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Motivation inom svensk damhockey: Vad motiverar svenska damishockeyspelare att utöva sin idrott?
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Motivation in Swedish women's hockey : -What motivates Swedish women's ice hockey players to practice their sport? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte

Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka vilken motivationstyp som motiverar svenska

damishockeyspelare att utöva sin idrott.

Metod

Sammanlagt deltog 44 kvinnliga ishockeyspelare (n=44) från landets samtliga NIUcertifierade

ishockeygymnasium. Till denna studie användes en kvantitativ metod i form av en

enkätundersökning för att mäta motivation hos de aktiva. Enkäten som användes var Sport

Motivation Scale (SMS) som översattes till svenska.

Resultat

Resultatet (M) visar att 79,54% (n=35) av populationen främst motiverades av inre

motivationsfaktorer (im). 6,81% (n=3) angav att yttre motivationsfaktorer (ym) låg till grund

för idrottsutövandet. Samt svarade 13,63% av respondenterna att de upplever sig amotiverade

(am).

25% (n=8) motiverades i högst grad av im- att uppleva stimulering. 40,625% (n=13)

motiverades främst av im- att uppnå. 6,25% (n=2) motiverades i högst grad av im- att veta.

3,125% (n=1) motiverades i högst grad av ym- identifierad reglering. 18,75% (n=6)

motiverades i högst grad av ym- introjicerad reglering. 6,25% (n=2) kände sig

amotivativerade.

Slutsatser

Villkoren för en damishockeyspelare skiljer sig avsevärt jämfört med en herrspelare. Trotts

dessa ojämlika villkor så motiveras majoriteten av populationen motiveras främst av inre

motivation. Den mest frekvent förekommande motivationstypen för undersökningsgruppens

idrottsutövande är inre motivation att uppnå, följt av inre motivation att uppleva stimulering,

yttre motivation introjicerad reglering, samt inre motivation att veta.

Abstract [en]

Aim

The purpose of this study is to examine what kind of motivation which justifies the Swedish

women's ice hockey players to practice their sport.

Method

A total of 44 female ice hockey players (n = 44) from the country's all NIU-certified ice

hockey upper secondary schools. This study used a quantitative approach in the form of a

questionnaire survey to gauge the motivation of the athletes. The questionnaire that was used

was the Sport Motivation Scale (SMS) which were translated into Swedish.

Results

The result (M) indicates that 79,54% (n = 35) of the population, is mainly motivated by

instrinsic motivational factors (im). 6.81% (n = 3) indicated that extrinsic motivational factors

(em) is the main reason for physical exercise. And 13,63% of the respondents answered that

they are experiencing themselves amotivated (am).

25% (n = 8) was justified in the highest degree of IM to experience stimulation. 40,625% (n =

13) were motivated mainly by IM to accomplish. 6.25% (n = 2) were in the highest degree of

IM to know. 3,125% (n = 1) were motivated in the highest degree of EM identified regulation.

18.75% (n = 6) were in the highest degree of EM-introjected regulation. 6.25% (n = 2) were

experiencing themselves as amotivated.

Conclusions

The conditions for a women's ice hockey player differs significantly compared to male

hockey players. Despite these unequal conditions so justified the majority of the population

are motivated primarily by instrinsic motivation. The most frequent type of motivation among

the participants to participate in sport is intstrinsic motivation to accomplish, followed by

instrinsic motivation to experience stimulation, extrinsic motivation introjicerad regulation,

and instrinsic motivation to know.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
motivation, self-determination theory, sport motivation scale, women´s ice hockey
Keyword [sv]
motivation, själv-bestämmande teorin, sport motivation scale, damishockey
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-18949OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-18949DiVA: diva2:844148
Available from: 2015-08-04 Created: 2015-08-04

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • ieee
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  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
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