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Symptoms of stress incontinence 1 year after childbirth: prevalence and predictors in a national Swedish sample
Department of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
2004 (English)In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 83, no 10, 928-36 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: The aims of the present study were to describe the prevalence of stress incontinence, as described by women themselves, 1 year after childbirth in a national sample of Swedish-speaking women, and to identify possible predictors.

METHODS: A cohort study, including 2390 women recruited from 593 antenatal clinics in Sweden during three 1-week periods evenly spread over 1 year (1999-2000), representing 53% of women eligible for the study and 75% of those who consented to participate. Data were collected by means of questionnaires in early pregnancy, 2 months and 1 year after the birth, and from the Swedish Medical Birth Register.

RESULTS: One year after the birth, 22% of the women had symptoms of stress incontinence but only 2% said it caused them major problems. The strongest predictor was urinary incontinence (overall leakage) 4-8 weeks after a vaginal delivery (OR 5.5, CI 95% 4.1-7.4) as well as after a cesarean section (OR 11.9, CI 95% 2.9-48.1). Other predictors in women with a vaginal delivery were: multiparity (OR 1.4; CI 95% 1.1-1.8), obesity (OR 1.6; CI 95% 1.1-2.4) and constipation 4-8 weeks postpartum (OR 1.4; CI 95% 1.1-1.9).

CONCLUSION: Stress incontinence 1 year after childbirth is a common symptom, which could possibly be reduced by identifying women with urinary leakage at the postnatal check-up.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 83, no 10, 928-36 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-10593DOI: 10.1111/j.0001-6349.2004.00431.xPubMedID: 15453888OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-10593DiVA: diva2:546292
Available from: 2012-08-23 Created: 2012-08-23 Last updated: 2012-08-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf