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Främjande faktorer för sjuksköterskor att bedriva en evidensbaserad vård
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Factors facilitating nurses’ use of evidence-based practice (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

Evidensbaserad vård (EBV) är ett välkänt begrepp som används för att tillförsäkra patienter

en säker vård som vilar på bästa tillgängliga bevis, beprövad erfarenhet och patientens

individuella preferenser. Många studier har tidigare undersökt hinder för sjuksköterskor att

bedriva och/eller implementera EBV för att förklara gapet som kan uppstå mellan teori och

praktik. Färre studier har undersökt vilka faktorer som främjar sjuksköterskors användande av

EBV.

Syfte

Att genom en litteraturöversikt beskriva vilka faktorer som främjar sjuksköterskors

möjligheter att bedriva en evidensbaserad vård.

Metod

Studien genomfördes som en litteraturöversikt. Databaserna CINAHL, PubMed och Web of

Science genomsöktes och 15 artiklar valdes ut (8 kvalitativa, 4 kvantitativa och 3 mixedmethod).

Resultat

Fem kategorier identifierades som främjande faktorer för sjuksköterskor att bedriva och/eller

implementera EBV; arbetsmiljö, stöd, kunskap, sjuksköterskans inställning och organisation.

Stöd i form utav underlättare var den mest framträdande faktorn.

Slutsats

Sjuksköterskan har ett individuellt ansvar att bedriva EBV och kan genom sin egen inställning

påverka att en sådan vård bedrivs. De flesta främjande faktorer som framkom var dock

tydligare kopplade till ledningen och chefens del i att främja användandet av EBV.

Abstract [en]

Background

Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a well-known term used to ensure that patients receive a

safe care based on the best research evidence, clinical expertise and patient individual

preferences. A variety of studies have examined the barriers for nurses to conduct and/or

implement EBP to explain the gap that can occur between theory and practice. Fewer studies

have examined the factors facilitating nurses’ use of EBP.

Aim

Was to describe the factors facilitating nurses’ use of evidence-based practice through a

literature review.

Methods

The study was conducted as a literature review. The databases searched were CINAHL,

PubMed and Web of Science and 15 articles were chosen for the result (8 qualitative, 4

quantitative and 3 mixed-method).

Results

Five categories were identified as facilitating factors for nurses to conduct and/or implement

EBP; work environment, support, knowledge, nurses’ attitude and organization. Support from

facilitators were the most emerging factor.

Conclusion

Nurses have individual responsibility to conduct EBP and can through their attitude influence

that it’s being used, though a majority of the facilitating factors identified were more direct

connected to the leadership and managerial part in facilitating the use of EBP.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
Evidence-based practice, facilitating factors, implementation, literature review, nurse.
Keyword [sv]
Evidensbaserad vård, främjande faktorer, implementering, litteraturöversikt, sjuksköterska.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-21609OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-21609DiVA: diva2:933692
Available from: 2016-06-07 Created: 2016-06-07

Open Access in DiVA

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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 261 kBChecksum SHA-512
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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