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  • 1. Abbas, A.
    et al.
    Avdic, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Xiaobao, P.
    Zhao, S. L.
    Chong, R.
    Strategic framework of collaboration in knowledge transfer of high-tech industries2018In: Quality - Access to Success, ISSN 1582-2559, E-ISSN 2069-2242, Vol. 19, no 163, p. 74-80Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2. Abbas, A.
    et al.
    Faiz, A.
    Fatima, A.
    Avdic, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro University.
    Reasons for the failure of government IT projects in Pakistan: A contemporary study2017In: 2017 International Conference on Service Systems and Service Management, IEEE conference proceedings, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    After the introduction of information technology (IT), the government needs to take the initiative to start IT projects for the automation of government process to the citizen. Statistics show that a high number of government IT projects fail and only 15 percent e-government projects are successful. In this study, we will answer this research question, what are the reasons for failure of IT projects in the government sector organization in Pakistan and how to overcome these issues? This research was conducted through a literature review, 20 articles from journals and conferences were selected through keywords for the period of ten years from 2003 to 2013. For suggestions, we have followed the same structured search procedure. We found and select articles with our keywords, after reading abstract and conclusion. Our study has described four factors for the failure of IT projects in government sector organizations in Pakistan. These factors are Technology, Management, Politics and Finance. The technology factor can be reduced by providing latest ICT infrastructure with an expert to run and maintain it. Management issues can be resolved by hiring an experienced, skilled and highly motivated project manager to complete a project successfully. Government should make new laws and regulations to help the implementation of these projects and bureaucracy should eliminate any power struggle during and after the implementation. The budget should be allocated before the start of the project to complete it on time. Our research study has provided guidelines to policy makers for automation of government organizations in Pakistan. By considering these suggestions, successful government projects can be achieved.

  • 3. Abbas, Asad
    et al.
    Anam, Fatima
    Sunguh, Khavwandiza
    Avdic, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Zhang, Xuehe
    Digital rights management system in China: Challenges and Opportunities2018In: Journal of Cases on Information Technology, ISSN 1548-7717, E-ISSN 1548-7725, Vol. 20, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Abbas, Asad
    et al.
    School of Public Affairs, University of Science and Technology of China.
    Avdic, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Chong, Ren
    School of Public Affairs, University of Science and Technology of China.
    Framework of Collaboration in Knowledge Transfer of High Technology Industries2018In: Quality - Access to Success, ISSN 1582-2559, E-ISSN 2069-2242, Vol. 19, no 163Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The concept of Triple Helix relates to collaboration between universities, governments and industry. Such collaboration can take different forms in different countries. This paper examines collaboration between universities and industry in China, specifically in the city of Hefei in Anhui province, one of the most rapidly developing regions in the country. In so doing, it seeks to address the research question: How does industry collaborate with universities in order to acquire commercialized knowledge?

    Design/ Methodology/ Approach - The study is qualitative, based on interviews with experts in R & D, and Intellectual Property Rights from high-tech companies based in Hefei. We analyzed our findings using a conceptual framework that focuses on Knowledge Transfer and Innovation Diffusion (Liyanage et al, 2012). Our study describes and discusses the entire process, from an initial awareness of new knowledge to its eventual acquisition.

    Findings and implications - We conclude that Chinese high-tech companies design comprehensive strategies for the acquisition of knowledge generated from external sources. These strategies are based on local, provincial and state government industrial policies that aim to support collaboration with universities and implement external knowledge in existing systems.

    Originality - Commercialized knowledge put into practice by industries for their own innovation and commercial purposes.

    Limitation - We interviewed industrial experts from three high-tech companies in the city of Hefei, which is located in an industrial area of Anhui province.

  • 5.
    Abbas, Asad
    et al.
    School of Public Affairs, University of Science and Technology of China.
    Avdic, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Chang Barker, Katherine
    School of Public Affairs, University of Science and Technology of China.
    Xiaobao, Peng
    School of Public Affairs, University of Science and Technology of China.
    Process of knowledge transfer from universities to industry through the University of Technology Transfer Offices in China: The case of Anhui province2018In: Science and Innovation, ISSN 2409-9066, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 5-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. This paper focuses on knowledge generation and the way in which it is transferred from universities to industry. Most well reputed universities have several departments and university-run enterprises that engage in research. The purpose of these research units is to help universities provide breakthrough innovation through the generation of new knowledge.

    Problem Statement. For this we chose to study China's University Technology Transfer Offices (UTTOs) to gather concrete evidence of university knowledge generation for commercial use in industry. The objective of this study is get indepth information about the role of UTTOs in the transfer of such knowledge.Purpose. The generation of new knowledge contributes to the field of science and technology; in turn, industry can use this knowledge to produce new innovative products or improve existing ones. This study aims to identify the process of knowledge transfer from universities to industry in China.

    Materials and Methods. Our study was carried out as a qualitative case study in the Anhui province of China. Data was mainly collected through semi-structured interviews with technology transfer experts working in technology transfer offices. Collected data were analyzed using a knowledge transfer model with six phases: 1) awareness, 2) acquisition, 3) transformation, 4) association, 5) application, and 6) feedback.

    Results. In China, universities and their research groups dominate in the generation and commercialization of research results, with UTTOs acting as technology bridges between the two parties, as well as providing legal and business services.

    Conclusions. This paper contributes by offering a detailed description of the knowledge transfer process and specifically the role and activities of UTTOs. This research also helps Chinese and international researchers currently carrying out research on the technology transfer process in China.

  • 6. Abbas, Asad
    et al.
    Avdic, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Xiaobao, Peng
    Ming, Wan
    University-government collaboration for the generation and commercialization of new knowledge for use in industry2019In: Journal of Innovation and Knowledge, ISSN 2530-7614, E-ISSN 2444-569X, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 23-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of Triple Helix relates to collaboration between universities, governments and industry. Such collaboration can take different forms in different countries. This paper describes collaboration between universities and government in China, specifically in the city of Hefei in Anhui province, one of the most rapidly developing regions in the country. The research question is: How can bi-lateral research collaboration be a source of knowledge generation and commercialization for use in industry?

    The study is qualitative, involving individual and group interviews with university team leaders and team members from successful projects. Government representatives in China were also interviewed. We used the SECI knowledge creation method to analyze the findings. We also describe the collaboration process from idea and application through to review, funding, realization and commercialization. Our study shows that the government in China plays a dominant role in the process of knowledge creation and commercialization. We conclude that collaboration is a source of new knowledge generation and that the government plays a key role by funding universities and creating a research environment that meets the policy requirements of industry today. In particular, we show that universities and their research groups use resources, such as skilled manpower, laboratories and equipment, to accomplish tasks within a set timeframe.

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  • 7.
    Aida Niendorf, Mariya
    Dalarna University, School of Language, Literatures and Learning, Japanese.
    Methodological challenges in multimodal analysis of synchronous digital intercultural communication: The case of Swedish-U.S. online exchanges using Japanese as a lingua franca2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While synchronous online telecollaboration has been gaining popularity in foreign language education over the past few decades, both Multimodal Communicative Competence and Intercultural Communicative Competence have become increasingly important as a result of many educational institutions, business establishments, and governmental organizations being forced by the COVID-19 pandemic to switch their means of communication to online video conferencing systems.

    Although access to digital communication technology and tools allow more people to be part of intercultural communicative exchanges, it is suspected that a considerable amount of miscommunication is caused by mis- or non-understanding of the variety of modes used in synchronous digital communication due to differences in interlocutors’ linguistic and cultural backgrounds, which can affect verbal and prosodic elements such as speed, pitch, and intonation as well as non-verbal dimensions such as facial expressions, gaze, and gestures together with spatial aspects and the positioning of participants in the video frame.

    Existing methods of multimodal analysis of digital communication often deal with monolingual situations. Even in cases of analysis of intercultural communication, at least one of the participating parties use their native language. 

    The current study intends to fill the research gap seen in methodological issues concerning the analysis of multimodal, and (specifically) synchronous, digital intercultural communication when a non-native language is used by all participants as a lingua franca. To this end, methodological implications of multimodal analysis of synchronous digital intercultural interactions between Swedish and U.S. participants using Japanese as a lingua franca were explored, highlighting challenges that surfaced during the analysis of the data gathered for a separate study of identity development through online telecollaboration and focusing especially on the problems that may arise when a third language is used as means of communication between non-native speakers. 

  • 8.
    Ali, Liaqut
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Avdic, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    A framework for ICT-based knowledge sharing in sustainable rural development: the case of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan2015In: Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management, E-ISSN 1479-4411, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 103-116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Some 50% of the people in the world live in rural areas, often under harsh conditions and in poverty. The need for knowledge of how to improve living conditions is well documented. In response to this need, new knowledge of how to improve living conditions in rural areas and elsewhere is continuously being developed by researchers and practitioners around the world. People in rural areas, in particular, would certainly benefit from being able to share relevant knowledge with each other, as well as with stakeholders (e.g. researchers) and other organizations (e.g. NGOs). Central to knowledge management is the idea of knowledge sharing. This study is based on the assumption that knowledge management can support sustainable development in rural and remote regions. It aims to present a framework for knowledge management in sustainable rural development, and an inventory of existing frameworks for that. The study is interpretive, with interviews as the primary source for the inventory of stakeholders, knowledge categories and Information and Communications Technology (ICT) infrastructure. For the inventory of frameworks, a literature study was carried out. The result is a categorization of the stakeholders who act as producers and beneficiaries of explicit and indigenous development knowledge. Stakeholders are local government, local population, academia, NGOs, civil society and donor agencies. Furthermore, the study presents a categorization of the development knowledge produced by the stakeholders together with specifications for the existing ICT infrastructure. Rural development categories found are research, funding, agriculture, ICT, gender, institutional development, local infrastructure development, and marketing & enterprise. Finally, a compiled framework is presented, and it is based on ten existing frameworks for rural development that were found in the literature study, and the empirical findings of the Gilgit-Baltistan case. Our proposed framework is divided in four levels where level one consists of the identified stakeholders, level two consists of rural development categories, level three of the knowledge management system and level four of sustainable rural development based on the levels below. In the proposed framework we claim that the sustainability of rural development can be achieved through a knowledge society in which knowledge of the rural development process is shared among all relevant stakeholders.

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  • 9.
    Alriksson Lind, Alva
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Den nya generationen TV-konsumenter: En undersökning om hur svenska producenter avbarnprogram ser på övergången från linjär-TV tillströmningstjänster2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att få kunskap om hur producenter av barn-TV harbemött barnpublikens förflyttning från linjär-TV till strömningstjänster på internet,och hur denna utveckling har påverkat deras förståelse av publiken och sättet attgöra program. Undersökningen bygger på intervjuer med fem personer som jobbarmed produktion av barn-TV samt filmpedagogik och filmundervisning för barn,och visar att TV-branschen tagit tydligt intryck av barns nya digitala tittarmönsterpå flera sätt. Detta gäller bland annat i synen på barn som medvetna och digitalamediekonsumenter, och i den konkreta planeringen för programmens innehåll ochpublicering. 

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  • 10.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro Universitet.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Victim, Mother, or Untapped Resource? Discourse Analysis of the Construction of Women in ICT Policies2017In: Information Technologies & International Development, ISSN 1544-7529, Vol. 13, no 2017, p. 72-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the construction of women in national ICT policies in South and Southeast Asia. The aim is to unravel the role ascribed to women in these policies and how this affects suggested measures. The research is based on critical discourse analysis and shows that women are mainly constructed as victims, mothers, or an untapped resource. We argue that if women are speciªcally targeted in policies, careful attention should be given to how they are portrayed. Our analysis also shows that in most cases the suggested solutions on how to include women in the ICT society only deal with the symptoms of gender inequality rather than the structures that prevent equal opportunities. We conclude by discussing implications for research and practice.

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  • 11.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Wiklund, Matilda
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Emerging Collaborative and Cooperative Practices in 1:1 Schools2016In: Technology, Pedagogy and Education, ISSN 1475-939X, E-ISSN 1747-5139, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 413-430Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we explore how laptops used in 1:1 classrooms affect cooperation and collaboration practices. Based on an observational time study we find that the most common activity in 1:1 classrooms is group work using the computer. We also found that despite what the concept 1:1 alludes about one student working with one computer, most laptop use takes on other forms such as two students working with one computer (1:2) or two students working together using two laptops (2:2). The findings reported in this paper about the various different collaboration arrangements have implications for both research and practice. Practice because teachers can arrange activities based on an awareness of the different student-laptop constellations that emerge when students are given a laptop. Research is likewise informed about the various group work constellations and can build on this knowledge for further analysis of the pros and cons with the different collaborative forms. 

  • 12.
    Andersson, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Kvinnor inom musikproduktion – upplevelser avgenusnormer och diskriminering2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur kvinnor påverkas av genusnormer inommusikproduktion för att synliggöra hur och på vilka sätt genus specifikt kan påverkaarbetet som musikproducent. Detta gjordes genom fyra kvalitativa intervjuer medciskvinnor (detta begrepp kommer beskrivas tydligare på sida två) som är aktiva inommusikproduktionsbranschen samt närliggande områden. Resultatet visar attrespondenterna har behandlats annorlunda på grund av deras genus och ger exempel påtillfällen där det har hänt. De beskriver hur genusnormer påverkar dem i samband medderas arbeten. Uppsatsen tar även upp hur branschen i nuläget ser ur och hur man kan gåvidare för att jobba för jämställdhet. Studien bör bidra med en djupare förståelse kringgenus och dess påverkan på kvinnor i deras arbete samt att den bidrar med strategier förhur deras vardag som musikproducenter kan förbättras. 

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  • 13.
    Andersson, Mats
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Rädd för död(s)en: Death metal, skräckfilm och det förfärligt sublima2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen var att vidga förståelsen av hur musikgenren death metal samspelar med scener från skräckfilm. För att metodiskt genomföra detta skapades fyra gestaltningar där musikstycken av sagda genre spelas ihop med fyra filmscener. Dessa gestaltningar analyserades och visades för fem informanter i samband med att de blev intervjuade. Resultatet indikerar på att genren deathmetal samspelar med sagda gestaltningar likt traditionell filmmusik. Resultatet indikerar även på att detta samspel uppfattas snarlikt oberoende på informanternas erfarenhet av musikgenren.

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  • 14.
    Andersson, Nils
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Lundberg, Matilda
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Multimodalitet i Eurovision Song Contest: Hur en publik bedömer ett musikframträdande på tv2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since its debut 1956 Eurovision Song Contest has been a live televised music competition. Over several decades the contest has evolved and with modern technology the contest is about more than just the musical aspects. There are now many more factors to consider while watching and judging the competing acts. Various modes of communications, such as audio, visual, and performance elements, collectively create meaning and contributes to the overall viewing experience. To understand which elements are more profound in creating meaning, a study of seven Eurovision fans was undertaken in a focus group. The fans got to watch seven handpicked Eurovision performances from within the past decade (2014-2023). The result is a discussion about how this audience perceive and value modes and to which degree these aspects generated meaning for each of them individually. Through a comprehensive analysis of the discussion, the study aims to uncover patterns, preferences, and the evolving role of multimodality in shaping the audience's perception of Eurovision as a multimedia spectacle. The participants were able to speak freely about the subject due to their shared interest of the topic, yet the conversation did not particularly hold any evidence of multimodal patterns nor multimodal grammar.

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  • 15.
    Artursson Wissa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Avdic, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Flexible study pace, mental disabilities and e-Learning: Perceived problems and opportunities2017In: Proceedings of 16th European Conference on e-Learning, Porto, Portugal, October 26-27 2017 / [ed] Anabela Mesquita & Paula Peres, Reading, UK: Academic Conferences Limited, 2017, p. 527-534Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Flexible study pace distant courses provide opportunities for students with disabilities to attend courses in higher educations as opposed to campus courses with fixed schedules. At least that is what we believe. This study investigates how mentally disabled students perceive taking distant courses with flexible pace and also how their teachers perceive opportunities and challenges. Flexible pace means here distant courses where students can start when they like and keep the pace they prefer. The courses in question are part of a two year program of eService Development at Dalarna University in Sweden. The program was launched in 2006 and admits ca 50-80 students each semester. Many of the students are unable to take campus courses of various reasons such as living far from universities, working daytime, etc. We sent out questionnaires to students with disabilities and to teachers asking them semi structured questions about perceived challenges and opportunities regarding the studies. The students had mental disabilities such as Dyslexia, ADHD, Asperger syndrome, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, and Social Phobia. The answers have been analyzed qualitatively by categorizing the answers firstly in groups of challenges and opportunities and further on in sub categories. Our finding shows that the flexible aspect is especially important to students as it gives them the opportunity to adjust their studying practices to their disabilities. Our conclusions are that the flexible study pace approach (FreeStartFreePace) is suitable for students with nonlinear work. It is also useful for students with mental disabilities who could have a problem adapting to schedules and conforming procedures.

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  • 16.
    Asiimwe, Edgar Napoleon
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Opinions of social web users on privacy and online DAM2010In: Journal of Digital Asset Management, ISSN 1743-6540, Vol. 6, no 6, p. 312-318Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The web today hosts thousands of web user profiles. These profiles contain information, which is sensitive – a reason why the information is protected from illegal use by privacy policies. This kind of information is at times referred to as online digital assets. Online digital assets are either hosted on private or government websites and online systems depending on where users are registered. There is a possibility that after death or impairment of a user, the confidentiality of online digital assets may be compromised due to absence of ownership and weak legal policies. This may result into privacy infringement of the owner, that is, the deceased or the impaired as well as other people related to the affected user such as those that have had sensitive conversations with him or her. Using Facebook as a case study, this research examined social web users’ opinions on privacy and online digital assets management (DAM) after death or impairment of a user. The study used an online questionnaire to collect opinions from 22 Facebook users. Results show that the majority of respondents consider privacy and online DAM to be important issues. On the other hand, other Facebook users think that privacy in social networking websites is a mere illusion. There are also users who are not familiar with the concept of DAM and do not have any means of managing their assets in case of impairment or death.

  • 17.
    Asiimwe, Edgar Napoleon
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro University.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro university.
    E-waste management in East African community2012In: Handbook of Research on E-Government in Emerging Economies: Adoption, E-Participation, and Legal Frameworks / [ed] Kelvin Joseph Bwalya; Saul F.C. Zulu, IGI Global, 2012, p. 307-327Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Asiimwe, Edgar Napoleon
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro University.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Practices and challenges in an emerging m-learning environment2017In: ijEDict - International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology, E-ISSN 1814-0556, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 103-122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study reports an interpretative case study investigating practices and challenges in an emerging m-learning environment at Makerere University in Uganda. The research was part of the MobiClass pilot project. Data was collected by means of observations and interviews with teachers and various m-learning support staff, including teacher trainers, systems administrators and a software developer. The Framework for Rational Analysis of Mobile Education (FRAME) is used as an analytic framework. The research focuses on how learning content management systems (LCMS) are implemented and used for m-learning purposes. We observed teacher training and m-learning content development practices and found that teacher skills for developing educational content, institutional m-learning policies and training programs are crucial success factors. The main finding is the importance of the support staff; it takes a long time to implement new technology and change teaching practices, support staff is needed to manage, inspire and support student and teachers.

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  • 19.
    Asiimwe, Edgar Napoleon
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro University.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro University.
    Wairagala, Wakabi
    Örebro University.
    Using technology for enhancing transparency and accountability in low resource communities: experiences from Uganda2013In: ICT for Anti-Corruption, Democracy and Education In East Africa / [ed] Katja Sarajeva, Stockholm: Spider , 2013, p. 37-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed at investigating the user needs, practices, experiences and challenges faced in promoting transparency and accountability using ICT in low-resource communities. The research was conducted on two ICT4D (Information and Communication Technology for Development) initiatives, a call center, and a telecenter supported by two projects; (1) “Promoting Social Accountability In The Health Sector In Northern Uganda”, (2) “Catalyzing Civic Participation And Democracy Monitoring Using ICTs”. The two projects sought to fight corruption by increasing transparency and accountability using ICT to enable “whistle-blowing,” i.e., reporting misconduct in service provision. The projects are based in Uganda and are carried out by Spider (Swedish Program for ICT in Developing Regions) partner organizations: Transparency International (TI) Uganda and Collaboration International ICT Policy in East and Southern Africa (CIPESA). Using interviews, focus group discussions and observations, the study addressed three research questions: (1) How have the two projects provided citizens a trusted and effective channel for “whistle-blowing”? (2) What are the enabling factors for whistle-blowing through ICT and challenges that affect whistle-blowers and how can the challenges be overcome?

    The ICT service-delivery monitoring and reporting methods used by projects include toll free phone calls, blogs, radio talk shows, SMS and e-mail for reaching out; and processes for verification of reports and for communicating reports to government. There are results that indicate these methods are sound enough to serve the purposes of transparency and accountability, and the track record exhibits real change achieved in many instances. ICT users are optimistic and trustful of these ICT methods. Effective whistle-blowing includes efficient and effective reporting processes, convenience in reporting, actual service delivery improvements, availability and privacy, and affordability. There are also a number of challenges, including user education, gender issues, and general issues pertaining to the business model, including economic sustainability and finding the most effective scope of the operations.

  • 20.
    Avdic, Anders
    Linköpings universitet.
    Användare och utvecklare: om anveckling med kalkylprogram1999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I avhandlingen behandlas förutsättningar och effekter av kalkylprogramanveckling (KPA). KPA utförs av anvecklare, som fungerar både som användare och utvecklare. Anvecklare har djup verksamhetskunskap och viss verktygskunskap. Systemet, som anvecklaren utvecklar med kalkylprogram, kallas kalkylsystem. Den grundläggande forskningsfrågan i avhandlingen är: "Vilka nya möjligheter får användare att utföra arbetsuppgifter då de själva kan bygga informationssystem?" Avhandlingens syfte är att formulera en begreppsmodell över vilka förutsättningar och effekter, som gäller för kalkylprogramanveckling.

    Avhandlingens strategi kan sägas vara kvalitativ, hermeneutisk, abduktiv och empirinära. Fyra empiriska studier har genomförts. Empiri har i stor utsträckning styrt studier av relaterad teori. Den praktikgeneriska modellen har använts som referensmodell i avhandlingen, vilket har lett till ett synsätt, som innebär att när anvecklaren anvecklar, agerar han i minst två praktiker, utvecklarpraktiken och huvudpraktiken. Varje praktik har sin uppsättning av förutsättningar, t ex kunskap, normer och verktyg.

    Den integrerade karaktären på anveckling, gör interaktivitet i utvecklingsarbetet möjlig, vilket i sin tur innebär att anvecklaren snabbt kan växla mellan utveckling och användning. Ökad verktygskunskap kan innebära att anvecklaren ökar sin verksamhetskunskap. Då anvecklarens verksamhetskunskap ökar, ökar möjligheterna att analysera och ifrågasätta verksamheten. Anveckling innebär också att hänsyn kan tas till svårformaliserbara mål och normer, samt att formalisering av tyst kunskap möjliggörs. Anveckling i en miljö med lokala nätverk förenklar möjligheterna att distribuera kalkylsystem för granskning och verifiering. Kalkylsystemets transparens underlättar analys och diskussion. I avhandlingen diskuteras anveckling som ett sätt att hantera kontinuerlig omvärldsförändring på ett sätt som kan innebära omprövning av normer i verksamheten. Då anveckling betraktas som en form av systemutveckling, skiljer sig anveckling starkt från traditionell systemutveckling i och med att anveckling kännetecknas av integration, medan traditionell systemutveckling kännetecknas av specialisering. 

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  • 21.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Knowledge sharing and deliberation using a spreadsheet program: two examples from a city planning department2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Mediability of knowledge types: planning for a web based rorum for knowledge sharing about end user development2005In: Promote IT 2005: proceedings of the fifth conference for the promotion of research in IT at new universities and university colleges in Sweden : Borlänge, Sweden 11-13 May, 2005 / [ed] Janis Bubenko jr ..., Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the paper is to describe knowledge categories that can be used as basis for the design of a Web Based Knowledge Sharing Forum for End User Development. The objective of the Web Based Forum is to support the end-user developers when the support is needed. The problem area is situated in the intersection between End User Computing and Knowledge Management. The study is qualitative. Methods used are participant observation and document studies.

  • 23.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Pedagogik för växande människor2005In: Swedish Business School: en analys, en idé, en vision, ett förslag, en uppgift och en möjlighet / [ed] Claes Hultman; Per Frankelius, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2005, p. 136-144Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet.
    Pedagogiskt program för Informatik2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 25.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Problem based learning with WebCT discussion groups in higher education2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Avdic, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro University.
    Second order interactive end user development appropriation in the public sector: Application development using spreadsheet programs2018In: Journal of Organizational and End User Computing, ISSN 1546-2234, E-ISSN 1546-5012, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 82-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to respond to the research question: How does appropriation take place in the public sector in the development of end user applications by civil servants? Appropriation is defined as taking advantage of opportunities related to the development and use of applications, when the developer has in-depth knowledge of the problem domain and is also the primary user of the application. Our results showed that public servants who have deep problem domain knowledge can take advantage of end user tools (e.g. spreadsheet programs) in the problem- solving process to solve vaguely defined problems. Appropriation is manifested in the continuous development of various ICT applications. In this paper, we differentiate between first- and second-order appropriation. First-order appropriation takes place when the potential of the development tool is appropriated by the end user. Second-order appropriation takes place when an application is continuously developed and refined in parallel with the end user’s learning process and the development of organizational requirements.

  • 27.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro Universitet.
    The qualitative research method approach (qurma): students guide2010Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Qualitative methods are commonly used within the area of Electronic Government as well as other fields in social science. Among students carrying out qualitative approaches in their thesis work, qualitative studies are very common but unfortunately there is often a lack of rigor when using qualitative approaches. Method books discussing qualitative studies are frequent, but they often lack some firm advices about how to actually carry out a qualitative study. There are lots of good advices about interviews and observations. Grounded theory is often mentioned although in rather general terms. The interpretive part is not very thoroughly discussed though.

    Below we present an outline that might fill the mentioned gap somewhat.

    Our aim is to give the student a guide in carrying out the qualitative/interpretive approach. By following the ten steps below, students will not only have to prepare the study, they will also find some solid reference support for the necessary steps in the process of research.

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    Qurma
  • 28.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    User spreadsheet systems development2005In: Encyclopedia of information science and technology / [ed] Mehdi Khosrow-Pour, Hershey, PA: Idea Group Reference , 2005, p. 2967-2972Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Users as developers: conditions and effects of user systems development2003In: Computing information technology: the human side / [ed] Steven Gordon, Hershey: IRM Press , 2003, p. 161-170Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Avdic, Anders
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Artursson Wissa, Ulrika
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Socratic flipped classroom: What types of questions and tasks promote learning?2016In: Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on e-Learning ECEL 2016 / [ed] Jarmila Novotna & Antonin Jancarik, Reading UK, 2016, p. 41-48Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Socratic questioning stresses the importance of questioning for learning. Flipped Classroom pedagogy generates a need for effective questions and tasks in order to promote active learning. This paper describes a project aimed at finding out how different kinds of questions and tasks support students’ learning in a flipped classroom context. In this study, during the flipped courses, both the questions and tasks were distributed together with video recordings. Answers and solutions were presented and discussed in seminars, with approximately 10 participating students in each seminar. Information Systems students from three flipped classroom courses at three different levels were interviewed in focus groups about their perceptions of how different kinds of questions and tasks supported their learning process. The selected courses were organized differently, with various kinds of questions and tasks. Course one included open questions that were answered and presented at the seminar. Students also solved a task and presented the solution to the group. Course two included open questions and a task. Answers and solutions were discussed at the seminars where students also reviewed each other’s answers and solutions. Course three included online single- and multiple choice questions with real-time feedback. Answers were discussed at the seminar, with the focus on any misconceptions. In this paper we categorized the questions in accordance with Wilson (2016) as factual, convergent, divergent, evaluative, or a combination of these. In all, we found that any comprehensible question that initiates a dialogue, preferably with a set of Socratic questions, is perceived as promoting learning. This is why seminars that allow such questions and discussion are effective. We found no differences between the different kinds of Socratic questions. They were seen to promote learning so long as they made students reflect and problematize the questions. To conclude, we found that questions and tasks promote learning when they are answered and solved in a process that is characterized by comprehensibility, variation, repetition and activity.

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  • 31.
    Avdic, Anders
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Grönberg, Pontus
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Olsson, Johan
    Örebro unviersitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Guerra Riveros, Francisco
    Örebro unviersitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Development of a Real-time Formative Feedback Student Response System2014In: Journal of Network and Innovative Computing, ISSN 2160-2174, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 259-268Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is focusing IT-supported real-time formative feedback in a classroom context. The development of a Student and Teacher Response System (STRS) is described. Since there are a number of obstacles for effective interaction in large classes, IT can be used to support the teachers aim to find out if students understand the lecture and accordingly adjust the content and design of the lecture. The system can be used for formative assessment before, during, and after a lecture. It is also possible for students to initiate interaction during lectures by posing questions anonymously. The main contributions of the paper are a) the description of the interactive real-time system and b) the development process behind it.

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  • 32.
    Avdic, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Grönberg, Pontus
    Olsson, Johan
    Guerra Riveros, Francisco
    Student and teacher response system: development of an interactive anonymous real-timeformative feedback system2013In: Proceedings of the 2013 Third World Congress on Information and Communication Technologies (WICT 2013) / [ed] Ngo, L. .T., Abraham, A., Bui, L. T. Corchado, E., Yun-Hoi, C. & Ma, K., 2013, p. 25-30Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is focusing IT-supported real-time formative feedback in a classroom context. The development of a Student and Teacher Response System (STRS) is described. Since there are a number of obstacles for effective interaction in large classes IT can be used to support the teachers aim to find out if students understand the lecture and accordingly adjust the content and design of the lecture. The system can be used for formative assessment before, during, and after a lecture. It is also possible for students to initiate interaction during lectures by posing questions anonymously. The main contributions of the paper are a) the description of the interactive real-time system and b) the development process behind it.

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  • 33.
    Avdic, Anders
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Lambrinos, Thomas
    Impera Kommunikation; Örebro universitet.
    Modeling and illustrating requirement prioritization in public e-service development from a value-based perspective2015In: Electronic Journal of e-Government, E-ISSN 1479-439X, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A major problem in e-service development is the prioritization of the requirements of different stakeholders. The main stakeholders are governments and their citizens, all of whom have different and sometimes conflicting requirements. In this paper, the prioritization problem is addressed by combining a value-based approach with an illustration technique. This paper examines the following research question: How can multiple stakeholder requirements be illustrated from a value-based perspective in order to be prioritizable? We used an e-service development case taken from a Swedish municipality to elaborate on our approach. Our contributions are: 1) a model of the relevant domains for requirement prioritization for government, citizens, technology, finances and laws and regulations; and 2) a requirement fulfillment analysis tool (RFA) that consists of a requirement-goal-value matrix (RGV), and a calculation and illustration module (CIM). The model reduces cognitive load, helps developers to focus on value fulfillment in e-service development and supports them in the formulation of requirements. It also offers an input to public policy makers, should they aim to target values in the design of e-services.

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  • 34.
    Avdic, Anders
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Åkerblom, Leif
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Flipped classroom and learning strategies2015In: Proceedings of 14th European Conference on e-Learning / [ed] Jefferies, A., Cubric, M., Barton, K. & Lilley, M., Reading, UK: Academic Conferences Publishing, 2015, p. 41-49Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to answer the research question "How does the flipped classroom affect students’ learning strategies?" In e-learning research, several studies have focused on how students and teachers perceive the flipped classroom approach. In general, these studies have reported pleasing results. Nonetheless, few, if any, studies have attempted to find out the potential effects of the flipped classroom approach on how students learn.

    This study was based on two cases: 1) a business modelling course and 2) a research methodology course. In both cases, participating students were from information systems courses at Dalarna University in Sweden. Recorded lectures replaced regular lectures. The recorded lectures were followed by seminars that focused on the learning content of each lecture in various ways.

    Three weeks after the final seminar, we arranged for two focus group interviews to take place in each course, with 8 to 10 students participating in each group. We asked open questions on how the students thought they had been affected and more dedicated questions that were generated from a literature study on the effects of flipped classroom courses. These questions dealt with issues about mobility, the potential for repeating lectures, formative feedback, the role of seminars, responsibility, empowerment, lectures before seminars, and any problems encountered.

    Our results show that, in general, students thought differently about learning after the courses in relation to more traditional approaches, especially regarding the need to be more active. Most students enjoyed the mobility aspect and the accessibility of recorded lectures, although a few claimed it demanded a more disciplined attitude. Most students also expressed a feeling of increased activity and responsibility when participating in seminars. Some even felt empowered because they could influence seminar content. The length of and possibility to navigate in recorded lectures was also considered important. The arrangement of the seminar rooms should promote face-to-face discussions. Finally, the types of questions and tasks were found to affect the outcomes of the seminars.

    The overall conclusion with regard to students’ learning strategies is that to be an active, responsible, empowered, and critical student you have to be an informed student with possibilities and mandate to influence how, where and when to learn and be able to receive continuous feedback during the learning process. Flipped classroom can support such learning.

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  • 35.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Media and Communication Studies.
    "After the passion is gone: American religious consequences"2007In: Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, ISSN 0021-8294, E-ISSN 1468-5906, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 140-141Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Mel Gibson's bible: Religion, popular culture, and The Passion of the Christ"2007In: Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, ISSN 0021-8294, E-ISSN 1468-5906, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 140-141Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Religion och meningsskapande genom film2015In: Samtidsreligion: Sociologiska perspektiv / [ed] Mia Lövheim & Magdalena Nordin, Malmö: Gleerups , 2015, 1, p. 152-156Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Axelsson, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Mojo workin’: En studie i vad som utmärker mobiltelefonen som  produktionsverktyg för att göra tv-nyheter.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersöker användandet av mobiltelefonen som medieproduktionsverktyg i skapandet av journalistisk tv-produktion. Detta kallas vanligtvis för mojo, vilket är en förkortning av engelskans mobile journalism. Med ett socialsemiotiskt perspektiv undersöks vad mobiltelefonen erbjuder vad gäller möjligheter och begränsningar inom journalistisk medieproduktion och för att göra tvnyheter. Syftet med undersökningen är att skapa förståelse för när det passar bäst att använda mobiltelefonen som produktionsverktyg för att göra tv-nyheter. Mobiltelefonen utvecklades inte för att användas som ett medieproduktionsverktyg inom tv-produktion, men används ändå som just det. Studien tar ett teoretiskt avstamp i begreppet affordans, den möjliga användningen av ett objekt. Affordans syftar på det potentiella användandet av ett objekt eller en resurs, när användandet eller ändamålet hamnar utanför vad som var det förutbestämda syftet. Varje användare har dock olika behov och intressen och uppfattar därför ett objekt olika och kan därför upptäcka olika affordanser i samma objekt. Genom att använda metoden research through design, i mitt fall forskning genom att själv göra medieproduktion, och genom intervjuer med mojo-journalister som jobbar inom public service försöker studien besvara följande frågeställningar: • Vilka affordanser framträder när mobiltelefonen används som medieproduktionsverktyg? • Vilka affordanser hos mobiltelefonen kan användas i journalistiska syften? • I vilka sammanhang lämpar det sig bäst att använda mobiltelefonen som produktionsverktyg inom tv-nyheter - och varför? Resultaten i studien pekar på att det finns en rad affordanser som framträder när mobiltelefonen används för att göra tv-nyheter, bland annat att det är ett diskret verktyg, ett snabbt verktyg, att du alltid har den med dig, billigt, ett verktyg som gör det lätt att jobba själv med mera. En slutsats som dras är att det egentligen alltid passar att använda mobiltelefonen som produktionsverktyg inom tvnyheter - så länge man är medveten om dess för- och nackdelar.  

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  • 39. Axelsson, Karin
    et al.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    IT management during acquisition of ERP-systems: experiences from goal dialogues at two companies2001In: , 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Backlund, Yrla
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    AI som medskapare: En designvetenskaplig och visuell etnografisk studie2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker vad som kan bedömas som positiva och negativa aspekter med användningen av AI i skapandet av ett audiovisuellt verk. Den undersöker specifikt hur AI kan vara till hjälp för en medieproduktionsstudent utan tidigare erfarenhet av AI. Syftet är att bidra med nya metoder inom skapandet av digital konst och att tillföra ny kunskap till området. Produktionen utfördes av författaren själv med stöd från utvalda AI-tjänster. I studien behandlas tidigare forskning som diskuterar fenomenet uncanny valley, programmeringens roll inom konstskapande samt etiska aspekter i användningen av AI. Två kvalitativa forskningsmetoder tillämpades: designvetenskap och visuell etnografi. Resultaten visar att användningen av AI kan bedömas positivt när det kommer till stöd i den kreativa processen, men mindre gynnsam när det kommer till direkt kreativt skapande genom AI, vilket indikerar potential för fortsatt utveckling. Studien föreslår framtida forskning inom området, med fler deltagare och en mer strukturerad metodik.

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  • 41.
    Benjaminsson, Jakob
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Moving Image Production.
    Vide, Alexander
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Moving Image Production.
    Antagonistens dimensioner: En tematisk karaktärsanalys av antagonisterna i BioShock och Heathers: The Musical2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Modern populärkultur verkar under de senaste åren ha framfört en trend i att gestalta sina antagonister som flerdimensionella. Men är komplexitet det enda sättet att göra en antagonist intressant på? I denna fallstudie undersöks antagonisterna i BioShock och Heathers: The Musical, för att förstå den tematiska funktionen av en komplex och en enkel antagonist. Det sker med ett scenurval som identifierar berättelsernas tematik och förtydligar antagonisternas karaktärsdrag. Scenerna förtydligar om antagonisterna är runda eller platta, hur de bedöms inom moral och makt samt framför vad de har för funktion i berättelsernas tematiska mål. Resultatet visar att den enkla antagonisten förespråkar en ytlig ideologi som den sprider och ger komplexitet till andra karaktärer, medan den komplexa antagonisten ger tillfälle till reflektion inom moralen av sin egen ideologi. Slutsatsen av studien blir att de två antagonisttyperna fyller användbara funktioner beroende på hur djupgående en berättelse är villig att utforska ett problem eller ideologi.

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  • 42.
    Bergens, Sanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Media and Communication Studies.
    Majehag, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Media and Communication Studies.
    Det där som alla pratar om: En studie i Internets påverkan på annonsmarknaden enligt tio branschpersoner2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 43.
    Berglund, Emilia
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    "Nu kommer ni kanske att himla lite med ögonen, men dethar ett genustema”: "Nu kommer ni kanske att himla lite med ögonen, men dethar ett genustema”2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Analysens syfte har varit att ta reda på vilken förändring som skett av kvinnosynen i svenskteleviserad humor. Frågeställningarna har behandlat hur kvinnorollen, manligheten ochhumorn i Sveriges television förändrats från 1960-talet till 2010-talet och besvarats genom attanalysera programmen Skäggen och Ladies Night - där en kvinna är ensam i en gruppbestående enbart av män. Roland Barthes bildsemiotiska principer om denotation ochkonnotation har använts för att ta reda på vilka indirekta meningar som går att tolka ur detdirekta audiovisuella materialet. Även Yvonne Hirdmans teori om genus och genussystemethar applicerats för att förstå hur kvinnan framställs jämte mannen. Analysen visade attkvinnans roll gått från att ha en mammaroll och ett hemmafruideal till att vara en person somtystas och inte få komma till tals bland männen. Männen har förändrats från att äta och drickaalkohol i TV, till att driva med sig själva och patriarkatet och humorn har gått från att drivamed tittarna på tittarnas bekostnad, till att skapa humor genom att skapa en förvridning avverkligheten. 

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  • 44.
    Bergman, David
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Artificiell intelligensen i cool jazz: En undersökning över kompositionsförmågan inom AI2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focuses on the compositional ability of Artificial Intelligence Visual Artist(AIVA) and how it performs compared to an amateur jazz musician, in this case I amthe musician. Through a survey published on several social media websites, anyonewho saw the link had the option to participate without the need of any previousexperience. The participants listened to two compositions, one composed by me and theother one composed by AIVA. They were given two options: Was this composed by ahuman or an AI? The last part of the survey the participants were asked to elaborate ontheir previous experience and thought process, to see if experience correlated with theresults. Further, they were also given the option to further explain why they thoughtpicked as they did, and lastly if they thought AI could be used as a tool and how.Ultimately, the majority of the participants could not differentiate between an amateurand AIVA and some argued that the both of the compositions were composed by an AI.Some participants thought both compositions felt harmonically stale, whilst some gavethorough explanations as to why why they could not tell the compositions apart. Inconclusion, elements of AIVA could definitely be improved but the majority agrees thatit can be used as a tool in composition.

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  • 45.
    Bermann, Alice
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Skräck och sympati: En analys av skräckens roll i skapandet av sympati förkaraktärer i The Haunting of Hill House2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats har som syfte att undersöka skräckens roll i sympatiskapande, hur denkan användas för att skapa sympati för karaktärer. För att utföra undersökningenanalyseras två karaktärer från skräckserien The Haunting of Hill House (2018), medhjälp av Jens Eders karaktärsklocka som analysmetod. Analysen visar att skräckentillför mycket till vad som gör karaktärerna sympatiska, genom att gestaltakaraktärernas känslor och problem på ett tydligt sätt. Det går att se skräckens möjligaroll som verktyg för att effektivt skapa sympati, till exempel i möjligheten att skapaen vilja hos karaktärerna som publiken kan sympatisera med.

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  • 46.
    Björk, Karoline
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Emotionell rytm i filmmanus: En studie av Aaron Sorkins The Social Network2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats undersöker vilka strategier som finns i Aaron Sorkins manus The SocialNetwork som kan förmedla klippning. Texten behandlar hur Sorkin, framförallt genom enemotionell rytm i dialog respektive actiontext, kan ha influerat filmens klippning. RobertMcKees beskrivning av “beats” har utvecklas till en definition av “emotionella beats” och haranvänts tillsammans med Plutchiks känslohjul för att avgränsa varje emotionellt byte i degranskade scenerna. Den funna rytmen har sedan jämförts med hur filmens skiftar mellanbildutsnitt för att ta reda på hur väl dessa matchar. Analysen visar att Sorkins emotionellarytm i manuset till mångt och mycket stämmer överens med klippningen i filmen och att densåledes borde varit en viktig del av klipparnas arbete

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  • 47.
    Blomberg, Frida
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Catch Flights or Fly Better: A qualitative content analysis of the use of TikTok in marketing by Ryanair and Emirates2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s highly competitive airline industry, social media has become a tool for airlines to differentiate themselves and gain a competitive advantage. TikTok has quickly become one of the most popular social media platforms, which has led to the platform catching the attention of marketers. Thus, TikTok has become a place where brands can market themselves and engage with their target customers. Two airlines that have adopted TikTok into their marketing strategies are Ryanair and Emirates. Therefore, this thesis aims to explore the use of TikTok in marketing for the airlines Ryanair and Emirates. The thesis uses a qualitative content analysis of TikTok videos as the method to gain a deeper understanding of how the two airlines communicate and market their brands on TikTok. The main findings include that Ryanair uses comedic communication in the form of unofficial humorous content that shares customer experiences and complaints and videos that their customers can relate to. Emirates uses more varied communication, which includes explanatory, comedic, communal, and documentary. Similar to Ryanair, they use comedic communication that includes elements of popular culture and TikTok trends. Furthermore, both airlines use visual elements of their brand and products in their videos, such as brand logos and videos of airplanes. Including these elements in their videos can contribute to customers’ ability to recognize and recall the brands, creating brand awareness. This thesis adds to the current literature that is focused on marketing and communication through empirical insights from TikTok and deepens the understanding of how airlines communicate and market their brands on TikTok.

  • 48.
    Blomberg, Helena
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Båtefalk, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Stier, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Stier, Jonas (Editor)
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Extremistisk ideologi i den retoriska kampen om sanningen: fallet Nordiska motståndsrörelsen på sociala medier och i lokalpress2018Report (Other academic)
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  • 49.
    Blomgren, Sofia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Grönholm, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Kravsammanställning samt utvärdering avbildvisningsprogramför diagnostik inom telepatologi: En fallstudiemed SIV-metoden som tillvägagångssätt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Most people have someone near that has been affected by cancer and this disease cases, has according to the Swedish National Board of Health and the Cancer foundation (2013) increased over the years. The occupational group who diagnose this disease is Pathologists. The shortage of pathologists is today crucial, which leads to a need to find effective solutions to meet this shortage and an increasing amount of patients. To digitizing tissue samples, it is scanned with a glass scanner. These digital image files can then be displayed in an image viewer and distributed digitally  between pathologists remotely. This concept is called telepathology.

    The study is based on following research questions:

    • What requirements are essential and should be part of an evaluation for image viewing applications designed for diagnostics in telepathology?
    • Which image viewer is most suitable to be implemented in a web-based system based on these essential requirements?

    The purpose of this study is to examine which requirements that are essential and should be included in an evaluation of the image viewer designed for diagnostics in telepathology, and to carry out an evaluation of a selection of image viewing software with these requirements.

    A case study was conducted with data collection methods: interviews with two people from the partner CGM,questionnaires where Sweden's pathologists were respondents and document studies to collect information regarding image viewing software. The study applies some selected parts from Anders G. Nilssons SIV-method approach to collect requirements and to make a selection of image viewers which can be evaluated against these requirements.

    The results from the data collection methods were analyzed and resulted in a requirements document with the essential requirements. Three so called decisive factors among these requirements was that the image viewer must be web-based without installation on the client, functions for zoom in- and out and panning must also be available. The evaluation of selected image viewers showed in the end that OpenSlide was most suitable to be implemented in a web-based system.

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  • 50.
    Bogsjö, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Ljudet av tystnad: En audiovisuell analys av sekvenser ur The Revenant ochSound of Metal2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen handlar om att undersöka hur tystnad gestaltas genom ljud. Syftet var att analysera,tolka och redogöra för filmisk tystnad i The Revenant och Sound of Metal samt belysa detljudarbete krävs för att kunna förmedla upplevelsen av tystnad. Undersökningen baserashuvudsakligen på teorier av Michel Chion, Sven Raeymaekers och Klas Dykhoff. Genom attanvända Chions metod masking analyserades sammanlagt sex olika sekvenser ur filmerna.Analysen i uppsatsen var menad att svara på hur tystnad gestaltas i filmerna, vilka ljud som ärassocierade med tystnad och hur bilden samt ljudet samarbetar för upplevelsen av tystnad.Resultatet visar på att tystnadens olika former kan användas för att förmedla karaktärerskänslor, förstärka spänningen i scener men även för att skapa en kontakt med publiken. Detframgick även hur specifika ljud som djurläten på avstånd eller intima/närliggande prasselljudanvänds för att förhöja upplevelsen av tystnad. Resultatet visade även på hur viktig kontextenär av att ha bilden och ljudet gemensamt för att kunna förstå och tolka tystnaden.

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