"FC VITO MALAIKA": The Position of Girls in Ruangwa, Tanzania. A Case Study
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
This research is a case study and focuses on Tanzanian girls’ football team Fc Vito Malaika, which consists of 20 Muslim girls, all born between 2002 and 2004. The team was established in 2013 and it was the first girls’ football team in a small town of Ruangwa, located in the region of Lindi in South-East part of Tanzania. When Sports Development Aid (SDA, a Tanzanian NGO) initially started building the team, in cooperation with the local primary schools, they noticed that it was difficult to find players because many of the girl’s parents denied their participation in the sport. The main objective of the research was to assess some reasons why some Muslim girls cannot participate in football activity in Ruangwa, Tanzania. Empowerment Education -model was used as theoretical framework in the study. Freire´s idea of education starts from the problems of active learning methods, and to engage participants in determining their own needs and priorities. The final material consisted of 30 people, including interviews of football playing girls of Fc Vito Malaika, some of their mothers, religious leaders of Wamwera culture, Muslim Imam, the team´s coach, team´s manager, and director of education of Ruangwa. In Wamwera culture, which is a traditional old culture in Ruangwa, women are seen mainly as a labor power. There are several obstacles for football playing girls in Ruangwa. However, a great difference has happened from 2013 to 2015. In a shed of Freire´s education model, girls are more aware of the importance of sports and health. As the case of Fc Vito Malaika illustrates, even bigger change has happened among parents and religious leaders – reflecting a change in the whole community. Muslim girls can now better participate in football and also in other sports. Even though football playing girls have elbowed their way to play football in Ruangwa, they still have to face many challenges in the future. Although football may now solve all the problems that are related to unequal gender roles, it seems to work as a tool to challenge traditional culture living and offer new directions in life for the girls in Ruangwa.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Football, gender, empowerment, obstacles, culture, Islam
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:du-20261OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-20261DiVA: diva2:872260