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  • 1.
    Abramowska, Magdalena
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Ehnlund, Isabell
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Snowboardens bildspråk 1980-2010: En kartläggning2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Snowboarding is today a major winter sport with its own equipment, its own culture and elite riders. For professional athletes or for those who just snowboard for fun, snowboard becomes an extension of their body while in motion.

    The layout on the boards has changed over the years but despite of this there is a lack of scientific studies in the field. Therefore, this study aimed to identify how the graphics of 240 snowboards have evolved between 1980-2010, and fill some of these holes in the scientific documentation. 

    This survey was based on a visual content analysis, which resulted in interesting observations. The results that emerged were that the result can be generalized and that the development of snowboards graphics has changed over the decades. Snowboards from the various decades have specific characteristics that this study provides.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Video exposure monitoring for transfer of knowledge in chemical hazards to small enterprises2014In: Small Enterprise Research: The Journal of SEAANZ, ISSN 1321-5906, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 223-228Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Appelgren, Linnéa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Oldhammer, Elina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Barnbok om AST – Autismspektrumtillstånd: Processen bakom skapandet av en informativ barnbok2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today you can read a lot about Autism spectrum disorder, but most of the

    literature is for the people that already have the diagnosis or the people around

    them and some of the books come from people who have the diagnosis

    themselves. What we think is missing on the market today is a book for children

    who meet people with ASD in everyday life. Therefore we created a children’s

    book about ASD. We believe it’s important for children without knowledge to

    understand their classmates with ASD. In an educational way they should be

    able to read and understand what it means to have ASD.

    A background study was made to gain a better understanding of ASD and how

    to write a children’s book. A survey was also made to find out people’s general

    perception and knowledge about ASD. After the background study we designed

    a children’s book for children in the age of 7–9 years.

    To test our bookprototype we met class 3A and 3B of Hälsinggårdsskolan in

    Falun. They got to read the book and afterwards they answered questions about

    what they learned and thought about the book.

    The test of our bookprototype showed that the audience appreciated the book

    and that they learned and had a better understanding of people with ASD.

  • 4.
    Barwén Trollvik, Denise
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Shall we dance?: Passion, intimitet och maskulinitet i Masayuki Suos Får jag lov? och Peter Chelsoms Shall We Dance? 2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med det här kandidatexamensarbetet är att undersöka hur den japanska filmen Får jag lov? från 1996, och den amerikanska remaken Shall We Dance? från 2004, skiljer sig från varandra utifrån hur karaktärerna uttrycker maskulinitet, intimitet och passion genom karaktärisering. Karaktärerna som undersöks är den manliga och kvinnliga huvudrollen samt en viktig biroll från varje film. Vidare undersöks även varför skillnaderna uppstår mellan Får jag lov? och Shall We Dance?. Analysen tyder på att skillnaderna i hur maskulinitet, intimitet och passion visas genom karaktärisering i de båda filmerna inte är så stora. Tvärtom så liknar filmerna varandra till stor del i dessa avseenden. Skillnaderna mellan de två filmerna visar sig däremot handla om kulturella skillnader, då filmerna är från två olika länder.

  • 5.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production. Luleå University of Technology, Sonic Studio, Interactive Institute, Piteå, Sweden.
    Perceived properties of parameterised music for interactive applications2006In: Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, ISSN 1690-4524, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 65-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional implementations of sound and music in interactive contexts have their limitations. One way to overcome these and to expand the possibilities of music is to handle the music in a parameterised form. To better understand the properties of the musical parameters resulting from parameterisation, two experiments were carried out. The first experiment investigated selected parameters’ capability to change the music; the second experiment examined how the parameters can contribute to express emotions. From these experiments, it is concluded that users without musical training perform differently from musicians on some of the parameters. There is also a clear association between the parameters and the expressed basic emotions. The paper is concluded with observations on how parameterisation might be used in interactive applications.

  • 6.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Relations between musical parameters and expressed emotions: extending the potential of computer entertainment2005In: Proceedings of ACM SIGCHI International Conference on Advances in Computer Entertainment Technology ACE 2005 / [ed] S. Zhou, Z. Ying & L.S. Ping, New York: ACM Press, 2005, p. 164-171Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Liljedahl, Mats
    Lindberg, Stefan
    Perceived properties of parameterised music for interactive applications2005In: WMSCI Proceedings 2005 : July 10 - 13, 2005, Orlando, Florida, USA, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Block, Matteus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Construction.
    Johansson, Rikard
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Construction.
    Undersökning av ny metod för analys av konstruktionsanläggningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sweco Civil är ett företag som bland annat arbetar med att besikta broar åt Trafikverket. När en besiktning av en bro görs vill man ta reda på om den håller för trafikflödet. För att kunna räkna ut om den håller behövs kännedom om brons armeringstyp, cc-mått samt tjocklek i underkant av bron och i brons stöd. Idag bilar man fram armeringen i betongen och detta tar både tid och skadar bron. I denna rapport har en ny metod för att ta reda på armeringen i betongen testats. Den nya metoden består av att använda sig av en maskin vid namn C-thrue ifrån IDS georadar. Maskinen använder sig av elektrisk polarisation för att hitta armeringen i betongen. Det maskinen scannar fram projekteras på en bild som sedan tolkas. Maskinen prövades först på en bro där armerings ritningarna analyserades innan mätningarna. Efter att mätarna visste hur mätningarna skulle tolkas prövades maskinen på två andra broar där mätarna inte fick information från armeringsritningarna förens efter mätningarna. Maskinen fungerade bra för att mäta cc-mått på mindre broar men när broarna blev större och mer armering var placerad i underkant av bron blev mätresultaten för svåra att tolka för att kunna få ut ett cc-mått. Maskinen kunde inte heller med precision visa armeringens diameter eller typ.

  • 9.
    Bois, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Skapande av ny webbplats till orienteringsklubben HJS Vansbro OK2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This assignment was made in cooperation with HJS-Vansbro OK, who needed a new website. The previous website was an IdrottOnline-site which appeared outdated, unattractive and not very user friendly. They wished for a new website, where the members easily could write news- and training posts.

    This assignment started with a meeting with the webmaster of the club and after that an overview of the current knowledge and where other teams in Dalarna had their website. Two surveys were sent to the members. In the first they answered questions about the previous website, and in the second questions about the new design suggestions, that were based on the answers from the first survey and on modern web design principles. After that a user test was performed and the problems that arose were then corrected.

    This assignment resulted in an almost completed website. It still lacked some information and minor adjustments, but overall, I feel pleased with the resul

  • 10.
    Borg, Johan
    et al.
    KTH.
    Lantz, Ann
    KTH.
    Gulliksen, Jan
    KTH.
    Accessibility to electronic communication for people with cognitive disabilities: a systematic search and review of empirical evidence2015In: Universal Access in the Information Society, ISSN 1615-5289, E-ISSN 1615-5297, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 547-562Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to identify and synthesize measures for accessibility to electronic communication for people with cognitive disabilities by seeking answers to the following research questions: What measures to make electronic communication accessible to people with cognitive disabilities are evaluated and reported in the scientific literature? What documented effects do these measures have? Empirical studies describing and assessing cognitive accessibility measures were identified by searches of 13 databases. Data were extracted and methodological quality was assessed. Findings were analyzed and recommendations for practice and research were made. Twenty-nine articles with considerable variations in studied accessibility measures, diagnoses, methods, outcome measures, and quality were included. They address the use of Internet, e-mail, telephone, chat, television, multimedia interfaces, texts and pictures, operation of equipment, and entering of information. Although thin, the current evidence base indicates that the accessibility needs, requirements, and preferences of people with cognitive disabilities are diverse. This ought to be reflected in accessibility guidelines and standards. Studies to systematically develop and recommend effective accessibility measures are needed to address current knowledge gaps.

  • 11.
    Bouvier, Jean-Louis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Environmental Engineering.
    Evaluation of the impact of the PV electrification of islands on the Titicaca Lake and its reproducibility2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Lots of countries are now running projects in order to increase their electrification rate. One of the means used to achieve this goal is the Solar Home System, SHS. It is with this intention that a project was born in Peru. The concept was to sell a SHS which includes roughly a PV panel, a battery, one regulator and lamps with the help of a loan. This project has been carried out from 1996 to 1999 with the installation of 421 SHS. An evaluation is now necessary for the authorities to realize on the finality of those kinds of PV projects and more merely to prevent the same errors in the following SHS. This evaluation has taken into account the standard technical and economical points of view but also the social and environmental effects of those installations. It has been achieved by observations and by a survey performed in 49 families. Moreover the investigation has also lead me to meet different actors like school teacher, mayor etc. Although the social results is ambivalent (there are good and bad aspects of the electrification of a community), economically and environmentally it is success.

  • 12.
    Brunnert Walfridsson, Erik
    Dalarna University.
    NGL2014 Next Generation Learning Conference: Conference summary2014Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Budny, Rasmus
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Kunskap för kreativitet: En undersökning av kreativitet i teori och praktik2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien undersöker teoretiska definitioner av kreativitet, förhållandet mellan kreativitet och kunskap, och låtskrivares strategier för att uppnå kreativitet. Låtskrivande är den skapandeprocess som ska resultera i en färdig musikprodukt. Kreativitet innebär brytande av gamla regler och konventioner för att skapa någonting nytt. Varje musikgenre har specifika regler och konventioner för hur den ska låta och uppfattas, vilket då innebär att man måste ha kunskap om dem för att kunna skriva musik inom den valda genren. Detta kan få låtskrivarprocessen att förefalla som ickekreativ, trots att låtskrivande är känt som en konstnärlig och kreativ uttrycksform. I den här studien användes kvalitativa intervjuer för att ge svar på forskningsfrågorna. Tre erfarna och tre mindre erfarna låtskrivare intervjuades, vilka berättade om sina musikkunskaper, definitioner av kreativitet och skapandeprocesser. Resultaten visade att låtskrivarna inte uppfattade att deras musikkunskap var hämmande för deras kreativitet. Studien visade att låtskrivarna hade utvecklat specifika strategier för hur de skulle kunna skapa på rutin och få tillgång till sin kreativitet. Slutligen definierade låtskrivarna specifika faktorer som påverkade kreativiteten, som till exempel psykiska och fysiska distraktioner.  

  • 14.
    Bäck, Malin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Wennemyr, Elin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Digital anpassning av nyhetsbrev för portabla digitala enheter2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Today we have become increasingly dependent of our digital portable

    devices and constantly bring these with us. So, it goes without saying,

    we should adapt newsletters to this reality and not let the design be based

    on more traditional, stationary devices. The adaptation of how a interface

    should work is controlled by which audience you are targeting. In this

    project, we have worked with Sveriges MotorCyklisters members as target

    group.

    This target group consists of men to the larger part and at a age of 41-65

    years. Through a combination of a qualitative and a quantitative survey

    we have been able to create examples of guidelines for functionality and

    overview, directed towards the target group. The results show that they

    prefer a simple design that is easy to navigate and do not consist of too

    much irrelevant information and that easily leads on from headlines to

    articles. It is important to the group that there are clear, distinct and large

    buttons and texts which are customizable with a high degree of readability,

    regardless of which device the material presented on. All of these

    data were collected from surveys and interviews with members of SMC.

  • 15.
    Cai, Cai
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    An application of gravity p-median model with different distance decay functions2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The location-allocation problem has been studied over 50 years and recently a

    new method called “gravity p-median model” is introduced to the public. The key

    idea is that the probability of customers visit a facility is based on a distance decay

    function rather than directly choose the nearest one. An empirical test shows that the

    solution of gravity p-median model with exponential distance decay function is

    unstable and of limit use.

    This paper extends the research to apply gravity p-median model with three

    different distance decay functions in Dalecarlia, Sweden. The distance decay

    functions are estimated from a Swedish survey by maximum likelihood estimation.

    The models are optimized by simulated annealing. The result suggests that different

    distance decay functions dominate the solutions of gravity p-median model, and the

    log-normal decay function can provide stable solutions.

  • 16.
    Christensen, My
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Pihlgren, Johanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic/Arts Technology.
    Typografiska riktlinjer och textframställning för smartphones2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research focuses on the issue of how to best structure text on a Smartphone screen. The factors involved in this research are text size, white space, text and line lengths, serif and sans serif fonts, pictures in text and contrast.  The methodology of our research is based on a normative Swedish able-bodied person, as well as on relevant literature, personal analyses, interviews with people in the trade, an online survey, and a test performed with a focus group. The results are that a text written for Smartphones is best structured with: several paragraph divisions made with blank lines, with pictures where the picture has an informational purpose, and text length based on category of subject. The picture should be placed above the body text. Longer texts should be set with a scroll-function. Contrast is of great importance on mobile phones as texts can be read properly even when set in negative. In addition, using serif or sans serif is of no importance. According to the results both serif and sans serif can be read without difficulties on a Smartphone. Text size should be slightly enlarged in relation to the default settings on the mobile device. Since word division is not supported on screen, short words are recommended when possible to prevent a highly uneven right end.

