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Predictors of loneliness among older women and men in Sweden: A national longitudinal study
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7685-3216
Linköpings universitet.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8795-7555
Karolinska Institutet ; Stockholms universitet.
2014 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To examine the extent to which older women and men (70+) report feelings of loneliness with a focus on: a) changes in reported loneliness as people age, and b) which factors predict loneliness.

Methods: Data from the 2004 and 2011 waves of SWEOLD, a longitudinal national survey study, was used. The prediction of loneliness in 2011 by data collected in 2004 was examined in three logistic regression models for the total sample (n=587), for women and for men.

Results: Older people moved in and out of frequent loneliness over time, but there was a general increase in loneliness as they aged. Recent widowhood and depression increment were associated with loneliness in both women and men. Loneliness, widowhood, depression and mobility problems measured in 2004 predicted loneliness uniquely in women in 2011; whereas low level of education and social contact reduction predicted loneliness uniquely in men.

Discussion: Loneliness is not always a stable condition, demonstrating the importance of longitudinal research. Gender differences in incidence and predictors make it important to look at women and men separately both when researching loneliness and when targeting interventions to prevent or reduce loneliness in older people.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Hälsa och välfärd
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-14426OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-14426DiVA: diva2:727187
Conference
22nd Nordic Congress of Gerontology, Gothenburg 25-28 May 2014
Available from: 2014-06-19 Created: 2014-06-19 Last updated: 2014-11-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf