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Strengthening tourism scholarship for sustainable development: the role of critical realism
Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies. (Centre for Tourism and Leisure Research (CeTLeR))ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1400-0357
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The number of incoming tourists in the world rises every year (World Bank, 2016), and this has an impact on the goals for the 2030 Agenda especially regarding climate change, sustainability of ecosystems and the availability of water (UN, 2016). Despite the internal and external controversies surrounding tourism scholarship, it is a field that has much potential to contribute to the achievement of the goals of the 2030 Agenda. In tourism research, there are still well-established and strong divisions between quantitative and qualitative research. The quantitative approach usually relies on positivism, while the qualitative approach increasingly commits to phenomenological, hermeneutic, postmodernist and constructivist positions. Furthermore, research underpinned by these assumptions often does not clearly state nor discuss epistemological or ontological issues, taking the previously mentioned positions for granted almost as they were the accepted norm.

In this paper, I review the latest 200 articles that have been published in each of the three top tourism and hospitality journals. I comment specifically on their epistemological and ontological assumptions. I then use this review as the basis for a philosophical discussion in which I argue that critical realism can underlabour for tourism scholarship. That is, it can provide tourism scholarship with an ontology and epistemology that will allow it to effectively discover and tackle the issues that are connected to overcrowding and unsustainable destination development to ensure that the goals of the 2030 Agenda are met.

References:

UN. (2016). Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development .:. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform. Retrieved April 5, 2018, from https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/transformingourworld

World Bank (2016). International tourism , number of arrivals. Retrieved April 5, 2018, from https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/ST.INT.ARVL

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
critical realism, tourism
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Research Profiles 2009-2020, Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-33173OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-33173DiVA, id: diva2:1432713
Conference
International Association for Critical Realism (IACR) 21st Annual Conference, Lillehammer, August 29 – 31 2018, Sustainability, Interdisciplinarity and Transformative Change: A Critical Realist Response to the Crisis System
Available from: 2020-05-27 Created: 2020-05-27 Last updated: 2023-11-27Bibliographically approved

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de Bernardi, Cecilia

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf