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Nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors upplevelser under det första yrkesverksamma året - en litteraturöversikt
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
: Recently graduated nurses’ experiences during their first year of practice – a literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet var att undersöka vilka upplevelser nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor hade under sitt första yrkesverksamma år.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt som baserades på femton vetenskapliga artiklar som söktes fram i PubMed och CINAHL.

Resultat: Sex kategorier identifierades: att inte känna sig förberedd inför yrket, bristande stöd, hur relationer med kollegor och läkare upplevdes, mobbning från kollegor, känslan av att inte kunna leva upp till idealen och yrkesmässig utveckling. De flesta deltagarna upplevde att kraven som ställdes på dem när de började arbeta var höga och de kände sig dåligt förberedda att möta dem, samt att de fick lite stöd och önskade mer stöd än de fått. Något fler studier beskrev övervägande del positiva relationer med kollegor än det motsatta. En eller flera studiedeltagare blev utsatta för mobbning i nästan hälften av artiklarna. Nästan alla nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor ansåg att det var svårt och jobbigt att börja arbeta, men efter omkring sex månader kände de sig kompetenta att hantera rutinuppgifter, mer självständiga och fick bättre självförtroende.

Slutsats: De första månaderna upplevdes som svåra och överväldigande

Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim was to explore the experiences of recently graduated nurses during their first year of practice.

Method: A literature review based on fifteen scientific articles that were sought out in the databases PubMed and CINAHL.

Results: Six categories were identified: not feeling prepared for the profession, lack of support, how relationships with colleagues and physicians were experienced, bullying from peers, the feeling of not being able to live up to the ideals and transition. Most participants felt that the demands put on them when they entered the work force were high and they felt ill-prepared to meet them, and also that they received little support and wanted more support than they were getting. Slightly more than half of the studies described predominantly positive relationships with colleagues. One or more study participants was exposed to bullying in almost half of the articles. Almost all newly qualified nurses felt that it was difficult, stressful and frustrating to start working, but after about six months, they felt competent to handle routine tasks, more comfortable in the professional role, more independent and confident.

Conclusion: The first few months were perceived as difficult and overwhelming, but after six months, most began to feel comfortable in the professional role.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
experience, literature review, new graduate nurse, relations, support, transition
Keyword [sv]
litteraturöversikt, nyutexaminerad sjuksköterska, relationer, stöd, upplevelser, utveckling/övergång
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-18148OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-18148DiVA: diva2:826049
Available from: 2015-06-24 Created: 2015-06-24

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