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  • 1.
    Aalto-Hardy, Annette
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, French.
    Les influences françaises dans la Russie tsariste: sur les réformes culturelles, sociales et politiques2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [fr]

    Le mémoire traite de l’influence des idées françaises des Lumières sur la Russie et son évolution, notamment sociale, politique et culturelle. Cette étude est concentrée sur les deux tsars les plus célèbres et leur règne respectifs, Pierre Ier le Grand et Catherine II la Grande puisqu’ils ont été à l’origine de la plupart des réformes. Une description de la Russie avant l'époque de Pierre Ier et du siècle des Lumières, ses philosophes et ses idées fondamentales, est aussi présentée. Le mémoire se termine par une brève discussion sur les réformes essentielles faites dans la Russie tsariste.

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  • 2.
    Aanstoot, Janna
    Dalarna University, School of Language, Literatures and Learning, Swedish as Second Language.
    Att mäta progression i svenska som andraspråkstexter2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att analysera hur texter skrivna av studenter i svenska som andraspråk på B-nivå förändras kvantitativt och kvalitativt över tid under sina studier vid Korta vägen, en uppdragsutbildningpå universitet och studieförbund beställd av Arbetsförmedlingen. Nio deltagare producerade en text i början av utbildningen och en i slutet av utbildningen och dessa texter analyserades med avseende på totalt antal ord, medellängd på meningarna (ord/mening = MLM), kvotbisatser vs huvudsatser samt andel felaktiga och svårbedömda satser. Resultatet visar att förändringen av antalet ord bedöms som signifikant på gruppnivå med en effektstorlek på mediumnivå (>0,5) (Cohen’s d = 0,511) mellan den första och andra texten. Vad gäller förändringen av medellängd på meningar över tid bedöms denna som signifikant på lägsta nivå (<0,2) (Cohen’s d =0,367). Den största förändringen som visar sig i studien är dock andelen bisatser vs huvudsatser där effektstorlek bedöms som stor (>0,8) och högst signifikant (Cohen’s d = 1,677). De kvalitativa lingvistiska fel som studenterna gjort har klassificerats i nio kategorier: 1. felaktig interpunktion, 2. problem med svensk ordföljd, 3. adverb uppfattas felaktigt som bisatsinledare, 4. bisats står ensam, 5. bisatsinledaren behärskas inte så studenten gör två huvudsatser, 6. behövlig satsdel saknas, 7. fasta uttryck behärskas inte grammatiskt, 8. inskjutning av ord som inte följer svensk syntax, 9. betydelsen av satsen är svårtolkad. I diskussionen anknyts till Bulté och Housens (2012) modell över språklig komplexitet samt processbarhetsteorin (Pienemann & Håkansson, 1999). Slutsatsen är att både längd och bisatser är en viktig del av progressionen i studenters andraspråkstexter men att kvalitativa felanalyser fortfarande krävs för att bedöma förändringens kvalitet.

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  • 3.
    Abatescianni, Marco Lorenzo
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Sorcery and Spiritual Hegemony in Africa2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Africa, the spiritual power is at the center of everyday life, politics and religion. Whatcharacterizes this power, in most of the continent, is its recourse to magic and sorcery. This thesisintends to to understand, if and how, the manipulation of a magical and spiritual reality, might havehelped a dominant power in exercising an hegemonic control. Or on the contrary, to dismantle it.The analysis will focus on two main sources: an ethnographic work based in Congo and a medievalepic set in West Africa.

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  • 4.
    Abdul Kareem, Ala'a
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Comparative Literature.
    A Psychoanalytical Reading of Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights: An Analysis of the Defense Mechanisms of Some Characters2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay presents a portrayal of Heathcliff, Catherine and Isabella from a psychoanalytical perspective with regard to four defense mechanisms; namely, repression, denial, sublimation and projection in order to see how these defense mechanisms have affected the characters’ decisions and behaviour, and led them to their destinations in life. It will include three major sections: repression in characters, denial in characters, and sublimation and projection in characters. These terms will be more clearly defined and explained in the subsequent sections.

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  • 5.
    Abdulmuslimova, Nurbika
    Dalarna University, School of Language, Literatures and Learning.
    Möjligheter och utmaningar med webbaserad SFI-undervisning: En kvalitativ studie om sex lärares uppfattningar om fjärr- och distansundervisning på SFI kurs C under Coronapandemin 20202021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att skapa kunskap om SFI-lärares arbete kring webbaserad undervisning, samt vilka digitala verktyg de använder och på vilket sätt lärarna främjar språkinlärning, när det gäller muntlig interaktion och produktion och vilka metoder som används. Jag vill också ta reda på vad SFI-lärarna har för utmaningar och möjligheter med undervisning på distans.Den här studien bygger på den sociokulturella teorin. Metoden som används är kvalitativ. Materialet samlades med hjälp av enkäter som skickades via mejl till sex SFI-lärare från tre olika skolor. Resultatet av undersökningen visade att de tillfrågade SFI-lärarnas fjärrundervisningstimmar skiljer sig mellan 3h och 15h. Resultatet visade också att samtliga tillfrågade SFI-lärare använder Microsoft Teams och Lunis Liber som digitala hjälpmedel vid fjärr- och distansundervisning. Studien har även tydliggjort att vid webbaserad undervisning uppstår problem med teknik och dåligt nätverk. Samtliga tillfrågade lärare försöker använda den största delen av lektionen till att utveckla elevernas muntliga färdigheter och finner det väldigt utmanande på distans. I resultatet framgick också att samla bedömningsunderlag är mycket svårare på distans. Vidare visade resultatet att IT-support är önskvärt både för lärare och elever. Att genomföra prov, läxförhör och hörförståelse är något lärarna endast kan utföra på plats. De möjligheter med webbaserad undervisning som resultatet tog fram är: flexibilitet, besparing av tid, bättre elevkontakt, mer individ anpassad undervisning samt den digitala kompetensen utvecklas både hos lärare och elever. Avslutningsvis presenteras förslag till vidare forskning.

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  • 6.
    Abelin, Åsa
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Thorén, Bosse
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    The Perceptual Weight of Word Stress, Quantity and Tonal Word Accent in Swedish2017In: Phonology in Protolanguage and Interlanguage / [ed] Elena Babatsouli and David Ingram, Equinox Publishing, 2017, p. 316-341Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When teaching the pronunciation of an additional language, the teacher should know which properties to give high priority and which to give lower priority. The present study aims at ranking the perceptual weight among the three phonemic prosodic contrasts of Swedish, namely word stress, quantity and tonal word accent. In two experiments, native Swedish subjects were presented with several disyllabic sequences; intact words, nonsense words and words that were distorted with respect to the three prosodic contrasts. The distorted words were not members of minimal pairs. In addition to intact words and non-word distractors, subjects heard originally trochaic words pronounced with iambic stress pattern and vice versa, originally /VːC/ words pronounced as /VCː/ and originally accent I words pronounced with accent II and vice versa. Listeners should decide whether the words were real words or not. The result shows that words with changed word accent category were rather easy to identify, words with changed stress pattern harder to identify, and changed quantity category caused most problems.

  • 7.
    Abelin, Åsa
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Thorén, Bosse
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    The relative perceptual weight of two Swedish prosodic contrasts2015In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Monolingual and Bilingual Speech 2015 / [ed] Elena Babatsouli, David Ingram, Chania 73100, Greece: Institute of Monolingual and Bilingual Speech , 2015, p. 1-7Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract. In addition to 9 vowel and 18 consonant phonemes, Swedish has three prosodic phonemic contrasts: word stress, quantity and tonal word accent. There are also examples of distinctive phrase or sentence stress, where a verb can be followed by either an unstressed preposition or a stressed particle. This study focuses on word level and more specifically on word stress and tonal word accent in disyllabic words. When making curriculums for second language learners, teachers are helped by knowing which phonetic or phonological features are more or less crucial for the intelligibility of speech and there are some structural and anecdotal evidence that word stress should play a more important role for intelligibility of Swedish, than the tonal word accent. The Swedish word stress is about prominence contrasts between syllables, mainly signaled by syllable duration, while the tonal word accent is signaled mainly by pitch contour. The word stress contrast, as in armen [´arːmən] ‘the arm’ - armén [ar´meːn] ‘the army’, the first word trochaic and the second iambic, is present in all regional varieties of Swedish, and realized with roughly the same acoustic cues, while the tonal word accent, as in anden [´anːdən] ‘the duck’ - anden [`anːdən] ‘the spirit’ is absent in some dialects (as well as in singing), and also signaled with a variety of tonal patterns depending on region. The present study aims at comparing the respective perceptual weight of the two mentioned contrasts. Two lexical decision tests were carried out where in total 34 native Swedish listeners should decide whether a stimulus was a real word or a non-word. Real words of all mentioned categories were mixed with nonsense words and words that were mispronounced with opposite stress pattern or opposite tonal word accent category. The results show that distorted word stress caused more non-word judgments and more loss, than distorted word accent. Our conclusion is that intelligibility of Swedish is more sensitive to distorted word stress pattern than to distorted tonal word accent pattern. This is in compliance with the structural arguments presented above, and also with our own intuition.

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  • 8.
    Abelin, Åsa
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Thorén, Bosse
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    What affects recognition most – wrong wordstress or wrong word accent?2015In: Proceedings of Fonetik 2015, Lund University, Sweden / [ed] Malin Svensson Lundmark, Gilbert Ambrazaitis and Joost van de Weijer, 2015, Vol. 55, p. 7-10Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In an attempt to find out which of the two Swedish prosodic contrasts of 1) wordstress pattern and 2) tonal word accent category has the greatest communicative weight, a lexical decision experiment was conducted: in one part word stress pattern was changed from trochaic to iambic, and in the other part trochaic accentII words were changed to accent I.Native Swedish listeners were asked to decide whether the distorted words werereal words or ‘non-words’. A clear tendency is that listeners preferred to give more‘non-word’ responses when the stress pattern was shifted, compared to when wordaccent category was shifted. This could have implications for priority of phonological features when teaching Swedish as a second language.

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  • 9.
    Abenius, Jessica
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Studiehandledning på modersmål ur studiehandledares egna perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan år 2011 ligger det i skolans uppdrag att ordna med studiehandledning på modersmål, en stödinsats som är tätt sammankopplad med modersmålsundervisning. I skolförordningen, som reglerar Sveriges alla skolformer, kan man läsa att elever som behöver studiehandledning på sitt modersmål ska få det (Skolförordningen, 5. kap, 4 §). Syftet med den här studien är att skapa förståelse om studiehandledning på modersmål utifrån studiehandledarnas egna perspektiv samt utifrån innehållet i styrdokument.

    Studien baseras på halvstrukturerade intervjuer med tre informanter som arbetar som studiehandledare på modersmål på en gymnasieskola och på en granskning av styrdokument där studiehandledning på modersmål nämns. Resultatet visar att informanterna känner sig välbehövda och viktiga i sin yrkesroll. De vittnar om att nyanlända elever behöver stöttning i sitt modersmål för att nå de utsatta målen i ett eller flera ämnen. Det framgår dock att samarbetet mellan studiehandlarna och ämneslärarna behöver bli bättre för att lektionerna ska kunna planeras och utföras på ett bra sätt. Även studiehandledarnas status på skolan behöver höjas, som det ser ut nu så arbetar de i det tysta med ansvar för ett stort antal elever.

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  • 10.
    Abid Adnan, Tahani
    Dalarna University, School of Teacher Education.
    L’enseignement de la grammaire en classe de FLE: Quelles démarches pédagogiques sont aujourd'hui adoptées en Suède pour l'enseignement de la grammaire ?2023Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The grammar teaching and its effectiveness have been at the centre of several studies, where it has been observed that learning a new language is often facilitated by the proficiency in its grammatical elements.

    The purpose of this study is, on the one hand, to better understand how teachers in Sweden teach grammar in French as a foreign language (FLE). On the other hand, we have also studied the attitude of teachers and students towards the teaching of grammar and observed the pedagogical approaches adopted in the textbooks of FLE for the teaching of grammar.

    A qualitative method was used for this study. Interviews with four teachers teaching French, nine observation sessions during FLE to see closely the methods used to teach grammar and questionnaires distributed to students learning French as a foreign language in 9th grade. In addition, two textbooks for class 7 were selected to examine the grammatical approaches expressed in the grammar exercises.

    From the responses received during the interviews, we can see that teachers' attitudes towards the importance of grammar are very positive, but they believe that grammar needs to be stated more clearly in the curriculum and the CERC. Our data show also that teachers in French prefer to include grammar through explicit rather than implicit instruction, and that they use explicit, inductive, or deductive grammar instruction to provide better understanding to learners.

    The 15 answers to the questionnaire allowed us to understand that most studentswho participated have a positive attitude towards the role of French grammar and that they needto know grammar to speak French. The results of the questionnaire also showed that studentsprefer deduction-based teaching to learn the grammar of the target language.

    As for the two textbooks, they do not follow the same didactic approaches. In the textbook La Nouvelle Chouette B, the learner is led to discover grammatical notions through a support text or corpus and a series of exercises, and this is guided by the teacher. However, we find that the Arc en Ciel 7 textbook follows an explicit and deductive approach because a grammar rule is always stated and explained to students in French and Swedish with some supporting examples, at the beginning of each chapter. Then, the students do a series of exercises where they learn to apply the grammar rule.

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  • 11.
    Abkarian, Annie
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Challenging Phallocentrism in Rabih Alameddine's An Unnecessary Woman2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 12.
    Abou Dib, Fadi
    Dalarna University, School of Language, Literatures and Learning, Arabic.
    الإنسانوية القصوى ومفهوم الدازاين في فلسفة ألكسندر دوغِن2023In: مثاقفات, ISSN 2732-4850, no 7, p. 80-89Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Abou Dib, Fadi
    Dalarna University, School of Language, Literatures and Learning, Arabic.
    الدين ودور الرموز الغريزية في اللاوعي الجمعيّ2022In: رواق ميلسون, ISSN 2757-8909, no 6, p. 165-175Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 14.
    Abou Dib, Fadi
    Dalarna University, School of Language, Literatures and Learning, Arabic.
    تاريخ اللاوعي: شيلينغ والوقوف عل حافة "الهاوية"2023In: مثاقفات, ISSN 2732-4850, no 8, p. 2-9Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 15.
    Abou Dib, Fadi
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Arabic.
    تعاليم الأنثى السِّرّيّة عند جبران خليل جبران2020In: مدى, no 10Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16.
    Abou Dib, Fadi
    Dalarna University, School of Language, Literatures and Learning, Arabic.
    خطاب اللاوعي في فصول من حياة جبرا إبراهيم جبرا2022Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [ar]

    لا شكّ في أنه من غير الممكن أن نتحدث عن أعماق حياة الإنسان من دون اعتبار الفتوحات المعرفية والملاحظات المدهشة التي أنجزتها كشوفات التحليل النفسي وعلم النفس التحليلي عند فرويد ويونغ وغيرهما من علماء النفس. وإذا كان هذا صحيحاً بشكل عام، فإنّه ولا ريب مثار اهتمام كبير حين يتعلق الأمر بالإبداعات الإنسانية من فنون وآداب وغير ذلك. ولكن الأكثر إثارة هو حين يلحظ المبدع عمل اللاوعي، الفردي والجمعي، بغض النظر عن التسمية التي قد يطلقها عليه: قوى الحياة، إرادة الكون، رسائل الوجود، إلى آخره. ولعلّه من الصواب القول إنّ هذا الوعي لما هو متعالٍ أو غير واعٍ أو فائق للعاديّ يترافق بإدراك للذات وتفرّدها وبتلمّس دورها التاريخي بوصفها شخصية غائيّة وعلاقتها بالزمان والمكان ليست عشوائية أو اعتباطية. هكذا إذن ينظر الإنسان إلى نفسه من منظور تاريخيّ، أي من زاوية حدس المعنى والغاية والرسالة.

    بهذا المعنى تبرز إشارات اللاوعي، الفردي والجمعي/الكوني، في فصول عديدة من حياة الروائي والناقد والكاتب الكبير جبرا إبراهيم جبرا، ويبرز وعيه الشخصي لكثير من هذه الإشارات، والتي سنتناولها في ضوء بعض المفاهيم والتصوّرات والتجارب الشخصية التي كشفها عالم النفس التحليلي السويسري كارل غوستاف يونغ.

  • 17.
    Abou Dib, Fadi
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Arabic.
    شخصيّة معلّم الحكمة في روايتي «مرداد » و «اليوم الأخير » لميخائيل نعيمة2020In: عود الند, ISSN 1756-4212, no 16, p. 46-58Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Abou Dib, Fadi
    Dalarna University, School of Language, Literatures and Learning, Arabic.
    نقد الماركسية، الشخصانية ومفهوم السَبورنَست في ضوء فلسفة نيكولاي برديايف2022In: منيرفا, ISSN 2437-0703, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 102-116Article, review/survey (Refereed)
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    نقد الماركسية، الشخصانية ومفهوم السَبورنَست في ضوء فلسفة نيكولاي برديايف
  • 19.
    Abozidan, Elias
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    On the Second-Generation Migrants’ Hybridity and Otherness in Hanif Kureishi’s The Buddha of Suburbia. 2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 20.
    Abrahamsson, Linn
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Fördomar, normer och generaliseringar: En studie av religionskunskapslärares förhållningsätt till mångfald2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att undersöka lärares förhållningssätt till begreppet mångfald så som det skrivs fram i ämnesplanen för religionskunskap i LGY11. Fem kvalitativa intervjuer genomfördes med lärare i religionskunskap på gymnasiet. Dessa intervjuer har tolkats med hjälp av en narrativ analysmetod och relaterats dels till olika filosofiska perspektiv, normkritisk pedagogik samt fältet för kontroversiella frågor i undervisning. Resultatet påvisar att det finns såväl likheter som skillnader mellan lärarnas förhållningssätt. En likhet var att många av dem intog ett elevperspektiv i sin undervisning och berättade om hur de anpassar sin undervisning till olika elevgrupper. En skillnad berör hur man uppfattar själva religionsämnet som sådant; vissa av lärarna talade i termer av att motverka fördomar, andra om att ämnet kan bidra till en ökad förståelse hos eleverna själva.

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  • 21.
    Abramowska, Magdalena
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Ehnlund, Isabell
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Snowboardens bildspråk 1980-2010: En kartläggning2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Snowboarding is today a major winter sport with its own equipment, its own culture and elite riders. For professional athletes or for those who just snowboard for fun, snowboard becomes an extension of their body while in motion.

    The layout on the boards has changed over the years but despite of this there is a lack of scientific studies in the field. Therefore, this study aimed to identify how the graphics of 240 snowboards have evolved between 1980-2010, and fill some of these holes in the scientific documentation. 

    This survey was based on a visual content analysis, which resulted in interesting observations. The results that emerged were that the result can be generalized and that the development of snowboards graphics has changed over the decades. Snowboards from the various decades have specific characteristics that this study provides.

  • 22. Abu-Deeb, Kamal
    Al- Jurjani's Theory of Poetic Imagery1979Book (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Abu-Deeb, Kamal
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Arabic.
    al-Sūnaytāt aw al-tawāshīḥ al-kāmilah: bi-al-lughatayn al-ʻArabīyah wa-al-Inklīzīyah2012Book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Abu-Deeb, Kamal
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Arabic.
    الأدب العجائبي والعالم الغرائبي: في كتاب العظمة وفن السرد العربي2007Book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Abu-Deeb, Kamal
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Arabic.
    السذاجة العربيةفي مواجهة الدهاء الأوروبي2011In: الحياةArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26. Abu-Deeb, Kamal
    جماليات التجاور: أو تشابك الفضاءات الإبداعية1998Book (Other academic)
  • 27. Abu-Deeb, Kamal
    عذابات المتنبي: في صحبة كمال أبو ديب والعكس بالعكس 201 هجرية ـ2001 ميلادية1996Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28.
    Abu-Deeb, Kamal
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Arabic.
    قليلا من العقل يا سورية2011In: القدس العربيArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Abu-Deeb, Kamal
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Arabic.
    كتاب الحرية2012Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Abu-Deeb, Kamal
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Arabic.
    Nabsh, Dalal
    ديوان التدبيج: فتنة الإبداع وذروة الإمتاع2010Book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Adelqvist, Liselott
    Dalarna University, School of Language, Literatures and Learning.
    Språkutvecklande arbetssätt på introduktionsprogrammet: Ämneslärarnas arbete för språkutvecklande arbetssätt i undervisningen2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På introduktionsprogrammet går elever som är mellan 16-19 år gamla och som inte har bott i Sverige i mer än fyra år. Eleverna strävar efter att få betyg för åk. 9 i svenska som andraspråk, matematik och i engelska och i minst fem ämnen till. För att eleverna ska ha en möjlighet att klara av de stora utmaningar som de ställs inför måste ämneslärarna arbeta på med ett språkutvecklande arbetssätt i NO, SO och matematik och stödja eleverna i ämnesspecifika läs-och skrivaktiviteter. Lärarna behöver erbjuda adekvat stöttning för att elevernas kunskapsutveckling ska ske som leder till måluppfyllelse.Undersökningens syfte är att undersöka hur fem ämneslärare arbetar språkutvecklande på språkintroduktionen för att eleverna ska nå goda studieresultat. Studien utgörs av intervjuer och observationer, men även av enkäter som har delats ut till lärarna. Analysen är kvalitativ eftersom frågorna i enkäterna var öppna. Resultatet visar att lärarna mestadels har en medvetenhet kring språkets betydelse i sina ämnen. Eftersom de arbetar på språkintroduktionen har de en förståelse för att de måste lägga fokus på språket även om de arbetar som ämneslärare. Det finns dock stora variationer i hur lärarna arbetar med stöttning och att de har olika uppfattning i hur man stöttar eleverna bäst för att de ska nå goda studieresultat.

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  • 32.
    Aderhold, Madeleine
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    Zwischen Entwicklungsroman und Romantasy: Komparative Konfliktlösung in deutschsprachiger Fantasyliteratur anhand der Edelstein und Zeit Trilogie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [de]

    Diese Examensarbeit vergleicht zwei phantastische Jugendbücher aus dem Bereich der Romantic Fantasy (Romantasy) und analysiert inwiefern diese als Entwicklungsromane gelten. Die Trilogien sind die Edelstein Trilogie von Kerstin Gier und die Zeit Trilogie von Sandra Regnier. Der erste Abschnitt definiert und zeigt die Merkmale und Muster von Entwicklungsromanen, Fantasy und Romantasy auf. Der zweite Teil analysiert beide Trilogien auf ihre dargestellten Konflikte, die die Protagonisten bewältigen müssen und deren erfolgten Entwicklungsprozess. Es wird gezeigt wie phantastische Aspekte den Entwicklungsprozess beeinflussen und wo sich Merkmale des Entwicklungsromans in moderner Jugendbuchliteratur wiederfinden lassen.

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  • 33.
    Adolphson, Ulrica
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Elever i kommunikation med lärare: En samtalsanalytisk studie i klassrummet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 34.
    Ageborg Ollandt, Frida
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Vuong, Bao
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Dressed for Success? – Tech startupsuppfattning om värdet av den visuellaidentiteten2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is no doubt that a great brand requires a clear visual identity, but what

    does it mean in practice? The objective of this study was to investigate the tech

    startups perception of the value of the visual identity. Through semi-structured

    interviews, with nine respondents from nine different tech startups, as well as a

    business coach, the study analyses how tech startups evaluate the visual identity

    in relation to how they have been working with it.

    The general view, based on the interviews, showed that the visual identity is

    important, where all respondents have updated the visual identity one or several

    times thus, the visual identity has evolved over time.

    The study also revealed that tech startups whose founders had a background in

    design or communication found its visual identity on a early stage, albeit

    smaller updates have been done.

    Although all respondents emphasize the importance of the visual identity, they

    see measureability of design, as a problem. As startups in general, but tech

    startups in particular, have limited resources, prioritizing the visual identity is

    seen as a risk. Therefor tech startups tend to prioritize other aspect above the

    visual identity.

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  • 35.
    Agerberg, Alexandra
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    Digitale Kompetenzen auf dem Stundenplan2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:

    the paper at hand has four aims. Firstly, it examines teachers’ own understanding of the term digital competence. Secondly, a closer look is taken at how teachers assess their own digital competence. For this purpose, the term digital competence was divided into three aspects: technical, didactical and theoretical competences all of which shed a different light on the main term digital competence but are equally important in the implementation of digital competence in successful teaching and as according to the changes made to the Swedish curriculum in 2018. Thirdly, this paper tries to investigate how often digital competence and digital tools and media are implemented in language teaching and fourthly, a look is taken at what digital tools and media are at the teachers’ disposal and how their use is applied.

    Design/methods/ approach:

    Empirical study made with the help of an online questionnaire which was sent do different secondary schools in Sweden inviting language teachers to participate. The answers given in the survey are analysed and quantitatively and qualitatively presented. The results found are discussed and compared with other recent literature and research papers in the field of ICT and digital competence in teaching.

    Findings:

    according to the results, the author of this paper found that the teachers who participated in this study have a very varied understanding of the term digital competence. The definitions given reflect the terms complexity and the individual relations to the term itself and what importance is given to the digital tools and media associated. When asked to assess their own digital competences, which were divided into technical, didactical and theoretical digital competences, the participating teachers gave their own competences a generally high rating. Nevertheless, differences can be noted and the assessment, although generally high for all the competences involved, does show a falling curve in which the participants rate their technical digital competence at the highest and their theoretical digital competence at the lowest.

    According to the results analysed, digital tools and media are implemented in teaching on a regular and even daily basis and teachers generally have a broad variety of tools and media at their disposal. However, the study shows that the frequent use of these tools does not seem to have had an impact or changed the basic way they are applied in language teaching. A comparison with earlier studies and literature shows that a lack of methods may be the reason for the stagnation of development in this field.

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  • 36.
    Agerberg, Alexandra
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    Im Zwiegespräch mit dem Computer: ICT und digitale Kompetenzen zur Förderung und zur Motivation der Sprachentwicklung von Lernern einer Fremdsprache mit Focus auf die mündliche Sprachentwicklung2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    – The paper at hand has three aims which are based on the recent adjustments made to the Swedish curriculum which take effect in summer 2018 and stipulate the implementation of digital competence in all subjects. Firstly, the study examines the effect of ICT and digital media/ aids on the WTC and motivation of second language learners. Secondly, a look is taken at how ICT and digital media/ aids are implemented in teaching today and thirdly, the challenges teachers face by the diverse interpretation and definition of the term digital competence and its realization in the classroom are investigated.

    Design/methodology/approach

    – The study is a literature review in which recent literature and research papers in the field of ICT in teaching with focus on second language teaching and learning were examined.

    Findings

    – According to the results, the author found that the use of ICT and digital media/ aids have a positive effect on the WTC and motivation of second language learners when used appropriately. The challenges teachers face in this respect is a lack of methods and strategies as well as technical support that are needed to successfully implement ICT in their lessons. Especially the lack of technical support is viewed as a time consuming one as it requires teachers to have a back-up-plan which in effect means more lesson planning on their part. Additionally and in regard to the implementation of digital competences in all subjects, teachers are faced with new challenges which comprise a technical; theoretical and didactical knowledge of the term and its practical realization. Due to the recency of the changes made to the curriculum, the investigation of the challenges that present themselves to the teachers open up for new research that can be made in this field.

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  • 37.
    Agerberg, Alexandra
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Jay Gatsby and Myrtle Wilson – Victims of Illusion and Destined to Fail: A Study of False-Consciousness in The Great Gatsby 2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 38.
    Ahl, Josefin
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    "That Little Box of Light": The Presence of Photography in John Banville’s Ghosts 2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 39.
    Ahlberg, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Art Education.
    Danielsson, Helena
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Art Education.
    Elevrespons på bloggen2013In: Meningsskapande fritidshem: Studio som arena för multimodalt lärande / [ed] Malin Rohlin, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, 1, p. 81-113Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    De äldre barnen på fritidshemmet är i fokus i detta kapitel, som behandlar barns lärande vid inkludering av visuella uttryck i den pedagogiska verksamheten. Vi lät elever i tolvårsåldern inspireras att samtala om bilder och multimodala texter via en digital utställningsplats. Det övergripande syftet med vår studie var att stärka barnens förmåga att återkoppla och reflektera kring egna och andras arbeten och på så sätt öka deras förståelse både för bildskapande och för de kunskapsområden som varit föremål för deras studier. Olika temaarbeten har följts under en längre tid - projekt som äger rum i skolans sammanhang men i kapitlet diskuteras som idéer för möjligt samarbete mellan lärare på fritidshem och i skolmiljön. Konkreta exempel från barnens arbete och process varvas i kapitlet med teorier och begrepp in området visuell gestaltning och estetiska lärprocesser.

  • 40.
    Ahlborg, Linus
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Sjöbusar: En deskriptiv studie i svensk militärrätt vid Svenska Högsjöflottan under början av 1800-talet.2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här C-uppsatsen syftar till att genom en kvantitativ studie av domböcker från Karlskrona örlogsstation under representiva krigs- och fredsår undersöka ett relativt bortglömt kapitel i svensk militärrättshistoria, nämligen brottslighet och rättspraxis för krigsmakten inom den svenska högsjöflottan mellan åren 1798 och 1812.

    Rymmning det absolut vanligaste registrerade brottsligheten och de värvade volontärerna var rymningsbenägna än de indelta båtsmänen. Straffomvandlingen vid leuteration var återkommande väldigt godtycklig, även med omständigheter borträknat. Volontärerna begick i större utsträckning under rymning flera brott samtidigt och blev också i större utsträckning, efter leuteration av krigsrättens domslut, dömda till spöstraff samt fler antal gatlopp än båtsmän. Vid dubbel legas tagning var volontärer enormt överrepresenterade, speciellt under krigsår, jämfört med båtsmän. Tydligt är att båtsmäns och volontärers skilda positioner som deltids-respektive fulltid gav avtryck i straffregistret. Underofficerarna var klart överrepresenterade när det gällde fylleri i tjänst, angrepp, samt fångförsnillning. Manskapets representation av fylleri i tjänst lyser med sin frånvaro, vilket kan förklaras av extrajudiciell hantering utanför domstol.

  • 41.
    Ahlgren, Ella
    Dalarna University, School of Language, Literatures and Learning.
    Translating Hamilton in Japanese: analysis of translation methods used in singable translations2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Singable translation of music is widely debated within the field. For some, singable translation is something a translator should not do, as it might require modification to the rhythm and melody which take the translated piece too far from the original. On the other hand, such translation is advocated by empathizing the importance of audience hearing and understanding the song in their own language.

    This paper examines and discusses the translation techniques used in a singable translation of the Broadway musical Hamilton, translated from English into Japanese. The musical has been officially translated for performing only in German, in contrast to another famous American musical, West Side Story, which by 2001 had been translated into 12 different languages, including Japanese (Gottlieb, 2001). However, according to Gen Parton-Shin, a Japanese-American actor working in the scene, the musical Hamilton is said to be impossible to translate into Japanese (2019). Through examining unofficial Japanese singable fan translations using Yoko Hasegawa and Peter Low’s established techniques and principles, this paper argues the statement to be false: the translators have found equivalent expressions to apply as their most often used translation technique, combined with frequent use of borrowed words and lines, it proves there are ways to convey the story in Japanese as well.

  • 42.
    Ahlkvist, Alexander
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Bruggeman, Ella
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Hur representeras karaktärer i reality-tv?: En jämförande analys av karaktärers framställning i Robinson och Paradise Hotel ur ett genusperspektiv.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka och jämföra hur karaktärer gestaltas i två olika reality-serier. I teorin utgår vi från stereotyper, representation, genus och härskartekniker. Den metoden som används är frågor som vi utformat utifrån Jens Eders karaktärsklocka. Vi har analyserat två karaktärer från Robinson och två karaktärer från Paradise Hotel. Resultatet av undersökningen visar på att karaktärerna från Paradise Hotel ges lite utrymme till att utvecklas som karaktärer och hamnar i stereotypiska fack. I Robinson hamnar karaktärerna tidigt i stereotypiska fack men ges mer utrymme till att utvecklas bortom den första stereotypiska framställningen.

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  • 43.
    Ahlrik, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Att arbeta med skönlitteratur inom SVA och SVE: En kvalitativ studie av hur arbete med skönlitteratur kan se ut inom SVA och SVE inom vuxenutbildningen.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The purpose of this study is to compare Swedish as a second language (SVA) and Swedish (SVE) with focus on how the teachers think about literary studies. Interviews with three teachers in each course have been made. The results of the study are indicative rather than measurable. The interviews show that the aspect of language is more important to the SVA-teachers. There are differences in the curriculums, not only connected to the aim of developing an acceptable language, but also in contents. The teachers in SVA chose modern literature and the teacher in SVE chose classic literature and this is coherent with the curriculum. The conclusions are that the aim on developing the language in SVA is necessary, since the students who are attending that course not have reached the same level in language as the SVE-students have. But earlier research in the subject indicates that the capability to read different kind of literature does not need to be connected with skills in language. There are no justifiable arguments for the differences in content in the curriculum according to literary studies. The students may have advantages in discussing literature in mixed classes but the prework need to be different with the starting point that the students in SVA need more help with the understanding of words. The difficulties with the understanding of the whole book do not necessarily have a connection with the difficulties with the language.

  • 44.
    Ahlstrand, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Björkholm, Eva
    Stockholms universitet, CeHum.
    Frohagen, Jenny
    Stockholms universitet.
    Nyberg, Gunn
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science. Stockholms universitet, CeHum.
    Learning Study as a way to inquire the meaning of knowing what is to be known: The meaning of knowing how to move in specific ways2013In: WALS - World Association of Lesson Studies, International conference 2013: Lesson and Learning Study as teacher research, 5-9 september: Conference Programme and Abstracts of papers, 2013, p. 82-82Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Learning Study inquires teaching and learning in relation to a specific object of learning. The meaning of knowing the specific object of learning is specified in the research process – in the planning and analysis of the pre-test as well as in designing and analysis of research lessons. In this symposium the focus will be on different aspects of the knowledge generation in a Learning Study concerning the meaning of knowing what is expected to be known. By inquiring teaching and learning of a specific content our knowledge regarding that content will be differentiated and deepened. The meaning of knowing a specific object of learning is a dynamic knowledge object – depending on the specific group of students in interaction with a specific content. Each new group of students will make it possible to discern new aspects of the learning object. By analyzing student difficulties as well as interactions in the classroom new aspects of the learning object will be discerned. In the symposium four different Learning Studies from different school subjects will be presented. The meaning of knowing will be explored and discussed from different angles – from the perspective of the learners (in the pre-tests) and  the teachers (in the teacher discussions) as well as from how it is constituted in the classroom interaction (documented in the videos from the research lessons).

    Chair: Ingrid Carlgren

    Discussant: Ference Marton

     

    Contributions:

    Pernilla AhlstrandLearning Study as a way to inquire about progress in acting and presence on stage.

    Theatre is a subject in upper secondary school in Sweden as part of the national aesthetic program. The new kind of syllabus is organized in relation to content areas as well as subject specific capabilities for the students to develop. The syllabus also includes criteria for the assessment of students’ capabilities – to be used when giving marks to the students and working with formative assessment or assessment for learning (Black & Wiliam, 1998, Gipps 1995. The criteria are expressed in general, non-subject specific terms. This is for example formulated as the difference between a simple and complex way of being able to express something in the theatre syllabus. In my research I investigate how learning study as a research approach and phenomenography as a method of analyzing pretests can be used as another and deepened way to describe different levels of knowing in relation to the national criteria.

    Theatre knowledge and the way knowledge is transferred is in previous research to a great extent described as tacit (Lagerström 2005, Järleby 2003, Johansson 2012). This gives theatre teachers even further challenges, trying to formulate what is described as tacit knowing (Polanyi 1958/1998 &1967/2009, Johannessen 1988, 1999, 2002, Janik 1995, 1996, Schön 1983).

    The capability of being present was found suitable as an object of learning, as it is something that teachers have experienced difficulties with when teaching and instructing. Presence is a core quality in acting and it is one of the criteria teachers agree on being of great importance when assessing a student but in what way can the knowing of the capability of being present be described?

    It will be discussed whether an outcome space (in relation to filmed material) can be a way to develop teachers and students understanding of the meaning of knowing as a help to work with assessment for learning.

     

    Eva Björkholm - The meaning of knowing how to construct a  linkage mechanism. Discerning aspects of the object of learning by analyzing classroom interactions

    This presentation describes a Learning Study within primary technology education focusing on the capability to construct a specific linkage mechanism. What one has to know in order to be able to construct a linkage mechanism is, however, not self-evident. The study reported here explores the meaning of this specific knowing. The study was conducted in collaboration with two primary school teachers and their two classes (children aged 6-7 years). Throughout the whole study step by step, starting with the analysis of the pre-test, followed by three cycles of planning and evaluation of research lessons, and the analysis of post-test, the meaning of the object of learning was specified (Marton & Pang, 2006; Carlgren, 2012). The presentation will focus on knowledge generated from the video recorded lessons by analyzing the classroom interactions and students’ difficulties that were made visible through these interactions. Teacher-student interactions as well as student-student interactions were analyzed. By analyzing students’ difficulties regarding the specific object of learning, critical aspects of the expected knowing were discerned and in this way the meaning of knowing what is expected to be known was made explicit.

    The results are presented in the form of critical aspects of what it means to know how to construct a linkage mechanism for this group of students. The critical aspects identified in the pre-test were further elaborated in the research lessons and by analyzing the classroom interactions in terms of student difficulties, additional aspects that were critical for students’ learning were identified. By gradually identifying the critical aspects, the collective understanding of the meaning of the object of learning was developed and specified.

     

    Jenny Frohagen – The meaning of knowing how to make expressions in artifacts: generating knowledge through designing lesson tasks   

    The school subject sloyd derives from a practical knowledge tradition which covers knowing in craft and art (Mäkelä, 2011; Hasselskog, 2010; Borg, 2001). However, sloyd teachers express difficulties when trying to explain and deal with aesthetic aspects when teaching sloyd (Fransson, 2010; Borg, 2007). There has been a tendency of trivializing the subject content into a shallow form of craft knowledge understood as ‘merely’ working with traditional craft techniques (Borg, 2008; Skolverket, 2005). There is a need to articulate the aesthetical features of knowing in sloyd. In my contribution I will present results from a Learning Study in sloyd focusing on the knowing of interpreting symbolic expressions in sloyd artefacts.

    In my presentation I will focus on how the iterative process of designing (short) lesson tasks given to the students during the research lessons and also in pre- and post-tests in each cycle, can be a way of understanding the object of learning. Since explicit tests of the students knowing are rarely found in sloyd education, conducting Learning Studies in sloyd can be a meaningful way of developing subject specific tasks. In this Learning Study different designs of tasks has been explored during the process as a way to inquire the knowing of interpreting symbolic expressions in sloyd artefacts. The results from this study show how the articulation of an object of learning in sloyd can be specified and validated throughout the process of designing and carrying out subject specific tests and lesson tasks. Depending on how the object of learning was articulated, the tasks/tests changed focus and the meaning of the knowing differed. By analyzing the students learning outcomes and redesigning the pre- and post-test in a Learning study as well as the given lesson tasks, new aspects of the learning object can be discerned.

     

    Gunn NybergThe meaning of knowing how to move in specific ways: embodied understanding as somatic grasping

    The subject physical education has a tradition of being a ‘practical’ subject. However, practical forms of knowing such as for example bodily awareness and capability to move (e.g. jumping, running or dancing) do not, neither for teachers nor pupils, seem to be a main issue of learning in PE (Tinning, 2010; Redelius et al, 2009,). The knowing involved in moving is not easily articulated and may, according to Polanyi (1954), “often result in explaining away quite genuine practices or experiences” (p. 385). The aim of this study is to explore and articulate the meaning of knowing how to move in a specific way exemplified through a movement called ‘house hop’.

    The study takes as it’s starting point an epistemological perspective on capability to move corresponding with Ryle’s (1949) “knowing how”, not separating mental and physical skills. Accordingly, a phenomenographic analysis of students’ experiencing of the learning object (‘house hop’) have been used.

     

    The paper draws mainly on data from video recordings of the pre-test and transcripts of two video recorded lessons from a Learning Study in upper secondary school. The findings show the meaning of knowing house hop as different ways of knowing the movement as well as several aspects to discern in order to know the movement in a powerful way.

    This presentation will focus on how students’ experiencing of a movement are expressed in their way of moving. Taking this as a starting point when teaching and learning movements can contribute to an approach to capability to move as comprising mental and physical processes as one process. Conceiving the knowing involved in ‘house hopping’ (as well as other ways of moving) this way could also contribute to a discussion concerning subject specific knowledge in PE and particularly it’s ‘practical’ dimension.

     

     

     

  • 45. Ahlström, Jill
    Får jag vara med?: En innehållsanalys av två läromedel i svenska som andraspråk på gymnasiet med fokus på etnisk och religiös mångfald2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract: Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att undersöka i vilken utsträckning läromedel i svenska som andraspråk på gymnasiet innehåller etnisk och religiös mångfald, samt hur utvalda delar framställs med fokus på etnisk och religiös inkludering. Arbetets teoretiska ramverk har utgjorts av representationsteori, begreppet orientalism samt begreppet etnocentrism. Det material som undersöktes var två basläromedel i Svenska som andraspråk 2 på gymnasienivå. Studiens primära metod var kvantitativ innehållsanalys, men en kvalitativ innehållsanalys utfördes även i kompletterande syfte. Den kvantitativa textanalysen är avgränsad till de litteraturhistoriska delarna, medan den kvalitativa innehållsanalysen samt bildanalysen undersöker läromedlen i sin helhet. Det huvudsakliga resultatet var att en genomgående skillnad har kunnat avslöjas mellan läromedlen inom såväl den etniska som den religiösa mångfalden. Ett annat centralt fynd rör den knappa förekomsten av religion i läromedlen. De kvantitativa resultaten redovisas genom stapel- och cirkeldiagram vilka visar att förekomsten av etnisk och religiös mångfald i läromedlens text och bilder är begränsad samt att denna mångfald skiljer sig åt i de båda läromedlen.

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  • 46.
    Ahmad, Mahmoud
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    L’usage de la naïveté dans les contes philosophiques Candide et Le Petit Prince2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on the study of the choice of a naive hero and the philosophical tale by Voltaire and Saint-Exupéry in Candide and The Little Prince. We first defined what we mean by naivety, the philosophical tale and children’s literature theories. We checked the hypothesis that naivety allows the protagonists to be porous and open to the experiences that they encounter. They are not obtuse, stubborn, they are ready to learn because they are naive. We also highlighted the advantage of the naive character of the protagonist and the philosophical tale to convey a message to the readers. We also tried to understand the reasons that encouraged the two authors to choose these literary genres (philosophical tale and children’s literature). Finally, we studied the evolution and learning process of the protagonists. The learning happened at the end of the journey for Candide and during the journey for the little prince and in their evolution other characters assisted them.

  • 47.
    Ahmad, Ramiar
    Dalarna University, School of Language, Literatures and Learning.
    The influence of yakuwarigo and gendered language on character portrayals: A case study of the Japanese translation of Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets by JK Rowling2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The book Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, written by the prolific author J.K.Rowling, is a popular piece of fiction that has been adapted into a film as well as severalvideogames. The book has also been translated from its original English into dozens oflanguages, including Japanese. Translations can differ from their original counterparts,especially when the languages in question differ in their syntax and cultural norms. Thesedifferences can potentially alter the original author’s intended character portrayals.This project aimed to evaluate the effect of gendered language and yakuwarigo on charactervoices in the Japanese translation of Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets. Fourcharacters – Hermione, Hagrid, Dumbledore, and McGonagall – were evaluated bymeans of their spoken dialogue in the book. The English lines of dialogue and their Japanesecounterparts were extracted from the book and analysed.The results of the dialogue-analysis show that the dialogue in the Japanese version of thebook was more gendered, and exhibited typical signs of role language. These findingswere corroborated through the use of separate questionnaires for Japanese and Englishparticipants. The questionnaires asked participants to determine the gender and role ofcharacters purely on the basis of certain lines in the book, with no external contextprovided. Japanese participants managed to identify both the gender and role of charactersmore accurately.

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  • 48.
    Ahmadi, Sanaz
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Sorry for Thanking You: Expressions of Gratitude and Apology in Favor Asking Messages of Swedish Advanced Learners of Japanese2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [ja]

    日本語を勉強する外国人の重大な問題の一つは語用論と談話に関連する難しさである。言語習得には文化的な要素が重要であるが、文化の経験がない学習者が基本的な間違いをする人が多人数である。スウェーデン人の日本語学生に支障になる事の中では相手に迷惑や失礼を回避するような方法で要求文を作成する事である。文化的な相違点を参考にし、スウェーデン人の日本語学生に要求の言語行為のDCTを使いインターネット調査を行った。調べるにあたって注目した点は依頼の場合でのポライトネス・ストラテジーという言語行為である。結果的にスウェーデン人の日本語学生の間違いは特の言語行為による事ではなく、国の社会が個人主義か集団主義かという事によるようだ。スウェーデンは日本と比較して個人主義な社会である事で個人を基本とするポライトネス・ストラテジーを用いる事が多い。

  • 49.
    Ahola, Olli
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Den moraliskt tvetydiga karaktären: En analys av Tony Sopranos karaktärsbåge i The Sopranos2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Paradoxen i den hyllade karaktären Tony Sopranos obefintliga karaktärsutveckling skapar ett intresse i att undersöka karaktärens så kallade båge i serien The Sopranos. Undersökningen uträttas med syftet att belysa vad som utgör tittarengagemang för serien och dess protagonist, trots avsaknaden av en för protagonisten och vidare serien viktig dramaturgisk huvudkomponent. En hypotes som drivs kommer i analysen av utvalda scener ur serien att visa hur olika berättarelement tillsammans tillåter en möjlig självutveckling för tittaren. Denna möjlighet till självutveckling och en så kallad moralisk mekanism utgör i slutändan det som skapar tittarengagemang för serien The Sopranos och dess moraliskt tvetydiga karaktär Tony Soprano.

  • 50.
    Aida Niendorf, Mariya
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Cross-cultural analysis of Finnish vs. Japanese politeness strategies2018Conference paper (Other academic)
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