  • 17.
    Christiansen, Marcus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Eriksson, Fanny
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Grafisk profil för en lunch-och cateringrestaurang2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to develop a visual identity for the lunch and

    catering restaurant Kök Nyström. The identity would then be compiled into a

    visual manual. The work was conducted using the process model “Design &

    Creation”.

    Through an interview with the client it was understood that the identity was to

    mediate the key values, “genuine crafts,” ”simplicity,” and ”quality,” and the

    catchwords “uncluttered,” “soft shapes,” and “not too much details” for the

    design work. An external analysis of local competitors’ websites was conducted

    to map out themes in their visual identities and what parts the authors found to

    be appealing and unappealing.

    Based upon the gathered information the different artefacts of the visual identity

    (logotype, typeface, color palette) was designed. These were tested on the client

    for feedback and adjusted based upon this. Afterwards the visual identity was

    tested on a focus group of professionals in the field of graphic design to clarify

    whether the visual identity was perceived to signal the company’s key values in

    a clear manner, which was found to be the case.

    The results were a coherent visual identity consisting of a new logotype,

    typefaces, and a color palette for Kök Nyström.

  • 18.
    Christoffersson, Einar
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Jamming with the Plot Twister: Designing virtual worlds for improvised performances2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Using a research through design approach, this thesis presents a first prototype of Plot Twister, a novel interactive, audiovisual interface specifically designed for solo musicians improvising alongside computers. This highly simplified and intuitive interface allows the performer to simultaneously manipulate visual and musical content using one single controller, thus enabling the other hand to play an instrument. The design is based on the concept of adaptive music used in video games, where progression of musical form and expression over time is produced through movement in virtual 3D-space. This thesis describes the design process of two interface iterations and audiovisual compositions which are first evaluated using interviews, and then through auto-ethnographic multimodal interaction analysis by stimulated recall to identify its functions and potentials in the context of improvised live performances. The results implicate different ways how the physical interface can both influence as well as enable the user to effortlessly adapt musical form and content to fit her improvised musical exploration. Both audience and performer share access to the visual interface that provides real-time visual feedback of the musical content in a “gamified” style. The technical framework strongly favours looped, continuous, gradual and non-linear progressions of computer-based media where the concept of Plot Twister potentially can be implemented in other interactive contexts in the future.

  • 19. Chèze, David
    et al.
    Papillon, Philippe
    Leconte, Antoine
    Persson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy and Environmental Technology.
    Bales, Chris
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy and Environmental Technology.
    Haller, Michel Y.
    Haberl, Robert
    Towards an harmonized whole system test method for combined renewable heating systems for houses2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this work is the development of harmonized efficiency test methods for combined renewable heating systems for houses, using a hardware-in-the-loop approach. An overview of the principles of the existing whole system test methods used by 3 research institutes involved in the project (MacSheep 2012) is given. Main objectives are realistic dynamic test sequence elaboration for solar and heat pump systems and comparison of results from tests achieved in different institutes. In order to reach these objectives, the first phase of the work aimed to harmonize the boundary conditions that comprise both the physical boundaries of the tested system as well as the climate and heat load definition, and this is presented in the first part of the article. The second part presents two methodologies to elaborate 12-days and 6-days whole system test sequences, validation results for solar and air source heat pump systems (SHP) and a methodology for achieving equal amount of space heat supplied by the tested system while at the same time providing a realistic response of the heat distribution system.

  • 20.
    Daniels, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic/Arts Technology.
    Grafisk profilering till Kitty Grafisk Form samt teoretisk tillämpning av kulörer2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 21.
    Danielsson, Helena
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Art Education.
    Taflin, Eva
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Mathematics Education.
    Rapport från projektet Multimodala uppgifter och bedömning i matematik: Video och kollaborativa samtal som metod vid lärares bedömning av elevers matematiska kunskaper2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research will discuss some experiences from a four year school research study. It was conducted in cooperation with teachers from four municipalities in Dalarna. The aim of the research was to examine teachers´ professional development when they participated in collaborative discussions based on video recordings and video edited material from specific lessons in their own practice. The study had two foci one was to investigate methods and tools that teachers can use to develop their ability to assess their students while working on multimodal tasks. The other was to examine how video can be used by teachers wanting to obtain knowledge about assessing students. The study is based on several theories about when teachers collaborate to create new knowledge. The first is the design theoretical approach – where visual ethnography and a semiotic approach contribute to problematize the use and mixture of different modes. A basic assumption of the framework here is that meanings are made and communicated in mathematics through a wide range of semiotic modes. By using video as an essential tool in the research the framework theories concerning visual ethnography, video documentation and individuals as reflective practitioners were also needed. The findings can be divided into the following themes: the use of tasks for assessment, collaborative discussion, equipment, ethical dilemmas. Collaborative discussions were evaluated as a meaningful way of sharing knowledge. The use of video recordings in association with these discussions raised important ethical issues. Working with the assessment framework was of great interest to the teachers but it took a lot of time from their ordinary work. In this way the project highlighted more general aspects of school development. The research also concerns teachers´ use of collaborative discussions in assessment work, multimodal tasks in mathematics and video as a research tool in general.

  • 22.
    Deeks, Christopher
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Pang! Från auteurens symboler till betraktarens känslor: En analys av Jesse James sista dag i livet i filmen The assassination of Jesse James by the coward Robert Ford2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen syftar till att skapa en större förståelse för vad en spelfilm förmedlar till

    betraktaren, utan att betraktaren aktivt söker en betydelse när denne ser på den. För att

    undersöka detta kommer en scen ur filmen The Assassination of Jesse James by the coward

    Robert Ford att analyseras. Uppsatsen kommer att studera semiotiska- och sociosemiotiska

    tecken samt ljud och musik för att undersöka hur dessa komponenter tillsammans bygger upp

    till en stark känslomässig upplevelse för betraktaren. Resultatet av undersökningen visar att

    tecken, som har starka betydelser för människan, används för att skapa makt och distans och

    förtydliga vem som känner vad, vad de känner samt även att ljud och musik hjälper till att

    lyfta dessa känslor till en starkare nivå.

  • 23.
    Dermentzis, Georgios
    et al.
    Univeristy of Innsbruck.
    Gustafsson, Marcus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology. KTH.
    Ochs, Fabian
    Univeristy of Innsbruck.
    Holmberg, Sture
    KTH.
    Feist, Wolfgang
    Passivhaus Institut.
    Calabrese, Toni
    University of Innsbruck.
    Oberrauch, Philipp
    University of Innsbruck.
    Evaluation of a versatile energy auditing tool2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy auditing can be an important contribution for identification and assessment of energy conservation measures (ECMs) in buildings. Numerous tools and software have been developed, with varying degree of precision and complexity and different areas of use.

     

    This paper evaluates PHPP as a versatile, easy-to-use energy auditing tool and gives examples of how it has been compared to a dynamic simulation tool, within the EU-project iNSPiRe. PHPP is a monthly balance energy calculation tool based on EN13790. It is intended for assisting the design of Passive Houses and energy renovation projects and as guidance in the choice of appropriate ECMs.

     

    PHPP was compared against the transient simulation software TRNSYS for a single family house and a multi-family house. It should be mentioned that dynamic building simulations might strongly depend on the model assumptions and simplifications compared to reality, such as ideal heating or real heat emission system. Setting common boundary conditions for both PHPP and TRNSYS, the ideal heating and cooling loads and demands were compared on monthly and annual basis for seven European locations and buildings with different floor area, S/V ratio, U-values and glazed area of the external walls.

     

    The results show that PHPP can be used to assess the heating demand of single-zone buildings and the reduction of heating demand with ECMs with good precision. The estimation of cooling demand is also acceptable if an appropriate shading factor is applied in PHPP. In general, PHPP intentionally overestimates heating and cooling loads, to be on the safe side for system sizing. Overall, the agreement with TRNSYS is better in cases with higher quality of the envelope as in cold climates and for good energy standards. As an energy auditing tool intended for pre-design it is a good, versatile and easy-to-use alternative to more complex simulation tools.

  • 24.
    Dominic, Chris
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Olsmats, Carl
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Four-dimensional concurrent engineering - an extended theoretical framework integrating packaging2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper takes on the challenge to integrate packaging in a concept of four-dimensional concurrent engineering (4DCE). The purpose is to explore a conceptual model and empirically evaluate the specific performance of packaging in interrelation with product and processes in the Supply Chain (SC). The objectives are to better understand the concepts of packaging logistics and logistics management in the SC. The conceptual model 4DCE is developed based on the three-dimensional concurrent engineering theories.The tool Packaging Scorecard is applied to evaluate the concurrent performance of packaging throughout the SC. The packaging system involves many actors that are integrated into the 4DCE framework with focus on interaction of SC and logistics in relation to packaging and product, with the overall aim to operate as effectively and efficiently as possible. In order to explore the potential of the 4DCE framework, empirical verification and testing of the concept has been carried out. The process has been done through multiple in-depth, action-oriented case studies in three different industries on the Swedish market. The case studies covered holistic aspects on the packaging system.The concept 4DCE contributes to packaging logistics theory by providing a framework for assessment incorporating complex and dynamic interactions between product, packaging, logistics and SC. Furthermore, the holistic packaging development concept is ensured by increasing knowledge of the packaging system and how it interacts with actors and performs to fulfil requirements along the SC. The 4DCE provides valuable data for packaging development processes in the cases, however there is a need for broader studies in different industries.

  • 25.
    Ekedahl, Andreas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Rockalbumets grafik: Återkommande designelement och landstypiska utseenden – en visuell innehållsanalys2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is supposed to shed light on the design process behind album covers

    in the genre rock and give information about what should be displayed on

    them. Herein it is presented information about how the graphics on a record

    cover was relevant and didn’t follow the otherwise assumed declining trend.

    To be able to answer the goals set for the study, a visual content analysis was

    done and complementary information was gathered via searches on the internet.

    The aim with the study was to visually analyze cover art in the genre rock from

    three different countries of origin, these were Sweden, Great Britain and USA.

    Via the visual content analysis, categories and themes were structured. There

    were also created three different album covers, one for each country of origin

    that were based on the information of what should typically exist on the cover.

    Herein it is shown that designs from Great Britain and USA are much alike,

    whereas Sweden has a different style.

    In the study there was presented who decides the design of a new album and

    also concludes that from the albums in this content analysis there cannot be

    proven any designer who sets the generic tone for others.

  • 26.
    Emilsson, Christian
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Jensen, Patrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Gamers preferenser för användargränssnitt på en spelrelaterad webbplats2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    User interface design is a big part of a websites impression and changes quickly

    with new technology and design trends. But it is also necessary to attract the

    right users. How does a website attract their target audience?

    The goal with this thesis was to analyse gamers, as a target audience, to see how

    they perceive the graphical user interface on a gaming-related website. The

    thesis will also briefly touch on the current trends in web design, and if they are

    appealing to gamers.

    The study was conducted in two stages. The first stage examined the user

    interfaces of 20 of the most popular gaming-websites. During stage two, a

    quantitative survey and a few interviews was conducted. Both the survey and

    the interview asked the respondents to choose between different

    implementations of user interface elements on a fictitious website mock-up.

    There was a significant difference in the studied graphical user interfaces and

    what the gamers preferred. For example, only 25% of the analysed webpages

    was dark, while 71.9% of the respondents in the survey preferred the darker

    user interface.

  • 27.
    Erikson, Pernilla
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Variabeltryck med inkjet i dagspress: Möjligheten att införa anpassade upplagor2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    By an assignment from the Swedish Media Publishers’ Association a study has been carried out about various opportunities to introduce printing of variable data with inkjet in Swedish newspapers. The aim was to investigate the technical possibilities and limitations, and if there was any interest in the market that would give any return of investment. The study was conducted by accurate studying of sources and a continuous cooperation with different companies with interest in the newspapers. The study shows that inkjet presses can’t handle the speed of the modern newspaper presses yet today. But it could work as a good complement to offset printing and the technique will continue to develop. It will be launched more printing presses with hybrid solutions in the near future.

  • 28.
    Eriksson, Johanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Wiren, Sofia
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Hur man rör någon till tårar: En studie om vilka berättarkomponenter som behövs för att beröra sina tittare2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats undersöker hur man berör en filmpublik till tårar med hjälp av semiotiska

    resurser och multimodala berättarkomponenter. Vilka berättarkomponenter behövs för att

    beröra sin publik på en känslomässig nivå i filmskapande? För att komma fram till ett resultat

    har det utförts en analys av fyra scener ur filmer inom genren science fiction:

    The Prestige,

    Avatar

    , The Hunger Games och Oblivion. Scenernas berättarkomponenter har analyserats och

    sedan studerats genom litteraturstudier för att förstå dess påverkan psykiskt. Resultatet visade

    att tre av dessa filmer innehåller en effektiv teori för känsloförmedling medan en av filmerna

    inte har det.

  • 29.
    Eriksson, Jonathan
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Ljussättning i film: Hur man kan forma bilden genom ljuset2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att redovisa vad den tidigare forskningen har kommit

    fram till gällande hur man kontrollerar ljuset i film, samt att undersöka hur man

    gör detta i tre olika stillbilder från tre olika filmer. Metoden är en litteraturstudie

    och filmanalys. I uppsatsen så redovisas olika verktyg som går att använda för att

    kontrollera ljusets egenskaper, och på vilket sätt de gör det. Sedan analyserar jag

    hur dessa verktyg påverkar filmljussättningens funktioner synlighet, selektivt

    fokus, illusion av verkligheten, formgivning, känsla, stämning och skönhet.

    Genom denna undersökning så kan man fördjupa sina kunskaper kring ljussättning

    i film.

  • 30.
    Eriksson, Per Erik
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Eriksson, Yvonne
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Live-action communication design: a technical how-to video case study2019In: Technical Communication Quarterly, ISSN 1057-2252, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 69-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This case study is based on a research through design project (RTD) thatfocuses on a technical communication video of the live-action format. Itinvestigates the usability and design-implications of a live-action how-tovideo, by means of analyzing user-centered data such as YouTube analyticsdata, usability, and comprehension assessments. In the study, four key liveactionvideo affordances are identified: verifiability, comparability, recordability,and visibility. The identification of these affordances when related tothe users’ assessments resulted in several design implementations thatwould warrant sought-for communication efficacies. Findings show thatsome assumed efficacies appear to be mitigated by the complexity andthe density of the video information. One implication of this is that theimplementation of conventional video editing techniques and the additionof on-screen text that serve to make content briefer and more concise intoinstructional live-action videos requires the technical communicator’s carefulconsideration.

  • 31.
    Eriksson, Per-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Convergence cameras and the new documentary image2012In: Digital Creativity, ISSN 1462-6268, E-ISSN 1744-3806, Vol. 23, no 3-4, p. 291-306Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New digital recording technologies pose new creative dilemmas for documentary videographers. The new type high-resolution video camera with 35 mm sized sensors and mounts for real film lenses generate a type of imagery that does not look typically ’observational’. By testing this imagery’s capacity as the guarantor of documentary authenticity and interrelating this with visualisation theories, this paper aims to explain the ontology of the new digital documentary image, its lure for the documentary filmmaker and its ramifications on reception in order to leverage technological production awareness of the documentary videographer and production members. The empirical data presented in this article is based on an explorative reception study in which five different types of moving image sequences were tested on an audience in order to be able to define the level of indexical appeal in shallow depth of field, high resolution, High Production Value, documentary moving images. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

  • 32.
    Eriksson, Per-Erik
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Moving Image Production. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Eriksson, Yvonne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Swenberg, Thorbjörn
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Moving Image Production. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Sverrisson, Arni
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    New design process models for the audio visual industry: a design science approach2010In: DS 60: Proceedings of DESIGN 2010, the 11th International Design Conference, Dubrovnik, Croatia: Modelling and Optimization of Engineering Design Processes / [ed] Marjanovic D., Storga M., Pavkovic N., Bojcetic N., Dubrovnik: FSB-The Design Society , 2010, p. 223-232Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial design processes have several common denominators regardless of the actual design. This is to say that the production of moving images is a kind of design process. Even though every single film- or TV-production is unique, the production processes as such are often similar. Therefore we suggest that a Distributed Creativity Workflow Model will be useful in film- and TV-production. This model will facilitate the design process and make the production of contemporary audio-visual material more cost effective. Hopefully more time can be spent on creativity within the process.

  • 33.
    Forsell, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Acceptabel och effektiv färgreducering i tryck: Utvärdering av färgreduceringsresultat från Alwan CMYK Optimizer ECO2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tryckeribranschen är en ekonomiskt pressad bransch som söker nya besparingsmetoder. En av metoderna är att minska insatsvaran tryckfärg med färgreduceringsprogramvara.

    Rapporten undersöker möjligheterna med färgreduceringssystem. Detta genom att studera hur man använder sig av färgreducering och hur det påverkar trycket.

    Studien avser besvara:

    • Hur stor färgminskning kan man använda sig av utan negativa konsekvenser på bildkvalitén?

    • Hur går man tillväga för att skapa den färgminskningen?

    • Överensstämmer total färgförändring och visuell bedömning av tryck?

    För att få svar på dessa frågor togs en testform fram med nödvändiga bilder och färgfält som sedan genomgick en rad färgreduktioner. Testformen utvärderades digitalt med avseende på TAC och total färgförändring. Därefter trycktes testformen och utvärderades visuellt av en testgrupp och uppmättes för att visa färgförändring efter tryck.

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar att det går att färgreducera tryck utan avsevärda negativa konsekvenser på bildkvalitén. En reducering från 300 % TAC till en TAC mellan 240 % och 210 % är fullt möjlig för att få en besparing och vara inom standard för total färgförändring. Detta går att göra väldigt lätt med en programvara som Alwan CMYK Optimizer ECO, med enbart förvalda inställningar och en inställd Total Ink Limit mellan 240 % och 210 %. Resultatet visade även en stark korrelation mellan den visuella bedömningen och den totala färgförändring, som tyder att både metoder är lämpliga för bedömning av tryck.

  • 34.
    Fransson, Jessica
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Funke, Linnea
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Manlig eller kvinnligförfattare?: En analys av pocketböckersomslagsdesign utifrån ett genusperspektiv.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Books are, despite a decline in interest, still an important part of our culturalsociety. It is not unusual for a book’s cover to adapt to its target audience butthe question stands whether the gender of the author functions as a part of thedesign equation as well.The purpose of this study was to through a visual analysis of paperback bookcovers map out differences found between male and female writers’ bookcovers.This study is based on a visual content analysis were 200 paperback coverswere analysed, 100 from Swedish authors and 100 from English authors. Thesewere then evenly divided between the genders. The analysis reflects over themotifs on the covers as well as the dominant colour, font families and fontcolours.The results from the analysis indicate that female authors generally got a morefeminine appearance on their covers, and that covers by Swedish female authorsshowed most signs of a feminine design. Alas, it is impossible to rule out genreas an important influence regarding the books’ cover design. However, as it washard to pinpoint the genre of many of the books analysed it was difficult tomake a distinct connection between genres and books’ cover design.

  • 35.
    Fröberg, Elise
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Gatsby – en scenograferad karaktär2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att undersöka scenografin i filmen The Great Gatsby för att se hur

    den används som ett karaktärsbyggande verktyg. Som grund för uppsatsen ligger även boken med

    samma titel och dess miljöbeskrivningar för att undersöka hur de har fungerat som utgångspunkt i

    skapandet av den filmiska karaktären Gatsby. Ett stöd för analysen har varit symboltolkning

    eftersom symboler är ett återkommande hjälpmedel för karaktärisering i både bok och film.

    Resultatet visar att scenografin används på flera olika sätt för att förtydliga och berätta om Gatsbys

    karaktär. Bland annat speglar scenografin Gatsbys känsloliv, mysteriet kring Gatsby och hans

    förhållande till sin egen karaktär. Rekvisita används ofta som karaktärsbyggande symboler. Det

    görs dessutom tydliga skillnader i scenografin för att visa på olika teman och vändningar i filmen.

  • 36.
    Garnegård, Agnes
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Utbildningsmedier i undervisningen: En studie av medieanvändning och lärande2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats har jag undersökt vilka utbildningsmedier som används på några skolor

    i utvalda kommuner i Dalarnas län: Älvdalen, Orsa, Mora och Falun, samt vilken

    påverkan dessa medier kan ha på elevernas inlärning. Uppsatsens övergripande syfte är

    att bidra med kunskap om hur utbildningsmedier kan användas i undervisningen i

    grundskolan samt hur elevers lärande kan påverkas av medier med audiovisuell

    information. Denna uppsats har följande forskningsfrågor: Hur vanligt är det att olika

    utbildningsmedier används i undervisningen och vilka typer av medier är vanligast?

    Vilken effekt kan utbildningsmedier ha på elevernas inlärningsförmåga? Och hur kan

    mediepedagogik vara ett redskap i undervisningen? Uppsatsens frågeställningar

    besvaras genom kvantitativa metoder i form av en enkät och ett experiment.

    Enkätundersökningen visa att medier ofta används som komplettering till undervisning

    på dessa utvalda skolor och de medier som används mest är video/film, bild/foto och

    internet. Experimentets resultat tyder på att det finns elever som troligtvis lär sig bättre

    genom att använda medier. Detta visades då experimentgrupperna som under en lektion

    fick titta på en video visade större inlärning än kontrollgrupperna som endast lyssnade

    på en föreläsning utan stöd av några utbildningsmedier.

  • 37. Giglio, Alessandra
    Wordpress: uno strumento online per la gestione della didattica?2014In: TD Tecnologie Didattiche, ISSN 2499-4324, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 114-118Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Gromark, Sten
    et al.
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Malmqvist, Inga
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Fröst, Peter
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Nylander, Ola
    Chalmers tekniska Högskola.
    Wijk, Helle
    Elf, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Thörn, Catharina
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    SRE-AIDAH: Integrative ways of residing health and quality of residence2015In: ARCH 14: International Conference on Research on Health Care Architecture - Conference Proceedings / [ed] Ira Verma, Laura Nenonen, Helsinki, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Healthcare architecture has grown rapidly in recent years. However, there are still many questions remaining. The commission, therefore, is to share the existing research knowledge and latest results and to carry out research projects focusing more specifically on the health care situation in a variety of contexts. The ARCH14 conference was the third conference in the series of ARCH conferences on Research on Health Care Architecture initiated by Chalmers University. It was realized in collaboration with the Nordic Research Network for Healthcare Architecture .It was a joint event between Aalto University, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health (FIOH) and National Institute of Health and Welfare (THL International).The conference gathered together more than 70 researchers and practitioners from across disciplines and countries to discuss the current themes.

  • 39.
    Gunnars, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Construction.
    Byggsats till attefallshus av sandwichkonstruktioner: Hur en byggsats planeras och kan sammanfogas2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sandwichkonstruktioner används för att tillverka många olika produkter och konstruktionerna har hög hållfasthet och låg vikt. Företaget Dala Laminat tillverkar och säljer sådana konstruktioner. Nu vill de bredda sin marknad och börja tillverka hus. De har tagit fram konstruktioner till en 1,5-plansvilla och vill testa dessa i ett attefallshus. I detta examensarbete ska en ritningssats till attefallshuset tas fram. Syftet med arbetet är att se till att kundens önskemål i möjligaste mån uppfylls och att tillämpliga lagkrav och bestämmelser följs för attefallshuset samt att ta fram ritningar. Handlingarna ska kunna användas direkt i Dala Laminats fabriker för att tillverka de element som behövs för att bygga huset. Det finns lagar och regler som gäller för attefallshus, dessa handlar bland annat om måttbestämmelser kopplade till borttaget krav av bygglov. Det finns även bestämmelser vad gäller installationer i ett hus som måste följas. Arbetet gjordes som en fallstudie. Det var viktigt att Dala Laminat hela tiden granskades och sågs mer som en beställare än som en källa. Referenser vad gäller husbyggsatser och sammanfogningsmetoder presenterades och granskades. Även Dala Laminats konstruktioner och företagets produktionsförutsättningar presenterades. Därefter förde slutkunden fram sina önskemål om attefallshusets utformning och funktioner. Baserat på dessa förutsättningar och krav togs kompletta ritningar över attefallshuset fram. Eftersom attefallshuset ännu inte är byggt är det svårt att veta hur det kommer att fungera i praktiken även om alla regler och bestämmelser har följts. Sammanfogningarna valdes att göras som förslag i och med den låga erfarenheten av materialet. Sandwichkonstruktioner är ett komplicerat material att räkna på i teorin. Dock är det ett enkelt material i praktiken vad gäller att tillverka och hantera. En felkälla i arbetet är de tolkningar som gjorts vid granskningen av arbetets referenser. Metoden för hur byggsatsen har gjorts kan tillämpas för många olika slags byggsatser. Eftersom inga tidigare studier i ämnet påträffades kommer arbetet att bidra med kunskap i ämnet.

  • 40.
    Guo, Shengqiang
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Computation and application of the spatial zero inflated count response2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Generalized linear models and its extensions are widely used for analyzing non-normal data. But Poisson mixed model may exhibit inadequate fitting and inference when encounter excessive zero counts. Mixed hurdle model is a preferable method to solve the problem. Nevertheless, it is still a challenge to use the mixed hurdle model to deal with correlated data. There are a few computational procedure for hurdle model can be used to calculate, particularly for the model with random effects being correlated between non-zero and zero response parts. In our paper we display a method to fit the hurdle model with conditionally autoregressive random effects for the spatial data. Based on the extended algorithm, some modifications are made to the existing procedure in R to help us to fit the data. We conduct Monte-Carlo simulation to study the finite sample properties of our model. The result shows that the new procedure fit the model well. The estimation becomes better with the increase of measurement in each subject. At last, we apply the new procedure to a real problem. The dataset is about reindeer spatial distribution related to the wind power establishments at Storliden Mountain in North Sweden. The new procedure gives a better fit of the real problem than a usual Poisson mixed model

  • 41.
    Gustafson, Karolina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Bergenfelz, Charlotte
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Grafisk profil åt Borlänge Bandy: Framtagning av en sportförenings visuella profil2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Borlänge Bandy is a sports association based in Borlänge. Before this work took place they had no visual identity. To help Borlänge Bandy create better perception, a visual identity was created. The goal was to create a visual identity supported by the target group’s views. To investigate the target group's opinions on Borlänge Bandy’s visual appearance several surveys was conducted. These formed the basis for a renewal of Borlänge Bandy’s logotype. Material to the visual identity was analyzed in a focus group. This then led to an updated version of the logotype along with graphic material. An evaluative focus group then checked that the goal had been achieved. The result was a new visual identity with associated graphic identity manual to Borlänge Bandy that contains information about typography, colors, logotype, visual identity imagery, correspondence materials, business products and graphic elements. If the graphic material is handled with consistency it will create recognition. The conclusions were that the new visual identity is perceived as unified, harmonious, and related throughout the manual. 

  • 42.
    Hallberg, David
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Liveljudstekniker: Vägarna till yrket2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppsatsen studeras rekryteringsprocessen för ljudtekniker som söker anställning på liveljudsfirmor. Vilka egenskaper som anses vara meriterande av de som anställer ljudteknikern, samt vilken betydelse ljudteknikern tillskriver formell utbildning och personliga nätverk undersöks. Kvalitativa djupintervjuer har använts som primär datainsamlingsmetod, där tre chefer för liveljudsfirmor och tre ljudtekniker har intervjuats. Resultaten tyder på att nätverk spelar en betydande roll både för de som anställer ljudtekniker samt ljudteknikerna själva, ett gott rykte förefaller vara en av de främsta meriterna för en ljudtekniker inom liveljudsbranschen idag. Även skolans roll vid praktikansökning synliggörs, det förefaller som att företag är mer benägna att ta in praktikanter från en respekterad utbildning i jämförelse med de praktikanter som saknar utbildning.

  • 43.
    Hallström, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Atmosfärisk musik i 3D för datorspel: En jämförelse mellan stereomixning och hörlursanpassad 3D-mixning för datorspel2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här studien utforskas tillämpandet av binaural processering för hörlursmixar till

    spelmusik. För att undersöka hur binauralt mixad atmosfärisk spelmusik upplevs av lyssnare,

    jämfört med vanlig stereomixad atmosfärisk spelmusik, har individuella lyssningstest

    genomförts. Under lyssningstesterna jämfördes två olika hörlursmixar av en atmosfärisk låt

    komponerad till en specifik sekvens ur ett spel. Den ena var mixad med binaural processering

    medan den andra var mixad i vanlig stereo. Syftet var att få lyssnarnas upplevda åsikter kring

    spatiala- och immersionella skillnader i förhållande till de två hörlursmixarna och

    spelsekvensen. Undersökningsresultatet visar att den binaurala stereomixen gav

    undersökningsdeltagarna

    en något bättre ”utanför huvudet”-upplevelse även om dess spatiala

    egenskaper i övrigt inte upplevdes övertygande. Majoriteten av lyssnarna föredrog den

    vanliga stereomixen då de tyckte att denna på ett bättre sätt representerade spelkaraktärens

    inre. Vanan och förväntningen av att höra musik inifrån huvudet till följd av vanliga

    stereomixar i hörlurar kan vara en orsak till lyssnarnas föredragna mix. En binaural stereomix

    och dess egenskaper av att positionera ljudkällor utanför huvudet kan medföra tvetydigheter

    huruvida musiken ska tolkas som diegetisk eller inte, alltså tvetydigheter huruvida musiken

    finns i spelkaraktärens värld och uppfattas av denne eller om musiken endast ska uppfattas av

    lyssnaren och inte finnas i spelkaraktärens värld. En svaghet med den binaurala

    processeringen var dess generella HRTF-mall. Vidare forskning behövs för att ta fram en

    kalibreringsprocess av en HRTF-mall för individuell anpassning till lyssnaren. Denna

    kalibreringsprocess kan testas tillsammans med VR-teknik för spel.

  • 44.
    Hamberg, Jesper
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Eriksson, Olof
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Säkerhet och Hip-hop: En undersökning av målgruppstänkande i Mercedes-Benz reklamfilmer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka hur semiotiska resurser används i

    reklamfilm för att kommunicera till olika målgrupper. I uppsatsen har två

    reklamfilmer från Mercedes-Benz med två olika målgrupper analyserats. Metoden

    som har använts i uppsatsen är en jämförande filmanalys. I analysen så har vi valt

    att lägga tyngd på fem olika semiotiska resurser: rörelse i bild, klippning, färg samt

    ljud och musik. Vi har sedan jämfört analyserna för att se hur Mercedes-Benz har

    använt sig av semiotiska resurser för att nå filmernas primära målgrupp. Resultatet

    visade att det fanns en hel del olikheter mellan dessa filmer. Bland annat var

    reklamfilmen för den äldre målgruppen kontinuerligt klippt, medan reklamfilmen

    för den yngre målgruppen var diskontinuerligt klippt. I reklamfilmen för den yngre

    målgruppen, hade dessutom musiken och färgen en mer betydande roll än i

    reklamfilmen för den äldre målgruppen. Resultatet visade också att det finns flera

    likheter mellan dessa filmer, såsom vissa kamerarörelser och filmernas

    atmosfärsljud.

  • 45.
    Hamnström, Pamela
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Ejemar, Simone
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Könsdiskriminering i svenska annonser: Skillnader och likheter i friade och fällda fall anmälda hos Reklamombudsmannen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    These days, sexism and gender discrimination get a lot of attention in

    advertisement. They take a lot of space in both social media and everyday life.

    Regarding gender discrimination, women are the ones who are more often

    exposed to being objectified or portrayed in a stereotypical manner that might

    lead to a public debate, while in the last couple of years it is noticeable that

    similar cases with men involved has increased.

    The purpose of this study is to examine and map out the execution of gender

    discrimination in Swedish ads, and compile and compare to discover what tells

    the condemned and cleared cases apart. Reklamombudsmannens criteria’s for

    gender discriminating ads will be the point of departure when evaluating the

    material, as with defining the categories for the analysis.

