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Botswana – en legitim elitistisk demokrati?: En studie av Botswana som avvikande fall i Afrika söder om Sahara
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The aim of this essay is to illustrate the deviant case of Botswana compared to the region of

Sub-Saharan Africa. With the unique transition towards democracy without suffering any

backlashes, Botswana stand out and is termed a success story in the African region. This

single-country study sets out to determine the significance of leadership in the process

towards democracy, together with finding out the strengths and weaknesses this leadership

have generated over time. Also the possible link between national unity and democratization

will be examined. The results that emerge confirm that the political elite has been a major part

of the democratic success Botswana experienced. This derives to first, the pre-colonial

structure where the cooperative traditional leaders actions were vital and bodies, as the Kgotla

assembly was the foundation of democratic institutions. Second, the importance of the

political elite cooperating and performing including policies during the period of decolonization

and the beginning of the transition. Third, the elites management of the natural

resources that contributed to economic growth favoured the majority’s wealth that legitimized

the elite party. Moreover, Botswana’s homogenous social structure and the notion of demos

have contributed to forming a political community that resulted in national unity and has

proven to be fundamental to initiate the transition towards democracy. Finally the elite

leadership strength and weaknesses are determined by the democratic values reflected of the

elite. In early Botswana the elite was aiming for democracy that made the so-called elite

democracy legitimate. The past years has shown a changed towards a neo-patrimonial

structure not in favour for the majority and therefore cannot be legitimized.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Democracy, Botswana, leadership, political elite, national unity, demos
National Category
Political Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-20569OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-20569DiVA: diva2:890061
Available from: 2015-12-30 Created: 2015-12-30

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