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Strategies of contentious action: a comparative analysis of the women's movements in Poland and the Czech Republic
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6057-2762
2015 (English)In: European Societies: The Official Journal of the European Sociological Association, ISSN 1461-6696, E-ISSN 1469-8307, Vol. 17, no 4, 404-422 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article compares the contemporary Czech and Polish women's movements and demonstrates that there are significant differences in their strategies. While the Polish women's movement is more active in mobilizing the population and uses both transactional and participatory strategies in order to achieve its goals, the Czech women's movement focuses more on transactional activities, such as lobbying, setting up cooperation with national and international organizations, and negotiating with the authorities, as well as on educational activities. The article explains why these differences occur and why during the last decade the Polish women's movement has attempted at mobilizing the population successfully, while the Czech women's movement has not tried to organize any mass mobilizations. Based on interviews with women's organizations in Poland and the Czech Republic, we argue that institutional factors can explain these differences. This includes such factors as the role of the reformed, postcommunist women's organization in each country and the political opportunity structures. The most important political opportunity structures include a law in Poland that force the parliament to debate a law proposal if civil society organizations can get 100,000 signatures, as well as the facility for residents to allocate 1% of their income taxes to a registered civil society organization of their choosing. Another important difference in the political opportunity structures has been the types of institutional arrangements made to accommodate European Union's demands for gender mainstreaming.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 17, no 4, 404-422 p.
Keyword [en]
women's movement, Poland, Czech Republic, transactional activism, mobilization
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-14746DOI: 10.1080/14616696.2014.977321ISI: 000369767600002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-14746DiVA: diva2:736719
Available from: 2014-08-08 Created: 2014-08-08 Last updated: 2016-03-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf