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Attityder till amning hos specialistsjuksköterskorverksamma inom barnhälsovården: Enkätstudie med kvantitativ ansats
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Attitudes to breastfeeding among specialist nurses working in childhealth care (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Den jämförelsevisa höga amningsfrekvensen i Sverige har tenderat att sjunka den senaste tiden. Enligt World Health Organization rekommenderas att alla barn bör helammas i sex månader. Specialistsjuksköterskor verksamma inom barnhälsovården har möjlighet att stödja och inspirera nyblivna mödrar att välja amning. Den attityd specialistsjuksköterskor har till amning kan i sin tur ha betydelse för på vilket sätt de förespråkar amning till de nyblivna mödrarna. Syfte: Att undersöka vilken attityd till amning specialistsjuksköterskor verksamma inom barnhälsovården hade samt att se om det fanns samband mellan attityder till amning och specialistsjuksköterskans personliga bakgrund eller i den yrkesrelaterade bakgrunden. Metod: Enkätstudie med kvantitativ ansats baserat på Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS). Studiens målgrupp är specialistsjuksköterskor verksamma inom barnhälsovården från två län i Sverige. Resultat: Studien visade att specialistsjuksköterskor inom barnhälsovården i genomsnitt hade en total attitydpoäng på 65,85 av möjliga 17-85 poäng. Specialistsjuksköterskorna som hade ammat egna barn och upplevt sin amning positiv hade signifikant en mer positiv attityd till amning, p= 0,006 och hos de specialistsjuksköterskor som arbetade ensamma vid sin barnhälsovårdscentral fanns ett samband med positivare attityd till amning p= 0,021. Konklusion: Denna studie syftade till att finna samband mellan attityder till amning och personliga- och yrkesmässiga bakgrundsvariabler hos specialistsjuksköterskor verksamma inom barnhälsovården. Studien visade att specialistsjuksköterskorna hade en positiv attityd till amning. En positiv upplevelse av den egna amningserfarenheten visade sig ha betydelse för en positivare attityd till amning. De specialistsjuksköterskor som inte hade några kollegor på sin arbetsplats hade en positivare attityd till amning än de specialistsjuksköterskor som arbetade tillsammans med kollegor på sin arbetsplats. De övriga undersökta bakgrundsvariablerna visade inga samband med positivare attityd till amning.

Abstract [en]

Background: The comparatively high breastfeeding rates in Sweden have tended to decline in recent years. According to the World Health Organization’s recommendations all children should get full breastfeeding for six months. Specialist nurses working in child care can support and inspire new mothers to choose breastfeeding over other alternatives. The attitude that specialist nurses have to breastfeeding may have a bearing on the manner in which they advocate breastfeeding to expectant mothers. Objective: To investigate attitudes to breastfeeding among specialist nurses working in child health care and to explore if there was a correlation between attitudes to breastfeeding and the specialist nurse's personal background or occupational background. Method: Questionnaire study with quantitative approach based on Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS). The study's target population is specialist nurses working in child care from two counties in Sweden. Results: The study shows that specialist nurses in child health care have, on average, a total attitude score of 65.85 of 17-85 possible points. The study also shows that specialist nurses who breastfed their children and had a positive experience have significantly more positive attitudes to breastfeeding, p = 0.006 and specialist nurses who work alone at their children's health center tend to have more positive attitudes to breastfeeding p = 0.021. Conclusion: This study aimed to identify correlations between attitudes towards breastfeeding and personal- and professional background variables of specialist nurses working in pediatric health care. The study shows that specialist nurses generally have positive attitudes to breastfeeding but also that nurses who have had positive personal experiences with breastfeeding have a significantly more positive attitude to breastfeeding. The study also shows that specialist nurses who had no colleagues at their workplace had a more positive attitude to breastfeeding than specialist nurses who worked with colleagues. The other examined background variables showed no associations with positive attitude towards breastfeeding.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keyword [en]
Attitude, Nurse, Nursing, Quantitative method
Keyword [sv]
Attityd, sjuksköterska, Amning, Kvantitativ metod
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-16932OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-16932DiVA: diva2:789214
Available from: 2015-02-18 Created: 2015-02-18

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