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I Shall, We Shall, All the Others Will: Shall and Will in the Short-Stories of Doyle & Poe
Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Traditional prescriptive rules for shall and will state that with first person subjects shall should

be used to express prediction and will to express volition, while with second and third person

subjects will should be used to express prediction and shall to express volition. The aim of this

study was to ascertain to what extent two 19th century authors, Scotsman Sir Arthur Conan

Doyle and American Edgar Allen Poe, followed these traditional shall and will rules in their

short stories. To this end a selection of short stories written by these authors were collected, and

analysed with respect to usage of shall and will to express volition and prediction, and with

respect to the frequency with which shall and will collocate with first, second and third person

subjects. Results showed that shall as used by both Poe and Doyle favoured a first person

subject and will a third person subject. Results also showed that Doyle followed the shall rules

for first person shall about 50% of the time while Poe followed them about 60% of the time,

and that Doyle followed the shall rules for third and second person shall about 60% of the time

while Poe followed them about 55% of the time. Results further showed that Doyle followed

the will rules for first person will about 40% of the time while Poe followed them about 30% of

the time, and that Doyle followed the will rules for third and second person will about 70% of

the time while Poe followed them about 80% of the time. It was concluded that neither Poe nor

Doyle followed the rules very strictly, that first, second and third person shall was used by both

authors to express prediction and volition in almost equal proportions, and that first, second and

third person will was mostly used to express prediction by both authors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
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URN: urn:nbn:se:du-22531OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-22531DiVA: diva2:945051
Note

engelska

Available from: 2016-06-30 Created: 2016-06-30

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Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf