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Costrutti condizionali in italiano antico
University of Macerata.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7941-895X
2010 (Italian)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The present book is an attempt to provide a comprehensive description of conditional constructions in old Italian. The study is divided into four parts. In the first one corresponding to Chapter 1 – I discuss the theoretical and methodological principles underpinning my research. The focus is on the following aspects: i) the logical form of the expression if p, q; ii) the interaction between condi- tionality, hypothesis, time, tenses and mood; iii) the role played by the linguistic and pragmatic context. In the second part (Chapter 2), I illustrate the changes affecting conditionals in the transition from Latin to Italian, and I compare vulgarizations with original Latin texts. The third part (Chapters 3-8) is the core of the whole book. In Chapter 3, I propose a classification of Old Italian conditionals according to the following types: predictives, gnomics, counterfactuals, inferentials, conversationals, interrogatives, imperatives, anankastics, optatives. I also describe if sentences expressing meanings other than the condition- al one (e.g. factuality, temporality, concessivity, correlation, etc.), and discuss the semantic and syntactic features of the so-called “hypothetical comparative sentences”, introduced by the complex connective come se (‘as if’). In Chapter 4, I present an in-depth description of the several combinations of times, tenses and moods concerning conditional constructions. In Chapter 5 I dwell on aspects such as i) the syntactic placement of the protasis and apodosis in the textual chain; ii) the occurrence of the quantifier solo (‘only’); iii) the occurrence of epistemic markers (e.g. forse ‘maybe’, certamente ‘certainly’, etc.). In Chapter 6 I outline the functions of correlatives such as e ‘and’, sì ‘thus’, allora ‘then’, dunque ‘therefore’, which give conditionals their internal cohe- sion. Chapter 7 is an overview of the various connectives which can express a conditional meaning in Old Italian, such as qualora ‘whenever’, quando ‘when’, dove ‘where’, eccetto che ‘except if” (negative conditional). In Chapter 8, I extend the analysis to those syntactic structures which express a conditional relation even though they don’t have the form of a prototypical conditional construction if p, q. In the fourth part of the book (Chapter 9), I consider the use of conditionals in different text types (i.e. narrations, chronicles, scientific treatises, arguments, legal documents) to identify their communicative functions. In the conclusive remarks, I focus on the diachrony of Italian conditionals, stressing both continuity and discontinuity issues. The book ends with a small appendix containing data on starting if sentences (incipit) in Old Italian Poetry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Roma: Aracne editrice, 2010.
Series
Studi linguistici e di storia della lingua italiana
Keyword [en]
Conditionals, Old Italian language, Syntax, Epistemic stance, Romance Linguistics, Conditional mood, Subjunctive
National Category
Languages and Literature Specific Languages
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-5804ISBN: 978-88-548-3721-8 (print)OAI: oai:dalea.du.se:5804DiVA: diva2:520722
Available from: 2011-09-02 Created: 2011-09-02 Last updated: 2015-03-16Bibliographically approved

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http://academia.edu/190953/Costrutti_condizionali_nella_prosa_antica_secoli_XIII-XIV_

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf