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An empirical study on human mobility and its agent-based modeling
Högskolan i Gävle.
Högskolan i Gävle.
Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2317-9157
Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4643-9847
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2012 (English)In: Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, ISSN 1742-5468, P11024Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper aims to analyze the GPS traces of 258 volunteers for a better understanding of both the human mobility patterns and the mechanism. We report the regular and scaling properties of human mobility from several aspects, and importantly we find its levy flight characteristic which is consistent with the previous studies. We further assume two factors that may govern the levy flight property: (1) the scaling and hierarchical properties of the purpose clusters which serve as the underlying spatial structure, and (2) the individual preferential behavior. To verify the assumptions, we implement an agent-based model with the two factors, and the simulated agents indeed reproduce the same levy flight pattern as the observed one. In order to enable the model to reproduce more mobility patterns, we add the model a third factor, the jumping factor which means the probability that one person may cancel the regular mobility schedule and visit a random place. With this factor, our model could cover a relatively wide range of human mobility patterns with exponent values from 1.55 to 2.05.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. P11024
Keyword [en]
Levy flight, Power law, Scaling, Human mobility, Agent-based modeling
National Category
Probability Theory and Statistics
Research subject
Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys, General Microdata Analysis - transports; Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys, General Microdata Analysis - methods
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-10855DOI: 10.1088/1742-5468/2012/11/P11024ISI: 000312102500002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-10855DiVA: diva2:558235
Funder
Swedish Retail and Wholesale Development Council
Available from: 2012-10-02 Created: 2012-10-02 Last updated: 2015-06-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf