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Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survival in international airports.
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2018 (English)In: Resuscitation, ISSN 0300-9572, E-ISSN 1873-1570, Vol. 127, p. 58-62, article id S0300-9572(18)30134-5Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: The highest achievable survival rate following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is unknown. Data from airports serving international destinations (international airports) provide the opportunity to evaluate the success of pre-hospital resuscitation in a relatively controlled but real-life environment.

METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included all cases of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest at international airports with resuscitation attempted between January 1st, 2013 and December 31st, 2015. Crude incidence, patient, event characteristics and survival to hospital discharge/survival to 30 days (survival) were calculated. Mixed effect logistic regression analyses were performed to identify predictors of survival. Variability in survival between airports/countries was quantified using the median odds ratio.

RESULTS: There were 800 cases identified, with an average of 40 per airport. Incidence was 0.024/100,000 passengers per year. Percentage survival for all patients was 32%, and 58% for patients with an initial shockable heart rhythm. In adjusted analyses, initial shockable heart rhythm was the strongest predictor of survival (odds ratio, 36.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 15.5-87.0). In the bystander-witnessed subgroup, delivery of a defibrillation shock by a bystander was a strong predictor of survival (odds ratio 4.8; 95% CI, 3.0-7.8). Grouping of cases was significant at country level and survival varied between countries.

CONCLUSIONS: In international airports, 32% of patients survived an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, substantially more than in the general population. Our analysis suggested similarity between airports within countries, but differences between countries. Systematic data collection and reporting are essential to ensure international airports continually maximise activities to increase survival.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 127, p. 58-62, article id S0300-9572(18)30134-5
Keywords [en]
International epidemiology, Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, Resuscitation, survival
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-31443DOI: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2018.03.024PubMedID: 29550496OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-31443DiVA, id: diva2:1381499
Available from: 2019-12-22 Created: 2019-12-22 Last updated: 2019-12-30Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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