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  • 1.
    Adolphson, Ulrica
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Elever i kommunikation med lärare: En samtalsanalytisk studie i klassrummet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2.
    Agerberg, Alexandra
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Jay Gatsby and Myrtle Wilson – Victims of Illusion and Destined to Fail: A Study of False-Consciousness in The Great Gatsby 2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3.
    Ahl, Josefin
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    "That Little Box of Light": The Presence of Photography in John Banville’s Ghosts 2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4.
    Ahlrik, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Att arbeta med skönlitteratur inom SVA och SVE: En kvalitativ studie av hur arbete med skönlitteratur kan se ut inom SVA och SVE inom vuxenutbildningen.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The purpose of this study is to compare Swedish as a second language (SVA) and Swedish (SVE) with focus on how the teachers think about literary studies. Interviews with three teachers in each course have been made. The results of the study are indicative rather than measurable. The interviews show that the aspect of language is more important to the SVA-teachers. There are differences in the curriculums, not only connected to the aim of developing an acceptable language, but also in contents. The teachers in SVA chose modern literature and the teacher in SVE chose classic literature and this is coherent with the curriculum. The conclusions are that the aim on developing the language in SVA is necessary, since the students who are attending that course not have reached the same level in language as the SVE-students have. But earlier research in the subject indicates that the capability to read different kind of literature does not need to be connected with skills in language. There are no justifiable arguments for the differences in content in the curriculum according to literary studies. The students may have advantages in discussing literature in mixed classes but the prework need to be different with the starting point that the students in SVA need more help with the understanding of words. The difficulties with the understanding of the whole book do not necessarily have a connection with the difficulties with the language.

  • 5.
    Ahmadi, Sanaz
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Sorry for Thanking You: Expressions of Gratitude and Apology in Favor Asking Messages of Swedish Advanced Learners of Japanese2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [ja]

    日本語を勉強する外国人の重大な問題の一つは語用論と談話に関連する難しさである。言語習得には文化的な要素が重要であるが、文化の経験がない学習者が基本的な間違いをする人が多人数である。スウェーデン人の日本語学生に支障になる事の中では相手に迷惑や失礼を回避するような方法で要求文を作成する事である。文化的な相違点を参考にし、スウェーデン人の日本語学生に要求の言語行為のDCTを使いインターネット調査を行った。調べるにあたって注目した点は依頼の場合でのポライトネス・ストラテジーという言語行為である。結果的にスウェーデン人の日本語学生の間違いは特の言語行為による事ではなく、国の社会が個人主義か集団主義かという事によるようだ。スウェーデンは日本と比較して個人主義な社会である事で個人を基本とするポライトネス・ストラテジーを用いる事が多い。

  • 6.
    Aida Niendorf, Mariya
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Improving Intercultural Competence for the Distance Students in Sweden through Online Joint-Seminars in Japanese with University Students from the United States2014In: Next Generation Learning Conference, March 19–20 2014, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden: Book of abstracts, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There have been quite a few studies (Helm 2009, Chun 2011, Schenker 2012, Kitade 2012, etc.) regarding the development of intercultural competence through online exchanges. Most of these exchanges, however, are between native speakers and learners of that language. The benefit of such exchanges can be maximized if both parties are learning each other’s language and they both have the opportunity to utilize the languages they are learning during the exchange, but often times, this is not the case.  Byram (1997) suggests that intercultural competence can be assessed using the following components: knowledge, skills, attitudes, and critical awareness.  If ‘intercultural competence’ means not just learning about the target culture, but also about becoming aware of one’s own culture (Liaw 2006), connecting students from different countries who are studying the same target language and culture would be an ideal setting in order for the students to evaluate both their own and target cultures critically. Having learners of a target language from different countries in a virtual classroom also helps create an environment which mimics the language classroom in the target country enabling them to experience studying abroad without leaving their home countries.

    It is often said to be difficult or almost impossible for students in distance courses to develop intercultural competence because of the lack of opportunity to study abroad or the lack of an international atmosphere in the classroom (Tyberg 2009). Thus, the goal of this study is to provide opportunities for all students, regardless of their circumstances, to develop intercultural competence.  In this study, a group of intermediate/advanced level Japanese students from a university in Sweden (all distance students) and a group from a university in the U.S. were brought together in a virtual classroom using an online video conferencing system.  Through their interactions and post-seminar reflections, I examined how students develop intercultural competence.

     

    The results from this study show that through interactions with university students from other countries who study Japanese at the same level, the students can gain not only Japanese skills, but expand their horizons and deepen their understanding of another culture as well as of the topics discussed during the meetings thus satisfying each of the criteria in Byram's model. Not everyone has the opportunity to study abroad, but today's technology allows every student to be a part of the internationalization process, develop his/her cultural-literacy and reflect on his/her identity.

  • 7.
    Aida Niendorf, Mariya
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Politeness as a part of intercultural competence2015In: Japanese Language Education in Europe, ISSN 1745-7165, Vol. 20, p. 395-396Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Teaching communicative competence is extremely important in language instruction. While politeness discourse varies in complexity according to social distance, relative power between the speakers, and situations, Swedish learners of Japanese often do not see the necessity of learning the polite/honorific discourse and often view these negatively as Swedish society is one of the most egalitarian in the world. However, it is important to point out to foreign language learners that cultural/social norms are not modifiable based on one’s opinion and that one must adapt to the language one is using and the culture one is in. The current study investigates the differences in politeness strategies between Swedish and Japanese discourse. Student surveys and analysis of students’ errors have revealed clear differences in the use of politeness strategies. While politeness, respect, and formality are closely intertwined in Japanese; the Swedes perceive respect and politeness as separate matters. It is also found that while the Japanese are inclined to use verbal politeness strategies, the Swedes express their respect more through non-verbal actions/behaviors. Various Japanese and Swedish utterances have also been examined to determine the DP default (Usami 2006) in order to systematize the politeness strategies in ways similar to grammatical rules.

  • 8.
    Aida Niendorf, Mariya
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Inose, Hiroko
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Investigating the use of the verbs ”naru” in Japanese and ”bli” in Swedish through translation2013In: Nordic Association of Japanese and Korean Studies (NAJAKS): Abstracts for 2013, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates how use of the Swedish verb “bli” corresponds to the Japanese verb “naru” using translated materials as a corpus.  

     

    Japanese is said to be a situation-oriented language, while English is person-oriented.

              e.g., Mariko wa kekkon surukotoni NARImashita.

                       (It became so that Mariko will be married.)

                       ‘Mariko will get married’ in English.

     

    The Swedish verb ”bli” usually means ’to become’ or ’to be (as an auxiliary verb),’ yet is used more widely than these English meanings.

              e.g., Det blir 100 kronor, tack.

                       (100 kr ni NARI-masu.)

                       ’It makes/will be 100kr.’

     

    Examples like this lead to the observation that ”bli” is used in a context more similar to the Japanese verb ”naru.” than English verb “become.” Comparison of some translated materials also shows that “bli” is often translated into Japanese as “naru” while it is more likely to be replaced by a transitive or intransitive verb in English.

     

    However, erros such as

               *okoru ni NARU (verb ‘to be upset’+naru)

                  [okoru: a verb]

               *annshin ni NARU (noun ‘feeling at ease’ +naru)   

                  [annshin suru: a verb derived from a noun]

    which are made by Swedish learners of Japanese indicate that the translation of “bli” into Japanese is not so straight forward.

     

    In this study, we examined the following questions:

    1. How is ”bli” translated into Japanese/English?
    2. If ”bli” is translated into ”naru” in Japanese, in what grammatical context(s) does it occur?
    3. How are these variations related to the errors students make in translating ”bli” into  Japanese?

     

    In order to examine the above research questions, we conducted two separate studies:

     

    Study I: Examining how Swedish bli is translated into Japanese in literature translation

     

    Using children´s novels “Sommerboken” by Tove Jansson and “Pippi Långstrump” by Astrid Lindgren as the data source, all the sentences that contain bli were extracted along with their translations into English and Japanese. The extracted sentences were, then, categorized according to the various types of usage of the verb bli, and the translation into Japanese for each of those categories was analyzed.

     

    Study II: The translation of various uses of bli into Japanese by Swedish students

     

    Study I above showed usages of the verb bli in various context. In Study II, we tried to see if some of these usages cause more problems than the others for the Swedish students. The students in the Japanese-English translation course at Högskolan Dalarna (Sweden) were given 7 Swedish sentences containing various usages of bli, and were asked to translate them into Japanese. Then the accuracy of the translation and the translation techniques used were analyzed.

     

    The results from Study I showed that there were numerous usages of the verb bli, such as describing conditions, describing the changes of conditions, indicating certain emotional status, and so on, which naturally led to the variety in Japanese translation. Furthermore,  apart from the most literal translation, which is to use the verb naru, various types of compound verbs (main verb – help verb combinations) were used in order to express different nuances.

     

    In some of the usages identified above, translation shifts were obligatory when translated into Japanese; i.e. the literal translation was impossible, and the translator has to make minor changes from the ST (source text) to the TT (target text), such as changes of grammatical categories or of voice (e.g. passive to active).

     

    The results from the Study II show that the sentences which require more complicated translation shifts tend to cause more errors when students translate them into Japanese.

     

    Clarifying how the use of “bli” correlates with the use of “naru” will not only help Swedish students understand the use of the somewhat difficult concept of “naru,” but also help translators deal with this issue. Finding a more systematic way to translate “bli” into Japanese using more tokens from various genres would be necessary in order to achieve this.

     

  • 9.
    Aida Niendorf, Mariya
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Takamiya, Yumi
    University of Alabama at Birmingham.
    Identity (re)construction and improvement in intercultural competence through synchronous and asynchronous telecollaboration: Connecting Japanese language learners in the United States and Sweden2019In: Technology-supported Learning In and Out of the Japanese Language Classroom: Advances in Pedagogy, Teaching and Research / [ed] E. Zimmerman & A. McMeekin, Multilingual Matters, 2019, p. 111-145Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Aida Niendorf, Mariya
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Takamiya, Yumi
    The University of Alabama at Birmingham.
    Improving intercultural competence through online joint-seminars with university students from the U.S. and Sweden2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There have been quite a few studies regarding the development of intercultural competence through online exchanges (Helm 2009, Chun 2011, Schenker 2012, Kitade 2012, etc.). Most of these exchanges, however, are between native speakers and learners of that language. The benefit of such exchanges may be maximized if both parties are learning the same foreign language and have the opportunity to utilize the language they are learning during the interaction. As defined by Byram (1997) and Liaw (2006), 'intercultural competence' is not just learning about the target culture, but also about becoming aware of one's own culture, and connecting students from different countries who are studying the same target language and culture would be an ideal setting in order for the students to evaluate both their own and target cultures critically.

    It is often said to be difficult or almost impossible for students in distance courses to develop intercultural competence because of the lack of opportunity to study abroad or the lack of an international atmosphere in the classroom (Tyberg 2009). Thus another goal of this study is to investigate the possibility of providing opportunities for all students, regardless of their circumstances, to develop intercultural competence.

    During the spring semester 2012, a group of fourth level (intermediate to advanced level) Japanese students from Gettysburg College in the United States and from Högskolan Dalarna (Dalarna University) in Sweden took part in a study of how Japanese learners from different countries benefit from communicating with each other in Japanese. Throughout the term, the students exchanged ideas and views regarding the topics surrounding the issues of “identity” via blogs and joint-seminars using an online video conferencing system. The topic “identity” was selected since both parties can discuss the issue from different perspectives such as 'foreigners in Japan', 'foreigners in the U.S./Sweden', 'Japanese people living in the U.S./Sweden', as well as from the students' 'own identities.'

    The student survey showed that the students from both Sweden and the United States found the project to be fun, interesting and a new and positive experience. One student epitomized the comments from the majority of the participants. – “We were actively discussing identity with students raised in another culture in a class setting, which lends an air of understanding and interest to the discussion.”

    The results from this study suggest that through interactions with university students from other countries who study Japanese at the same level, the students can gain not only Japanese skills, but expand their horizons and deepen their understanding of another culture as well as the topics discussed during the meetings. Not everyone has an opportunity to study abroad, but today's technology allows every student to be a part of the internationalization process, develop his/her cultural-literacy and reflect on his/her identity.

    In this session, the process, benefits, and limitations of our online exchanges will be discussed and some suggestions on how one should conduct and what are required for in ordered to have a successful international online exchanges will also be presented based on our experiences.

    The target audience of this session are teachers and educators as well as administrators who recognize the importance of acquisition of intercultural competence, not limited to but especially, in language education, and those who are considering the possibilities of allowing students to participate in the internationalization process without traveling abroad.

    References:

    Byram, M. (1997). Teaching and assessing intercultural communicative competence. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters.

    Byram, M., Gribkova, B., & Starkey, H. (2002). Developing the intercultural dimension in language teaching: A practical introduction for teachers. Strasbourg, France: Council of Europ.

    Chun, D. M. (2011). Developing Intercultural communicative competence through online exchanges. CALICO Journal, 28 (2), 392-419.

    Helm, F. (2009). Language and culture in an online context: what can learner diaries tell us about intercultural competence. Language and Intercultural Communication, 9 (2), 91-104.

    Högskoleverket. (2008). En högskola i världen: internationalisering för kvalitet. Högskoleverkets rapportserie 2008:15R.

    Kitade, K. (2012). An exchange structure analysis of the development of online intercultural activity. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 25 (1), 65-86.

    Liaw, M-L. (2006). E-learning and the development of intercultural competence. Language Learning &Technology, 10(3), 49-64.

    Schenker, T. (2012). Intercultural competence and cultural learning through telecollaboration. CALICO Journal, 29(3), 449-470.

    Tyberg, E. (2009). Internationalisering: perspektivbyte, förhållningssätt och fredsprojekt. In Martin Stigmar, (Ed.). Högskolepedagogik: att vara professionell som lärare i högskolan, Chapter 12. Stockholm: Liber.

  • 11.
    Aldea, Silvia
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    A comparative study of approaches to audiovisual translation2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For those who are not new to the world of Japanese animation, known mainly as anime, the debate of "dub vs. sub" is by no means anything out of the ordinary, but rather a very heated argument amongst fans. The study will focus on the differences in the US English version between the two approaches of translating audio-visual media, namely subtitling (official subtitles and fanmade subtitles) and dubbing, in a qualitative context. More precisely, which of the two approaches can store the most information from the same audiovisual segment, in order to satisfy the needs of the anime audience. In order to draw substantial conclusions, the analysis will be conducted on a corpus of 1 episode from the first season of the popular mid-nineties TV animated series, Sailor Moon. The main objective of this research is to analyze the three versions and compare the findings to what anime fans expect each of them to provide, in terms of how culture specific terms are handled, how accurate the translation is, localization, censorship, and omission. As for the fans’ opinions, the study will include a survey regarding the personal preference of fans when it comes to choosing between the official subtitled version, the fanmade subtitles and the dubbed version.

  • 12.
    Aldén, Joakim
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Hedging Rule Discussions: A study on hedging and emoticons in an online board game discussion forum2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In everyday language, people tend to speak in a non-committing fashion when making claims, either to save their own face or to save another person’s face. In linguistics, this is called hedging, with common words and expressions such as probably, assume and I don’t know often revealing that a hedging speech act has been performed. In computer-mediated communication, Skovholt et al. (2014) discovered that emoticons, rather than signaling the sender’s emotions, were used to hedge. This study aims to further investigate the matter by looking at how users on a board game forum hedge when speaking about board games’ complexity with the research question “do more complex games involve more hedge usage on the board game forum Boardgamegeek?” as the point of departure. Data was taken from forum posts tagged with rules. The results showed that complexity barely increases the likelihood of hedging, with a slight edge given to simpler games.

  • 13.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Ädel, Annelie
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, English.
    Figurative and Non-figurative Aspects of Polysemy in the Word Language2012In: The Stockholm 2012 Metaphor Festival : Table of Contents : Abstracts, 2012, p. 6-7Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Almgren, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish.
    Varför grammatik?: Svensklärares attityder till grammatikundervisning Författare: Malin2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här är en studie om svensklärares attityd till grammatikundervisning. Jag har undersökt vad några svensklärare på gymnasieskolor i Mellansverige har för uppfattning om grammatik, deras egen grammatikundervisning, och grammatik i styrdokumenten. För att försöka svara på frågeställningarna har sex stycken semistrukturerade intervjuer genomförts med svensklärare på några olika skolor i området. Intervjuerna har visat att det finns skilda åsikter bland de medverkande lärarna kring frågor om deras egen erfarenhet av grammatik, deras undervisning, grammatikens roll i svenskämnet och styrdokumentens behandling av grammatiken. Det upptäcktes även likheter i, till exempel, deras uppfattningar om grammatikens nytta och det faktum att de flesta var missnöjda med styrdokumenten samt att elevernas förkunskaper när de börjar på gymnasiet inte alltid är tillräckliga. Studiens resultat ger en inblick i några svensklärares attityder till grammatikundervisning, men är inte generaliserbar och speglar inte hur alla svensklärares åsikter ser ut.

  • 15.
    Almgren, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish.
    Älskade och hatade grammatik: En systematisk litteraturstudie kring attityder till grammatikundervisning2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study’s aim is to investigate what research in the field of grammar shows about attitudes toward grammar teaching, and if the grammar teaching in the present time is satisfactory. This study is a systematic literature study and contains database searching to find scientific studies and theses. The result found in this study shows that research in the field is very thin and not updated in the most recent years. The first research question is about attitudes towards grammar teaching, and several of the results show that grammar has a bad reputation and is often perceived as boring and difficult, and that this view of grammar often can correlate to classrooms where traditional grammar teaching is used. Amongst teachers, many of them find grammar hard to justify to their students. The second research question is about how well grammar teaching works in our time. This is difficult to find an answer to since the research is not very extensive in the field, but judging by the negative attitudes towards the subject, there seem to be room for improvement

  • 16.
    Altéus-Stenqvist, Charlotte
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    The difference in usage of first-person pronouns Between Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has been looking for any differences in the use of first-person

    pronouns between Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders, and it has also tried to

    clarify whether Hillary Clinton uses I-words more frequently than we-words.

    The data has been gathered from pre-election speeches, and frequencies,

    rankings and referent categories have been analyzed. The study has found that

    there are some differences in the use of first-person pronouns between Hillary

    Clinton and Bernie Sanders. The singular pronouns show us how they choose to

    present themselves to the voter. The plural pronouns show us which referent

    categories, or ingroups, the candidates identify themselves with, and if there are

    any signs of what Billig calls Banal Nationalism (1995) in their speeches.

    Overall, the results show that Hillary Clinton uses I-words and we-words more

    frequently than Bernie Sanders does, but opposite to what some online news

    sites have suggested, this study show that her frequencies of we-words are

    higher than her frequencies of I-words.

  • 17.
    Alvevid, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    Hören Sie doch zu!: Die direkte Anrede in deutschen bzw. schwedischen Zeitungen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 18.
    Amino, Kaoru
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Japanese.
    話者交替と話題転換に関する言語表現: -場面・性別・メディアが言語表現に与える影響-2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Amukena Nyqvist, Sisiwe
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    English as a Lingua Franca in Namibia:: Teachers’ Attitudes Towards English as a Medium of Instruction in Classrooms2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate Namibian teachers’ attitudes towards English as a medium of instruction in Namibian classrooms. Regardless of the fact that English has no historical ties with Namibia, English still operates as the official language and the language of instruction in schools. This study briefly discusses the probable reasons for choosing English as an official language in Namibia, and as the medium of instruction in educational institutions. Furthermore, it discusses the attitudes that Namibian teachers have towards English as a medium of instruction in Namibian classrooms. A pilot electronic questionnaire, a revised questionnaire, and telephone interviews were used to acquire data for the study. The results indicate that English is a challenge for many learners and this poses a challenge to teachers as well. However, a majority of teachers from this study portray English as the language that is capable of uniting Namibian learners from different backgrounds, and a language that makes education possible in Namibia. In addition, teachers also reported that knowledge of English opens up educational opportunities for learners to study abroad.

  • 20.
    Andersson Gossas, Carina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Lindgren, Charlotte
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Barnböcker vuxnare på franska2011In: Språktidningen, ISSN 1654-5028, no 2, p. 52-57Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Andersson, Mariella
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Olika aktörers perspektiv på nyanlända och flerspråkiga elevers skolframgång: i relation till framgångsfaktorer och skolutvecklingsprocesser2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med den här studien är att skapa kunskap om skolutvecklingsprocesser riktade mot nyanlända och flerspråkiga elever utifrån Skolverkets framgångsfaktorer gentemot den nämnda elevgruppen och hur olika aktörer på ett gymnasieprogram förhåller sig till dessa framgångsfaktorer. För att besvara studiens frågeställningar om i vilken mån Skolverkets framgångsfaktorer utgör en resurs vid skolutveckling för lärare och rektorer, samt vilka andra faktorer som framstår som betydelsefulla för skolutveckling och vilka faktorer eleverna själva anser är betydelsefulla för skolframgång genomförs semi-strukturerade intervjuer med två rektorer, fyra lärare och sex elever på ett gymnasieprogram som nyligen har påbörjat ett riktat projekt med Skolverket rörande nyanlända och flerspråkiga elevers lärande. Aktivitetsteorin används för att strukturera upp de olika aktörernas aktivitetssystem i den delade gemenskapen skolan, via aktivitetsteorin tydliggörs vilka faktorer som påverkar de olika aktörernas handlingar sett ur ett sociokulturellt perspektiv. Det studien visar är att de olika aktörerna påverkas av olika faktorer i sina aktivitetssystem och att de har skild syn på framgångsfaktorerna och de utvecklingsområden som finns. Det är tydligt att uttalade och outtalade normer i hög grad styr lärare och elevers skolvardag och därmed inverkar vid skolutveckling, medan rektorerna i studien har ett mer forskningsinriktat fokus. Kunskapsbidraget i studien är sammanfattningsvis att det behövs förståelse aktörerna emellan för att belysa behov och sedermera lyckas implementera förändringar som gynnar de nyanlända och flerspråkiga elevernas skolframgång.

  • 22.
    Andersson, Matilda
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish.
    Berättandets kraft: Gymnasielärare om elevers läsning av skönlitterär prosa2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte är att analysera fem svensklärare gällande skönlitterär läsning av prosa i

    svenskundervisningen i gymnasiet. Studiens frågeställningar är: hur förhåller sig svensklärarna till

    faktorerna kanon, bildning, upplevelse, de formella färdighetsaspekterna, de sociokulturella

    aspekterna och det fostrande och demokratiska tänkandet och hur kan svensklärarnas

    erfarenheter relateras till läroplanen för gymnasieskolan? Undersökningen är en kvalitativ studie

    med halvstrukturerade individuella intervjuer. I bakgrundsavsnittet presenteras forskare och

    didaktikers argument för vilka effekter som skönlitterär läsning medför hos läsaren. Studiens

    resultat visar att en av de fem svensklärarna som medverkade i studien är medveten om fyra av

    Staffan Thorsons fem aspekter. Den färdighet som lärarna inte talade om var det fostrande och

    demokratiska tänkandet, vilket är något som forskningen argumenterar för. Endast en av de fem

    medverkande lärarna talade om de sociokulturella aspekterna genom skönlitterär läsning av prosa.

    Resultatet visar även att det faktum att lärarna lider av tidsbrist och dessutom tolkar läroplanen

    olika resulterar i att det finns skillnader i vilka färdigheter, kunskaper och i hur mycket eleverna

    kan utvecklas. Lärarna argumenterar för de färdigheter som de anser att läsningen medför i

    läroplanen, men framhåller även hur svårt det är att få eleverna att ta del av läsningens positiva

    effekter om eleverna inte ser det som lustfyllt.

  • 23.
    Andersson, Matilda
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish.
    Varför svenska skolelever bör läsa skönlitteratur: Vilka argument finns för att skönlitteratur ska användas i svenskundervisningen2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats ämnar undersöka vilka argument som framförs i de två senaste årtiondenas

    forskning av skönlitterär läsning i svenskundervisningen samt på vilket sätt dessa argument

    förhåller sig till skolans styrdokument. Frågeställningarna som studien vilar på är hur forskarna

    argumenterar för läsning av skönlitteratur i svenskundervisningen samt om forskarnas

    argumentation kring läsning av skönlitteratur förhåller sig till skolans styrdokument.

    Undersökningens metod är en systematisk litteraturstudie. Där forskarnas argument för läsning

    av skönlitteratur har analyserats. Resultatet redovisar de argument som forskarna framför för

    vilka fördelar som läsning av skönlitteratur bidrar till, inte endast kunskapsmässigt utan även

    personlighetsmässigt. Vidare visar studiens resultat, med utgång från författarnas motiveringar för

    läsning av litteratur hur detta är kopplat till skolans styrdokument. Syftet är att denna studie ska

    utvecklas till en studie med ett normativt syfte där den andra studien ska undersöka hur

    verksamma lärare arbetar med skönlitteratur för att öka läsförståelsen.

  • 24.
    Angella Guzmán Carrero, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Spanish.
    La relación entre el aprendizaje autorregulado y el rendimiento académico en lenguas extranjeras: Una revisión sistemática de estudios anteriores2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    Este estudio tiene como objetivo examinar lo que estudios anteriores muestran sobre la relación existente entre el aprendizaje autorregulado y el rendimiento académico en el aprendizaje de lenguas extranjeras, es decir, si existe una relación positiva entre estas dos variables. El método usado fue una revisión sistemática de estudios anteriores. Los estudios encontrados indican que existe una relación significativa y positiva entre el aprendizaje autorregulado y el rendimiento académico en lenguas extranjeras. Los estudios que hemos encontrado muestran, además, que los estudiantes que hacen uso del aprendizaje autorregulado en lenguas extranjeras obtienen mejores calificaciones y, por lo tanto, tienen un mejor rendimiento académico.

  • 25.
    Arnell, Emma
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Att hitta sin identitet i en ny kultur: En studie av tre SFI-studenters upplevelser och tankar kring sin identitet i en den svenska kulturen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 26.
    Arvidsson, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Hor- och bögbegreppet – en identitetspositionerande smädelse?: En studie i språkanvändning hos flerspråkiga manliga ungdomar med annan härkomst än svensk2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har inspirerats av Rikard Jonssons avhandling Blatte betyder kompis (2007), vilken

    undersökte hur invandrarkillar använde sig av ett fult språk för att positionera sig som män i

    gruppen. Föreliggande studie undersökte hur elever på språkintroduktionsprogrammet på en

    utvald skola använder och analyserar orden hora och bög. I studien, som har en kvalitativ ansats

    deltog tio män i åldern 18-20 år.

    Syftet med undersökningen är att undersöka hur de medverkande ungdomarna använder orden

    hora och bög för att positionera sig i en grupp, markera sitt kön samt utöva makt. Resultatet visade

    att informanterna i denna studie kunde bekräfta det Jonsson (2007) kommit fram till i sin studie,

    nämligen att ungdomar använder sig av ett visst språk för att få en roll i gruppen och markera sitt

    kön. Dessutom framkom att informanterna är en produkt av den könsmaktsordning som råder i

    samhället.

  • 27.
    Asplund, Beatrice
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Gendered Language Use in the Japanese Game Streaming Community2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine Japanese gendered language use in online game streaming, and the differences in gendered language use between male and female streamers. The main aim of this thesis is to examine how, and to what extent, young Japanese adults use gendered language when broadcasting gaming streams online. I will examine how pronounced the differences in gendered language use are between male and female streamers, and see if the major theories about gendered language apply in the Japanese streaming community. To collect the data, I looked at 20 game streamers, with each stream lasting 15-30 minutes. I transcribed the streamers’ commentary, and examined the frequency of certain sentence ending particles, personal pronouns, and polite speech/word choice. The streamers were chosen with regards given to certain criteria to prevent skewed results, and to control the independent variables to a certain extent. For example, the streamers must be playing alone to ensure that the streamer is the only person speaking. I analyzed the results using a qualitative method, which indicated that the greater gender differences are found in the use of personal pronouns, but not as much in the use of sentence ending particles or politeness level.

  • 28.
    Auinger, Tino
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    Allegorie eines tödlichen Ichbewusstseins: Intertextuelle und intermediale Einflüsse in den Prinzessinnendramen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29.
    Bakker, Barbara
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Arabic.
    Arabic dystopias in the 21st century: A study on 21st century Arabic dystopian fictionthrough the analysis of four works of Arabic dystopian narrative2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Dystopian fiction as intended in the Western literary tradition is a 20

    th century phenomenon on

    the Arabic literary scene. This relatively new genre has been experiencing an uplift since the

    beginning of the 21

    st century and many works that have been defined dystopias have been

    published and translated into English in the last 10 – 15 years. In order to find out their main

    features, Claeys’s categorization of literary dystopias is applied and a thematic analysis is

    carried out on four Arabic dystopian works of narrative, written by authors from different parts

    of the Arabic world. The analysis shows that 21

    st century Arabic dystopias are political

    dystopias, with totalitarianism as their main variation. Rather than on society, their focus is on

    the individual, and more specifically on personal freedom. The totalitarian constraints are

    mainly caused by religious fundamentalism and bureaucratic procedures. Surveillance and

    control over population are implemented by means of religious precepts and bureaucratic

    constructions, together with, in some instances, control over language and technological

    devices. Political totalitarianism regardless of a specific political ideology is identified as main

    theme. The thesis suggests that a Western-based classification framework is only partially

    suitable for Arabic dystopian fiction of the 21

    st century and that further research, including but

    not limited to a specific classification theory for Arabic dystopian fiction, is necessary to

    properly investigate this new literary trend in Arabic literature.

  • 30.
    Ben Amara Jonsson, Nadia
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Jeux de Rubans par Emna Belhaj Yahia et Les Intranquilles d’Azza Filali2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a literary study based on feminist-social theories of the novels Jeux de rubans by Emna Belhaj Yahia and Les Intranquilles by Azza Filali. The books both analyse the Jasmine revolution in Tunisia. The authors examine the future role of the Tunisian woman and her continuous emancipation and education in a society that is metamorphosing into something new. Both authors study mental troubles and the stress that follows and with an uncertain future of Tunisia. Jeux de rubans and Les Intranquilles examine the themes of discomfort and anxiety that come with living in a turbulent, changing society and with an incertitude of the future. The principal questions are: how the writers treat the central themes of wearing a veil, the emancipation of the Tunisian woman, the divorce and how these themes are connected to the Jasmin revolution? Emna Belhaj Yahia and Azza Filali portrait the female struggle through women’s psychological angle and the effect on the closest ones during the time of the revolution. The political movements are to an extent symbolized by the clothes worn by the main characters.

  • 31.
    Bengtsson, Elias
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Lärares selektionsprocesser för skönlitteratur i andraspråksundervisning: Två sva-lärares berättelse om skönlitteratur i sin undervisning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftar till att synliggöra vilka faktorer som styr valet av skönlitterärt material och beskriva skönlitteraturens roll i relation till kursplanen. Genom en intervjustudie synliggörs två gymnasielärares selektionsprocesser för skönlitterärt material i SVA. Diskussionen förankras i tidigare forskning kring ett sociokulturellt perspektiv på lärande, litteraturdidaktik och forskning rörande skönlitteratur i andraspråksundervisning. Studien pekar på att litteraturundervisningen i SVA är elevcentrerad och att det skönlitterära materialet väljs utifrån elevens språkliga förmåga och personliga preferenser för att stödja läs- och språkutveckling. Dessutom pekar studien på att litteraturvetenskapligt inriktad undervisning står tillbaka i SVA för en didaktik som influeras av reader-response teori.

  • 32.
    Benito Blanco, Marta
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Spanish.
    Metaliteratura, metaficción, intertextualidad y literatura fantástica como elementos formadores en la obra El cuarto de atrás de Carmen Martín Gaite2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 33.
    Berg, Anna-Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    La formation des mots nouveaux en français et en suédois: Étude comparative de deux listes de mots nouveaux publiées en 2016 (Nyordslistan et les mots nouveaux du Petit Robert)2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on contemporary neology in French and Swedish. In our study we compare the two languages, firstly regarding the formation of new words and secondly concerning the fields of activity in which these words are mainly conceived. In the theoretical part of the study, we present, amongst other theories, the neological typology developed by Jean-François Sablayrolles (2016). This typology is then used in the analysis of our corpus, consisting of the 95 new words of the Swedish list Nyordslistan 2016 and the French list

    Les mots nouveaux du Petit Robert édition 2017. As for the word formation processes, the results of our work confirm that linguistic borrowing is the most productive process in both languages. However, the number of English loanwords is lower in the French part of the corpus than in the Swedish part. When it comes to the second most important word formation process, the corpus suggests a difference between the two languages: while the process of derivation represents an important number of cases in French, compounding dominates in Swedish. When it comes to the fields of activity, ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) prove to be the most productive field in both languages.

  • 34.
    Berg Axelsson, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Enspråkig monokulturell norm eller vithetsnorm?: En studie av interkulturell pedagogik i relation till kritisk ras- och vithetsforskning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fokus i denna uppsats är relationen mellan tre forskningsfält: svensk kritisk ras- och rasismforskning, den interkulturella pedagogiken respektive forskning på ras i utbildning och SLA. Syftet med uppsatsen är att utforska konstruktiva förbindelser mellan dessa forskningsfält och inom dem centrala begrepp, vilket görs genom en diffraktiv läsning av ett urval av svensk kritisk ras- och rasismforskning, två verk om interkulturell pedagogik samt ett urval av svensk och internationell forskning på ras i andraspråksutbildning. Frågeställningarna kretsar bland annat kring hur vi kan försåt relationen mellan begrepp som monokulturell norm, enspråkig norm, etnicitet, ras och rasism.

    Karen Barads teori kring agentisk realism utgör det teoretiska ramverk uppsatsen utgår från. Även den diffraktiva metoden och metodologiska frågeställningar utgår från detta perspektiv.

    Resultatet visar att normerande forskning på interkulturell pedagogik rymmer en färgblindhet och former av begripliggörande av rasism som tenderar att dölja och naturalisera det fenomen den interkulturella pedagogiken ämnar utmana, det vill säga den strukturella rasismen/skillnadsskapandet. Resultatet lyfter språkets potentiella roll som central aspekt i en rasifierad, hierarkisk samhällsformation och förhållandet mellan å enda sidan språk och å andra sidan vithetsnorm och hegemonisk vithet problematiseras. Analysen påvisar monokulturell norm och enspråkig norm som osynliggörande av egentlig vithetsnorm respektive potentiell vithetsnorm. Även en blindhet för vithetsprivilegier och ett osynliggörande av erfarenheter av rasism problematiseras i relation till det undersökta urvalet av litteratur på interkulturell pedagogik. Denna läsning av den interkulturella pedagogiken kan, för att tala med Sara Ahmed, utifrån sin inkluderande strävan betraktas som en möjlighet för det vita (pedagog-/forskar-) subjektet att skriva in sig själv i historien om den mångkulturella skolan som ett antirasistiskt subjekt inom ramen för en hegemonisk vithet.

    Resultatet ligger i linje med tidigare både internationell och svensk forskning som pekar mot relevansen av ras och vithet som analyskategorier i relation till utbildning och SLA.

    Implikationerna för SVA-fältet och SVA-forskning är bland annat vikten av en kritisk vaksamhet kring frågor om epistemiskt berättigande och vem som studerar vem i en kontext karaktäriserad av post-kolonialism och hegemonisk vithet. Även det fruktbara i ras och rasifiering som analytiska kategorier i intersektionella analyser av utbildning påtalas.

  • 35.
    Berg, Madeleine
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish.
    Skönlitteraturen i undervisningen: En kvalitativ studie om den skönlitterära läsningens syften inom svenskundervisningen på gymnasieskolan2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mitt syfte med detta arbete var att undersöka hur praktiserande ämneslärare arbetar med skönlitteraturen i sin undervisning. Lästräning, allmänbildning/litteraturhistoria och personlighetsutveckling/demokratifostran är de aspekter av svenskämnet som forskare tidigare pekat ut som centrala inom undervisningen i svenska i gymnasieskolan och det är dessa aspekter jag har utgått ifrån i min undersökning.I mitt examensarbete I belystes särskilt skolans roll som fostrande i den demokratiska andan och genom resultatet av det arbetet ville jag behandla denna aspekt ytterligare genom att undersöka om den personlighetsutvecklande/demokratifostrande aspekten verkligen var det mest framträdande syftet i undervisningen hos de lärare jag intervjuade.Arbetet är en studie baserad på en kvalitativ metod, där jag genom halvstrukturerade intervjuer har diskuterat med lärare i gymnasieskolan om deras syften och metoder gällande den skönlitterära läsningen inom svenskundervisningen.Studiens resultat visar att den personlighetsutvecklande/demokratifostrande aspekten inte är det mest framträdande syftet för skönlitterär läsning i gymnasieskolan enligt de lärare jag intervjuat för min undersökning. Lärarna väljer att lägga större vikt vid läsförståelse och lästräning då de upplever en ökning gällande lässvaga elever. Dock anser de att det är av stor vikt att elever lär sig om sig själva i undervisningen, vilket jag tolkar som ett personlighetsutvecklande moment.

  • 36.
    Berkeley Cotter, Nuno
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Winding Back the Clocks: History and fiction in Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children 2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 37.
    Bertils, Andreas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Vuxna andraspråksinlärares läranderesurser: En studie om fem vuxna andraspråktalares berättelse om sina tidigare studier och lärandet av det svenska språket2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här studien har fem vuxna andraspråksinlärare intervjuats i en norrländsk inlandskommun. Syftet var att undersöka deras narrativ gällande deras lärande från deras hemländer samt deras studier i svenska i Sverige. Fokus har varit att synliggöra vilka symboliska kapital som framhävts som viktiga i lärandet i hemländerna samt i Sverige i och utanför skolan. Undersökningen visar bland annat att respondenternas tidigare skolbakgrund med hårda regler och bestraffningar har gjort dem fokuserade i klassrummet. Det visar även att man trots många år i skolan på högre utbildningsnivå inte självklart har någon fördel när man kommer till Sverige. Undersökningen visar också att sociala kontakter med svensktalande är viktiga för att lära sig svenska. Flera av respondenterna är vana att studera själv hemma. De anser att mer jobb och praktik tidigare inom sfiundervisningen skulle leda till att de lär sig mer svenska snabbare. De upplever friheten i svenska skolan som något positivt samtidigt som något nytt och främmande som leder till vissa svårigheter.

  • 38. Beuwertz, Miriam
    Synen på flerspråkiga elevers lärande: Ämneslärares inställningar till och kunskaper om flerspråkiga elevers språk- och kunskapsutveckling2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie är att undersöka vilka kunskaper om och inställningar till flerspråkiga elevers lärande som framträder hos ämneslärare samt vilken syn ämneslärare har på sin egen roll i de flerspråkiga elevernas språk- och kunskapsutveckling. Studien fokuserar specifikt på ämneslärare som undervisar i grundskolans senare på skolor med ett mindre antal flerspråkiga elever och där man ännu inte har implementerat ett språkutvecklande arbetssätt. Den metod som använts är halvstrukturerade intervjuer och urvalet består av fyra lärare. I forskningsbakgrunden presenteras både forskning kring flerspråkiga elevers språk- och kunskapsutveckling och praktiska tillämpningar. Resultatet visar på att lärarna har erfarenhet av att undervisa flerspråkiga elever och engagemanget för de flerspråkiga eleverna och deras lärande lyser igenom. De visar också på förståelse för elevernas behov som överensstämmer med forskningen, t ex behovet av alternativa arbetsformer, modersmålsstöd och konkretisering. Hos de fyra lärarna framträder kunskaper om flerspråkiga elevers språk- och kunskapsutveckling. Dock varierar djupet i detta och vissa inom forskningen centrala delar såsom behovet av kognitiva utmaningar med stöttning nämns inte. Samtliga fyra lärare anser sig ha ett ansvar att anpassa undervisningen utifrån de flerspråkiga elevernas behov och är öppna för samarbete med andra för elevernas bästa. Slutsatserna utifrån studien är att ämneslärare kan ha stor förståelse för flerspråkiga elevers behov även om de inte har djupare insikt kring deras språk- och kunskapsutveckling samt att erfarenhet leder till kompetens. Studien visar också på att kompetensutveckling ändå behövs då vissa centrala delar inte verkar tillägnas genom erfarenhet.

  • 39. Bianco, Francesco
    et al.
    Colella, GianlucaFrenguelli, Gianluca
    Maurizio Dardano, Prosa e poesia tra Due e Trecento. Aspetti di lingua, testualitá e stile2005Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Biggs, Jeremy
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Chinese.
    The Ideological Transformation of the Icon Chairman Mao during the Four Modernisations period: As illustrated by "Melody of Youth, Beautiful Soul"2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After Chairman Mao's death, in the late 1980's, Mao was removed from official government communications and his iconography transformed from having a specific meaning generation role linked to Maoist ideology, to becoming available for use as a commodity. In this research I use cultural theorist Jacques Derrida's theory of Hauntology and the deconstruction method to analyse a representative Chinese Propaganda poster, "Melody of Youth, Beautiful Soul", in order to ascertain the effect Mao's death had on the Iconography of Chairman Mao, and how Mao is ideologically transformed during this period.

    Analysing the painting I found specific symbols associated with the iconography of Mao that had been adopted and transformed for the purposes of the CCP. These symbols both suggested the presence of Chairman Mao, as well as negated that presence through being co-opted for other purposes.

    Using these symbols and writings about the period I deduced that during this period the CCP had to rely on existing symbols of power and authority in order to communicate and legitimise regime change whilst maintaining the semblance of continuity. At the same time they had to decouple these symbols from their original meanings in order to distance themselves from the past and redefine the ideology of China.

    In the process, Mao's iconography was decoupled from its Maoist ideological heritage and transformed into abstract symbols of power, doctrine and so on. This means that the transformation had made them available to use as an "open basket" into which new, related meanings could be placed – including serving as a commodity.

  • 41.
    Bjärenäs, Åsa-Helena
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Spanish.
    Conocer un país a través de sus expresiones: Un estudio comparativo entre España y Suecia2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42.
    Blom, Evelina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Elevers känsloreaktioner av högläsning och efterkommande samtal: Enkätstudie i en F-3-skola2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie är att undersöka om känsloreaktionerna inför högläsning och boksamtal skiljer mellan elever som kommit olika långt i sin läsutveckling i årskurs tre och om känsloreaktionerna blir olika beroende på elevernas läsförmåga. Undersökningen gjordes med en enkätundersökning byggd på Swedish Core Affect Scale. Eleverna uppmanades att svara på en enkät med sex motsatta adjektiv efter ett högläsningsmoment och även återigen efter efterföljande boksamtal. Eleverna svarade först på hur de upplevde högläsningsmomentet och sedan hur de upplevde boksamtalet.

    Studien visar att elever som kommit längre i sin läsutveckling tenderar att vara mindre aktiva, mer missnöjda och samtidigt uppleva mer uttråkning och sömnighet vid högläsning i jämförelse med elever som inte kommit lika långt. Studien visar även att båda grupperna framförallt och tydligt upplever ett lugn och avslappning vid högläsningen. När momentet högläsning övergick till samtal visade eleverna som inte kommit lika långt i läsutveckling den största förändringen i känsloreaktioner. De blev mer nervösa och negativt inställda.

  • 43.
    Blomgren, Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Betydelsefulla faktorer vid inlärning och utveckling av svenska som andraspråk: En intervjustudie av några framgångsrika andraspråksinlärare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka några framgångsrika andraspråksinlärares egna erfarenheter av betydelsefulla faktorer för deras inlärning och utveckling av avancerad litteracitet i svenska som andraspråk. Av informanterna, tre till antalet, som deltog i den kvalitativa intervjubaserade undersökningen är en verksam behörig lärare i matematik och arabiskt modersmål samt två som språkstödjare vid en svensk skola.

    Resultaten som framkom visar att informanterna framhåller eget ansvarstagande i kombination med hårt arbete som de mest betydelsefulla faktorer för framgångsrik inlärning och utveckling av avancerad litteracitet i svenska som andraspråk. Inlärning sker genom hårt eget arbete genom att: läsa, skriva, lyssna och tala samt genom interaktion med svensktalande. En av informanterna poängterar vikten av att tidigt anpassa sig till det svenska samhället och de sociala koderna för att kunna hantera språket korrekt och inte hamna i penibla situationer p.g.a. ett olämpligt språkbruk. Informanterna lyfter fram undervisningens betydelsefulla roll men den mest betydelsefulla faktorn för inlärning och utvecklande av avancerad andraspråkslitteracitet i studien är den egna inställningen.

  • 44.
    Blomqvist, Lina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Vocabulary learning and homework in the upper elementary EFL classroom.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Vocabulary homework is a common feature in the English subject in Sweden. Often the pupils are given a list of words they are to memorize for a pending test. In this literature review the author aims to analyze what the current research says about homework and how homework can be used effectively for EFL learners in elementary school, with a focus on both homework and vocabulary learning research. Cognitive linguistics has been used as a theoretical perspective to help answer the research questions. Results indicate that homework has limited effect on younger learners and should not be used, while, some researchers claim that it can be effective if introduced properly. Regarding vocabulary learning, it is important that vocabulary is relevant to the learner and that words are taught through a meaningful context. Therefore, vocabulary homework for EFL learners in elementary school should consist of words and phraseology which have a personal relevance to the learner, or key words for subjects taught in class. The conclusion of the study is that it is up to the teachers to determine if they should use vocabulary homework or not when teaching EFL, as long as the decision is based on current research.

  • 45.
    Blomstrand, Sebastian
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    On the Road to "IT": Kerouac and Spontaneity2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 46.
    Bobaker, Habsen
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    LA POETIQUE DU MIRAGE DANS LE VENTRE DE L´ATLANTIQUE DE FATOU DIOME2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this memoir is to study the work of Fatou Diome,

    The Belly of the Atlantic. Diome sends a message to young Africans: to take responsibility and dignity play an important role in the work. The theme we will deal with is the aesthetics of mirage. She is building a mirage around immigration and we will show what she is doing to get her message across. Our work is composed of two main parts: The construction of the mirage and the destruction of the myth and an intermediate part devoted to the in-between worlds: the Atlantic Ocean that the author personifies by attributing it a belly.

  • 47.
    Bolmefalk, Jennifer
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Removing the Blindfold and Adding a Fedora: Challenging the Role of Women in Patriarchal Society through the Act of Cross-dressing in Siri Hustvedt’s The Blindfold. A Feminist/Queer Reading2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 48.
    Boo, Paula
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    A Destructive Myth of Masculinity: Ken Kesey’s One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest from a Men’s Studies Perspective2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 49.
    Boremyr, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Reading Orwell’s Animals: An animal-oriented study of George Orwell’s political satire Animal Farm 2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 50.
    Botes, Elana
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    I Shall, We Shall, All the Others Will: Shall and Will in the Short-Stories of Doyle & Poe2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional prescriptive rules for shall and will state that with first person subjects shall should

    be used to express prediction and will to express volition, while with second and third person

    subjects will should be used to express prediction and shall to express volition. The aim of this

    study was to ascertain to what extent two 19th century authors, Scotsman Sir Arthur Conan

    Doyle and American Edgar Allen Poe, followed these traditional shall and will rules in their

    short stories. To this end a selection of short stories written by these authors were collected, and

    analysed with respect to usage of shall and will to express volition and prediction, and with

    respect to the frequency with which shall and will collocate with first, second and third person

    subjects. Results showed that shall as used by both Poe and Doyle favoured a first person

    subject and will a third person subject. Results also showed that Doyle followed the shall rules

    for first person shall about 50% of the time while Poe followed them about 60% of the time,

    and that Doyle followed the shall rules for third and second person shall about 60% of the time

    while Poe followed them about 55% of the time. Results further showed that Doyle followed

    the will rules for first person will about 40% of the time while Poe followed them about 30% of

    the time, and that Doyle followed the will rules for third and second person will about 70% of

    the time while Poe followed them about 80% of the time. It was concluded that neither Poe nor

    Doyle followed the rules very strictly, that first, second and third person shall was used by both

    authors to express prediction and volition in almost equal proportions, and that first, second and

    third person will was mostly used to express prediction by both authors.

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