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Post-mortem Studies of Submerged Entry Nozzles (SEN) Coated with Yttria Stabilized Zirconia (YSZ)
Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6996-5001
Outokumpu, Avesta SE-774 22, Sweden.
Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology. Sandvik Materials Technology, Sandviken SE-811 81, Sweden.
Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
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2015 (English)In: The 6th International Congress on the Science and Technology of Steelmaking (ICS2015), China, May 12-14, 2015 in Beijing / [ed] Organized by The Chinese Society for Metals (CSM), 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

During continuous casting of Ce-treated stainless steel grades an accumulation of inclusions at the submerged entry nozzle’s (SEN) internal wall can cause disturbances or even prevent the molten steel flow. Plasma sprayed yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) coating of the SEN’s inlet and stopper rod have been implemented in order to decrease the clogging effect. The coating thickness was 210 µm and the plant trials were conducted during continuous casting of slabs. The clogging tendency was measured by the stopper rod position during the casting process. The results of the measured positions were then compared to experimentally determined information from samples cut out from the SEN’s inlet after casting. Specifically, the samples were analysed using a field emission gun scanning electron microscope (FEG-SEM) equipped with an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS). Sample with the dimensions of ̴15x10x5 mm were electrolytic extracted before analysis. The chemical composition at the interface between the solidified steel and refractory base materials were analysed, and traces of the YSZ coating were determined.

The movement of the stopper position indicated that the clogging tendency was reduced for the coated SEN. However, the FEG-SEM analyses showed that clogging of the SEN had occurred during the casting.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
post-mortem, plasma sprayed coating, yttria stabilised zirconia, rare earth metals, clogging, submerged entry nozzle, continuous casting
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Research subject
Steel Forming and Surface Engineering, Studier angående bildningsmekanismer för igensättningar i gjutrör
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-20333OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-20333DiVA: diva2:875490
Conference
The 6th International Congress on the Science and Technology of Steelmaking (ICS2015), China, May 12-14, 2015 in Beijing
Funder
VINNOVA, TO23-Jernkontoret
Available from: 2015-12-01 Created: 2015-12-01 Last updated: 2017-08-09Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. An Experimental Study to Improve the Casting Performance of Steel Grades Sensitive for Clogging
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Experimental Study to Improve the Casting Performance of Steel Grades Sensitive for Clogging
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this study, the goal is to optimize the process and to reduce the clogging tendency during the continuous casting process. The focus is on clogging when the refractory base material (RBM) in the SEN is in contact with the liquid steel. It is difficult or impossible to avoid non-metallic inclusions in the liquid steel, but by a selection of a good RBM in the SEN clogging can be reduced.

 

Different process steps were evaluated during the casting process in order to reduce the clogging tendency. First, the preheating of the SEN was studied. The results showed that the SEN can be decarburized during the preheating process. In addition, decarburization of SEN causes a larger risk for clogging. Two types of plasma coatings were implemented to protect the RBM, to prevent reactions with the RBM, and to reduce the clogging tendency. Calcium titanate (CaTiO3) mixed with yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) plasma coatings were tested in laboratory and pilot plant trials, for casting of aluminium-killed low-carbon steels. For casting of cerium alloyed stainless steels, YSZ plasma coatings were tested in laboratory, pilot plant and industrial trials. The results showed that the clogging tendency was reduced when implementing both coating materials.

 

It is also of importance to produce clean steel in order to reduce clogging. Therefore, the steel cleanliness in the tundish was studied experimentally. The result showed that inclusions originated from the slag, deoxidation products and tundish refractory and that they were present in the tundish as well as in the final steel product.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. 60 p.
Keyword
Preheating, Decarburization, RBM, Clogging, SEN, Plasma sprayed coating, CaTiO3, YSZ, Continuous casting, Pilot plant trials, Industrial plant trials, Clean steel, Tundish, Non-metallic inclusions, MISS
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Research subject
Steel Forming and Surface Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-25727 (URN)978-91-7729-275-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-03-28, Kollegiesalen, KTH, Brinellvägen 8, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
VINNOVA
Funder
VINNOVA, Jernkontoret TO23]
Available from: 2017-08-09 Created: 2017-08-09 Last updated: 2017-08-09Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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