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瑞典高中学生汉语声调听辨偏误实验分析
Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Chinese.
2015 (Chinese)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
A Perception Study of Mandarin tones on Swedish High School Students (English)
Abstract [en]

To listen to and distinguish the different Chinese tones is difficult, both for Swedish students

as well as for students from other countries that are studying Chinese. There has been research

made about students of America, Hong Kong, Japan and Korea etc. learning mandarin and

their ability to listen to and distinguish the Chinese tones. But only a very little portion or

almost none of this research studies the Swedish students in their learning of mandarin. The

author has used a listening test method to measure Swedish student’s difficulties in

distinguishing the Chinese tones. 10 Swedish high school students were invited to participate

in the experiment. The results shows that the students are most confident about the third tone,

while the first is the most difficult to distinguish. The results also show that the first, second

and fourth tone confuses the Swedish students where the first and second tones are often

mistaken for each other. The Swedish language is a melodic language. It does not have any

high frequency tones, only rising and falling. This can possibly affect the Swedish student’s

ability to distinguish tones in the mandarin language.

Abstract [zh]

听辨汉语声调不仅是学中文的外国学生学习普通话的难点,同样也是瑞典高中生

普通话学习者的难点。一些专家和学者在关于美国、香港、日本、韩国等汉语学习者

听辨声调方面已做过不少研究。但是关于母语为瑞典语的瑞典高中生汉语学习者,对

他们听辨声调的研究却很少,甚至没有。本文的研究方法是通过对参加实验的瑞典高

中汉语学习者进行单音节听力的测试,并分析实验者声调听辨的偏误,主要考察实验

者听辨汉语四声调的难、易点,声调听辨的错误模式等方面的内容。实验共邀请了10

名瑞典在校高中生参加。实验结果表明,瑞典受实验的学生最容易听辨的是第三声,

最难听辨的是第一声。实验结果还显示了瑞典受实验的学生混淆第一,第二和第四声,

其中第一和第二声相互混淆。瑞典语的语调是旋律型的语调,没有高音调,只有上升

和下降调。这很可能影响了瑞典受实验高中生普通话的声调听辨。

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
Swedish high school student, Chinese tones, mandarin, Swedish language
Keyword [zh]
关键词:瑞典高中生 汉语声调 普通话 瑞典语
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-19544OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-19544DiVA: diva2:857765
Available from: 2015-09-30 Created: 2015-09-30

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