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Two Decades of Semi-Presidentialism: Issues of Intra-Executive Conflict in Central and Eastern Europe 1991-2011
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science. (Transition, identitet, civilsamhälle TICS/KIG)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6594-5804
National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Kiev.
2013 (English)In: East European Politics, ISSN 2159-9165, Vol. 29, no 2, 109-134 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Semi-presidentialism has become an increasingly popular form of government worldwide and has emerged as the most common regime type in Central and Eastern Europe and among the post-Soviet states. An often identified - although rarely empirically addressed - peril of semi-presidentialism is the risk of intra-executive struggles between the president and prime minister. This study analysis the trend and issues of intra-executive conflicts in eight semi-presidential (premier-presidential and president-parliamentary) countries in Central and Eastern Europe: Bulgaria, Croatia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, and Ukraine. By utilising expert survey data as well as indicators derived from documentary and literature analysis, 76 instances of intra-executive (president–cabinet) coexistences between 1991 and 2011 are examined. The results show that intra-executive conflict has been a frequently occurring phenomenon under both types of semi-presidentialism, and one that has persisted on similar levels throughout the post-communist era. In addition, and quite unexpectedly, we find that the character of conflicts have only slightly changed from being predominantly power struggles over formal rules and competences to being more issue specific and policy oriented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2013. Vol. 29, no 2, 109-134 p.
Keyword [en]
semi-presidentialism, intra-executive conflict, president–parliamentary, premier–presidential, Central and Eastern Europe, democratisation, president, prime minister, parliament
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Kultur, identitet och gestaltning
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-10923DOI: 10.1080/21599165.2012.748662OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-10923DiVA: diva2:559331
Available from: 2012-10-08 Created: 2012-10-08 Last updated: 2015-11-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf