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On the art of being wrong: An essay on the dialectic of errors
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1702-0182
2009 (English)In: Journal of Philosophy of Education, ISSN 0309-8249, E-ISSN 1467-9752, Vol. 43, no 4, p. 573-588Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This essay attempts to distinguish and discuss the importance and limitations of different ways of being wrong. At first it is argued that strictly falsifiable knowledge is concerned with simple (instrumental) mistakes only, and thus is incapable of understanding more complex errors (and truths). In order to gain a deeper understanding of mistakes (and to understand a deeper kind of mistake), it is argued that communicative aspects have to be taken into account. This is done in the theory of communicative action, which adds to our knowledge of errors the notion of communicative mistakes: mistakes as obstacles for sincere communication. However, to overcome this still purely negative judgement of errors, two processes are examined in which mistakes are best regarded as developmental steps, that is, steps not only meaningful in their own right (as containing some truth), but also as necessary preconditions for further progress. This would suggest that truth is born out of errors. But if so, one has to understand the wrongness of such errors; how is it that they are erroneous if they (somehow) contain the truth? At the end of this essay, a tentative answer to this question is given.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell , 2009. Vol. 43, no 4, p. 573-588
Keyword [en]
Error; Popper; Habermas
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-5065DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9752.2009.00704.xISI: 000271639400007OAI: oai:dalea.du.se:5065DiVA, id: diva2:520264
Available from: 2010-11-10 Created: 2010-11-10 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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