only a few studies consider the collaborations and optimize the system operation at nZEB-cluster-level, yet they cannot take full advantage of nZEB collaborations as optimization is conducted in a bottom-up manner lacking global coordination. This paper, therefore, proposes a top-down control method of nZEBs for optimizing performances at the cluster level. The top-down control method first considers the nZEB cluster as ‘one’ and optimizes its energy system operation using the genetic algorithm (GA), and then it coordinates the operation of every single nZEB inside the cluster using non-linear programming (NLP). The top-down control enables collaborations among nZEBs by coordinating single nZEB's operations. Such collaborations can bring significant performance improvements in different aspects. For instance, in aspect of economic cost, the collaborations can reduce the high-priced energy imports from the grid by sharing the surplus renewable energy with nZEBs which have insufficient energy generations. The proposed top-down control has been compared with a traditional non-collaborative control. The study results show that the top-down control is effective in improving performances at cluster level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 159, p. 891-904
Keywords [en]
Near-zero energy building cluster, Top-down control, Economic cost, Load matching, Grid interaction
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-30838DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2018.06.199OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-30838DiVA, id: diva2:1355748
Available from: 2019-09-30 Created: 2019-09-30 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360544218312647

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Huang, Pei

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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