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Att leva med kroniska sår En litteraturöversikt
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
To live with chronic ulcers A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Kroniska sår innefattas av bensår, fotsår, trycksår, diabetessår, sårskada, tumörer,

reumatiska sår och vårdskador vid komplikationer efter kirurgiska ingrepp, som inte har läkt

inom 6 veckor. Forskning visar att trots att förebyggande strategier används, utvecklas det sår

som kräver behandling. I mötet med vården är en god omvårdnad och en god vårdrelation

viktig. Bristen på dessa leder ofta till ett lidande som individen måste kämpa emot med

copingstrategier.

Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att belysa personers erfarenhet av att leva med

kroniska sår.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt gjordes i denna studie med 15 vetenskapliga artiklar, som bestod

av både kvantitativ och kvalitativ metod.

Resultat: 3 huvudkategorier identifierades: begränsningar, lidande samt coping. Deltagarna

ansåg att en brist på information samt begränsningar i vardagen påverkade individens sociala

umgänge och fysiska aktivitet. Smärta, skam och rädsla ledde till depression. För att hantera

detta använde individerna sig av familjen och stöd av vårdpersonalen

Slutsats: Det framkom att individernas dagliga liv påverkades av det kroniska såret. Den

konstanta smärtan orsakade sömnsvårigheter hos individen, vilket ytterligare försvårade

hanteringen av smärtan och vardagen. Kontinuitet hos vårdpersonal och i behandlingen gav

personerna en trygghet och en ökad förståelse för sitt tillstånd. Det belystes att det var viktigt

att vårdpersonalen ser individen bakom såret, och inte bara lägger sitt fokus på sårläkningen

och behandlingen.

Abstract [en]

Bakground: Chronic wound comprises of leg ulcer, foot ulcer, decubitus, diabetic ulcer,

damaged ulcer, tumors, rheumatic wounds and care damage with complications after surgical

intervention, which hasn't healed within six weeks. Research gives the results of showing

that, even though prevention of strategies are used, the ulcer is still developing and needs

treatment. In the meeting with the healthcare, it is important to have a good nursing and a

good relationship care. Lack of this often leads to suffering that the individual must endure

with the aid of coping strategies.

Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the persons experience of living with a chronic

ulcer.

Method: In this study a literature review was done, with 15 scientific articles, which

consisted of both quantitative and qualitative methods.

Results: 3 main categories where identified: restriction, pain and coping. The participants felt

that it was lack of information and limitations in everyday life which affected the individual's

social life and physical activity. Pain, shame and fear led to depression. To get the capability

to handle the situation, the individuals turned to their families and care provider for support.

Conclusion: As it is stated, the individuals where affected in their everyday life due to the

chronic ulcer. The constant pain which is caused the sleeping disturbances in the individual´s

made coping the pain and everyday life harder. Continuity with the healthcare provider and

treatment gave an understanding and safety for the individuals for their condition. It was

important that the health professionals not only put their focus on the healing of the wound

and the treatment, they must also put attention to the individual with the wound.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
Chronic wound, Coping, Experience, Healthcare provider, Suffering
Keyword [sv]
Coping, Kroniska sår, Lidande, Vårdpersonal, Upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-21689OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-21689DiVA: diva2:936706
Available from: 2016-06-14 Created: 2016-06-14

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