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  • 1.
    Ahlberg, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Art Education.
    Danielsson, Helena
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Art Education.
    Elevrespons på bloggen2013In: Meningsskapande fritidshem: Studio som arena för multimodalt lärande / [ed] Malin Rohlin, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, 1, p. 81-113Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    De äldre barnen på fritidshemmet är i fokus i detta kapitel, som behandlar barns lärande vid inkludering av visuella uttryck i den pedagogiska verksamheten. Vi lät elever i tolvårsåldern inspireras att samtala om bilder och multimodala texter via en digital utställningsplats. Det övergripande syftet med vår studie var att stärka barnens förmåga att återkoppla och reflektera kring egna och andras arbeten och på så sätt öka deras förståelse både för bildskapande och för de kunskapsområden som varit föremål för deras studier. Olika temaarbeten har följts under en längre tid - projekt som äger rum i skolans sammanhang men i kapitlet diskuteras som idéer för möjligt samarbete mellan lärare på fritidshem och i skolmiljön. Konkreta exempel från barnens arbete och process varvas i kapitlet med teorier och begrepp in området visuell gestaltning och estetiska lärprocesser.

  • 2.
    Aho, Erika
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Henriksson Persson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Larsson, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work. Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Skolnära – ett skolnära begrepp?2016In: Kapet (avslutad tryckt version), ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 116-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolnära kan beskrivas som ett relativt nytt begrepp inom utbildning och forskning med skolanknytning. Det förekommer ofta i sammanhang där det tycks finnas en ambition att knyta skola och forskning närmare varandra. Det kan till exempel handla om olika forskarskolor, skolforskning och skolutvecklingsprojekt. Dock finns ingen enhetlig definition av begreppet utan det används parallellt med och i vissa fall synonymt med begreppen praktiknära och praxisnära. Syftet med denna artikel är att bidra till en problematisering av begreppet skolnära med fokus på såväl innebörder som användningsområden. Utifrån studier av olika typer av texter belyses hur begreppet skolnära används inom skolforskning och i andra utbildningsvetenskapliga sammanhang idag. Begreppet skolnära ser ut att uppkomma i samband med framväxten av forskarutbildningsämnet pedagogiskt arbete men återfinns idag även inom andra forskarutbildningsämnen. Till exempel kan en ”skolnära avhandling” vara skriven inom pedagogik eller något ämnesdidaktiskt ämne. Vad det innebär att forskningen är skolnära tycks ha skiftande innebörd och avgränsning i olika sammanhang. Det kan till exempel handla om huruvida forskningen bedrivs av eller för lärare. Begreppet används också inom skolvärlden i ett vidare perspektiv.

  • 3.
    Aida Niendorf, Mariya
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Saito, Rieko
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Creating an effective environment for development of intercultural competence through online Japanese Language exchanges: How it is done and what it takes2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Developing intercultural competence has been an important focal point of university education especially in the area of foreign language instruction. In order to incorporate intercultural competence in our Japanese language instruction, we have brought together students studying Japanese from the U.S., Korea and China to join our students studying Japanese in Sweden for online exchanges. In order to create an ideal virtual classroom environment in an international setting, we have examined how students from different countries interact during the online exchanges in Japanese. In this presentation, we will discuss the process, strength, difficulties and potential of such exchanges.

  • 4.
    Alatalo, Tarja
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Skriftspråksutvecklingen i övergången från förskoleklass till årskurs ett2017In: Barns övergångar: Förskola, fritidshem, grundsärskola och grundskola / [ed] Anne Lillvist & Jenny Wilder, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 1, p. 59-78Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Alatalo, Tarja
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Hansson, Åse
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik.
    Johansson, Stefan
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik.
    Gustafsson, Jan-Eric
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik.
    Characteristics of Teacher Competence: Trends over Time and Between Student Groups in the Swedish Compulsory School2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Achievement differences across schools have increased in Sweden during the past two decades, at the same time as average achievement levels have declined, for example in mathematics (Holmlund et al., 2014; SOU 2014:05) and reading (Skolverket, 2013). These negative trends may be related to schools’ demographic, organizational and resource prerequisites. The organizational basis for the Swedish compulsory school has undergone significant changes since the late 1980s, with free school choice, an increasing number of private schools and a larger autonomy for school leaders. The increased school segregation with respect to migration background since the implementation of these reforms (Yang Hansen & Gustafsson, 2016), could possibly be caused by the continuing decline in inclusion of migrant students and a related educational inequality in instructional quality and teacher competence. Inclusion is defined as a structure of organizing integration according to particular rules and regulations.

    The results of research on effects of teacher competence are, however, somewhat fragmented and unclear, at least with respect to effects on different student groups. This can partly be explained by uncertainties in the determination of crucial teacher characteristics. Making comparisons between for example authorized and unauthorized teachers has been shown to be problematic. There is vast research in this field which is characterized by severe methodological problems, e.g. with respect to drawing causal conclusions from cross-sectional observational data. For example, no correlation between student achievement and various resource factors has been found in some studies (e.g. Hanushek, 1997), whereas others found a positive correlation (e.g. Greenwald, Hedges & Laine, 1996).

    A teacher effect on student achievement is, however, well manifested (e.g., Gustafsson, 2003; Gustafsson & Myrberg, 2002; Johansson, Myrberg, & Rosén, 2015; Nye, Konstantopoulus, & Hedges, 2004; Rockoff, 2004), and the results also suggest that lower achieving students, as for example immigrants, are the more likely to benefit from increases in teacher effectiveness (e.g., Sanders, 1998). Teacher quality is, furthermore, one of the resource factors that explains most of the increase in performance differences between schools in Sweden (Björklund, Fredriksson, Gustafsson, & Öckert, 2010, Ch 7; Gustafsson & Myrberg, 2002). The general reduction in teacher quality in Sweden the last decades (SOU 2014:05), and the decreased equality of allocation of teacher competence between schools (Hansson & Gustafsson, 2016; OECD, 2013), supports these results. However, the variation between student outcomes that different teachers are achieving (Hanushek, 2003) needs to be further problematized and discussed. Teacher knowledge and skills, teacher training and teaching experience are examples of characteristics highlighted in different meta-studies (e.g., Greenwald, Hedges & Laine, 1996), that should be subject of such an investigation.

    This study intends to develop a precise and differentiated description of teacher quality for use in future analyses of relations between teacher competence and educational results, with focus on interactions with student composition of schools due to students’ socio-economic and migration backgrounds. The description is among other factors focusing on teacher’s basic knowledge, subject-related and pedagogical training, and type of teacher training program. One aim is to investigate the variation over time in access to qualified teachers and the variation in teacher qualifications between schools. In further analyses, the significance of the teacher characteristics for literacy and mathematics in grades 1 to 6 will be focused.

    Overall, the project, which this study is a part of, is expected to generate insights about essential conditions for effective and equitable teaching in Swedish and mathematics in primary school, and about distributions of teacher competence across schools with different student composition.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Milli
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education.
    Högläsningens betydelse för elevers språkutveckling: En kvalitativ studie om lärares syn på högläsning samt högläsningens betydelse för elevers språkutveckling2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 7.
    Annerberg, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work. Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Gymnasielärares skrivpraktiker: Skrivande som professionell handling i en digitaliserad skola2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to contribute to deeper knowledge about the writing practices of teachers in upper secondary school. Schools are under constant pressure to respond to the needs and expectations of an ever-changing society and political intentions. A major factor in this change which is taking place in schools is digitalization. Another factor is the adoption of new governing principles for schools involving management by goals and results, which brings increased demands for written documentation of teachers' work.

    In order to describe and problematize this development the thesis is based on a combination of Critical Discourse Analysis and New Literacy (Clark and Ivanič, 1997). The theoretical framework rests upon an understanding of writing as social action and the idea that texts both affect and are affected by the social environment. The empirical study focuses on twelve teachers and their writing practices, analyzed during week-long field visits over three years. The teachers' talk about their writing is used together with analyses of texts and images to investigate parts of teachers' writing which, according to the teachers, are considered complex and problematic.

    The findings indicate significant differences between the writing practices of the individual teachers, where each teacher has his or her own system of texts fulfilling different purposes. Despite these differences it is still possible to identify recurrent themes in the discursive conditions for teachers' writing: efficiency, reuse, authority, audit, relationships to addressees, and room to maneuver. The study illustrates possible dilemmas for teachers' writing at the intersection of teachers' professional responsibility and demands for accountability.

  • 8.
    Arnqvist, Anders
    Karlstads universitet, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Verksamhet med läsning och skrivning i förskoleklass2003In: Lagarbete och tidig läs- och skrivutveckling / [ed] Birgitta Lidholt, Stockholm: Skolverket , 2003Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Askliden, Elisabeth
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Educational Work.
    Visualisering i svenskämnet, för elever med Aspergers syndrom: En jämförelse2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats/studie studerar hur pedagoger i dag arbetar med elever med funktionshindret Aspergers syndrom samt om det finns någon visualisering i undervisningen med dessa elever. Studien utgår från två högstadieskolor en stad i Mellansverige. Visualisering handlar om att se och höra (visualisera) det som sägs och det som visas, av en pedagog i klassrummet och om visualisering är en god hjälp för dessa elever med Aspergers syndrom. Metoden för denna studie är intervjuer, samtal samt litteraturstudier. Undersökningen ser om det finns och i vilken grad det används visualisering, i ämnet svenska.

    Det kom fram att visualisering är en metod som används frekvent i undervisningen på de olika skolorna som undersöks. Pedagogerna använder sig särskilt av denna metod, då man behöver vara tydlig. Individer med Asperger har olika grad av funktionshindret och det är viktigt för pedagogen att ge eleven hjälp utifrån denna grad.

  • 10.
    Ax, Annika
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Educational Work.
    Gymnasieelevers uppfattningar om algebra och problemlösning: En undersökning med utgångspunkt i elevernas kön, slutbetyg i grundskolan och val av gymnasieprogram2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att undersöka elevers uppfattningar om algebra och problemlösning samt granska hur dessa uppfattningar påverkas beroende på elevernas val av gymnasieprogram, kön och slutbetyg i grundskolan. Syftet är vidare att ta reda på vilka eventuella hinder och svårigheter eleverna själva uppfattar då de använder algebra för att lösa matematiska problem. Som metod för att söka svar på syfte och frågeställningar har valts att genomföra en enkätundersökning med elever som går första året på gymnasiet och som läser antingen naturvetenskapsprogrammet eller bygg- och anläggningsprogrammet. Enkätundersökningen består av två delar, en del som undersöker elevers uppfattningar om matematik i allmänhet och algebra och problemlösning i synnerhet, samt en del som försöker reda ut vilka svårigheter eleverna uppfattar då de ska lösa matematiska problem med algebra. Svaren sammanställs genom en analys av vilka eventuella skillnader och likheter som finns beroende på elevernas val av gymnasieprogram, kön och betyg i grundskolan. Resultatet visar på att elever på naturvetenskapsprogrammet som hade MVG i betyg i grundskolan har en mer positiv inställning till algebra och problemlösning i jämförelse med elever från bygg- och anläggningsprogrammet som fått G i betyg. Vad gäller elevernas kön finns det inte några indikationer på att denna faktor har någon större påverkan på deras uppfattningar. Resultatet kan vara en indikation på att elevernas uppfattningar främst påverkas av deras förståelse för det algebraiska tankesättet. Det eleverna upplever som svårast när de ska lösa problem med hjälp av algebra är att översätta den skrivna texten till en algebraisk framställning. När eleverna löser matematiska problem indikerar även resultatet att de till stor del styrs av sina förväntningar och förutfattade föreställningar om uppgiften. Resultatet ger en indikation om att eleverna behöver arbeta mer med problemlösning i olika former för att genom det kunna träna upp sin resonemangsförmåga och sin förmåga att behärska alla de tre faserna, översättning, omskrivning och tolkning, i den algebraiska cykeln.

  • 11.
    Backman, Erik
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Friluftsliv in Swedish Physical Education – a Struggle of Values: Educational and Sociological Perspectives2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to examine some of the educational and sociological conditions underlying the production of teaching in friluftsliv within the Physical Education (PE) subject in Swedish compulsory school. Despite the value awarded to the Scandinavian outdoor practice friluftsliv, in both the national PE curriculum document and in Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) in Sweden, it does not seem to be thoroughly implemented in compulsory school teaching. Through analyses of interviews with PE teachers and PE teacher educators, as well as of curriculum documents, using the perspectives of Basil Bernstein and Pierre Bourdieu, I explore conditions underlying the expressions of friluftsliv teaching in Swedish PE.

    The pedagogic discourse for friluftsliv in Swedish PE is described as a teaching that should take place in a natural setting remote from civilisation, involve risks, and require time, technical equipment, financial resources, and cooperation. This discourse for friluftsliv is shown to be similar to the values emphasised in friluftsliv education in PETE. Although proven to be difficult to implement in school, this discourse appear to form the conception of friluftsliv teaching for PE teachers in Sweden. Under the influence of the performance code, friluftsliv is transformed into outdoor activities with which the PE teachers are familiar, or is totally left out of PE teaching.

    A turn towards options that are seen as unthinkable in relation to the current pedagogic discourse may benefit the achievement of the aims set out in the national PE curriculum. Values such as environmental awareness, sustainable development and cultural perspectives on the landscape could strengthen the classification of friluftsliv and PE in compulsory school. Further, an increase of socially critical and constructivist perspectives during PETE could make unthinkable options in friluftsliv thinkable and contribute to a break with the reproduction of teaching practices in PE.

  • 12.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Allard, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    St John, Oliver
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Nordmark, Marie
    KKOM-DS.
    Understanding communication and identities in culturally diverse school settings in present day Sweden: empirical explorations from 3 different language profile schools in present day Sweden2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Messina Dahlberg, Giulia
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education. Örebro universitet.
    Learning on-the-go in institutional telecollaboration: Anthropological perspectives on the boundaries of digital spaces2015In: Researching Language Learner Interaction Online: From Social Media to MOOCs / [ed] Edward Dixon and Michael Thomas, CALICO , 2015Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As Digitally Mediated Communication increasingly becomes a dimension of everyday life across the globe, a greater number of individuals have access to newer ways of engaging in learning practices on-the-go. Learning here, i.e. in institutionalized educational settings like the videoconferencing program Adobe Connect explicitly can be conceptualized in terms of participation in distributed networks of relationships across both physical geopolitical as well as virtual spaces.

    The study presented here is interested in (i) examining the nature of languaging ‘in situ’ in digital institutional learning settings like virtual classroom, including the types of practices that unfold at the boundaries of different glocal communities, and (ii) throwing light upon the relationship(s) between the openness and parallel closure of online glocal spaces. We draw upon ethnographic data from a project at the CCD[1] research group in Sweden. Our anthropologically framed study takes sociocultural and postcolonial perspectives as points of departure and focuses upon screen recordings of online sessions of an Italian for Beginners course (80 hours) offered by a Swedish university.

    Sociocultural and postcolonial perspectives on culture, language and identity allow us to empirically investigate how students in cyber communities negotiate and co-construct SpaceTime as a single dimension during the institutionally framed agenda of an online language course focused in this study. We argue that in order to understand and empirically study such encounters (or sites of engagement) it is fruitful to use the epistemological lenses of TimeSpace as well as the postcolonial concepts of Third Space and Hybridity. This allows us an analytical shift in focus, from what happens inside a space or a community, to what occurs at the boundaries, in-between (virtual) spaces.

    Our results highlight the need to focus the distributed-discursive and the discursive-technological constitution of participants’ worlds i.e. humans-in-concert-with-artifacts in the shared space(s) of the virtual classroom, where the boundaries of what is real-tangible and what is curtailed-obscure become both fluid-diffuse and concrete-tangible. Dismantling notions of one nation-one language, facilitated by emerging media practices, it is suggested, also challenges dominant language ideologies based on monolingual-monomodal communication.

    [1]www.oru.se/humus/ccd/

  • 14.
    Bernsköld Segoete, Linn
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education.
    SO- ämnenas breda undervisningsmöjligheter: - En text om hur lärares didaktiska val inom SO kan främja elevens utveckling mot den handlingskunskap och tolerans som läroplanen kräver.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Undersökningen bygger på tre kvalitativa intervjuer med SO-lärare och ämnar belysa genom vilka metoder lärarens uppdrag att fostra och fokusera mot värdegrundsmål tillika kunskapsmålen i SO- ämnena kan genomföras. Läroplanens olika målsättningar är stundtals motsägelsefulla och komplexa och det är upp till varje lärare att själv reda ut hur de ska förhålla sig till läroplanens innehåll. Den individuella tolkningen av uppdraget lägger en slöja av subjektivitet över lärarens uppdrag, hur läraren tolkar uppdraget är av stor vikt för hur det sedermera kommer att genomfö-ras. Värdegrunden belyser förmågor och flertalet av de begrepp som lyfts fram som centrala i värdegrunden återkommer i det centrala innehållet i de olika SO- ämnena. Men kunskapskraven i SO fokuserar inte mot de förmågor som återfinns i värdegrundsmålen, varför det inte per auto-matik leder till måluppfyllelse bara genom att behandla begreppen i undervisningen. Värdegrun-den syftar till en framtidsfostran av eleverna och att stärka elever möjligheter att agera i samhället, ta ansvar för och kunna stå upp för demokratiska värden, ytterst en fråga om handlingskunskap, medan kunskapskraven i SO –ämnena fokuserar på vetenskapen om exempelvis de demokratiska värdena. Undersökningen ämnar således belysa de didaktiska val en lärare kan göra för att skapa den typ av handlingskunskap värdegrunden förordar inom ramen för SO-undervisningen. Resul-tatet visar att det går att kombinera dessa uppdrag genom att exempelvis ha öppna diskussioner, där läraren ställer provocerande frågor, att ha höga förväntningar på eleverna, skapa simulerande aktiviteter, arbeta i projektorienterade undervisningsformer och försöka få in verkligheten i klass-rummet.

  • 15.
    Billman, Sabina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education.
    Språket i matematikens textuppgifter: En litteraturstudie om svårigheter i textuppgifter ochundervisningsstrategier som kan underlätta förståelsen förelever i årskurs 1-32014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 16.
    Brunnert Walfridsson, Erik
    Dalarna University.
    NGL2014 Next Generation Learning Conference: Conference summary2014Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Cameron, David Lansing
    et al.
    University of Agder, Norway.
    Lindqvist, Gunilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education. Uppsala universitet.
    School district administrators’ perspectives on the professional activities and influence of special educators in Norway and Sweden2014In: International Journal of Inclusive Education, ISSN 1360-3116, E-ISSN 1464-5173, Vol. 18, no 7, p. 669-685Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate school district administrators’ perspectives concerning the professional activities and influence of special educators in Norway (n=266) and Sweden (n=290). We examine three themes drawn from a survey of practices and policies in each country: (a) the organisational arrangements in which special educators work, (b) perceived changes in special educators’ activities, and (c) ratings of special educators’ influence on the content of instruction and the availability of resources for children with special needs. Findings suggest that special educators frequently work in teams, function largely as advisors, and spend less time working with individual students than in previous years. There appears to be a more pronounced increase in special educators’ time devoted to advising and documentation in Sweden than in Norway. Swedish special educators were also more frequently described as working in multidisciplinary teams. Participants in both countries rated the influence of special educators significantly higher than that of parents and teachers on the availability and distribution of resources; and significantly higher than politicians, public officials, teachers, and parents with regard to influence over the content of instruction. We discuss these findings in relation to the goals and development of inclusive education in Scandinavia.

  • 18.
    Cameron, David Lansing
    et al.
    University of Agder.
    Tveit, Anne Dorthe
    University of Agder.
    Jortveit, Maryann
    University of Agder.
    Lindqvist, Gunilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education. Uppsala universitet.
    Göransson, Kerstin
    Karlstads universitet.
    Nilholm, Claes
    Uppsala universitet.
    A comparative study of special educator preparation in Norway and Sweden2018In: British Journal of Special Education, ISSN 0952-3383, E-ISSN 1467-8578, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 256-276Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to explore similarities and differences between special educator preparation in Norway and in Sweden. Graduates of special education programmes at two Norwegian (n = 320) and two Swedish universities (n = 425) who completed their training between 2001 and 2012 responded to surveys. Findings indicate that both Swedish and Norwegian graduates felt prepared for their current work and that teaching approaches employed in the different programmes were similar. However, there appears to be a stronger focus on pupils’ social goals in Sweden, as well as on advising teachers, school development and promoting inclusive environments. In contrast, Norwegian participants reported a greater focus on preparation to work with specific types of learning and behavioural difficulties. Findings are discussed in relation to differing political and social structures, such as national regulations for steering special educator preparation in Sweden, which are absent in the Norwegian context.

  • 19. Carlén, Urban
    et al.
    Olson, MariaStockholms universitet, Centrum för de humanistiska ämnenas didaktik (CeHum).
    Perspektiv på gymnasial yrkesutbildning2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Avsikten med detta temanummer är att synliggöra och problematisera den gymnasiala yrkesutbildningens spänningsfält.I temanumret återfinns bidrag som på olika sätt studerar, belyser och diskuterar hur dessa spänningsfält ger avtryck och sätter möjliga spår av betydelse för både elever, lärare, skola, arbetsplatser och samhälle.

  • 20.
    Cederberg, Josefina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Nilsson, Michael
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Redesign av kursplanering2017Student paper otherStudent thesis
  • 21.
    Charrière, Lionel
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Educational Work.
    Individualisering i moderna språk: En kvalitativ studie om hur sex lärare i moderna språk förhåller sig till individualisering i undervisningen2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur sex lärare i moderna språk förhåller sig till individualisering i undervisningen. Metoden som använts är kvalitativa forskningsintervjuer med språklärare verksamma inom såväl grundskolan som gymnasiet. Undersökningens resultat åskådliggör en mångfald av tolkningar kring individualiseringsuppdraget hos lärare i moderna språk. Utifrån informanternas svar identifieras tre skilda individualiseringsmodeller. I den första modellen framstår individualiseringen framförallt som en metod baserad på nivåindelning och användande av särskilt material. Individualisering beskrivs i den andra modellen som ett förhållningssätt, att beakta elevernas olikhet, och utformas under en rad olika inslag, från planering till utvärdering. I den tredje modellen nås individualisering i helklassundervisning genom varierande arbetsformer samt lärarens kontakt med eleverna under lektionen. Att läraren snarare ansluter sig till en av dessa tre modeller tycks hänga samman med vilka behov och risker denne förknippar med individualisering.

  • 22.
    Cox Eriksson, Christine
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English. Stockholms universitet, Specialpedagogiska institutionen.
    Children's Vocabulary Development: The role of parental input, vocabulary composition and early communicative skills2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to examine the early vocabulary development of a sample of Swedish children in relation to parental input and early communicative skills. Three studies are situated in an overall description of early language development in children. The data analyzed in the thesis was collected within a larger project at Stockholm University (SPRINT- “Effects of enhanced parental input on young children’s vocabulary development and subsequent literacy development” [VR 2008-5094]).

    Data analysis was based on parental report via SECDI, the Swedish version of the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories, and audio recordings. One study examined parental verbal interaction characteristics in three groups of children with varying vocabulary size at 18 months. The stability of vocabulary development at 18 and 24 months was investigated in a larger study, with focus on children’s vocabulary composition and grammatical abilities. The third study examined interrelations among early gestures, receptive and productive vocabulary, and grammar measured with M3L, i.e. three longest utterances, from 12 to 30 months.

    Overall results of the thesis highlight the importance of early language development. Variability in different characteristics in parental input is associated with variability in child vocabulary size. Children with large early vocabularies exhibit the most stability in vocabulary composition and the earliest grammatical development. Children’s vocabulary composition may reflect individual stylistic variation. Use of early gestures is associated differentially with receptive and productive vocabulary.

    Results of the thesis have implications for parents, child- and healthcare personnel, as well as researchers and educational practitioners. The results underscore the importance of high quality in adult-child interaction, with rich input fine-tuned to children’s developmental levels and age, together with high awareness of early language development.

  • 23.
    Cox Eriksson, Christine
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    I Feel Like a Complete Idiot! Starting a PhD Program in a New Field2017In: The Nordic PhD: Surviving and Succeeding / [ed] Christopher McMaster, Caterina Murphy and Jakob Rosenkrantz de Lasson, Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Danielsson, Helena
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Art Education.
    Taflin, Eva
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Mathematics Education.
    Rapport från projektet Multimodala uppgifter och bedömning i matematik: Video och kollaborativa samtal som metod vid lärares bedömning av elevers matematiska kunskaper2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research will discuss some experiences from a four year school research study. It was conducted in cooperation with teachers from four municipalities in Dalarna. The aim of the research was to examine teachers´ professional development when they participated in collaborative discussions based on video recordings and video edited material from specific lessons in their own practice. The study had two foci one was to investigate methods and tools that teachers can use to develop their ability to assess their students while working on multimodal tasks. The other was to examine how video can be used by teachers wanting to obtain knowledge about assessing students. The study is based on several theories about when teachers collaborate to create new knowledge. The first is the design theoretical approach – where visual ethnography and a semiotic approach contribute to problematize the use and mixture of different modes. A basic assumption of the framework here is that meanings are made and communicated in mathematics through a wide range of semiotic modes. By using video as an essential tool in the research the framework theories concerning visual ethnography, video documentation and individuals as reflective practitioners were also needed. The findings can be divided into the following themes: the use of tasks for assessment, collaborative discussion, equipment, ethical dilemmas. Collaborative discussions were evaluated as a meaningful way of sharing knowledge. The use of video recordings in association with these discussions raised important ethical issues. Working with the assessment framework was of great interest to the teachers but it took a lot of time from their ordinary work. In this way the project highlighted more general aspects of school development. The research also concerns teachers´ use of collaborative discussions in assessment work, multimodal tasks in mathematics and video as a research tool in general.

  • 25.
    Dömstedt, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Educational Work.
    Sons of Northern Darkness: En fråga om stil och identitet i Black Metal-kulturen2007Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Min uppsats har visat på black metal-stilens betydelse för fyra ungdomars identitetsskapande. Jag har med koppling till teoretiska infallsvinkar och begrepp rörande stilars och kulturers betydelse diskuterat black metal-kulturen med fokus på dess stilmässiga uttryck, dess symbolanvändande och dess innebörd för ungdomarnas självbild.I min studie har jag diskuterat och redogjort för hur black metal-kulturen kan te sig genom att förklara hur musiken låter och hur stilens uttryck i form av kläder och frisyrer kan se ut. Uppsatsen har visat på hur symboler och kodsystem används av ungdomarna inom ramen för kulturen för att markera och positionera sin identitet. Jag har i min studie även visat hur black metal-stilen kan vara ett existentiellt ställningstagande mot kommersialism och mainstreamkultur.

  • 26.
    Eklund, Sanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education.
    Bedömning i specialidrottens praktiska moment: En kvalitativ studie om bedömning i specialidrott ur ett lärarperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolverket sätter riktlinjer för ämnet specialidrott och specialidrottsförbund sätter riktlinjer i specialidrott som baseras på idrottens krav. Det gör att specialidrotts-lärarens uppdrag blir komplicerat då båda institutionerna påverkar utbildningen. Syftet med studien var att skapa kunskap om specialidrottslärarens förutsättningar för bedömning i specialidrottens praktiska moment inom längdskidor. För att undersöka detta genomfördes fyra stycken kvalitativa intervjuer med specialidrotts-lärare inom längdskidor. Resultatet visade att det fanns en upplevd otydlighet i bedömningsförfarandet och att specialidrottslärarna använde sig av olika bedömningsunderlag samt att specialidrottslärarna styrdes av normativa villkor i bedömningsförfarandet.

  • 27.
    Eldh, Ann Catrine
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Jönsson, Birgitta
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Nordin, Susanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Att ha eller riskera funktionsnedsättning och genomgå utbildning till sjuksköterska2015Student paper otherStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Elf, Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Ossiannilsson, Ebba
    Lunds Universitet.
    Neljesjö, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Jansson, Monika
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Implementation of open educational resources in a nursing programme: experiences and reflections2015In: Open learning, ISSN 0268-0513, E-ISSN 1469-9958, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 252-266Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The IMPOER project (implementation of open educational resources, OER) aimed to implement OER in a nursing programme at Dalarna University, Sweden. The university and its nursing programme have long engaged in e-learning, and the nursing programme has recently been awarded the European Association of Distance Teaching Universities E-xcellence Associates Quality Label. The quality award was based on the creation of a roadmap for the continuous development of e-learning and the implementation of OER. The results of the study illustrated that overall, the students and the educators were positive about using OER. They considered that this approach was a new way of learning, and they appreciated the fact that OER were free and easy to access. However, they felt overwhelmed by the amount of material that was available and they were concerned about quality. If the use of OER is to be sustainable, a change in attitudes and practices among students and teachers is likely needed regarding the use of resources on the web.

  • 29.
    Enebrink, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Förskollärares beskrivningar av att arbeta med hälsa och fysisk aktivitet i förskolan: "De utvecklas motoriskt, de lär känna sin kropp och sina möjligheter och begränsningar"2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate how preschool teachers look at health and physical activity, and whether they work with it and, if so, why, and how they work with it. A qualitative approach has been used for this study. Four informants participated in the study where they were interviewed about their own experiences and knowledge regarding health and physical activity in preschool and how they work with it. The qualitative survey methodology has been based on a semi-structured interview form, which is a method to use based on already determined questions but can be based on supplementary questions if needed. Observations of the outdoor environment have also been made at the both preschoolers to see how the preschool yard look and if they challenge physical activity among the children.

    The results showed that

    all preschool teachers felt that it is important to work with physical activity in the children's group. Everyone had a little different experience of health and physical activity, but in common, everyone was physically active in one way or another and thought about their health in a conscious way. All four preschoolers say that they perform different movement activities to stimulate the children motor skills and inspire physical activity and movement. All preschool teachers agreed that exercise is good for the children and staying out is a good place for the children to be physically active. Pre-school teachers were also agreed that the children's motor development contributed to the children's outreach. Both preschools who was observed in the current study have an outdoor environment that inspires physical activity. The area around the preschool was large with access to trees and shrubs where the children can develop and be physically active. At one of the preschools there is also a balance and movement section where the children can balance, climb, jump, and challenge their entire body in different motor exercises.

  • 30.
    Engström, Arvid
    et al.
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Säljö, Roger
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Weilenmann, Alexandra
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Mobile video literacy: Negotiating the use of a new visual technology.2014In: Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, ISSN 1617-4909, E-ISSN 1617-4917, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 737-752Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Eriksson, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education.
    Egenskaper adepter värdesätter hos en tränare2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund

    Tränare finns på många olika nivåer, från barn- och ungdomstränare till elittränare. Ishockey och fotboll är två av Sveriges största idrotter vilket gör att det är många ledare som är verksamma inom dessa idrotter.

    Syfte

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka vilka egenskaper adepter värdesätter hos en tränare samt vad adepter anser om feedback från tränaren.

    Metod

    För att ta reda på det har jag gjort enkätundersökningar i sex olika elitlag. Undersökningen baseras på killar i åldrarna 16-20 år. Sammanlagt är det 100 killar som har deltagit i min undersökning, tre hockeylag respektive tre fotbollslag.

    Resultat

    Undersökningen visade att det var samma egenskaper som var utmärkande hos både hockey- och fotbollslagen. Några av dessa egenskaper är: kunnig i sin idrott, tävlingsinriktad, ambitiös och inspirerande. Att tränarna ska vara kunnig i sin idrott visade sig vara den viktigaste egenskapen enligt spelarna som deltog i enkäten.

    Diskussion

    Spelarna föredrar helst att tränaren är kunnig i sin idrott. Då spelarna i undersökningen tillhör elitlag kräver det troligtvis bättre kvalité på tränarna vad gäller kunskap för att kunna matcha spelarnas målbild & kvalité.

  • 32.
    Eriksson, Per
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education.
    Hör idrott och hälsa ihop?: En intervjustudie av elever i gymnasial lärlingsutbildning2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    SyfteSyftet med denna studie är att bidra till en förståelse för hur elever i gymnasial lärlingsutbildninguppfattar skolämnet idrott och hälsa i relation till framtida yrkesliv.MetodMetoden som användes var kvalitativa intervjuer där intervjun utgick ifrån en intervjuguide ochljudupptagning gjordes. Urvalet bestod av åtta st elever som läser olika program på en gymnasieallärlingsutbildning. Dessa åtta valdes ut genom lottning, bland de som givet sitt godkännande.Intervjuerna transkriberades för att sedan sammanfattas till ett resultat.ResultatResultatet visade på att eleverna ser idrott som något som hör till skolämnet Idrott och hälsa ochinnefattar väldigt mycket, men kan delas upp i att det är något praktiskt, med teoretiska inslag.Där hälsa är något som främjas genom främst träning och kost. Några av eleverna anser dock attens egna tankar även är något som påverkar hälsan. Utifrån detta har eleverna mestadels ettsynsätt på hälsa ur ett patogent perspektiv, med inslag av det salutogena.Syftet med skolämnet är enligt eleverna först och främst den fysiska aktiviteten, men den skaäven ge kunskaper om och varför man genomför viss fysisk aktivitet. Detta tillsammans medkunskaper inom ergonomi, är av stor vikt då alla elever anser att det är viktigt att träna vid sidanav arbetet för att behålla en god hälsa. Samtidigt menar flera att detta ansvar är individuellt ochdet är därmed ingen annan som kan se till att du bibehåller en god hälsa. Syftet med skolämnet äratt du ska erhålla all denna kunskap, men samtidigt finns det negativa bitar inom ämnet som urett salutogent perspektiv kan betraktas som hämmande för hälsan. Ur elevernas perspektiv anserde att det är det ”tvång” att medverka i aktiviteter man inte gillar, samt de situationer där mankänner sig dålig som kan orsaka detta.

  • 33.
    Erixon, Eva-Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Mathematics Education. Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Matematiklärares kompetensutveckling online: policy, diskurs och meningsskapande2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Different forms of professional development online are becoming increasingly common for teachers and the aim of the thesis is to contribute knowledge about online professional development for mathematics teachers and the relationship between professional development, educational policy, and mathematics teaching practice. In the thesis, professional development refers to organized professional development in terms of university courses.

    The thesis consists of four studies, each of which has been presented in the form of an article. The four studies together explore transnational and national policy discourses, meaning-making activities that can be distinguished in online professional development, discourses pertaining to mathematics teaching in the classroom and in the subsequent seminar discussions in the course, and teachers’ experience of professional development online. The different arenas have been explored using the concept of discourse with reference to Fairclough, Gee, and Sfard. The term ”discourse” refers primarily to communication and language in use.

    The result of the studies indicates that the participants have not been offered enough opportunities to reflect on how or whether the use of several concepts and everyday life connections really deepened the students’ understanding of the mathematical content. Moreover, the analysis of the interviews with the participants shows that it was difficult for them to deepen their reflections in the synchronous communication online. There is a lack of reciprocal participation and reflection in the conversation and it is hard for the participants to get an idea of how the others respond to their messages. When a participant has completed his or her message the next speaker continues with a new message and as a result, the communication often takes a new direction instead of allowing in-depth reflection.

  • 34.
    Erixon, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Mathematics Education.
    Wahlström, Ninni
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    In-service training programmes for mathematics teachers nested in transnational policy discourses2015In: European Journal of Teacher Education, ISSN 0261-9768, E-ISSN 1469-5928, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 94-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Results in mathematics on international knowledge surveys like Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA )and Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) have become one of the most important factors for the perceived success or failure of schools and even entire education systems in the policy arena. In this article we explore the complex recontextualising processes that occur when translating educational policy into actual programmes for teachers’ education. First, the transnational education policy discourse(s) of teachers´ in-service training with a focus on mathematics will be explored. Second, we examine how this transnational discourse is recontextualised in a national policy discourse resulting in a national reform programme for in-service training of mathematics teachers in Sweden. In a third step, concrete teacher training courses in mathematics are examined. The result shows a convergence between the official policy discourse and the pedagogic recontextualising field in terms of a broad teaching repertoire and peer discussions about reflections on certain common objects of learning.

  • 35.
    Fejes, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning (VUFo).
    Nicoll, Katherine
    University of Stirling.
    Olson, Maria
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle.
    Citizen Formation: Becoming a citizen inside and outside of school2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Fjordevik, Anneli
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    Inose, Hiroko
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    What do they learn, why do they learn? A study on university students' participation in fan activities2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    At the Dalarna University (Sweden), which is specialized in online education, there has been a three-year research project called “Informal Learning Environment”, which explored the educational aspects of fan activities and possible ways to apply them in foreign language and literature courses. One part of the project was a study, conducted in two stages. First, an online questionnaire survey on the language student’s awareness about online fan activities, as well as their participation in those, was carried out. In the second stage, seven students that were actively participating in various fan activities were interviewed. The interviews examined the qualitative aspects of the participants’ involvement in fan communities with four different question areas: In what kind of fan activities do they participate?; Why do they participate, and what makes participation attractive to them?; What kind of knowledge and skills (such as language or cultural or other skills) do they think they have developed through participation?; and do they think it is possible to apply this mechanism of informal learning to the university courses? We also asked whether they see any connection between informal learning in the fan communities and their learning at university / college.During the project (which includes the actual application of some fan activities to the courses), various educational elements of fan activities have become clear. In this proposed paper we do the final analysis of the aforementioned study with a focus on the curiosity and playfulness that we could see in this informal learning. Based on the interviews, we will analyze the motivation / mechanism for the intensive learning processes that seem to take place outside the classroom.

  • 37.
    Frisk, Katharina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Educational Work.
    Martinpelto Börnfelt, Jenny
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Educational Work.
    Reflekterande samtal - verktyg för förändring?: Två elevgruppers samtal kring arbetsplatsförlagt lärande2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolinspektionens rapport 2011:2 visar på betydande brister i samverkan mellan skola och arbetsliv. Endast en femtedel av de tillfrågade skolorna klarar av att ge APU, arbetsplatsförlagd utbildning (APL – arbetsplatsförlagt lärande fr.o.m. Gy 11), med den kvalitet som krävs. Vårt arbete har som övergripande syfte att skapa ett lokalt diskussionsunderlag för våra respektive arbetsplatser gällande faktorer att ta hänsyn till i ett förändringsarbete kopplat till APL. Vi vill också ur ett elevperspektiv undersöka förväntningar på och upplevelser av APL.

    Vi använde reflekterande samtal som metod för att samla in material till vårt arbete. Vi träffade två elevgrupper före och efter deras praktikperiod under hösten 2012.

    I resultatet vävs våra tre frågeställningar samman. Elevernas förväntningar på och upplevelser av sin APL-period påverkar diskussionsunderlaget för ett förändringsarbete. Vi uppmärksammar fyra områden. Elevernas förväntningar på handledarna är stora vilket lyfter fram tankar på hur handledaruppdraget kan förtydligas. Förberedelserna för eleverna ser olika ut. Det kan innebära övning i att ta kontakter och att presentera sig själv eller att reflektera över hur man tillvaratar praktiktiden på bästa sätt. Gällande upplevelser och erfarenheter så framstår behovet av att bli lyssnad på som centralt. Vi belyser till sist elevernas upplevelser av att delta i reflekterande samtal och överväger om denna metod kan användas i samband med det arbetsplatsförlagda lärandet.

    Nyckelord: APL – arbetsplatsförlagt lärande, entreprenöriellt förhållningssätt, reflekterande samtal, reflektion.

  • 38.
    From, Ingrid
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Forsner, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Portfolio in Nursing Education2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 39.
    From, Ingrid
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Marusarz, Marika
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Specialistutbildning av sjuksköterskor i vård av äldre.2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Fändrik, Anna Karin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Lundgren, Mats
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education.
    Nicola, Nerström
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Kollegial professionsutveckling för skolledare och lärare inom gymnasial yrkesutbildning: En fallstudie av en forskningscirkel2018In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 1-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes how school leadership in a vocational secondary school used a research circle to establish collegial learning. The goal was to develop the teaching skills of teachers and, as a result, also develop the ability of students to assess their own knowledge and understanding, as well as their capacity to learn. The results are based on data from a qualitative case study in accordance with an action research tradition. The article reflects a contemporary education policy debate on the role of teachers in relation to students’ poorer study results. The teachers that participated developed and tested subject-specific self-assessment matrices in mini-research projects. Many of the students seemed to benefit little from using these matrices. Possible explanations may be that the students felt no motivation neither to improve their knowledge and skills nor to raise their grades. There did, however, seem to be differences between theoretical and vocational subjects. The research circle served to develop collegial learning among the participants and also played a role in the establishment of a school development group.

  • 41.
    Gabrielli, Annamaria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education.
    Student reflections about learning, learning outcomes of courses and graduate attributes: A study of cross-course learning activities at Chalmers’ Business Development and Entrepreneurship for Construction and Property Programme2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a study of student reflections about the learning outcomes of integrated cross-course learning activities at Chalmers University of Technology, focusing on specific graduate attributes and life-long learning perspectives which the students can presumably recognize at graduation. The courses, carried out during the entire Business Development and Entrepreneurship Programme, are designed and implemented with the ambition to adapt to Constructive Alignment and CDIO, and span across various subjects such as Building Technology, Project/Financial/Facilities Management and Technical Language and Communication. Furthermore, the thesis takes into consideration aspects of learning and teaching activities with regard to Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL). The analysis shows that students develop awareness of learning as a process and of learning methods based on particular contexts in which learning takes place. Furthermore, the student comments show that due to integrated teaching and learning activities, the students learn to understand learning and its contexts, in a life-long perspective, which allows them to continuously develop their awareness of personal and professional progress.

  • 42.
    Gao, Man
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Chinese.
    Digital Technology and Chinese as a Foreign Language: Tools for teachers and learners2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Technology is playing an increasingly important role in language education, and today most teachers of Chinese as a Foreign Language (CFL) probably embrace at least a few digital tools to enhance their work. In this workshop, an overview will first be presented of a range of digital tools currently used in CFL teaching and learning, such as Adobe Connect, Adobe Presenter, online language learning sites and apps on smart phones. The workshop then proceeds to a structured discussion on these tools; common practices, further possibilities, and potential problems will be considered, drawing partly on the participants’ own experiences.

  • 43.
    Gao, Man
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Chinese.
    Perception of Lexical Tones by Swedish Learners of Mandarin2016In: Proceedings of the joint workshop on NLP for Computer Assisted Language Learning and NLP for Language Acquisition at SLTC, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2016, Vol. 130, p. 33-40p. 33-40Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Models of cross-language perception suggest that listeners’ native language plays a significant role in perceiving another language, and propose that listeners assimilate non-native speech sounds to similar sounds in their native language. In this study, the effect of native language on the perception of Mandarin tones by Swedish learners is examined. Swedish learners participated in an identification task, and their performance was analyzed in terms of accuracy percentages and error patterns. The ranking of difficulty level among the four lexical tones by Swedish listeners differs from that found among English native listeners in previous studies. The error patterns also reveal that Swedish listeners confuse Tone 1 and 2, Tone 3 and 4, and Tone 2 and 4, the first two pairs rarely being confused by English listeners. These findings may be explained with the assimilation account: Swedish learners assimilate Tone 3 and 4 to Swedish pitch accents, thus they exhibit a unique pattern when perceiving the tones in Mandarin.

  • 44.
    Gleisner Villasmil, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Education.
    Appar som nappar: Presentation från TeachmeedMitt2 i Falun 28 november 20122012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 45.
    Gray, David
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Ecocriticism and Sustainability Education: A Reflection on Teaching English Literature to Teacher Students in Sweden2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Ecocriticism, “the study of the relationship between literature and the physical environment”, and sustainable pedagogy (or sustainable education) approach complex cultural and ecological issues from literary and cultural studies, and education respectively (Glotfelty. 1996, p. xviii). Current research in both areas is now relatively thriving, and primary, secondary and postsecondary educational institutions around the world are increasingly focused on the promotion of sustainability, particularly since the UN Decade of Education for Sustainability Education 2005-2014. However, despite the growing connections being made between sustainability and transformative learning, there are still new possibilities for ecologically-minded, creative, relational and place-based approaches to education.

    Teacher education in Sweden now provides a unique opportunity to foster synergy in the relationships between subject knowledge, pedagogical practice; higher-, secondary-, and primary- educational milieus; which can positively affect society and the environment. This idea has lead me to dwell on my own experience of teaching English literature in teacher programs from pre-school to upper secondary - specifically English for Primary School Teachers 1B, 4-6 - and the potential to connect ecocritical approaches to literature and the promotion of sustainability education.

    The Swedish rules and guidelines for sustainable development and sustainable pedagogy, and their bearing on the literature component in the subject of English seem clear, from the national and local framework documents such as högskoleförordningen (1993:100), Dalarna University’s utbildningsplan grundlärarprogrammet grundskolans årskurs 4-6 and the English for Primary School Teachers 1B, 4-6 syllabus; as well as the Läroplan för grundskolan, förskoleklassen och fritidshemmet 2011. The latter provides a clear mission statement on the role of education in fostering citizenship with an environmental awareness towards sustainable development: 

    Skolan ska i samarbete med hemmen främja elevers allsidiga personliga utveckling till aktiva, kreativa, kompetenta och ansvarskännande individer och medborgare […] Genom ett miljöperspektiv får de möjligheter både att ta ansvar för den miljö de själva direkt kan påverka och att skaffa sig ett personligt förhållningssätt till övergripande och globala miljöfrågor. Undervisningen ska belysa hur samhällets funktioner och vårt sätt att leva och arbeta kan anpassas för att skapa hållbar utveckling. (Skolverket, 2011).

    Arguably this places responsibility on the school and school teacher, as well as the whole apparatus for teacher education in higher education.

    And yet, there is a lack of ecocritical approaches to the study of literature in nearly all of the English literature courses, offered to teacher students at Dalarna University. In regard to the example course (English for Primary School Teachers 1B, 4-6), the following learning outcomes are given:

    •visa kunskap om ett urval skönlitterära texter från den engelsktalande världen

    •i tal och skrift kommunicera och argumentera för sina egna tolkningar av texterna med hjälp av ett antal litteraturvetenskapliga begrepp och teorier

    •i tal och skrift diskutera och problematisera begreppet barndom i studiet av barn- och ungdomslitteratur

    •argumentera för och reflektera över hur skönlitteratur och andra typer av kulturella texter kan användas i språkundervisning för yngre elever för att utveckla såväl språkfärdigheten som förståelsen för andra kulturer och samhällen

    •i anslutning till litteraturstudierna redogöra för och reflektera över kultur- och samhällsyttringar inom den engelskspråkiga världen samt relatera dessa till egna kulturella erfarenheter

    •visa kunskaper om kursplanen i engelska för åk 4-6 med fokus på litteratur- och kulturaspekter samt hur dessa kan omsättas i klassrummet.

    The focus on literature and its capacity to promote understanding of a wider socio-cultural perspective is evident. However, in this perspective on human culture is rarely linked to the cultural attitudes and values that have the most significant impact on the natural environment. The result of this kind of anthropocentric or human-centred thinking, can be represented in Glen A. Love’s critical question: “Why are the activities aboard the Titanic so fascinating to us that we give no heed to the waters through which we pass, or to that iceberg on the horizon?” (p. 229).

    Ultimately, it is my intention to pursue further research to look at the current dearth of ecocritical approaches to literature and sustainable education (both within higher education as a consequence, within the English primary classroom in Sweden), and the potential for interconnected thinking on sustainability: literary analysis, the educational milieu, and social and ecological issues. Finally this paper will offer some opportunities for “course design that is rooted in ecological principles”, citing a current pedagogical model such as the Burns Model of Sustainability Pedagogy, and examples from teaching ecocriticism and green cultural studies, which recognizes the “the study of the relationship between literature, education and the physical environment” (Burns, 2015, p. 265). 

  • 46.
    Gray, David
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English. Ulster University.
    Postgraduate Experience: The Use of Digital/Online Resources in the Creation of Teaching Materials2014In: Ulster Poetry in the Digital Age: Creativity, Innovation and Professional Practice, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Gustavsson, Hans-Olof
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Lundgren, Mats
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education.
    Lahdenperä, Pirjo
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Du är inte ensam!: Interkulturell kompetensutveckling genom kollegialt lärande2016In: Skolans möte med nyanlända / [ed] Lahdenperä, P & Sundgren, E., Lund: Liber, 2016, 1, p. 207-225Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta kapitel handlar om kollegialt lärande och den roll rektorer spelar för att leda verksamheten för nyanlända elever. Här beskrivs erfarenheter från ett kombinerat forsknings- och utvecklingsprojekt i samarbete mellan forskare och praktiker i form av interaktiv aktionsforskning där metoder som forskningscirklar och tankesmedja används med målet att utveckla kollegial samverkan och kollegialt lärande, nya pedagogiska arbetsformer, verksamhetsutveckling och interkulturell kompetens kring nyanlända elevers skolsituation.

  • 48. Göransson, Kerstin
    et al.
    Lindqvist, Gunilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education. Uppsala universitet.
    Klang, Nina
    Magnússon, Gunnlaugur
    Almqvist, Lena
    Professionalism, governance and inclusive education – A total population study of Swedish special needs educators2018In: International Journal of Inclusive Education, ISSN 1360-3116, E-ISSN 1464-5173, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prior research shows that special needs educators (SNEs) have had problems defining their occupational roles and jurisdiction, particularly regarding inclusive education. There are two occupational groups of SNEs in Sweden, namely special educational needs coordinators (SENCOs) and special education teachers. In this paper, we use the collective name SNEs to refer to both groups. Here, results from a total population study of Swedish SNEs are presented (N?=?3367, response rate 75%). The aim is to explore differences in SNEs? interpretation of school difficulties and if these differences are influenced by SNEs? employment in different parts of the school organisation. Statistical cluster-analysis was used to categorise SNEs into five distinct groups based on how they view the problems of pupils in school difficulties. Key concepts employed in the analysis are, primarily organisational vs occupational governance in relation to professional jurisdiction. Findings suggest that SNEs are less unanimous in their views of school problems, than prior research indicates. The variance is partly due to where they work in the school organisation, but we also find indications that different groups of SNEs experience different forms of governance with regard to their professionalism. The results are important due to the scope of the data and method of analysis as well as the illustrated variance of professional values and situations of SNEs and the potential consequences for the development of inclusive education.

  • 49.
    Hagström, Eva
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education.
    Lindberg, Owe
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Three theses on teaching and learning in higher education2013In: Teaching in Higher Education, ISSN 1356-2517, E-ISSN 1470-1294, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 119-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In our article, we explore the possibility of formulating theses about teaching as one way to use research as a basis for educational action. The theses are formulated from current educational research on teaching and learning in higher education. We also explore the potential for action and the consequences derived from the theses. With our theses, we criticise less complex ways of using research for educational purposes. Through theses we can suggest directions for action without prescribing certain methods or procedures and provide answers without reducing the teachers' possibilities for choice or diminishing their responsibility for their actions. Our exploration is an invitation to a collaborative exploration of theses on teaching and learning in order to broaden and deepen our shared basis for educational action.

  • 50.
    Hallgen, Frej
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education.
    Videobaserad kvalitativrörelseanalys sompedagogiskt verktyginom tennis: - En fallstudie med syfte attutveckla kommunikation ochfeedback mellan tränare ochaktiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens video och datorteknik möjliggör att visuellt analysera rotationsrörelser med extremt höga vinkelhastigheter utifrån ett biomekaniskt perspektiv. Detta kan tillämpas med framgång inom olika idrotter där kast och slag har en betydande roll i tekniken, varav tennis är en sådan idrott. Många biomekaniska studier har genomförts på tennisspelare för att kartlägga olika ”nyckelpunkter” i tekniken som är kännetecknande för framgångsrika spelare men få studier har utvärderat hur olika videoanalysprogram kan bidra till att förbättra feedback/ kommunikation mellan tränare och spelare samt vilken betydelse detta har för spelarnas prestation på tennisbanan i ett långsiktigt perspektiv.Många tränare är bra att med hjälp av ”ögat” se styrkor och svagheter i en tennisspelares teknik. Under mina tolv år som anställd tränare i tre olika tennisklubbar har jag ofta stött på problem kopplade till teknik. Jag och många tränare runt omkring mig har upplevt en svårighet att förmedla vår kunskap inom detta område till våra aktiva. Moderna videoanalysprogram ger nu tränare möjlighet, att på ett pedagogiskt vis, förmedla sitt budskap via rörliga bilder till sina aktiva. Dock krävs det en hel del tenniskunskap samt kunskap inom biomekanik, träningslära och datakunskap för att kunna jobba framgångsrikt med dessa program. Kvalitativ rörelseanalys omfattar förberedelse, observation, utvärdering/diagnos och praktisk instruktion (Knudson & Morrison, 2002).I den praktiska instruktionen är det avgörande att tränaren och spelaren ”talar samma språk” eller ser saker genom ”samma glasögon”. Rätt feedback från tränare till spelare och en kommunikation där båda förstår varandra är en grundförutsättning för en positiv utveckling av teknik. Detta citat från en olympisk släggkastare beskriver hur viktig kommunikationen mellan tränare och aktiv idrottare är:“These were very good practices. It was so clear what to do. I was thinking in a different way and just tried to keep the “height” [centre of gravity] lower during the throw and it worked immediately...Better understanding with the coach: now we are using a “common” language and our communication improved...” (Hanin & Hanina, s. 86)I denna interventions-studie där två elitsatsande juniorer och deras två tränare deltar skall den videobaserade kvalitativa rörelseanalysens effekter på ovan nämnda parametrar utvärderas och problematiseras. Förhoppningsvis kan interventionen tillföra ny kunskap på problemområdet som kan höja motivationen hos tränare att jobba med metoden i kontakt med sina aktiva.

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