    In both condemned and cleared cases, the execution of the image and the

    models was the most relevant reason to report or condemn an ad for being

    gender discriminating. The result shows that the incidence of objectifying ads

    get more attention and is more often condemned than standardization in ads.

    Along with this, ads containing models that are showing more skin not

    necessarily being the most condemned since they had a connection to the

    product being sold.

  • 46.
    Hjelm, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Mastering: Undersökning av hur masteringsteknikers ideal och tidigare erfarenheter påverkar masteringsprocessen av inspelad musik2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom att undersöka hur mycket av några masteringsteknikers personliga ideal och tidigare erfarenheter, med musikalisk bakgrund och smak, som hörs från masteringsprocesser av förelagda inspelningar av musik inom olika musikstilar är syftet att bidra med kunskap om hur mycket av de tidigare musikaliska influenserna en masteringstekniker tar med sig in i en masteringsprocess, och ses som användbar för fortsatt forskning inom ljud- och musikproduktion. Jag har låtit tre masteringstekniker under enskilda sessioner mastra tre ljudsekvenser, där jag även har observerat deras tillvägagångssätt, utfört intervjuer och sedan på egen hand granskat materialet genom att lyssna och titta på deras bearbetningar av ljuden. Slutligen har jag låtit fem vana lyssnare bedöma och kommentera mastringarna i form av en lyssningsundersökning. Utifrån observationerna, samtalen och min granskning tyder resultatet på att det personliga idealet och tidigare erfarenheten främst hörs i mastringar utförda av personer som är djupt rotade i sin favoritgenre och låter de idealen och arbetsmönstren även påverka mastringar inom främmande musikstilar.  

  • 47.
    Holm, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Retusch av landskapsfoto i annonser för turistmål: En kvantitativ undersökningkring den accepterade nivån av retusch2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ethics on pictures in advertising have been widely discussed, especiallymodel, and product photographs have been criticized. There seems to be ashortage of research on acceptance of image processing of landscapephotographs that are often used in advertisements for tourist destinations. Aweb survey with example pictures was conducted to examine what level ofimage processing was deemed life like, appealing and acceptable in those kindsof advertisements. The conclusion was that photographs where the exposurehad been corrected to create a clearer picture was the most acceptable.Differences in opinions between ages, genders and those with or withoutprevious experience about image processing were discussed and it showedthat women were slightly more critical to image processing. Those withprevious experience were generally more okay with image processing. Someviewers accept further processing if it is done to sell a specific feeling and doesnot make the viewer feel mislead.

  • 48.
    Holmberg, Emma
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Construction.
    Roberg, Amanda
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Construction.
    En hållbar villa år 2030: En framtidsspåning förankrat i Fiskarhedenvillan AB´s produktion2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Examensarbetet behandlar på begäran av Fiskarhedenvillan AB hur hållbar arkitektur och byggteknik kan tillämpas i ett småhus om 10 år samt om hållbarhetskrav då kan ha förändrat villautformningen. Arbetet avgränsades och syftade till att behandla fem områden: framtida byggkrav med synpunkt på tillämpning av LCA, energieffektiva installationer och tekniska lösningar, kretslopp, materialval samt inomhusklimatets påverkan på människan. Metoden baserades på en kvalitativ studie där datainsamling genomfördes med dokumentinsamlingsmetodik i form av fallstudier från litteratur, semistrukturerade intervjuer med öppna frågor, avhandlingar, tidskrifter, data från utförda undersökningar samt databaser. Informationen sammanställdes i rapporten utifrån en subjektiv bedömning. Studien resulterade i ett konkret förslag på en villautformning samt påvisade att det idag tas alltför liten hänsyn till jordens ekologiska system vid konsumtionen av dess ändliga råvaror. Människan måste förändra sin livsstil. Med avseende på det har frågor och medvetenhet kring byggnaders energianvändning och miljöanpassning på senare år ökat. Den ökade medvetenheten gör att allt fler väljer att miljöcertifiera sina byggnader. Det finns olika miljöcertifieringar exempelvis Svanencertifiering, men indikatorerna bygger på samma grundtanke, att skapa en hållbar byggnad som inte påverkar miljön mer än nödvändigt. Ett mindre utforskat område är den totala klimatpåverkan en byggnad utgör under hela dess livslängd och här behöver aktörer inom byggsektorn öka sin kunskap. Något som kan göras genom användande av livscykelanalyser och klimatdeklarationer i projekteringsfasen. Enligt Boverket kommer regeringen även inom kort att ställa högre krav på tillämpning av just dessa verktyg vid uppförande av nybyggnation. För att minska energibehov samt skapa en behaglig och trivsam inomhusmiljö i energieffektiva byggnader behöver kunskapen för de installationstekniska delarna höjas inom byggsektorn.

  • 49.
    Hozzánková, Hana
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Modelling S shaped hazard function: A case of evaluating Volvo Cars training project2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to introduce a new S-shaped hazard function, derive its corre-

    sponding likelihood function and then apply it to a real dataset to show advantages of

    such method. We dened an inovative S-shaped hazard function based on arctangent

    with three additional parameters. Our hazard function opens new possibilities for the

    measurement of the lock-in e ect directly using one of its parameters. Its signicance is

    further tested by a standard Wald test. We derive a log-likelihood function and apply

    it on a data from Volvo Cars Project. According to our results we conclude that the

    program was unsuccessful. Surprising shapes of nal hazard functions lead us to closer

    examination of possible limitations. We conclude that our results could be a ected

    by several aspects such as data quality, computational methods and possible violation

    of independency assumption. Nevertheless, this study works as a useful summary of

    the newly-dened S-shaped hazard function and highlights its innovative possibility to

    estimate lock-in e ect together with its signicance testing.

  • 50.
    Jalmar, Clara
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    The twinkling and sparkles of women: Analysing the female gender through foley and sound design in Japanese anime2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With anime as the focal point, this essay examines how the view on the female gender in Japan, affects the artistic and narrative choices the foley and sound design. The study uses the male gaze, coined by Laura Mulvey, to analyse two series in the genres shoujo and shounen, that are targeted towards young women and men, respectively. By contextualising the anime series with literature about gender roles in Japan, the result of the essay found that the male gaze was prominent in characterisation of women (and men) through the pitch and timbre of the foley and sound effects. Women were defined through light and soft sounds, influenced by both Confucianism and the ie system, that favours men as breadwinners and decision makers.

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