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Kvinnors upplevelser av livskvalitet i samband med endometrios: en litteraturöversikt
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Women's experiences of quality of life in correlation to endometriosis : a literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Endometrios är en kronisk sjukdom som utlöser inflammation på en eller flera delar av kvinnans könsorgan. Vanliga symtom för endometrios är buksmärta, bäckensmärta och samlagssmärta. Symtomdebut är varierande, dock finns det studier som tyder på att symtom uppkommit redan i tonåren. Vid endometrios är det vanligt med hormonell behandling och i vissa fall även indicerat med operativ behandling. I dag är kunskap kring endometrios försummad och det förekommer felaktigt dragna slutsatser kring orsak till sjukdomen.

Syfte: Att beskriva kvinnors upplevelser av livskvalitet i samband med endometrios.

Metod: Arbetet har genomförts som en litteraturöversikt, där resultatet är baserat på 16 vetenskapliga artiklar.

Resultat: Kvinnor med endometrios hade nedsatt livskvalitet i olika kontext, därefter identifierades subkategorier som beskrev i vilken kontext kvinnor hade nedsatt livskvalitet i. Subkategorier som identifierades var: Relationer - Partnerskap, Familj och vänner, Social isolering, Fertilitet, Åldersrelaterad påverkan, Det vardagliga livet, Kunskapsluckor i vården, Informationsöverföring och Försening av diagnos. Orsaken till den nedsatta livskvaliteten och det som genomsyrade subkategorierna var huvudsakligen smärta av olika typer.

Konklusion: Mycket talar för att kvinnor med endometrios har en nedsatt livskvalitet jämfört med kvinnor som inte lider av sjukdomen. Den nedsatta livskvaliteten kan ofta kopplas till en okunskap gällande sjukdomen inom vårdpersonal eller att man som vårdpersonal inte är uppmärksam på symtom hos dessa kvinnor som i förlängningen leder till en nedsatt livskvalitet.

Abstract [en]

Background: Endometriosis is a chronic disease which causes episodes of inflammation in women’s genital- and reproductive organs. The most common symptoms in women with endometriosis are abdominal pain, pelvic pain and pain during intercourse. The debute of symptoms vary, but several studies claim that symptoms often occur during adolescence. Hormone treatment is often used in women with endometriosis and in other cases surgical treatment is indicated. Today, knowledge about endometriosis is neglected and there are incorrect conclusions about the cause of the disease.

Aim: To describe women's experiences of quality of life in correlation to endometriosis.

Methods: The study was conducted as a literature review, the result is based on 16 scientific articles.

Results: Women with endometriosis had reduced quality of life in different contexts, thereafter subcategories were identified that described in which context women had reduced quality of life in. Subcategories identified were: Relationships – Partnerships and Family, Social Isolation, Fertility, Age-related impact, Everyday life, Gaps of knowledge in health care, Transmission of information and Delay of diagnosis. The reason for the reduced quality of life and what permeated the subcategories was mainly pain of different types.

Conclusion: Much speaks for that women with endometriosis have a lower quality of life compared to women who do not suffer from the disease. The reduced quality of life can often be linked to a lack of knowledge about the illness for health care professionals or that as a health care professional, you are not aware of the symptoms of these women which, in the long run, lead to a reduced quality of life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020.
Keywords [en]
Endometriosis, fertility, gaps of knowledge in health care, literature review and quality of life
Keywords [sv]
Endometrios, fertilitet, kunskapsluckor i vården, livskvalitet och litteraturöversikt
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-31784OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-31784DiVA, id: diva2:1390164
Available from: 2020-01-31 Created: 2020-01-31

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