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Lexical and morphosyntactic features of a lexically driven in-group code
Stockholms universitet, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese. Stockholms universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8840-076X
2017 (English)In: Journal of Pidgin and Creole languages ( Print), ISSN 0920-9034, E-ISSN 1569-9870, Vol. 32, no 1, 75-103 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present paper focuses on the speech of a rural Afro-Brazilian community called Cafundó, situated 150 km from São Paulo. In 1978, when linguistic data were collected, the community constituted approximately eighty individuals, descendants of two slave women who inherited their owners’ proprieties. According to earlier studies, when the inhabitants of Cafundó spoke in their supposed ‘African language,’ Cupópia, they used structures borrowed from Portuguese and a vocabulary of possible African origin. A lexical analysis shows that the etymologies match historical and demographical data, indicating that speakers of varieties of Kimbundu, Kikongo and Umbundu dominated in the community. Through a morphosyntactic analysis, specific features were found in the data, such as copula absence and variable agreement patterns. By showing that some of Cupópia’s specific grammatical features are not derived from the Portuguese spoken by the same speakers but are instead shared with more restructured varieties, this paper defends the hypothesis that this lexically driven in-group code is not simply a regional variety of Portuguese with a number of African-derived words.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 32, no 1, 75-103 p.
Keyword [en]
Cupópia, Cafundó, Afro-Brazilian Portuguese
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Portuguese
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-17760DOI: 10.1075/jpcl.32.1.03alvISI: 000405506100003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85021687648OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-17760DiVA: diva2:818276
Projects
Afro-Latin Linguistics
Available from: 2015-04-28 Created: 2015-06-08 Last updated: 2017-08-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf