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Vem når eliten?: Talanglag och relativ ålderseffekt inom svenskelitdamfotboll
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Who reach the elite? : Talent-teams and relative age effect in Swedishelite women´s soccer (English)
Abstract [en]

AimThe aim of this study was to investigate how many of the elite women's soccer players inSweden who have belonged to a Swedish talent-team when they were younger and also see ifthere is a presence of relative age effect (RAE).MethodA post-survey was sent together with a letter with information of the study and a replyenvelope to 26 teams in Elitettan and Damallsvenskan. A total of 538 players participated inthe study and 218 of them were included. The received responses were processed and codedbefore they got analysed in the analysis program SPSS.ResultsThe results showed that about 96 % of the players had belonged to a regional-team when theywere between 13-17 years and about 75 % of the players had belonged to the team at least 4years. About 50 % of the players who had belonged to a regional-team had also belonged to anational youth team. These in turn represent about half of the players from the respectivequarter. Among all players, 50 % had participated at both the elite-camp in Halmstad and anational- camp/gathering and 21 % had never participated at some of the camps. Both amongthe players who had belonged to a regional-team, national youth team and within all the eliteplayerstogether there was a presence of RAE, while most of the players were born at the firstquartile (January-March).ConclusionsThis study shows that nearly all players have belonged to a regional-team and also half ofthese players have belonged to a national youth team. Based on this we can see that earlyselection increases your opportunity to reach an elite level. This study also suggests that thereis a presence of RAE in the Swedish elite women's soccer. Early selection can be a problemfor coaches then it´s hard to distinguish between physical maturation and talent.

Abstract [sv]

SyfteSyftet med den här studien var att undersöka hur många av dagens elitdamfotbollsspelare iSverige som har tillhört svenska talanglag i yngre ålder samt att se om det finns en förekomstav relative age effect (RAE).MetodEn postenkät skickades ut tillsammans med informationsbrev och svarskuvert till 26 lag iElitettan och Damallsvenskan. Totalt ingick 538 spelare studien och 218 av dem inkluderades.De inkomna svaren bearbetades och kodades för att sedan analyseras i analysprogrammetSPSS.ResultatResultaten visade att ca 96 % av spelarna hade tillhört ett distriktslag när de var mellan 13-17år och av dessa hade ca 75 % av spelarna tillhört laget i minst 4 år. Ungefär 50 % av spelarnasom tillhört distriktslag hade dessutom tillhört ett juniorlandslag. Dessa i sin tur representerarcirka hälften av spelarna från respektive kvartal. Av alla spelarna så hade ca 50 % deltagitbåde på elitlägret i Halmstad och ett landslagsläger/-samling medan 21 % inte hade deltagit pånågot utav lägren. Både bland de som tillhört distriktslag, juniorlandslag och alla elitspelarnatillsammans så fanns det en förekomst av RAE, då det var flest spelare födda på förstakvartalet (jan-mars).SlutsatserStudien visar att nästan alla elitspelare har tillhört ett distriktslag och dessutom så har hälftenav dessa även tillhört ett juniorlandslag. Av detta framgår att tidig uttagning till talanglag ökarmöjligheterna för att nå en elitnivå inom sin idrott. Denna studie tyder även på att det finns enRAE inom svensk elitdamfotboll. Tidig uttagning kan vara problematiskt då tränare kanförväxla fysisk mognad med talang.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
Talent, talent-teams, relative age effect, children and adolescents, soccer, elite, career, women, Sweden
Keyword [sv]
Talang, talanglag, relative age effect, barn och ungdomar, fotboll, elit, karriär, damer, Sverige
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-18385OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-18385DiVA: diva2:827709
Available from: 2015-06-29 Created: 2015-06-29

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  • apa
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