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Outcome of planned home births vs hospital births in Sweden between 1992 and 2004.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4875-1407
2008 (English)In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 87, no 7, 751-759 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective The aim of this population based study was to measure the risk of adverse outcome for mother and child in planned home births in a Swedish population, irrespective of where the birth actually occurred, at home or in hospital after transfer. Design A population based study using data from the Swedish Medical Birth Register. Setting Sweden 1992-2004. Participants A total of 897 planned home births were compared with a randomly selected group of 11 341 planned hospital births. We also compared mortality rates with a national sample of 1 122 250 singleton, full-term babies. Main outcome measures Prevalence of mortality and morbidity among mothers and children, emergency conditions, instrumental and operative delivery and perineal lacerations were compared. Results During this period in Sweden the neonatal mortality rate was 2.2 per thousand in the home birth group and 0.7 in the hospital group (RR 3.6, 95% CI 0.2-14.7). No cases of emergency complications were found in the home birth group. The risk of having a sphincter rupture was lower in the planned home birth group (RR 0.2, 95% CI 0.0-0.7). The risk of having a caesarean section (RR 0.4, 95% CI 0.2-0.7) or instrumental delivery (RR 0.3, 95% CI 0.2-0.5) was significantly lower in the planned home birth group. Conclusion In Sweden, between 1992 and 2004, the intrapartum and neonatal mortality in planned home births was 2.2 per thousand. The proportion is higher compared to hospital births but no statistically significant difference. Women in the home birth group more often experienced a spontaneous birth without medical intervention and were less likely to sustain pelvic floor injuries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
England: Informa Healthcare , 2008. Vol. 87, no 7, 751-759 p.
Keyword [en]
home birth, medical outcome, Register study
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-4500OAI: oai:dalea.du.se:4500DiVA: diva2:520155
Available from: 2010-01-27 Created: 2010-01-27 Last updated: 2015-06-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
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More languages
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  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf