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Unseen Job Creators and Seniority Rules: Two essays on firm growth barriers
Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics. Örebro University.
2014 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Högskolan Dalarna, 2014.
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-16661OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-16661DiVA: diva2:778915
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-01-12 Created: 2015-01-12 Last updated: 2015-01-12Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. The unseen job creators: Growth potential among non-growing …firms
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The unseen job creators: Growth potential among non-growing …firms
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Among 104,231 limited liability fi…rms in Sweden with at least two employees during 1997-2010, almost 10 % did not hire new employees in any given 3-year period despite having high profi…ts. Nearly half of these …firms continued to have high or medium pro…fits in the next three-year period, but still no growth. Regression analysis indicates that these fi…rms were not randomly distributed; rather they were small and young, did not belong to an enterprise group, and operated in local markets with high profi…t-opportunities. We conclude that it might be more benefi…cial to focus policy towards these …firms instead of towards a few high-growth fi…rms that, having just grown exponentially, may not be best positioned to grow further.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Borlänge: Högskolan Dalarna, 2014. 34 p.
Series
Working papers in transport, tourism, information technology and microdata analysis, ISSN 1650-5581 ; 2014:04
Keyword
Gazelles, high-growth fi…rms, fi…rm growth, growth barriers
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-13931 (URN)
Available from: 2014-03-07 Created: 2014-03-07 Last updated: 2015-01-12Bibliographically approved
2. Employment Protection Legislation and Firm Growth: Evidence from a Natural Experiment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Employment Protection Legislation and Firm Growth: Evidence from a Natural Experiment
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A natural experiment is used to identify the causal relationship between employment protection legislation and fi…rm growth. The natural experiment occurred in Sweden in 2001, when an exemption made it possible for fi…rms with less than eleven employees to exclude two workers from the last-in-fi…rst-out principle when dismissing personnel. The estimated average treatment effect of the reform show that the number of employees increased with 0.135 percent in fi…rms with 5-9 employees relative to fi…rms with 10-15 employees, which corresponds to over 5,000 additional jobs per year created by the reform. Firms with ten employees, just below the size threshold, became 3.4 percent less likely to increase their workforce to a level surpassing the threshold, indicating that the last-in-…first-out rule prevented these …firms from growing. Thus, employment protection legislation seems to act as a growth barrier for small fi…rms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Borlänge: Högskolan Dalarna, 2014. 51 p.
Series
Working papers in transport, tourism, information technology and microdata analysis, ISSN 1650-5581 ; 2014:05
Keyword
Firm growth, Growth barriers, Employment protection
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-13932 (URN)
Available from: 2014-03-07 Created: 2014-03-07 Last updated: 2015-01-12Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • Other style
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