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Folkets vilja vs. mänskliga rättigheter: Implementeringen av folkliga initiativ i Schweiz
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Popular will vs. human rights : The Implementation of popular initiatives in Switzerland (English)
Abstract [sv]

I Schweiz har genom folkomröstningar på senare år ett antal folkliga initiativ som strider mot de mänskliga rättigheterna antagits. Syftet med denna uppsats var främst att undersöka om den demokratiska legitimiteten säkerställs vid implementeringen av sådana folkliga initiativ. För att undersöka detta gjordes en fallstudie bestående av implementeringen av de tre folkliga initiativ som tydligast stridit mot de mänskliga rättigheterna. Resultaten var mångskiftande och det tycktes saknas ett tydligt mönster för i vilken utsträckning folkets vilja respektive de mänskliga rättigheterna beaktades vid implementeringen. Slutsatsen är att parlamentet och regeringen på bekostnad av den demokratiska legitimiteten försöker att ta hänsyn till de mänskliga rättigheterna men att de till följd av omständigheterna i det enskilda fallet kan avvika därifrån och på så sätt i större utsträckning beakta folkets vilja, vilket leder till ett högre mått av demokratisk legitimitet.

Abstract [en]

In recent years, the Swiss people have voted in favour of a couple of popular initiatives that are incompatible with the human rights. This development puts the government and the parliament in a problematic situation as they are responsible for the implementation of the initiatives and have to choose between the conflicting interests. Thus, the main purpose of this thesis was to examine whether such popular initiatives are implemented in a democratically legitimate way. This examination was made as a case study of those three initiatives that most manifestly have been incompatible with the human rights. The results were diverse and there did not seem to be any clear pattern in the way the popular will and the human rights were taken into account during the implementation. The conclusion is that the parliament and the government try to consider human rights, even at the expense of the popular will. However, due to the circumstances in the specific case, they sometimes consider the popular will to a greater extent, which increases the obtained level of democratic legitimacy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keyword [en]
direct democracy; human rights; legitimacy; popular initiatives; Switzerland
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-15938OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-15938DiVA: diva2:749885
Available from: 2014-09-25 Created: 2014-09-25 Last updated: 2014-09-25Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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