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Cessation of breastfeeding in mothers of preterm infants: A mixed method study
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Uppsala University; Falu Hospital.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3460-7500
University of Borås.
2020 (English)In: PLoS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 15, no 5, article id e0233181Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION: Many women cease breastfeeding earlier than desired. This study examined the cessation of breastfeeding among mothers of preterm infants. Thus, the aim was to describe the cessation of breastfeeding in mothers of preterm infants up to 12 months after birth.

METHOD: This mixed methods study used a convergent design with both qualitative data, consisting of written comments, and quantitative data, on breastfeeding status and breastfeeding satisfaction. The data were collected from questionnaires sent to the mothers at three points during the first year after birth. In total, 270 mothers of preterm infants who breastfed at the time of discharge from the neonatal unit provided data for the study. The quantitative and qualitative data were analysed separately with statistical tests and hermeneutical analysis, respectively and then together according to the convergent mixed methods design.

RESULTS: Four themes of the meanings of the cessation of breastfeeding were identified in the qualitative analysis: "Desire to regain the mother's and the infant's well-being", "The mothers interpretation that the infants actively ceased breastfeeding", "The mother's body and/or the infants' signals showing the way" and "The mother's own will and perceived external obstacles". Mothers who did not breastfeed as long as they wanted were more likely to report less satisfaction with breastfeeding, a shorter breastfeeding period, and less activity when ceasing breastfeeding. In comparison, mothers who breastfed as long as they wanted were more satisfied with breastfeeding, breastfed for a longer period of time and were more active in decision making in breastfeeding cessation.

CONCLUSION: Maternal passivity or activity influenced the cessation of breastfeeding in mothers of preterm infants who breastfed at the time of discharge from the neonatal unit. Passive behaviour related to breastfeeding may result in early cessation of breastfeeding, and low breastfeeding satisfaction while active behaviour may increase breastfeeding length and satisfaction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. Vol. 15, no 5, article id e0233181
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Welfare
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-32892DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0233181PubMedID: 32413062OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-32892DiVA, id: diva2:1430947
Available from: 2020-05-18 Created: 2020-05-18 Last updated: 2020-05-18

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Ericson, Jenny

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