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CO2 emissions, GDP and trade: a panel cointegration approach
Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics. Umeå university.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9748-9572
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, ISSN 1350-4509, E-ISSN 1745-2627, Vol. 24, no 3, 193-204 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines the relationships among per capita CO2 emissions, per capita GDP and international trade based on panel data spanning the period 1960–2008 for 150 countries. A distinction is also made between OECD and non-OECD countries to capture the differences of this relationship between developed and developing economies. We apply panel unit root and cointegration tests and estimate a panel error correction model. The results from the error correction model suggest that there are long-term relationships between the variables for the whole sample and for non-OECD countries. Finally, Granger causality tests show that there is bidirectional short-term causality between per capita GDP and international trade for the whole sample and between per capita GDP and CO2 emissions for OECD countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017. Vol. 24, no 3, 193-204 p.
Keyword [en]
CO2 emissions, GDP, international trade, panel data, panel ECM
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-21698DOI: 10.1080/13504509.2016.1196253ISI: 000399671900001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-21698DiVA: diva2:937100
Available from: 2016-06-14 Created: 2016-06-14 Last updated: 2017-05-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf