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Vuxna personers upplevelse av hälsorelaterad livskvalité efter en gastric bypass operation: –En litteraturöversikt
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Adults experience of quality of life after a gastric bypass surgery : –A Literature Review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Fetma och övervikt har blivit vanligare den senaste tiden och är idag ett stort

hälsoproblem över hela världen. Många har svårt att gå ner i vikt på egen hand vilket har

gjort att kirurgi har blivit allt vanligare de senaste åren. Gastric bypass är idag den

vanligaste kirurgiska metoden för viktminskning och har visat goda resultat. Däremot kan

den hälsorelaterade livskvalitén påverkas då operationen innebär en stor livsstilsförändring.

Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva vuxna personers upplevelse av

hälsorelaterad livskvalité efter en gastric bypass operation.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt med 11 kvantitativa och 3 kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar

som ligger till grund för hur vuxna personer upplever sin hälsorelaterade livskvalité efter en

gastric bypass operation.

Resultat: Hälsorelaterad livskvalité (HRQOL) har visat en förbättring i samtliga studier

efter en gastric bypass operation. HRQOL har haft sin topp efter 1 månad i samtliga skalor

utifrån SF-36 frågeformulär.

Slutsats: Den stora livsstilsförändringen som personer går igenom efter en gastric bypass

operationen har visat förbättringar i HRQOL på både lång och kort sikt. Bidragande

faktorer som kan påverka den förbättrade hälsorelaterade livskvalitén kan bland annat vara

uppfyllda förväntningar av operationen och fysisk aktivitet.

Abstract [en]

Background: Obesity and overweight have become more frequent in recent years and is

today a major health problem worldwide. A lot of people find it difficult to lose weight on

their own which has made surgery become more common in recent years. Gastric bypass

surgery is currently the most common surgical method of weight loss and have shown good

results. However, the health-related quality of life is affected as the operation demand a

major lifestyle change.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe adults’ experience of health-related

quality of life after a gastric bypass surgery.

Method: The study contains 11 quantitative and 3 qualitative scientific articles describing

the adults’ experience of health-related quality of life after a gastric bypass surgery.

Results: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has shown an improvement in all studies

after a gastric bypass surgery. HRQOL has had its peak after 1 month in all scales based on

the SF-36 questionnaire.

Conclusion: The major lifestyle change that people go through after a gastric bypass

surgery has shown improvements in HRQOL in both long and short term. Contributing

factors that may affect the improved health-related quality of life can among other things be

fulfilled expectations of the surgery and physical activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
Health-related quality of life, gastric bypass, experience.
Keyword [sv]
Hälso relaterad livskvalité, gastric bypass, upplevelse.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-21607OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-21607DiVA: diva2:933652
Available from: 2016-06-07 Created: 2016-06-07

Open Access in DiVA

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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 272 kBChecksum SHA-512
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