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Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att ge palliativ vård till patienter på somatiska vårdavdelningar En litteraturöversikt
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses experiences of giving palliative care to patients in somatic nursing wards A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Många patienter har behov av palliativ vård innan de avlider. I Sverige finns idag

flera olika alternativ för specialiserad palliativ vård. Dessa räcker dock inte till för att vårda alla

palliativa patienter vilket leder till att sjuksköterskor som arbetar på somatiska vårdavdelningar

på sjukhus ofta möter dessa patienter. Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att ge

palliativ vård till patienter som vårdas på somatiska vårdavdelningar. Metod: Studien

genomfördes som en litteraturöversikt där 15 artiklar ingick i resultatet. Datainsamling har

gjorts i databaserna Cinahl, PubMed och Web of Science. Resultat: Sjuksköterskor upplevde

att kommunikationen vid vård av palliativa patienter var svår på flera sätt. Rädsla att bemöta

existentiella frågor, tidsbrist och en dysfunktionell kommunikation mellan vårdpersonal

upplevdes som svårigheter för sjuksköterskorna. Detta ledde till att sjuksköterskor upplevde ett

stort behov av utbildning och kompetensutveckling. Slutsats: Ett stort utbildningsbehov finns

hos sjuksköterskor då de upplever många svårigheter i att vårda palliativt. För att kunna

utveckla denna vårdform på somatiska avdelningar behövs mer utbildning och forskning inom

området.

Abstract [en]

Background: Many patients are in need of palliative care before they die. In Sweden there are

several different options for specialized palliative care today. However, the specialized

palliative care units are not sufficient to care for all patients in need of palliative care which

leads to that nurses working at somatic wards in hospitals frequently encounter these patients.

Aim: To describe nurses experiences of giving palliative care to patients in somatic hospital

wards. Method: The study was conducted as a review. Data-collection was performed using

the databases Cinahl, PubMed and Web of Science, resulting in the inclusion of 15 articles.

Results: When caring for palliative patients, the nurses experienced communication to be

difficult in many respects. Experienced difficulties for the nurses were fear to meet existential

issues, lack of time and dysfunctional communication between professionals. Nurses

experienced a major need for education and updating of skills. Conclusion: As palliative care

implies a lot of challenges and difficulties, there is a need of specialized training. In order to

develop care in somatic wards more education and research is required in this area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
End-of-life, experiences, nurses, palliative care, somatic hospital wards
Keyword [sv]
Livets slutskede, palliativ vård, sjuksköterskor, somatiska vårdavdelningar, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-20945OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-20945DiVA: diva2:900748
Available from: 2016-02-05 Created: 2016-02-05

Open Access in DiVA

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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