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  • 1.
    Eriksson, Louise
    et al.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Mobilitet, aktörer och planering, MAP.
    Nerhagen, Lena
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Transportekonomi Borlänge, TEK-B.
    Bolling, Anne
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Fordonsteknik och simulering, FTS.
    Jansson, Jonas
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Trafik och trafikant,TRAF.
    Hjort, Mattias
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Fordonsteknik och simulering, FTS.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Trafik och trafikant,TRAF.
    Gustafsson, Mats
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ.
    Blomqvist, Göran
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ.
    Karlsson, Bo O
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö och trafikanalys, MTA.
    Tema miljörisker: miljörisker och trafikanters beteenden2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report compiles the results from the project Theme Environmental risks. More specifically, the project concerned how different transport related environmental risks influence different road users and how their behaviour influence the environment. The project aimed at preparing for interdisciplinary research about environmental risks at VTI. The project was divided into three parts. The first subproject aimed at compiling literature about transport related environmental risks from psychological and economic perspectives, and in the second subproject a willingness to pay study was outlined where both economic and psychological principles were considered. In the third subproject, a simulator study was outlined. The focus was to study environmental effects of driving under controlled circumstances in the driving simulator. The report is divided into two parts. In part 1, the results from the literature review and the proposal for a willingness to pay study are described (subproject 1 and 2). This part is written in English. Part 2 contains a project outline for a simulator study in the form of an research project application (project 3). This part is written in Swedish.

  • 2.
    Eriksson, Per Erik
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Bildproduktion. Mälardalen University.
    Eriksson, Yvonne
    Mälardalen University.
    Swenberg, Thorbjörn
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Bildproduktion. Mälardalen University.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalen University.
    Media instructions and visual behavior: An eye-tracking study investigating visual literacy capacities and assembly efficiency2014Inngår i: Analyzing Cognitive Processes during Design: Proceedings of the HBiD 2014 / [ed] Mirko Meboldt, Sven Matthiesen, Petra Badke-Schaub, Quentin Lohmeyer, 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This pilot study aims at illuminating human visual behavior in the interaction with pictorial instructions. The study is a multi disciplinary effort and is informed by the connection between gaze and attention as well as certain aspects of the Visual Literacy field and reveals a few basic visual behavior tendencies related to certain specific pictorial instruction types. By doing so, it is also an evaluation of the usefulness of a methodological framework consisting of six measures.The analysis of this paper is primarily based on eye-tracking data. In addition, an observed assembly that generated video and sound recordings is also part of the method. In the study 12 Film/TV- production students (out of which there is complete data from 9 informants) interacted with three types of types of visual instructions of the same assembled object, a solar powered toy.

  • 3.
    Gilhooly, M. L.
    et al.
    Brunel Institute for Ageing Studies, Brunel University, Uxbridge, United Kingdom.
    van den Heuvel, E.
    Brunel Institute for Ageing Studies, Brunel University, Uxbridge, United Kingdom.
    Jowitt, F.
    Brunel Institute for Ageing Studies, Brunel University, Uxbridge, United Kingdom.
    Sutherland, I.
    Brunel Institute for Ageing Studies, Brunel University, Uxbridge, United Kingdom.
    Bichard, J.
    Royal College of Art, London, United Kingdom.
    Long, A.
    Bristol Urological Institute, Bristol, United Kingdom.
    McKee, Kevin
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Vibrating underpants, smell sensors and hospital continence services: tools and technologies for improving the lives of people with incontinence2012Inngår i: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 52, nr s1, s. 185-185Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Social isolation, loss of self esteem and depression are often a consequence of incontinence. The overall aim of this interdisciplinary project was to reduce the impact of continence difficulties and, thus, assist older people in maintaining a positive identity and good quality of life. The TACT3 project was comprised of three research work packages:

    Assistive technology development:

    Vibrating underpants: A washable fabric underwear wetness sensor and alert mechanism has been developed to alert continence pad users of leakage. In addition, a colour change odour indicating formula has been developed to indicate the presence of the odour of urine at a just imperceptible level.

    Challenging environmental barriers to continence: Two sets of stakeholders were involved, older people with continence difficulties and toilet providers. Focus groups, workshops, interviews and photographic diaries were conducted to identify key issues. A web based map locating toilets in London was developed which is called the Great British Toilet Map.

    Improving continence interventions and services: 140 patients and their carers were interviewed twice within a 12 month interval from a specialist continence clinic for older people and generic continence clinic. Twenty health and social care managers and 200 practitioners were also be interviewed. Care outcomes are being analysed from each clinic and a cost benefit analysis will be carried out.

    Key findings from this three year interdisciplinary project are highlighted. Prototypes of the vibrating underpants and the odour sensor will be on display. This research was funded by the UK New Dynamics of Ageing Programme.

  • 4.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Kostela, Johan
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete. Stockholm University; Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Five years from now: Correlates of older people’s expectation of future quality of life2014Inngår i: Age Well - Challenges for Individuals and Society: Program 22nd Nordic Congress of Gerontology Gothenburg 25-28 May, 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have explored older people’s expected future quality of life (QoL), despite evidence that perceptions of one’s future influence healthy ageing. Research on this topic should embrace a range of potential influences, including perceptions of one’s neighbourhood and region. This study examined expected QoL in a random sample of the population of Dalarna, a Swedish region. A self-completion questionnaire assessed demographic characteristics, current neighbourhood and regional evaluations, self-evaluations, expectations for the future, and current and expected QoL.  In total, 786 people aged ≥ 65 years participated. Current QoL was favourably evaluated, and while expected QoL also received a positive assessment, the mean value for expected QoL was notably lower than that for current QoL (t(755)=24.06, p<.05). Indeed, only 3.6% (n=27) of participants rated their expected QoL higher than their current QoL. A sequential multiple regression model explained 44% of the variance in older people’s expected QoL. Nine IVs were significant (p<.05) in the final model of expected QoL: current QoL (1% unique variance explained), age (1%), education level (1%), Regional Development Beliefs (1%), Perceived Regional Status (2%), self-reported health (3%), social influence (1%), Expected Regional Opportunity (3%) and expected change in housing need (1%). Our findings establish the significance of an older person’s perception of their locality for their expected future QoL. Policies that focus only on individual and relational factors for the promotion of healthy ageing are overlooking the potential contribution of an older person’s connection to their neighbourhood and region.

  • 5.
    McKee, Kevin
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Kostela, Johan
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete. Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University.
    Five years from now: Correlates of older people’s expectation of future quality of life2015Inngår i: Research on Aging, ISSN 0164-0275, E-ISSN 1552-7573, Vol. 37, nr 1, s. 18-40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have explored older people’s expected future quality of life (QoL), despite evidence that perceptions of one’s future influence healthy ageing. Research on this topic should embrace a range of potential influences, including perceptions of one’s neighbourhood and region. This study examined expected QoL in a random sample of the population of Dalarna, a Swedish region. A self-completion questionnaire assessed demographic characteristics, current neighbourhood and regional evaluations, self-evaluations, expectations for the future, and current and expected QoL. In total, 786 people aged ≥ 65 years participated. A sequential multiple regression model explained 44% of the variance in older people’s expected QoL, with self-reported health (sr2=.03), Expected Regional Opportunity (sr2=.03), and Perceived Regional Status (sr2=.02) having the strongest associations with expected QoL. Research on the importance of one’s neighbourhood to QoL in older people should encompass people’s perceptions of their region, to better inform social policy for healthy ageing.

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