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Politeness as a part of intercultural competence
Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
2015 (English)In: Japanese Language Education in Europe, ISSN 1745-7165, Vol. 20, 395-396 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Teaching communicative competence is extremely important in language instruction. While politeness discourse varies in complexity according to social distance, relative power between the speakers, and situations, Swedish learners of Japanese often do not see the necessity of learning the polite/honorific discourse and often view these negatively as Swedish society is one of the most egalitarian in the world. However, it is important to point out to foreign language learners that cultural/social norms are not modifiable based on one’s opinion and that one must adapt to the language one is using and the culture one is in. The current study investigates the differences in politeness strategies between Swedish and Japanese discourse. Student surveys and analysis of students’ errors have revealed clear differences in the use of politeness strategies. While politeness, respect, and formality are closely intertwined in Japanese; the Swedes perceive respect and politeness as separate matters. It is also found that while the Japanese are inclined to use verbal politeness strategies, the Swedes express their respect more through non-verbal actions/behaviors. Various Japanese and Swedish utterances have also been examined to determine the DP default (Usami 2006) in order to systematize the politeness strategies in ways similar to grammatical rules.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 20, 395-396 p.
Keyword [en]
Politeness, Pragmatics, Language Education, Intercultural Competence, Japanese, Swedish
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-18958ISBN: 1745-7165 OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-18958DiVA: diva2:844166
Conference
The 19th Japanese Language Symposium in Europe. 27-29 August, 2015. Bordeaux Montaigne University.
Projects
KIG (Interkulturella Språkstudier)
Available from: 2015-08-04 Created: 2015-08-04 Last updated: 2016-07-15Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf