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  • 1.
    Aallos, Saana
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Härkönen, Tanja
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Customer value creation in technology based restaurant experiences: Case study in the mobile application restaurant: Pincho’s2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the restaurant industry, there is a growing interest in applying technology as part of the service process. However, the constant development of technological innovations does not always meet the demand and therefore it would be important to empirically study how the technology based dining experiences are perceived by the customer. Accordingly, collecting information on how the service quality is perceived when technology is playing a major role during the restaurant experience is important, since such research has not been conducted before. Hereby, the aim of this research paper is to examine restaurant experiences from the customer point of view, in which the role of service personnel is reduced due to implementation of a mobile application. In order to achieve this aim, the objective is to identify what creates value for the customers in a mobile application generated dining experience. Thus, following research questions were stated: How does the customers perceive the service quality in a mobile application generated dining experience? and What are the advantages and disadvantages for the customer to use mobile application for the service delivery during the dining experience?

    The research used explanatory sequential mixed methods. Primarily, the researchers performed collection and analysis of quantitative data. Additionally, to get a profound interpretation of the research topic, qualitative data was gathered and analyzed. Thereafter, the qualitative data was used for explaining the quantitative findings more in detail. For the sake of this, the research questions were divided correspondingly one for each method. Findings from the descriptive quantitative analysis, indicated that the use of mobile application for the service delivery was mostly positively perceived. Additionally, discourse analysis was conducted from 812 Pincho’s associated TripAdvisor online reviews. The review findings provided more detailed opinions of the customers’ experiences in their own words and brought up possible advantages and disadvantages.

    The research findings can provide a small contribution to the knowledge of technology based restaurant experiences. However, as the researchers collected only a small amount of primary data, the validity of the results is limited. Additionally, using online reviews is a highly subjective method and consequently has its shortcomings. Therefore, in order to gain thorough understanding of mobile application generated dining experiences, the phenomenon should be further examined in a larger scale. Together with this, it would be intriguing to conduct a questionnaire based survey in all the Pincho’s restaurants and more specifically examine overall satisfaction of the customers.

  • 2.
    Aarvaag, Evalinda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lindroth, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Konflikter, ogräs eller frön?: Arbetsplatskonflikter utifrån ett ledarskapsperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The authors' joint commitment conflicts produced the idea to study highly-regarded leaders' perspective on workplace conflicts and their constructive resolution. Basically there was a curiosity about how such leaders resolve conflicts so effectively.

    Workplace conflicts are a major part of a leader´s time at work. While probably unavoidable, how conflicts are handled is crucial for the growth and development of an organization and its employees. There has been practical conflict management research from a leadership perspective, but the studies have had a quantitative focus. This study aims to examine the various ways respected managers address and resolve workplace conflicts. The study seeks to answer the following questions: What kinds of workplace conflict exist in an organization? What are the critical factors in conflicts? How are conflicts viewed constructive/destructive? What is a leader's role when managing/resolving workplace conflict? What abilities and qualities have leaders who manage conflict effectively?

    The study is based on a qualitative approach using semi-structured interviews. The material was thematic and coded. Results were analysed using the theoretical framework. The empirical data was analysed using Rahims (2002) theory of conflict management. Building on the results, the model which has been developed will be presented at the study’s conclusion.

    The study's analysis reveals that leaders who deal with conflicts constructively mastered the three main areas of concern, depending on the situation. These are people-oriented, task-oriented, and learning- and culture-oriented. The study's results also revealed that evasive and/or dominant leadership in particular creates barrier store solving conflict.

  • 3.
    Abrahams, J P
    University of the Western Cape.
    Sentiment and the Spread of A Human Rights Culture2003In: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, p. 274-287Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Ackermann, Denise M
    University of Stellenbosch.
    Freedom of Religion and the Equality and Dignity of Women: A Christian Feminist Perspective2003In: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, p. 180-193Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Adamsson, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Karlsson, Yvonne
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Arbetslivsinriktad rehabilitering: Rehabiliteringsprocessen utifrån ett medarbetarperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today's society, the demands at work have increased and the employees are at the disposal

    of the organizations success. The working environment today can be perceived as a hot topic,

    and on this basis it may also appear that rehabilitation regarding return to work should be

    given a greater focus. It appears that it is a lack in rehabilitation at present moment, therefore

    greater efforts should occur to develop routines, working relationships and working

    techniques with the individual in focus. This study was conducted in a profit-producing

    company in Sweden and the purpose of the study is to get the company's vision and guidance

    documents regarding their rehabilitation process. Furthermore, the purpose is to describe how

    the individual experiences their rehabilitation process. This in order to finally compare these,

    to see how well the rehabilitation process works and how it is perceived by its employees. In

    conclusion, the purpose is to contribute to the company with possible improvement

    suggestions regarding the individual perspective in the rehabilitation process.

    This study is based on a qualitative method, where we have interviewed a person who holds

    rehabilitation responsibility for the company in question. In addition, interviews have been

    made with six employees who have gone through a rehabilitation process at the company. The

    result of this study has been analyzed based on the theoretical reference framework of this

    study. The empirical result showed that the individual in vocational rehabilitation is

    influenced by several factors at the workplace. The factors that we could discern in this study

    are how the approach takes place between employers and employees, partly through support

    and communication, but also how the rehabilitation work is experienced. The study also

    shows that the working conditions for the individual are important through job satisfaction

    and the work adjustment that has taken place during their rehabilitation. Another factor of

    influence for return to work are how much the individual has participate in their process and

    the importance of being able to influence in decisions. These factors are important in

    rehabilitation situations in order to generate a successful return to work.

  • 6.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    et al.
    Malmö Högskola.
    Rydell, Alexis
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Corporate Social Responsibility in Connection with Business Closures and Downsizing: A Literature Review2017In: Contemporary Management Research, ISSN 1813-5498, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 53-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper was to review the research on corporate social responsibility (CSR) in connection with business closures and downsizing to identify gaps in our knowledge. The study consisted of a systematic review of 24 refereed articles. The review identified four themes in the literature on CSR in connection with business closure and downsizing, namely CSR, transition programs and the local community; CSR and business strategy; CSR, power and reputation; and lastly, other articles on CSR in connection with business closures and downsizing. The review revealed a lack of understanding of the reasons, outcomes and methodology of CSR development in connection with business closures and downsizing.

  • 7. Ahnberg, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Lundgren, Mats
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Education.
    Messing, Jan
    von Schantz Lundgren, Ina
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Education.
    Följeforskning som företeelse och följeforskarrollen som konkret praktik2010In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. Nr 16, no 3, p. 55-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med utgångspunkt i fyra följeforskningsprocesser, där vi själva medverkat, diskuterar vi följeforskning som företeelse och rollen som följeforskare. Vår artikel ska ses som ett empiriskt exempel i anslutning till den debatt som Göran Brulin, Karin Sjöberg och Lennart Svensson initierade genom artikeln ”Gemensam kunskapsbildning för regional tillväxt”.

  • 8.
    Aho, Mikaela
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Vad är attraktivt arbete för personalen på ett vård-, och omsorgsföretag?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A common problem in the geriatric care is that it is difficult to recruit staff with the right

    qualifications. The number of unqualified increases in the industry despite a striving to have

    more people who are qualified. Research shows that the need for qualified people in the

    industry is increasing and the number of people studying to be nurses decreases. To attract

    employees requires that the company is considered to be attractive from the employees' point

    of view and also from a prospective employee's point of view. To study the problem, this

    survey has been made on one of the leading companies in the industry and the intention was

    to study whether the employees' view of attractive work was consistent with what their

    managers thought that their employees considered as attractive work.

    The survey was made on four different units through a questionnaire that employees have

    responded and the unit’s managers have been interviewed. The results of the survey showed

    that the manager’s view of attractive work was consistent with the employees' view of

    attractive work to a certain extent. Regional manager and assistant regional manager had a

    deeper understanding of what parts fail to appear as attractive employers

  • 9.
    Alam, Moudud
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Carling, Kenneth
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Nääs, Ola
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Sommarjobb, arbetslivserfarenhet och framtida arbetsinkomst2015In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 26-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    De flesta kommuner erbjuder sommarjobb till gymnasieungdomar. Vi har undersökt om denna arbetslivserfarenhet påverkar flickors framtida arbetsinkomster. Vi följde 1 447 flickor i fem till tolv år efter avslutat gymnasium. Flickorna hade under sitt första gymnasieår ansökt och slumpmässigt tilldelats sommarjobb av Falu kommun. Effekten av sommarjobbserfarenheten var positiv och betydande för dem.

  • 10.
    Alam, Moudud
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Carling, Kenneth
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Nääs, Ola
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    The program and treatment effect of summer jobs on girls’ post-schooling incomes2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Public programs (of disputed effect) offering summer jobs or work while in high school to smooth the transition from school to work is commonplace. In this paper, 1447 girls in their first grade of high school between 1997-2003 and randomly allotted summer jobs via a program in Falun (Sweden) are followed 5-12 years after graduation. The program led to a substantially larger accumulation of income while in high school. The causal effect of the high school income on post-schooling incomes was substantial and statistically significant. The implied elasticity of 0.4 is however potentially inflated dueto heterogeneous effects.

  • 11.
    Alam, Moudud
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Carling, Kenneth
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Nääs, Ola
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    The program and treatment effect of summer jobs on girls’ post-schooling incomes2015In: Evaluation review, ISSN 0193-841X, E-ISSN 1552-3926, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 339-359Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Public programs offering summer jobs to smooth the transition from school to work is commonplace. However, the empirical support for summer jobs is limited. This article exploits the availability of registered individual information and random allocation to summer jobs to provide empirical evidence on this issue. 

    Objectives: To identify the effect of summer job programs on the post-schooling incomes of the intended participants. Also to identify the effect of sophomore girls' high school work experience on their post-schooling incomes. 

    Research design: In this article, 1,447 sophomore girls from 1997 to 2003 are followed 5-12 years after graduation. They all applied to Falun municipality's (Sweden) summer job program, and about 25% of them were randomly allotted a job. The random allocation to a summer job is used to identify the causal effect of sophomore girls' high school income on their post-schooling incomes. 

    Subjects: All the 1,447 sophomore girls who applied to Falun municipality's summer job program during 1997-2003. 

    Measures: Annual post-schooling income is used as an outcome measure. The work experience of girls in high school is also measured in terms of total income while in high school. 

    Results: The program led to a substantially larger accumulation of income during high school as well as 19% higher post-schooling incomes. The high school income led to a post-schooling income elasticity of 0.37 which is, however, potentially heterogeneous with regard to academic ability. 

    Conclusions: Both the program effect and the causal effect of high school income on post-schooling incomes were substantial and statistically significant.

  • 12.
    Alfredsson, Linda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lissollas, Lina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Attrahera och Behålla Sjuksköterskor: I en Offentlig Verksamhet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13.
    Algodin Paulic, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social and Political Studies.
    Litteratursamtalets roll i samhällskunskap: Forskning och teorier om litteratursamtal i samhällskunskapsundervisningen2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att utifrån befintlig forskning undersöka hur litteratursamtal som metod kan användas i samhällskunskapsundervisningen i årskurs 7-9. Frågeställningarna som används i litteraturstudien är:

     Vad säger forskning om att använda litteratursamtal som didaktisk metod? Mycket forskning finns inom språkämnesforskningen: vad kan samhällskunskapen lära sig av denna forskning?

     Vilka för-och nackdelar finns det med litteratursamtal enligt forskningen?

    Tillvägagångssättet för att uppfylla syftet och besvara frågeställningarna är en systematisk litteraturstudie eller en så kallad kunskapsöversikt. Översikten visar att litteratursamtalet har övervägande positiva effekter på inlärningen. Men även att det finns en övertro till litteratursamtal som metod. I diskussionen jämförs och analyseras den funna forskningens slutsatser kring litteratursamtalens fördelar och nackdelar på elevernas lärande i en samhällskunskapskontext. Studien visar att det finns ett behov att undersöka litteratursamtalets effekter på undervisningen mer genomgående.

  • 14.
    Alijani, Hamid
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    The determinants of visitor spending: The case study of Nordic World Ski Championships in Falun- Sweden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sporting events, which are part of broader tourism industry, bring a range of benefits to the hostcities and regions. These benefits include increase in business activity, job creation,infrastructure development and publicity. Cities and regions spend huge amount of money tohost sporting events. A number of researchers have attempted to investigate the determinants ofvisitors spending at sporting events. However, the factors that influence the visitors spendingappear to be case specific. This study examines the determinants of visitors spending at NordicWorld Ski Championships, Falun 2015. The results suggest that income, number of days spent atthe event and being foreigner are the main determinants of the spending. The results also showthat education, marital status, gender, party size, distance traveled and satisfaction level have nosignificant impact on visitors spending.

  • 15.
    Almgren Almeria, Kristina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Eriksson, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Attraktivt arbete ur enhetschefers perspektiv: En kvalitativ studie genomförd i Falu kommun2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1990s, public organizations underwent several major changes that led to unit managers within the municipal activity increased responsibility and authority, making the unit manager role more complex. Reports indicate difficulties in recruiting and retaining managers. Therefore, it is important to examine how the Head of Unit's, work to develop a more attractive job role. An attractive role is created by giving employees good prospects in the job content, job satisfaction and working conditions. The manager’s positon includes three roles of which the employee role of the theory is not especially priority or made visible. The study aims to identify what makes the unit manager’s profession an attractive job, and how it can be developed. In the study, a qualitative research method has been used to achieve a deeper understanding of the Heads of Unit working situation. This has contributed to a hermeneutic approach being chosen, as we strive to get a better understanding of the phenomenon. The study was conducted in the municipality of Falun, where six heads of units in nursing management were interviewed. The result shows that unit managers are satisfied with their work situation and find their work attractive. Factors as diverse as, freedom, problem solving, social contacts, and portions of the recognition belong to the attractive factors. Heads of Unit describe, three development areas to increase the attractiveness. The first relates to the organization as a whole, where weaknesses exist in the communications and planning. Other development area is about the pace of work by personalizing the working groups as well as time for reflection and recuperation. The third development field the unit managers highlight, is the lack of recognition from the organization. Besides the Heads of Unit shortcomings, we have identified a development area to increase the attractiveness. Lack of colleagues to "bounce ideas" means that work is perceived as lonely. To counteract loneliness we can manage group guidance as an alternative, where reflection and feedback is included. The theory indicate that this also leads to increased self-esteem, commitment.

  • 16.
    Alsaloum, Sara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Karim, Sandy
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Transkulturell omvårdnad: Sjuksköterskans upplevelse av att vårda patienter medolika kulturella bakgrunder2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:The aim of this study was to describe how nurses perceive the care of patients withdifferent cultural backgrounds.

    Method:The study conducted as a literature review of 15 scientific articles with qualitative and quantitative approaches.

    Results:The results were presented in threecategories; the categories are communication challenges, challenges in professionalismand the challenge of meeting with relatives.

    Conclusion:It is challenging in many ways to care for patients with different cultural backgrounds. Nurses' lack of knowledge about different cultures and communication barriers in the care relationship can affect health negatively

  • 17.
    Al-Soloh, Mohanad
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Al-Isawi, Arkan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Robustness in constructing a network of induced emissions based on GPS-tracking data2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The mobility of people, freight and information is fundamental to economic and social activities such as commuting, manufacturing, distributing consumer goods and supplying energy. There are two major problems that arise as a result of mobility. The first is economic cost and the second is environmental impact which is of increasing concern in sustainable development due to emission levels, particularly as a result of car use. This study focuses on constructing a network of induced emissions (NOIEs) by using three models and checking the robustness of NOIEs under varying parameters and models. The three models are Stead’s model, the NAEI model, and Oguchi’s model. This study uses the Swedish city of Borlänge as the case study.

    Calculating CO2 emissions by constructing the NOIEs using Stead’s model appears to give an underestimation when compared to results from a NOIEs which applies Oguchi’s model. Results when applying the NAEI model in constructing a NOIEs also give an underestimation compared to a NOIEs applying Oguchi’s model. Applying the NAEI model is, however, more accurate than applying Stead’s model in constructing a NOIEs.

    The outcomes of this study show that constructing a NOIEs is robust using Oguchi’s model. This model is preferable since it takes into account more important variables such as driving behavior and the length of the road segments which have a significant impact when estimating CO2 emissions.

  • 18.
    Alsterlund, Erica
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Vad ska vi göra med den psykosociala arbetsmiljön?: En undersökning av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön och hur vi kan arbeta för att förbättra den.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is based on a survey within a global organization. The purpose of the study is to

    elucidate and describe an HR department's experience of the psychosocial work environment.

    The starting point for this survey is that there are known factors that affect the psychosocial

    work environment. Furthermore, the study aimed to motivate the organization to work with

    the psychosocial work environment.

    The theory is that these factors are based on assumption that the psychosocial work

    environment is affected by excessive workload, lack of control, lack of recognition,

    community at work, role conflicts and conflicts of values (Åsberg, Grape, Nygren, Rohde,

    Wahlberg, & Währborg, 2010) (Thylefors, 2011). Skills and ability to influence the

    workplace are also important factors (Wreder, 2007). Knowledge, communication and good

    leadership is therefore the foundation for a viable psychosocial work environment.

    The survey is based on a deductive approach, in which participants initially putting a value of

    factors through a quantitative survey, for a few weeks later to discuss the factors of

    qualitative focus groups. The purpose of the survey was to obtain an anonymous individual

    estimation of the experience, while the purpose of the focus groups was to obtain deeper

    information about the experience and how employees perceive that the psychosocial work

    environment can be improved.

    The results were interpreted based on the theory and several factors had the potential to be

    improved. To conduct an adequate work environment, it is important to identify the factors

    and work with them in a way that the employees perceive current. Furthermore, it is

    important for the organisations to work with the psychosocial working from an organizational

    perspective, and not just primarily the individual perspective.

  • 19.
    Amnå, Erik
    Göteborg University.
    More Representation or More Participation?: Challenges in Swedish Democracy2003In: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, p. 102-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Amores Lorenzo, Casandra
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    One-Year Master’s Degree in Tourism Destination Development Will it snow?: Sierra Nevada Ski Resort stakeholders’ perceptions of climate change2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Its strong dependency on weather conditions makes winter tourism especially vulnerable to

    climate change. Ski industry operators’ knowledge about the possible scale and effects of

    global warming is essential for adopting effective mitigation and adaptation measures. This

    study it’s focused in the ski resort located in Sierra Nevada, Spain, the southernmost ski

    resort in Europe. Using a qualitative approach, in-depth interviews were conducted. Although

    the findings generally indicate a good knowledge of climate change, the stakeholders

    perceive the issue as a global phenomenon. Stakeholders downplayed the scale of the

    phenomenon at regional scale. They did not perceive climate change as a real or immediate

    risk to the ski industry in Sierra Nevada. Consequently it was found a poor perceived need to

    adapt to the issue. Furthermore, no adaptation strategies were found directly linked to climate

    variability. Stakeholders identified technically produced snow as a business strategy to deal

    with the increasing demand and competitiveness. Adaptation to climate change in Sierra

    Nevada’s ski tourism was found reactive and autonomous. The main limits found to

    adaptation were the lack of accurate and region-specific information about climate change

    and the lack of cooperation and communication between the private and public sector.

  • 21.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Gunnarsson, Kristina
    Uppsala universitet, Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine .
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Young people’s attitudes to attractive work, during and after upper secondary school2017In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 55-68Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Gunnarsson, Kristina
    Arbets- och miljömedicin Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper Uppsala Universitet.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Young peoples’ entrance to the workplace: Introduction to occupational health and safety2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Negative outcomes of a poor work environment are more frequent among young workers. The aim of the current study was to study former pupils’ conditions concerning occupational health and safety by investigating the workplaces’, safety climate, the degree of implementation of SWEM and the their introduction programs.

    Four branches were included in the study: Industrial, Restaurant, Transport and Handicraft, specialising in wood. Semi-structured dialogues were undertaken with 15 employers at companies in which former pupils were employed. They also answered a questionnaire about SWEM. Former pupils and experienced employees were upon the same occasion asked to fill in a questionnaire about safety climate at the workplace.

    Workplace introduction programs varied and were strongly linked to company size. Most of the former pupils and experienced employees rated the safety climate at their company as high, or good. Employers in three of the branches rated the SWEM implemented at their workplaces to be effective.

    The Industry companies, which had the largest workplaces, gave the most systematic and workplace introduction for new employees. There are no results from this study explaining the fact that young workers have a higher risk for workplace accidents.

  • 23.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Gunnarsson, Kristina
    Uppsala University.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Role of headmasters, teachers and supervisors in knowledge transfer about occupational health and safety to pupils in vocational education2015In: SH@W Safety and Health at Work, ISSN 2093-7911, E-ISSN 2093-7997, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 317-323Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Young people are at an increased risk for illness in working life. The authorities stipulate certain goals for training in occupational health and safety (OHS) in vocational schools. A previous study concluded that pupils in vocational education had limited knowledge in the prevention of health risks at work. The aim of the current study, therefore, was to study how OHS training is organized in school and in workplace-based learning (WPL).

     

    Method The study design featured a qualitative approach, which included interviews with 12 headmasters, 20 teachers, and 20 supervisors at companies in which the pupils had their WPL. The study was conducted at 10 upper secondary schools, located in Central Sweden, that were graduating pupils in four vocational programs.

     

    Result The interviews with headmasters, teachers, and supervisors indicate a staggered picture of how pupils are prepared for safe work. The headmasters generally give teachers the responsibility for how goals should be reached. Teaching is very much based on risk factors that are present in the workshops and on teachers’ own experiences and knowledge. The teaching during WPL also lacks the systematic training in OHS as well as in the traditional classroom environment.

     

    Conclusion Teachers and supervisors did not plan the training in OHS in accordance with the provisions of systematic work environment management. Instead, the teachers based the training on their own experiences. Most of the supervisors did not get information from the schools as to what should be included when introducing OHS issues in WPL.

  • 24.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Gunnarsson, Kristina
    Arbets och miljömedicin Uppsala universitet.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Moström Åberg, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Knowledge and Experiences of Risks among Pupils in Vocational Education2014In: SH@W Safety and Health at Work, ISSN 2093-7911, E-ISSN 2093-7997, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 140-146Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Branschråd inom Focus InnoWents profilområden: Turism/besöksnäring, Materialutveckling, Energi & Miljö, samt IT & Media2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport har skrivits på uppdrag av Focus InnoWent och är baserad på samtal med representanter för profilområdena Turism/besöksnäring, Materialutveckling, Energi & Miljö samt IT & Media vid Högskolan Dalarna. Syftena är att kartlägga aktuella branschrådskontakter inom respektive profilområde och att fånga upp respektive profilområdes önskade behov av nya projekt med inriktning mot området Attraktivt Arbete. Andra nätverk och näringslivskontakter har också dokumenterats. Undersökningen har genomfört i form av samtal utgående från en samtalsmall. Följande områden har berörts – branschråd, andra nätverk, alumni och Attraktivt Arbete. Arbetet har sammanfattats i några rekommendationer inom samma områden.

  • 26.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Gunnarsson, Kristina
    Uppsala University.
    What pupils in vocational schools learn about risk at work2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Negative health effects because of poor work environment is more common among young workers compared to older. One explanation might be that younger ones have a low awareness of risk, a lack of safety training, and inadequate introductions to the work. A study has been made focusing on the pupils in vocational schools knowledge and experiences about potential work environment risks in their future work. Questionnaires were distributed to 239 pupils in ten Swedish upper secondary schools’ graduating classes in four vocational programs focusing on basic knowledge about health risks at work as well as the work environment legislation. The programs were the Industrial Technology Program, the Restaurant Management and Food Program, the Transport Program, and the Handicraft Program (in which students specialize in wood). The results from the questionnaires were followed up with focus group discussions. The results showed that the pupils in general had limited knowledge that employers must, by law, conduct risk analyses and prevent risks. It was common that they mentioned themselves as the main responsible to work safe and was not clear about the employers’ duty to arrange for safe work. Pupils in all programs mentioned acute risk as the biggest risk at work. It was concluded that a systematic approach to pupils’ training in work environment is lacking. The results indicates a clear gap between what knowledge the pupils are offered and what’s intended by laws as well as state-of-the-art in occupational health risk research.

  • 27.
    Andersson, Linnéa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Att motivera överlevare: EN STUDIE OM VAD SOM SKAPAR ARBETSMOTIVATION HOS MEDARBETARE SOM ÖVERLEVT EN NEDSKÄRNING.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Reine, Lisa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    ”Ska jag jobba med en ny, gud vad jobbigt. Dom kan ju ingenting”: En undersökning om socialisationsprocesser för nyanställda2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recruitment needs in Swedish health care are the basis of this study. The requirements are

    increasing according to SKL (2015) and the lack of staff leads to competition for labour

    among organisations. Better knowledge and understanding of human socialisation would help

    to solve the problem, with a focus in the workplace in order to facilitate the organisation's

    management to retain staff.

    Further research is needed regarding managerial support and colleague relationships, and the

    impact they have on the socialisation of new employees. The aim of this study is to examine

    how a company in the health care sector works with the socialisation of new employees by

    focusing on social relationships and managerial support.

    Research involving the socialisation of new employees highlights colleagues as a tool to gain

    access to important resources, for example: tacit knowledge. Managers need to be present and

    give feedback, organisational culture influences as part of the organisation's personality.

    The study consists of abductive and qualitative interviews, with focus on individual

    interpretation and experience of their socialisation within the company. Eleven interviews

    were conducted, with four managers and seven new employees participating in the study.

    The result of the interviews have been analysed using a theoretical framework. We have

    concluded that manager awareness of what the individual goes through, during their

    socialisation process, affects the managerial support given to the new employees. Colleagues

    are important resources and not just a tool for new employees, without also needing to take on

    a large responsibility for individuals introduced to the social environment in the workplace.

    However, the new employees also need to be open and active in order to receive support from

    their colleagues. For the staff to share the organisational culture, they need to be involved in

    the changes and common purposes, which permeate the entire operation. To achieve the

    successful assimilation of a new employee into such an environment requires a company to be

    fully aware of the social development structure within its own organisation. Working closely

    with the Human Resources' department, playing a large part in the success of the socialization

    process.

  • 29.
    Andersson, Tina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Berglöf, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Platschefen ur ett hållbarhetsperspektiv: En studie inom små- och medelstora byggföretag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to increase understanding of the role of the site manager in small and medium-sized construction companies from a sustainability perspective. We have investigated which areas of responsibility and internal support a site manager can have, how the psychosocial work environment for the site manager is and what competences and experiences are requested from a site manager. Furthermore, we have investigated whether there is strategic competence supply of site managers.

    The results show that small and medium-sized construction companies in Dalarna find it difficult to recruit site managers and in the case of recruitment, they preferably seek candidates with experience of being a site manager. Furthermore, they protect their current corporate culture. The responsibilities for a site manager are many, however, internal support is available. Several of the construction companies find the psychosocial work environment difficult to handle. Additionally, each of the respondents identify that the greatest health risk for a site manager is currently stress.

    The method used was qualitative and the empirical material was collected through semi structured interviews. Five respondents participated in the study and all held corporate leading positions in their respective companies, with good knowledge of the role of the site manager. The empirical material was analyzed and discussed based on previous research and theories.

    The conclusion of this study is that the role of the site manager is not maintained from a sustainable perspective, as the demands on the already existing site managers increase whilst new abilities doesn’t get access to the role due to lack of experience.

  • 30.
    Annisius, Daniel Chandrachur
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Managing Seasonality in Tourism: Challenges and Opportunities for the Tourism Industry in Húsavík, Iceland2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Seasonality is a common phenomenon in the tourism industry around the world. Húsavík, a town on the northern coast of Iceland, has experienced tremendous growth in tourism in recent years and is sometimes recognised as the „Whale Watching Capital of Europe‟. However, Húsavík faces extreme seasonality with high demand mainly during the summer months and limited or no demand at other times of the year. As is emphasised in the tourism literature and widely in practice, seasonality is frequently seen as a problem for the tourism industry which has to be tackled. Academic research has never before been done on seasonality in Húsavík and the aim of this thesis is to understand the nature of seasonality within the tourism industry in Húsavík and discover potential ways to reduce seasonality in Húsavík tourism. In order to fulfil the aim, qualitative semi-structured interviews were undertaken with six tourism managers in Húsavík to investigate their perceptions of seasonality and if and how it could be managed. The results confirmed that the peripheral location of the destination stimulates seasonality and it poses major economic challenges for tourism businesses in Húsavík. Managers would prefer a longer tourism season. Several recommendations were provided for how to reduce seasonality such as develop other attractions than whale watching, improve accessibility, focus marketing on seasons outside the summer, and offer winter packages for foreign and domestic tourists.

  • 31.
    Antonsson, Victoria
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Enberg, Terese
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Arbetsmiljö: Med fokus ur ett könsperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To achieve a good work environment, the employer and the employee jointly cooperate under the Work Environment Act. This study has been performed in an industrial company with a view to examining the working environment and occupational injuries differs between men and women. In order to achieve a credible and reliable result, three different methods were used, such as interviews, participant observation and information from the company's IA system. The result shows that there are equally large differences between women and men today as it did a few years ago. Something else that was discovered was that there are many unreported when it comes to reporting the safety conversations, incidents and accidents in the company's IA sys-tem. After analyzing the collected empirical material was concluded that women do not get injuries easily than men, but it depends on the culture, norms and values in the industry. The company is working in the right way in terms of safety, equipment, ergonomics and more, still short right up to the employees. Culture, norms and values affect both working conditions and working environment, and for the success of their work environment, the company must be able to turn this around.

  • 32.
    Anåker, Sara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Bergqvist, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    När behövs HR?: En kvalitativ studie om när HR-funktionen kan behövas inom organisationer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has the purpose of examining if there is an answer to the question

    When is HR needed? The material in this study is based on five semi-structured interviews and two group interviews with people which are working with HR-related duties within small and medium-sized organizations in Dalarna county. The theoretical frame of reference in this study discusses the following areas: HR/HRM, strategic HRM, HR in small and medium-sized organizations, leadership, communication and Employer Brand. The reasoning behind choosing several different areas is that the main area of the study looks to be relatively unexplored, thus is the theoretical frame of reference shaped out of areas which are considered to have an impact on the question When is HR needed? The result of this study shows that there probably is no concrete answer to this question. What the results do show is that there are several areas which have an impact on the question and which are recurrent with all the interviewed organizations. These are: economics, communication, support from outside the company, stress on managers with a particular focus on labor law, and the organizations’ capacity to attract workforce. The result of the study has ultimately been compiled into a model which has the purpose of functioning as a form of checklist that organizations can use to help them appraise if they should consider establishing an HR-function.

  • 33.
    Apollonio, Marco
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Henriksson, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Social and economic evaluation of a rural tourism event: The case of Rättvik’s Classic Car Week, Sweden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the evaluation of a rural event, both from a social perspective evaluating the event and the tourist and visitors it attracts and from an economic perspective. Given the modern situation of rural destinations and its shifting economy, the importance of turning towards event tourism becomes paramount. The research presents the case of the Classic Car Week, a rural festival held during week 31 in Rättvik, in the region of Dalarna, Sweden. The study is based on surveys collected during the 2016 edition. The authors analyzed the data and extrapolated statistical information to gather knowledge on the average visitor and its interests. The social focused tourism and event section of the research revolves around Crompton’s instrument of motivator measurement to establish the pull factors which attract visitors to the event. This is done by analyzing their expectation, satisfaction and decision-making. The economic analysis of the study presents the calculations made by the authors on the total estimat accomodation expenses based on guest nights in Rättvik (35000) during week leading up to the event and during CCW, week 30 and 31. A estimated max and minimum senario was made were the calculated max accomodation expenses was 7 031 793 SEK while the minimum was estimated to 4 714 177 SEK. Similarly, a max and min scenario was also calculated on the estimated total daily expenses, resulting in a max approximation of 7 087 107 and a min of 4 746 521. Together the estimated max and min accommodation and daily expenses was summed to create a max and min scenario of the total spending in the area. With a max scenario of 14 118 900 SEK and a minimum scenario of 9 460 698 SEK. Illustrating a part of the economical impact that he municipality receives as a direct result of the event.

  • 34.
    Aronsson, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Negativa förändringar på en arbetsplats: En studie i hur man hanterar införandet av en organisationsförändring som inte gillas av medarbetarna2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background to the study is based on a demonstration by Union representatives, in Borlänge in 2013. They were demonstrating against changes in working hours in the social sector in Borlänge municipality. One of the affected groups were employees of dementia the accommodation Hessegården. The protesters were not satisfied with the decision because they considered that the working hours would be worse for them.

    The aim of the study was to find out how employees and their work is affected by such a decision and highlight the aspects which may hinder or help for this issue.

    Method: I chose to carry out the study through a case study and using a qualitative method and hence the use of interviews, semi-structured interviews from some of the employees at Hessegården. Data and theory gathered through literature and previous research.

    The results showed that the majority of people did not like the change in working hours and that they felt that their work has become a bit more difficult and stressful after the introduction of the change. It was also mixed views on how the information about the change to and how the boss handled the situation.

    Conclusion: the interviews and the study showed that employees were negatively affected by the introduction of the new working hours. Both at their workplace, in their work, and in his spare time in his everyday life. Family and friends were affected by it were working more shifts and the residents were affected by stress and insecurity in their everyday lives.

  • 35.
    Arping, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Reimer, Klara
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    “I det här yrket behöver man vara tolerant”: En triangulering om sjuksköterskors erfarenheter avsexuella trakasserier och organisatoriskt arbete.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The interest in conducting the study was raised in the autumn of 2017 when the

    #metoo

    movement spread on social media and a large number of individuals witnessed their

    vulnerability to sexual harassment at their workplaces. The movement certifies sexual

    harassment in a number of industries, where our interest was raised to investigate the nurse's

    experiences of sexual harassment.

    Past studies that constitute the research front are focused on the individual and the individual

    consequences of sexual harassment. The knowledge gap that was identified was how

    organizations are affected by the occurrence of sexual harassment as well as how they can carry

    out preventive and remedial work on the issue. The purpose of the study is therefore to highlight

    the occurrence and the consequences of sexual harassment. One purpose is to explain how the

    organization works with issues related to sexual harassment. To answer the purpose of the study

    theories describing the definition of the concept of sexual harassment, individual- and

    organization effects, power, culture of silence, organizational culture and employer

    responsibility is all brought up.

    The data collection of the study is based on a triangulation using a quantitative web-based

    survey as well as qualitative semi-structured interviews. A demarcation has been made to

    female nurses employed in an organization in central Sweden.

    The results of the study shows that sexual harassment occurs at the workplace and that there is

    a culture of silence about the subject where the asked employees do not know where to turn to

    tell their experiences. Employees also show great unknowledge about the organization's policy,

    action plan and what support they are entitled to receive. The results of the collected data have

    been analyzed using the theoretical reference framework and concentrated on four main areas

    that are also discussed. The main areas are where to drawn boundaries, culture of silence,

    organizational culture and organizational work.

  • 36.
    Arsianovich-Klaiber, Katsiaryna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    There is no “bad” publicity: The case study of Kazakhstan and Borat the movie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 37.
    Avdic, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Eklund, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Örebro universitetsbibliotek.
    Searching reference databases: what students experience and what teachers believe that students experience2010In: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, ISSN 0961-0006, E-ISSN 1741-6477, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 224-235Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Internet has made it possible for students to access a vast amount of high quality references when writing papers. Yet research has shown that the use of reference databases is poor and the quality of student papers is consequently often below expectation. The objective of this paper is twofold. First, it aims to describe the problems students experience when they search information using a university reference database. Second it aims to compare the perspective of students on the problems with that of their teachers. As basis for the study we have used the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model. A web-based survey was carried out. A total of 150 students at Örebro University in Sweden participated in the survey. The results have been analysed by comparison of median values. Results show that students experience problems mostly in the category of efforts expectancy. Differences between the two groups are most significant in the category of effort expectancy and students’ patience in searching. Teachers are more pessimistic about students’ capacity in information searching than the students themselves.

  • 38.
    Axenstedt, Simon
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Fredriksson, Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Chefers upplevelse av framgång i sitt ledarskap: - Vad chefer på en statlig myndighet upplever som faktorer för att utöva ett framgångsrikt ledarskap.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The field of leadership is a previously well-explored area, but relatively little research in the subject has concerned Swedish organizations and even less government institutions and authorities.

    In the following study, what managers at a government authority are perceived as factors to exercise successful leadership in their organization are investigated. The study is based on empirical evidence from qualitative interviews with five managers at the State Administration of Transport, Trafikverket. Through this study, a new interview method has also been developed, interactive themed interview. Where the respondent is a part in creating and designing the interview guide.

    In the results of this study, it is found that the investigated managers themselves felt that successful leadership in their organization is based on four factors. These are referred to as relationships, decision making, development and

    authenticity.

    The conclusions that this study can contribute beyond what factors the managers themselves consider generating a successful leadership are also how the managers act to exert what they experience successful leadership, but also what roles a successful leadership includes. That the role of the manager, the role of leader and the role as himself, affects the aforementioned factors, relationships, decision and development, and that the interaction between these roles and factors in various ways affects the managers' degree of perceived success in their leadership. The study also shows that Trafikverket's new leadership philosophy is in line with what managers perceive as contributing factors for the pursuit of successful leadership. And that this new philosophy can help managers to exert more what they themselves experience as a successful leadership.

  • 39.
    Backström, Tomas
    et al.
    School for Innovation, Design and Technology, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Moström Åberg, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Köping Olsson, Bengt
    School for Innovation, Design and Technology, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Wilhelmson, Lena
    Department of Education, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Åteg, Mattias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Manager's task to support integrated autonomy at the workplace: Results from an intervention2013In: International Journal of Business and Management, ISSN 1833-3850, E-ISSN 1833-8119, Vol. 8, no 22, p. 20-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A new managerial task arises in today’s working life: to provide conditions for and influence interaction between actors and thus to enable the emergence of organizing structure in tune with a changing environment. We call this the enabling managerial task. The goal of this paper is to study whether training first line managers in the enabling managerial task could lead to changes in the work for the subordinates. This paper presents results from questionnaires answered by the subordinates of the managers before and after the training. The training was organized as a learning network and consisted of eight workshops carried out over a period of one year (September 2009–June 2010), where the managers met with each other and the researchers once a month. Each workshop consisted of three parts, during three and a half hours. The first hour was devoted to joint reflection on a task that had been undertaken since the last workshop; some results were presented from the employee pre-assessments, followed by relevant theory and illuminating practices, finally the managers created new tasks for themselves to undertake during the following month. The subordinates’ answers show positive change in all of the seventeen scales used to assess it. The improvements are significant in scales measuring the relationship between the manager and the employees, as well as in those measuring interaction between employees. It is concluded that the result was a success for all managers that had the possibility of using the training in their management work.

  • 40.
    Barcik, Robert
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Assessment of Parkinson gait through digital signal processing and machine learning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It would be of both patients’ as well as clinicians’ interest, if diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease (PD) as well as following check-up methods were perfectly sensitive, accurate, reproducible and feasible of objectively classifying motor symptoms of PD. This is an arduous task due to the possible subjectivity of clinical evaluations. In the past decade, attention turns into a multitude of technology based measures (TBMs) to address this need, among which the method of this research is positioned. Author hopes to contribute with a motor assessment method that addresses not only the issue of subjectivity of measurement, but also does not require extensive installments and is easy to use. For this study, data from a clinical trial conducted at Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden in 2015 are used. 7 PD patients and 7 healthy controls each performed 7-13 times each the same motoric gait test, which has been was video recorded. These recordings were showed to clinicians, who rated subjects’ gait and possible dyskinesia on the unified Parkinson's disease rating scale (0-4 rating). Thus the aim of this research was to imitate and automate the tasks of clinicians when diagnosing PD and its symptoms through motoric ratings, using various gait features. These gait features were obtained through quantification of signals from different body parts while patient performs walking motoric test, using image processing. Diagnosis of PD and its symptoms was twofold, as to firstly identify whether the subject has PD and to secondly predict the severity of PD patients symptoms. When classifying subjects into healthy controls and PD patients, classification trees and support vector machines have been deployed, while these achieved 76- 85% accuracy depending on features selected. Following focus was to diagnose severity of PD among patients, while using UPDRS ratings by clinicians as a target variable for supervised learning. Herein, linear regression has been deployed, while average absolute prediction error was 0.25 and correlation of UPDRS ratings with predicted values was 0.84.

  • 41.
    Bartholdsson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Social Anthropology.
    Constructing the Pupil: Normalization and Benevolent Governing in two Swedish Schools2012In: Canadian International Conference on Education, Guelph, Canada, 18-21 juni 2012, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is about the socialization of school children and how normality is learned and managed in one pre-school class and one fifth grade class in the Swedish compulsory school. The Swedish school is, according to the National Curriculum based on democratic values and respect for the individual. In accordance with these values socialization of the pupil is, as the thesis argues, accomplished through 'benevolent government' by the teachers. To enable this, the pupil needs to learn how to be him or her 'self' according to norms about how the 'self' is to be expressed. The pupil also needs to learn how to balance multiple relations in school and the different aspects that constitutes the social person. Benevolent government is here used as a description of a certain kind of 'teacherhood' dependent on a certain kind of pupil. The pupil-subject that is constructed is a subordinated, self-inspecting, positive, empathic person who will approve of being governed by the teachers through the governing of themselves. The study is based on anthropological fieldwork during two years in these classes.

  • 42.
    Bartholdsson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Social Anthropology.
    "Dare to share": the meanings of therapeutic biographies in The Great Mother Confession2012In: 9th International Conference Crossroads in Cultural Studies Paris, July 2-6 2012, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    "Dare to share " - the meanings of therapeutic biographies in The Great Mother Confession

    "Dare to share" is one of the catchy slogans presented on the website of the popular cultural event,  The Great Mother Confession. "To share" refers to the life improving, transformative powers ascribed to the act of "speaking out"  about ones feelings, and the construction of therapeutic biographies.

    The Great Mother Confession, was arranged in 2009 and 2010 by a Swedish newspaper group. It consisted of an all-day events each year with coaching and entertaining performances and a blog site for mothers public confessions. Based on material from ethnographic fieldwork conducted at the all-day arrangements and close readings of the confessional blogs, this paper aims to explore meaning-making aspects of (mother)confession through emic definitions of the meaning and function of the confessional act.  The confessions are also understood as comments on maternal norms.

  • 43.
    Bartholdsson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Social Anthropology.
    Pretending Democracy: Learning and Teaching Participation in Two Swedish Schools2003In: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, p. 128-141Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Belius, Elvira
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Baeg, Sharmin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Employer Branding i säkerhetsbranschen: En studie om Securitas arbete med att attrahera och behålla personal2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today's society, the attractiveness of an organization is an important factor. It is important to attract new employees and to retain existing employees. Various factors affect the attractiveness and, in order to achieve attractiveness, the organization can work with different employer branding processes. The aim with this study is to examine what can constitutes Securitas as an attractive employe, with suggestions for improvement and development to attract and retain employees. The theoretical point covers theories with Employer Branding.

    The study is based on a quantitative method where a survey was created to gather empirical data about employees´view and opinions about the organization as an attractive employer. A meeting was held with Securitas executives and HR partners before the survey was designed to know how the organization works to attract and retain employees. The selection of respondents is limited to guardians who works in a region in the middle of Sweden. Diagram have been used to compiled the empiricism and theories have been used to analyze the empiricism. The conclusions are that factors such as relationships, education, information, benefits and work equipment are attractive. All of these factors need to be improved and if it doesn't happened can it be difficult to attract and retain employees. Improvement proposals have been compiled in a dot shape and is based on what have been said in the analysis and discussion.

  • 45.
    Bengtsson, Viktoria
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Enander, Linn
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    En studie om introduktionens påverkan på chefensförutsättning att lyckas i sitt chefskap: En kvalitativ studie om introduktionens koppling tillchefens påverkan på medarbetarskapet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The work-introduction is of great importance for both the new employee as well as the

    organization. A well planned introduction can affect the employees work performance and

    also affect how long the employee stays within the organisation. For this reason, it is

    interesting to study the work-introduction process as well as the organisational socialisation.

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how the introduction affects the manager's ability to

    succeed in his/her leadership. The study will also provide potential tools to improve the

    manager introduction, as well as highlight the importance of a well-founded introduction. The

    study has been conducted at Falu Municipality who are also the constituent for this study.

    The focus of this study is on the personnel-related issues in the introduction of new managers.

    Seven qualitative interviews have been conducted, of which three interviews was with

    employees and four with managers. The results found indicated that the respondents feel that

    the introduction has good building blocks but that it is rarely implemented due to lack of time.

    This study also reveals the lack of socialization and relationship-creating tools as part of the

    introduction process. In addition to this, the results indicated that a well-structured and

    processed introduction has a positive influence on the leadership.

  • 46.
    Benito Medina, Andrés
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Impacts of tourism in urban areas: Community attitude towards tourism impacts in ‘La Barceloneta’ neighbourhood in Barcelona2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses how residents of urban communities perceive the impact of tourism on

    their community, as well as the attitudes that these residents have towards tourism. Most of

    the previous tourism literature is focused on the visitor point of view. Although there are

    some studies on residents’ perceptions and attitudes, almost all of them are located in small

    rural communities and resort-type destinations. Therefore, there is a lack of research into

    residents’ perceptions and attitudes in urban destinations. It is generally argued that

    destinations have different characteristics, and therefore determinants of perceptions and

    attitude formation might be different in each case. Barceloneta is a port neighbourhood in

    Barcelona, which has been increasing in popularity since 1992, and is now one of the most

    popular tourist areas in the city. Originally populated by sailors and fishermen, Barceloneta

    now has a considerable part of the community living off tourism. However, an important

    portion of the community has been protesting against the negative effects of mass tourism

    since the summer of 2014. This paper has conducted 11 semi-structured in depth interviews

    in order to look into perceptions and attitudes as well as the factors influencing them.

    The results of this study have shown that residents perceive positive and negative impacts

    regardless of their general opinion of tourism. The Barceloneta community seems to be

    heterogeneous when it comes to their perceptions, where each individual develops different

    attitudes as a result of observation and evaluation of the effects of tourism; this relates to the

    Social Exchange Theory. The findings of this paper aim to assist urban planners with making

    tourism development strategies with higher rates of acceptance within the community. More

    acceptance of tourism development would contribute positively to the host-visitor

    relationship, as well as to visitors’ overall satisfaction and destination image.

  • 47.
    Bennmarker, Helene
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Haglund, Johanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Vad gör en arbetsplats attraktiv?: En studie i Attraktivt Arbete inom djursjukvårdsbranschen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 48.
    Bennström, Lina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Eklund, Mia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    "… det handlar om att lyssna och ta till sig för att få sin personliga utveckling". : En kvalitativ studie om chefers ledarskap, stöd och utveckling2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe and analyse the importance of managers’ personal development to conduct an effective leadership. The result of the study and the analysis shows that managers’ personal development is significant for how leaders prioritise and manage human relationships, which includes the ability for two-way communication, active listening and being present in the day-to-day working environment. The result indicates that both organisations taking part in the study strive for a relation-oriented leadership. Effective leadership is achieved when the leader has a personal maturity and an understanding of how their behaviour affects others. A leader needs to show humility and be responsive in order to promote cooperation within the organisation and personal development can contribute to such an environment. The study also shows that support in your work, by colleagues and Human Resources (HR), is of great importance to achieve personal development objectives enabling an effective leadership to be conducted.

    The study was carried out with a qualitative research method, using semi-structured interviews with eight respondents in various management positions including two HR managers. Their subjective experiences have shaped the result of the study. The reference framework contains previous research on management and leadership, Human Resource Management (HRM), leadership development, the importance of human capital for organisations, the role of HR as well as the conditions for implementing the concept of soft HRM.

    The conclusions from the study are that it is possible to achieve effective leadership if the management team and HR in an organisation appreciates the value of leaders having appropriate personal characteristics and supporting the further development of these. A prerequisite, however, is that managers at all levels are seeing the value of development and have a desire to develop.

  • 49.
    Berens, Laura
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    “Ready for tourism”?: Investigating community capacity as a precondition fortourism development in Muungoni Village, Zanzibar2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present master thesis was to analyze what factors contribute to communitycapacity, in order to add to the understanding of what can make tourism as a developmentalstrategy more efficient. Community capacity was assessed at the example of MuungoniVillage on Zanzibar along a capital assets approach. The setting is represented in terms of theparticipants and their viewpoints that were captured in semi-structured in-depth interviewsduring a research trip on the Tanzanian island. Several strong, as well as weak indicatorscould be elaborated to estimate to what extent the community currently has the capacity as aprecondition to involve in tourism. This thesis therewith was able to build a bridge betweenwhat currently appraises the community capacity of Muungoni and which weaknesses have tobe improved in order to further build capacity. It contributes to the research gapencompassing community capacity within the perspective of tourism development.

  • 50.
    Berg, Jessica
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Johansen, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    "Vad som behövs? Det är sällan glasklart!": En studie kring en organisations tillväxt och växtvärksproblematik2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In an organization located in the countryside of Dalarna an increasing dissatisfaction is revealed in a staff survey among the employees, where serval problems can be linked to the rapid expansion that the organisation is currently undergoing. Even a positive organizational change such as growth can contribute to negative effects and problems for the employees. This study intended to examine what challenges and possibilities the employees are experiencing in this organization that is growing rapidly, linked to the growth. Empirical data has been sampled by conducting eight in-depth interviews with managers, co-workers and HR managers as respondents.

    Based on the respondents’ view of the situation four major problem areas have been identified: lack of common procedures, ambiguous roles, insufficient information and communication and lack of proactive efforts to ensure employee competence. The empirical data indicate that the organization is suffering from a gap when it comes to the development of human resources, labor system and leadership. The number of employees are increasing at a higher rate than the infrastructural processes, which can be seen as an organizational growing pain. Based on the results, suggestions regarding which activities the HR function should focus on are given.

    In order to address the development gap and prevent further growth pain symptoms the HR function should focus on proactive measures. A key factor shown in the developed model of the study, is that the leaders are of great importance for how the organization and its employees are able to handle a situation of growing pain. Therefore, HR needs to have a clear picture of what support the business leaders need in order to be able to create a high value for the organization, managers and employees. Consistent with previous research this study shows that the specifics of each organization and the context it operates in determines which activities that are most important and effective in order to achieve a successful result. General suggestions for HR activities are therefore not given.

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