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Skolsköterskors erfarenheter av högstadieelevers ensamhet: En kvalitativ intervjustudie
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
School nurses perceptions of high school students loneliness (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Ensamhet definieras som en tillvaro utan gemenskap och trygghet. Ibland är ensamheten självvald. Det finns olika faktorer som har betydelse för elevers upplevelse av ensamhet. Skolsköterskan har en viktig roll med att uppmärksamma, arbeta förebyggande, hälsofrämjande så väl som att stötta elever som känner sig ensamma.

Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva skolsköterskors erfarenheter av högstadieelevers ensamhet.

Metod: Datamaterialet analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Åtta intervjuer med skolsköterskor blev analyserade.

Resultat: Ur analysen av datamaterialet framkom åtta kategorier: Ensamhet uppmärksammas i hälsosamtalet, Elever uttrycker att ensamhetskänsla kan vara svår att beskriva, Kontaktnätet kan uppmärksamma ensamhet, Ensamhet kan visa sig på olika sätt, Elever har olika behov gällande ensamhet, Omgivningen har betydelse för hur eleven blir uppmärksammad, Internet kan skapa både en gemenskap och en ensamhet, Känslan av ensamhet mellan flickor och pojkar.

Slutsats: Hälsosamtalet var en viktig del i att uppmärksamma elever som verkade ensamma. Det var betydelsefullt för eleverna att de fick vara med och påverka skolmiljön för att minska känslan av ensamhet. Skolsköterskan tillsammans med föräldrar och annan personal har en viktig roll i att stötta elever i skolan.

Abstract [en]

Background: Loneliness is defined as being without community and security. Sometimes loneliness is self-elected. There are circumstances that are important to young students experience of loneliness. The school nurse has an important role to pay attention to and work on prevention and health promotion and to support students who feel lonely.

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe school nurses perceptions of high school students loneliness.

Method: The data material was analyzed with an qualitative content analysis. Eight interviews with school nurses were analyzed.

Results: From the analysis of the data material eight categories emerged: Loneliness is noticed in the health conversation, Students express that feeling of loneliness can be difficult to describe, The contact network can pay attention to loneliness, Loneliness can manifest in different ways, Students have different needs regarding loneliness, The environment is important for how the student is noticed, The internet can create both a community and a feeling of loneliness, The feeling of loneliness between girls and boys.

Conclusion: The health dialogues is an important part of drawing attention to students who seems lonely. It is important for students to be able to influence the school environment in order to reduce the feeling of loneliness. The school nurse, together with parents and other staff, has an important role in supporting students in the school.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020.
Keywords [en]
Loneliness, personcentred care, qualitative content analysis, school nurse, young students
Keywords [sv]
Ensamhet, högstadieelever, kvalitativ innehållsanalys, personcentrerad vård, skolsköterska
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-31790OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-31790DiVA, id: diva2:1390201
Available from: 2020-01-31 Created: 2020-01-31

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Citation style
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