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Det avvaktande barnet i förskolan: En studie i hur förskollärare beskriver avvaktande barn samt sitt arbete att skapa relationer till dessa barn
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien har varit att få insikt om hur förskollärare beskriver så kallade avvaktande barn, samt att få kunskap om förskollärares arbete att skapa relationer till dessa barn. Studien har haft en kvalitativ inriktning där semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med fem förskollärare. Förskollärarna bidrog med empiriskt material som har analyserats och kopplats till Bowlbys anknytningsteori samt Scheffs teori om sociala band. Efter att ha analyserat materialet kunde vi utläsa att förskollärarna uppfattade att det avvaktande barnet inte ville vara med i gruppen, utan ville hellre vara för sig själv. Vi fann även att några av förskollärarna lyfte fram att barnets avvaktande beteende kunde ha med barnets personlighet att göra. De flesta förskollärarna berättade att de ansåg att det var viktigt att synliggöra det avvaktande barnets intressen i den fysiska miljön, i att skapa relation, men också i hur de kunde inkludera det avvaktande barnet. Att bygga relationer till det avvaktande barnet och få barnet att känna trygghet var också någonting som kunde utläsas från analysen. De flesta förskollärare påpekade att för att inkludera det avvaktande barnet kunde de arbeta i mindre grupper. Slutligen betonas risken med att avvaktande barn kan bli exkluderade.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study has been to gain a better insight into how preschool teachers describe those preschool children who are extremely shy, reticent and reserved. The aim has also been to gain knowledge about how pre-school teachers work to create relationship to these children. The study has had a qualitative direction, where semi-structural interviews with five preschool teachers were accomplished. The preschool teachers have made a contribution to empirical material, which has been analyzed and connected to Bowlby`s evolutionary theory of attachment and to Scheff`s theory concerning social bonds. After having analyzed this material we were able to understand that the pre-school teachers shared the opinion that children who they regarded as extremely reserved actually didn´t want to be part of a big group, but rather preferred to be by themselves. We also realized that some of the preschool teachers meant that a reticent behavior also might have something to do with different personalities amongst children. Most of the pre-school teachers told us that they realized the importance of focusing on the interests in the physical environment of these children, of creating good relationship, but also of trying to include these children to be parts of group solidarity. To create good relationship with children being reticent and to make them feel confidence were also important opinions, which we could learn from the analysis. Most preschool teachers pointed out that one way to make it possible to include these reticent children was to let them work in smaller groups. Ultimately, the preschool teachers emphasized the risk for these children to be excluded.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020.
Keywords [sv]
anknytning, avvaktande, förskola, förskollärare, otrygga, relationer, tillbakadragna, undvikande, attachment, social bond, preschool, preschool teacher
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-31877OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-31877DiVA, id: diva2:1393096
Available from: 2020-02-14 Created: 2020-02-14

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
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  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
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