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  • 1.
    Abu-Deeb, Kamal
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Arabic.
    كتاب الحرية2012Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2.
    Aida Niendorf, Mariya
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Finlando to nihon no tango buumu kara kaimamiru ryokoku kyotsuu no rekishiteki, shakaiteki haikei2019In: Toku – Chikaku: 100 nen ni Wataru Nihon to Finlando no Kankei / [ed] Juha Saunavaara, Ojiro Suzuki, Wakayama: Daigaku Kyoiku Shuppan , 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Aida Niendorf, Mariya
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Japanese.
    From Buenos Aires to Finland and Japan: The tango's unusual migration2014In: List of Abstracts for Conference Transcultural Identity Constructions in a Changing World, Dalarna University, Sweden, April 2-4, 2014, 2014, p. 19-20Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Finland, thousands of miles away from Buenos Aires, people crowd the dance floors of restaurants and dance halls nightly to dance to tango music, while the tango has also caught the heart of the people on the other side of the world in Japan. The popularity of the tango in both Finland and Japan, however, is not very well known to the outside world.

    Though some scholars have stated that the tango reflects the personality, mentality and identity of the Finnish and Japanese people, this may only be partially true. Moreover, it is difficult to generalize what the Finnish or Japanese personality is. I argue that the tango's success in these two countries also has significant connections to historical and social factors. As being a dancer myself, I also believe that the 'liminality' (originally a term borrowed from Arnold van Gennep's formulation of rites de passage) of tango dancing plays an important role in these two nations that went through difficult struggles to recover from the damage caused by the war. “The liminal phase is considered sacred, anomalous, abnormal and dangerous, while the  pre- and post-liminal phases are normal and a profane state of being (Selänniemi 1996) and “the regular occurrence of sacred-profane alternations mark important periods of social life or even provide the measure of the passage of time itself”(Leach 1961).

    In this paper, I will discuss motives and paths of how a culture travels, settles and shapes into a new form, using the tango as an example.

  • 4.
    Aida Niendorf, Mariya
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Intercultural communicative competence: the challenges and implications of teaching Japanese politeness strategies to Swedish learners of Japanese2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Teaching communicative competence is extremely important in language instruction. One can avoid embarrassing situations and conflicts caused by misunderstandings if she/he understands the differences in intercultural pragmatics. Politeness discourse varies in complexity according to social distance, relative power between the speakers, and situations. The data I have collected during the past 6 years indicates that Swedish learners of Japanese often do not see the necessity of learning the polite/honorific discourse and often view these negatively as Swedish society is one of the most egalitarian in the world. As a consequence, Swedish students often fail to utilize appropriate politeness strategies when speaking in Japanese. However, it is important to point out to foreign language learners that cultural and social norms are not interchangeable and that one must adapt to the language one is using and the culture one is in. Thus Swedish Learners of Japanese should consider politeness discourse as a part of the rules of the language rather than something that can be modified based on one’s opinion.

    The current study investigates the differences in politeness strategies between Swedish and Japanese discourse. Student surveys and analysis of students’ errors have revealed clear differences in the use of politeness strategies in Swedish and in Japanese context. While the politeness, respect, and formality are closely intertwined in Japanese; the Swedes perceive respect and politeness as separate matters. It is also found that while the Japanese are inclined to using verbal politeness strategies, the Swedes express their respect more through non-verbal actions or behaviors. Various Japanese and Swedish utterances have also been examined to determine the Discourse Politeness Default suggested by Usami (2006) in order to systematize the politeness strategies in ways similar to grammatical rules.

                                                                                                                                                                          

                                                                          

                                                                                                                                                                          

  • 5.
    Aida Niendorf, Mariya
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Language education and identity: Discussing identity in the Sweden-U.S. online joint seminars2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Aida Niendorf, Mariya
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Tangon huumaa: Musiikki ja tanssi mielenmaisemien siltana2019In: Lähellä-Kaukana: 100 Vuotta Suomalais-Japanilaisia suhteita / [ed] Juha Saunavaara, Laura Ipatti, Helsinki: Edita Publishing Oy, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Airaksinen Ahlsén, Joel
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Öppna test jämfört med blindtest: Hur påverkas lyssnarens bedömning?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning söker ett svar på hur den relativt vana lyssnarens bedömning av ljudkvalitet påverkas av ett så kallat öppet test, där det som bedöms är känd för lyssnaren, jämfört med ett blindtest, där detta objekt är okänt. Frågan appliceras på kvalitetsbedömningen av digitala kodningstekniker, d.v.s. hur lyssnaren påverkas av att valet av kodningsteknik som avlyssnas är känd eller inte. För att ta reda på detta genomfördes ett lyssningstest med nio deltagare. Deltagarna fick betygssätta perceptuellt kodade ljudfiler mot en känd referens, både som ett blindtest samt i ett öppet test. Resultatet är mångtydigt och inga generella slutsatser för hur lyssnaren påverkas av ett öppet test jämfört med ett blindtest går att uppfatta. Resultatet visar dock att påverkan ett öppet test har på lyssnarens bedömning är högst individuell. Lyssningstest i form av blindtest bör därför användas för att uppnå pålitligast resultat. 

  • 8.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Filmengagemang, moraliskt patos och hjältedyrkan: publikens respons på filmen Gladiator2015In: Svärd, sandaler och skandaler: antiken på film och i tv / [ed] Hammar, Isak och Zander, Ulf, Lund, 2015, 1, p. 255-271Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Vernacular meaning making: Examples of narrative impact in fiction film questioning the 'banal' notion in mediatization of religion theory2015In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 143-156Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The outcome of an audience study supports theories stating that stories are a primary means by which we make sense of our experiences over time. Empirical examples of narrative impact are presented in which specific fiction film scenes condense spectators' lives, identities and beliefs. One conclusion is that spectators test the emotional realism of the narative for greater significance, connecting diegetic fiction experiences with their extra-diegetic world in their quest for meaning, self and identity. The 'banal' notion of the mediatization of religion theory is questioned as unsatisfactory in the theoretical context of individualized meaning-making processes. As a semantically negatively charged concept, it is problematic when analyzing empirical examples of spectators' use of fictional narratives, especially when trying to characterize the idiosyncratic and complex interplay between spectators' fiction emotions and their testing of mediated narratives in an exercise to find moral significance in extra-filmic life. Instead vernacular meaning-making is proposed.

  • 10.
    Azmat, Asad
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    Factors Affecting the Nation Building process in Post-Apartheid South Africa: An assessment of the performance of ANC Governments2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the Nation Building process in South Africa after the demise of Apartheid era. It has primarily analysed, assessed and evaluated the performances of ANC Governments under Mandela, Mbeki and Zuma from the perspective of Nation Building process in the country. The study throws light on the different factors that have been affecting the Nation Building process in South Africa. This study explores a brief historical analysis by uncovering the conditions faced by the South African society during Apartheid era, ethnicity and race relations, how did apartheid programme the collective psyche of the people of the land, its implications in the Post-Apartheid phase of the country and the outcomes affecting the integration process of the segregated society. This work has highlighted the dream of the founding fathers in the Nation Building of South Africa, making of the constitution and its provisions supporting a consociational democratic culture favourable for the Nation Building process. At the same time the study also presents how ethnic struggle for domination in party politics affected the idea of Nation Building, Xhosa Zulu tussle, corruption, nepotism, injustice, inequalities, political repression, human rights abuses, police brutality, extra constitutional measures taken by law enforcing agencies and political institutes, disgruntled and dissatisfied masses all contributed in the creation of a chaotic environment not conducive for the Nation Building process.

  • 11.
    Berg, Lovisa
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Arabic.
    Syrian Drama Series - Pressure Cooker or Steam Vent?2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Biasiotto, Roberta
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    Fiction and Disease: Representation and Meaning of HIV/AIDS by Three South African Novels2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    South Africa is one of the most affected country by the HIV/AIDS epidemic worldwide. Literary responses gave voice to the impact and perception of HIV/AIDS epidemic. The present thesis is focused on the creative response to HIV/AIDS by a sample of three selected South African novels

    Welcome to Our Hillbrow, Beauty’s Gift, and The Reactive. By using an interdisciplinary approach, the representation and the experience of HIV/AIDS, and the meanings associated to the disease as described in the novels are analysed. Welcome to Our Hillbrow presents the prejudice and myths around HIV/AIDS, Beauty’s Gift is focused on female empowerment against risky masculinity, and The Reactive is a coming-of-age novel offering an introspective insight into HIV-positive status. Written in different times between 2001 and 2014, and by black authors of different generations, the novels are inscribed in the socio-cultural context of South Africa. With this sample of selected fiction, it is possible to observe a complex scenario on HIV/AIDS and a shift in the focus on HIV/AIDS perception: from stigma and mortality, to activism and prevention, to the individual co-existence with a manageable chronic condition. The novels showed the nuances of the meanings associated to HIV/AIDS, and their specific relation to the socio-cultural determinants of the disease (stigma, misinformation, rural-urban relation, gender power structure, accessibility to treatment). The present work intends to contribute to the understanding of HIV/AIDS by the perspective of creative voices which have the ability to disclose meaning and signification to the experience of suffering due to the disease.

  • 13.
    Börestam, Ulla
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Gröndahl, SatuUppsala universitet, Centrum för multietnisk forskning.Straszer, Boglárka
    Revitalisera mera!: En artikelsamling om den språkliga mångfalden i Norden tillägnad Leena Huss2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken innehåller artiklar med anknytning till flerspråkighet och språkmöten på nordiskt område, företrädesvis i samband med stärkandet av minoritetsspråkens ställning vid revitalisering och språklig emancipation. Flertalet av bokens författare tillhör de främsta forskarna i Norden på sina områden med lång och gedigen erfarenhet av språk och minoritetsfrågor, språkkontakt, flerspråkighet, migration och angränsande ämnen. Artiklarna speglar därmed den språkliga mångfalden i Norden ur skilda perspektiv och med största möjliga spännvidd. Samtliga författare är kolleger och vänner till Leena Huss, som har verkat som få andra på minoritetsspråkens och flerspråkighetens område under många år. Boken framställdes som en hyllning till henne på bemärkelsedagen i september 2008.

  • 14.
    Coletta, Veronica
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    Covering the South African Intention to Leave the International Criminal Court (ICC): A web content analysis of the debate between media arguments and possible bias2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is an initial attempt to analyze the media debate about the intention to withdraw from the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced last October 2016 by the South African government.

    The purpose is to examine media arguments raised and possible bias on three South African major news sites. Articles selected are analyzed through a web content analysis that allows to understand how the debate about the government’s intention was presented, examining the issue of unconstitutionality and the question of human rights emerged. In order to verify possible media bias, instead, several previous studies on the matter were considered, with particular attention to the one of Eberl, Boomgaarden and Wagner, used to apply a systematic analytical approach. Theories on media accountability and media ethics in South Africa constitute the theoretical framework of the research. The study is conducted by following an extensive review of secondary sources and a typical descriptive case study approach. What the Thesis means to show is that, in most cases, South African web sites have presented and discussed the government’s intention with a negative tone demonstrating media bias especially in the tonality used, often against, more or less openly, the country’s withdrawal.

  • 15.
    Gilsenan Nordin, Irene
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Edfeldt, Chatarina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Hu, Lung-Lung
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Chinese.
    Jonsson, Herbert
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Leblanc, André
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Introduction: Transcultural Identity Constructions in a Changing World2016In: Transcultural Identity Constructions in a Changing World / [ed] Irene Gilsenan Nordin, Chatarina Edfeldt, Lung-Lung Hu, Herbert Jonsson, André Leblanc, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2016, p. 11-20Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the phenomenon of transculturality has existed as long as human culture, the increased speed of movement and communication worldwide has made it impossible to ignore in any aspect of cultural studies. In a society where changes were slow and foreign influences were few, an illusion of culture as homogeneous and static may have been easy to uphold, but in today’s ever-increasing flux of cultural change, the perspective of transculturality is more satisfactory in understanding human identity constructions. Compared with concepts such as interculturality, multiculturality, or hybridity, which all may have some relevance for describing cultural encounters, but which often presuppose the notion of cultural essentialism, the concept of transculturality has the advantage of recognising change and diversity, rather than focusing on boundaries or differences.

  • 16.
    Gilsenan Nordin, Irene
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Edfeldt, ChatarinaDalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.Hu, Lung-LungDalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Chinese.Jonsson, HerbertDalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.Leblanc, AndréDalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Transcultural Identity Constructions in a Changing World2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This volume takes a broad outlook on the concept of transculturality. Contributions from 19 authors and specialists, of almost as many diverse origins, grapple with this concept, each in their own way. How can transculturality be described? How can it help us understand our world? Many of the chapters deal with literary texts, others with the stories told in movies, drama, and visual art. There are texts about the complexity of the European Burqa-Ban debate, the negative aspects of Portuguese multiculturalism, or the border-crossing experiences of Filipino immigrants in Ireland. Several chapters examine stereotypes, the idea of movement, the dissolution of cultural borders, or the nature of bilingual writing. It is a unique contribution to the field, on a virtually global scale.

  • 17.
    Hashim Al-Rubaye, Nejood
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Arabic.
    الفضائية العراقية والفضائيات العربية2003In: بغداد, no 649Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Hazboun, Suha
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    ThesisMaster ProgramChallenges of Transmedia Storytelling: Considerations of Creating of Transmedia Projects2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 19.
    Häger, Ludvig
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Etniska musikinstrument i dataspelsmusik: En undersökning om musikinstrumentens användning i Assassin's Creed2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 20.
    Iljero, Erika
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Var Dags Brus: En inblick i ljudkänsliga personers vardag2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en kvalitativ undersökning om icke diagnostiserad ljudkänslighet. Syftet är att skildra den subjektiva upplevelsen av ljudkänslighet hos ljudkänsliga personer. Tolv informanter har svarat på ett frågeformulär rörande sin upplevelse som ljudkänslig och hur detta påverkar vardagen. Studiens resultat visar att faktorer som stress, sömnproblem och starka ljud bidrar till ökad känslighet. Strategier för att hantera ljudkänsligheten i vardagen presenteras. Vanligaste strategierna är att undvika miljöer med hög ljudnivå, att använda hörselskydd eller hörlurar med musik samt att eftersträva tystnad då man vistas i sin hemmiljö. Studien belyser också i stort hur ljud kan påverka oss både fysiskt och psykiskt.

  • 21.
    Indzic Dujso, Aleksandra
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education. Umeå universitet.
    Nationella minoriteter i historieundervisningen: bilder av romer i Utbildningsradions program under perioden 1975-20132015Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2000 when Sweden signed the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities the Roma minority became one of the acknowledged national minorities in the country. It meant that the rights of the Roma mi-nority would be safeguarded and the knowledge of its history and culture would be spread. In that context, the Swedish school, with its founded as-signment of democracy, was given an important role. The education was to communicate the multicultural values of the society and to make visible the history and culture of the Roma minority.

    The school books used in teaching today do not meet these demands. The view of the Roma minority given in school books is often inadequate and simplified. The present study will therefore examine a different type of edu-cational material used in schools and teaching, The Swedish Educational Broadcasting Company‟s programs of history and social studies regarding the Roma minority. Starting in postcolonial theory as well as critical dis-course analysis the study examines how the picture of the Roma cultural and ethnic identity in the Swedish Educational Broadcasting Company‟s material has been displayed and possibly changed during the period of 1975 to 2013.

    The results show a picture of Roma which, both in form and content, con-sists of some clearly demarcated discursive categories. The obvious continui-ty of the categories gives a picture of static and invariable Roma identity. At the same time this unambiguous picture is broken both by giving the existing discourses new meaning and also adding new discourses. The complexity and nuances become more prominent and the Roma identity is integrated in common Swedish history telling. The changes in the view of Roma, given by the Swedish Educational Broadcasting Company, can mainly be explained by the change of the Swedish immigration and minority policy and, as a conse-quence of this, the change of the school‟s mission regarding knowledge communication of Sweden as a multicultural country.

  • 22.
    Inose, Hiroko
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Aronsson, Mattias
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Fjordevik, Anneli
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    Fan activities applied to online university education2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The presentation discusses a possible way of adapting internet fan activities to the academic level online education. At the Dalarna University (Sweden), which is specialized in online education, there was a three-year project called “Informal Learning Environment”, which explored the educational aspects of fan activities, and the possible ways to apply them in language (French, German, Japanese, Portuguese) and literature courses.

    The educational effects of fan activities are mentioned by various authors (e.g. James Paul Gee), and we focused on two activities, Fan Fiction and Scanlation.

    In the Fan Fiction exercise, the students in French and German Literature had an introduction on Fan Fiction, then were asked to choose one of the literary works studied during the semester, and write a short fictional story based on it. Each student uploaded his/her text to the learning platform and then received peer-feedback from others.

    In the Scanlation exercise, a group work was designed for the Translation course (Japanese-English translation). Students formed groups of threes and fours and each group translated two different chapters from Shisso Nikki, a manga by Hideo Aduma. They had two weeks to work together, and then the translations were uploaded to the learning platform. Each student then gave comment and feedback to the chapters translated by other groups.

    In all courses, students were asked to evaluate the activities afterwards. The evaluation focused on if they enjoyed the activity, what they learned, and what the peer-feedback meant to them. Since we teach only online courses, the web-based interaction becomes very central. This is also the case in fan communities. Therefore, our hypothesis is that connecting fan activities with web-based teaching may be a way to develop and improve the formal academic learning environment.

  • 23.
    Ip, Wei Hing
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Chinese.
    Cross-Cultural Communication in Next Generation Language Learning: A Case Study of Chinese as a Foreign Language2011In: Proceedings of the Young Scholar Award Competition for the International Conference on Chinese Language Learning and Teaching in the Digital Age, Hong Kong: The Hong Kong Institute of Education , 2011, , p. 19p. 1-16Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Along with the growth of globalization, the importance of developing student’s competence of cross-cultural communication have been emphasized constantly in foreign language education. When a teacher, who is a native Chinese speaker, teaches Chinese as a foreign language to foreign students, the whole process is thus not just “teaching a foreign language”, but also a “cross-culture communication”. In China, the concept of cross-culture communication did not draw much attention in teaching Chinese as foreign language until the 1980s, when a controversial and still ongoing debate started. Despite there are already some generally accepted conclusions that cross-cultural communication approach should be emphasized and implemented in teaching Chinese as foreign language, Chinese is still mostly taught to foreigners in the traditional way owing to the lack of empirical work, resources and supports. Therefore, there is an urgent need for research of implementing the cross-cultural communication approach in both teaching and learning Chinese as a foreign language.

    Chinese as a foreign language is now available in both traditional and distance modes. In the last few years, global demand for learning Chinese as a foreign language has been dramatically increasing. And since the traditional mode of education cannot satisfy specific needs of some students, a new generation of distance education, supported by the fast maturing videoconferencing software and the web-based learning in general, generates new alternatives and possibilities for both teaching and learning Chinese as a foreign language. However, this development also constitutes specific challenges for both teachers and students.

    With respond to the challenges, a trial of an action research was designed to investigate scope of possibilities (and their limitations) in implementing cross-cultural communication approach into web-based courses of Chinese as a foreign language. The research brought together two areas of current research on teaching foreign languages: (1) the cross-cultural communication perspective and (2) the distance/internet-based education. 

  • 24.
    Ip, Wei Hing
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Chinese.
    Cross-Cultural Communication in Next Generation Language Learning: A Case Study of Chinese as a Foreign Language2011In: Proceedings of the Young Scholar Award Competition for the International Conference on Chinese Language Learning and Teaching in the Digital Age, Hong Kong: The Hong Kong Institute of Education , 2011, , p. 19Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Along with the growth of globalization, the importance of developing student’s competence of cross-cultural communication have been emphasized constantly in foreign language education. When a teacher, who is a native Chinese speaker, teaches Chinese as a foreign language to foreign students, the whole process is thus not just “teaching a foreign language”, but also a “cross-culture communication”. In China, the concept of cross-culture communication did not draw much attention in teaching Chinese as foreign language until the 1980s, when a controversial and still ongoing debate started. Despite there are already some generally accepted conclusions that cross-cultural communication approach should be emphasized and implemented in teaching Chinese as foreign language, Chinese is still mostly taught to foreigners in the traditional way owing to the lack of empirical work, resources and supports. Therefore, there is an urgent need for research of implementing the cross-cultural communication approach in both teaching and learning Chinese as a foreign language.

    Chinese as a foreign language is now available in both traditional and distance modes. In the last few years, global demand for learning Chinese as a foreign language has been dramatically increasing. And since the traditional mode of education cannot satisfy specific needs of some students, a new generation of distance education, supported by the fast maturing videoconferencing software and the web-based learning in general, generates new alternatives and possibilities for both teaching and learning Chinese as a foreign language. However, this development also constitutes specific challenges for both teachers and students.

    With respond to the challenges, a trial of an action research was designed to investigate scope of possibilities (and their limitations) in implementing cross-cultural communication approach into web-based courses of Chinese as a foreign language. The research brought together two areas of current research on teaching foreign languages: (1) the cross-cultural communication perspective and (2) the distance/internet-based education. 

  • 25.
    Kristiansen, Martin
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Ljudets inverkan på pulsfrekvens vid spelande av datorspel2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 26.
    Lamartine, André
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production. Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Cultural Studies. Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Media and Communication Studies.
    Att hitta hem igen: En studie i affektionens betydelse i berättelser, med utgångspunkt i det filmiska tv-spelet The Last of Us2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte är att studera hur det filmiska tv-spelet The Last of Us (Naughty Dog, 2013) har designats för att framkalla emotionella responser med hjälp av en normalitetsmodell. Det går ut på att objektivt identifiera intensiva ögonblick som avbryter/förändrar ett normalitetsläge. Detta leder till fokus på tre huvudpunkter för att förstå helhetsdesignen: produktion av emotion i filmsekvenser, produktion av emotion i spelsekvenser och deras samspel. Spelsekvenser visar sig framkalla emotion när fiendekonfrontationer avbryter spelarens trygga utforskande och skapar spänning genom att utsätta spelare för risker under intensiva sammandrabbningar. Filmsekvenser i sin tur använder realistiskt animerade scener för att uppmärksamma ansiktens betydelse under emotionella scener, samt för att etablera protagonistens normalitetssträvanden och den emotionella risk den medför. Avslutningsvis utgör samspel mellan film- och spelsekvenser en balanserad tonöverföring mellan varandra genom att både överraska spelaren i övergångar och genom att förhålla spelarens beteende med protagonistens splittrade normalitetssträvanden.

  • 27.
    Larsson Boldt, Andreas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    The Loudness War: kriget om relativ ljudstyrka inom populärmusiken2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    A catástrofe pós-colonial: ler António Lobo Antunes «à rebours»2014In: / [ed] Maria Graciete Besse et Mònica Güel, Paris, 2014, no 15Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    Le roman As Naus (Le retour des Caravelles) d’António Lobo Antunes propose une révision du passé historique portugais, en offrant une relecture de la Révolution du 25 avril 1974 comme événement traumatique et catastrophique. En effet, sur fond de guerre et de décolonisation africaine, l’auteur nous transmet une vision dysphorique du contexte révolutionnaire portugais, ceci en adoptant le point de vue des « retornados », ex-colons fuyant l’Afrique, revenant vers la mère Patrie : le Portugal. Nous assistons ainsi à une « navigation à contre-courant », celle où les « héros de jadis », relégués aux marges de la société portugaise, se transforment en personnages nomadiques et « border-line ». Dans ces conditions, l’espace des marges représente « l’envers du décor » de la société portugaise, un monde sens dessus dessous, où règnent la sauvagerie et l’abjection. C’est à travers ces motifs apocalyptiques que l’auteur touche à l’un des fondements de l’identité portugaise, à savoir, celle d’une grande Nation au centre d’un Empire.

  • 29.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    A Quinta-Essência de Agustina Bessa-Luís : l’Asie portugaise2018In: L’Asie portugaise des Arts et des Lettres in Carnet de l’École Doctorale Histoire de l’art et Archéologie de Sorbonne Université, Paris, juin 2018, Paris, 2018, Vol. 1, p. 1-8Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    Dans A Quinta Essência Agustina Bessa-Luís nous propose une lecture originale de l’Histoire portugaise postcoloniale, en réinvestissant les thèmes de l’interculturel et de la rencontre avec l’Autre. En effet, dans le contexte trouble d’avril 1974, le personnage de José Carlos Pessanha s’expatrie vers l’Orient, en particulier vers Macao, l’une des dernières colonies orientales de l’Empire colonial portugais. Or, la particularité de ce périple de redécouverte de l’Orient est qu’il fait coïncider la destinée d’un personnage en quête de soi avec celle d’un pays se questionnant encore sur sa propre identité. Ainsi, dans ce voyage à rebours dans l’Histoire luso-orientale, l’auteure dessine le visage d’une Nation-Empire tiraillée à la fois entre le désir d’incarner cette « supériorité génétique de l’Occident » et une fascination pour la culture de l’Autre, signe d’un « excès d’altérité » (B. de Sousa Santos) dans l’identité portugaise. Macao, terre de l’entre-deux et de la circulation interculturelle, sera le terrain propice et emblématique à l’expression de la position « ambivalente et hybride » (colonisateur/colonisé) du Portugal en Occident.

  • 30.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    A Quinta-Essência de Agustina Bessa-Luís : l’Asie portugaise2018In: Carnet de l’École Doctorale Histoire de l’art et Archéologie de Sorbonne Université,, Vol. 1, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    Dans A Quinta Essência Agustina Bessa-Luís nous propose une lecture originale de l’Histoire portugaise postcoloniale, en réinvestissant les thèmes de l’interculturel et de la rencontre avec l’Autre. En effet, dans le contexte trouble d’avril 1974, le personnage de José Carlos Pessanha s’expatrie vers l’Orient, en particulier vers Macao, l’une des dernières colonies orientales de l’Empire colonial portugais. Or, la particularité de ce périple de redécouverte de l’Orient est qu’il fait coïncider la destinée d’un personnage en quête de soi avec celle d’un pays se questionnant encore sur sa propre identité. Ainsi, dans ce voyage à rebours dans l’Histoire luso-orientale, l’auteure dessine le visage d’une Nation-Empire tiraillée à la fois entre le désir d’incarner cette « supériorité génétique de l’Occident » et une fascination pour la culture de l’Autre, signe d’un « excès d’altérité » (B. de Sousa Santos) dans l’identité portugaise. Macao, terre de l’entre-deux et de la circulation interculturelle, sera le terrain propice et emblématique à l’expression de la position « ambivalente et hybride » (colonisateur/colonisé) du Portugal en Occident.

  • 31.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Breviário do Brasil de Agustina Bessa-Luís: uma Poética da Relação2018In: Nós e as Palavras / [ed] Ateliê Editorial, São Paulo: Ateliê Editorial , 2018, 1, p. 251-261Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [pt]

    Propomo-nos analisar o diário de viagem, Breviário do Brasil (1991), no qual a autora portuguesa, Agustina Bessa-Luís, explora as relações Luso-brasileiras. Uma relação que, segundo Anamaria Filizola, se constrói entre “ressentimento/fascínio” e “o que nos aproxima” e na qual a literatura desempenha um papel preponderante para “preencher os silêncios”, reativando a memória do passado e revelando um conhecimento partilhado. O nosso trabalho tentará abordar este diário de viagem à luz das ideias desenvolvidas por Edourad Glissant com o conceito de “poética da relação”, enquadrando-o também no que Gisele Sapiro e Pascale Casanova, entre outros, definem como uma “Literatura-mundo”.

  • 32.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Le premier féminisme portugais : Paris-Lisbonne2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Lentina, Alda Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Portuguese.
    Literatura e Diáspora portuguesa em França: a história de um “entre-deux”2017In: Actas del IV Congreso Internacional SEEPLU – Cartografías del Portugués Cáceres, 11-13 noviembre 2015, Carceres (Spain), 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [pt]

    A “literatura da diáspora portuguesa”, representada por autores como Olga Gonçalves, Maria Graciete Besse, Carlos Batista, Brigitte Paulino-Neto e, ultimamente, José Luís Peixoto, despertou, até estes últimos anos, muito pouco interesse certamente por razões ligadas ao facto de tal Literatura ser produzida por escritores recorrentemente definidos como representantes do “outro estranho” “tanto no país onde vivem como em Portugal” (Ana Paula Coutinho Mendes). No entanto, é porque as suas obras revelam desde já “uma dupla pertença”, uma duplicidade, que estas são capazes “de questionar e de reexaminar a identidade nacional, cultural e literária”. Com efeito, é através de modos narrativos e de pontos de vista diferentes (femininos/masculinos) que estes escritores expressam ao mesmo tempo o sofrimento provocado pelo exílio e o sentimento que o acompanha, o de “ser o outro”. Assim, paradoxalmente, encontramos nestes dois temas o que parece estar irremediavelmente ligado à identidade « histórica » portuguesa, isto é, a de um povo cuja imagem jamais é definida como o da Epopeia das Descobertas mas como o do “entre-deux” e da hibridez. Finalmente, estas representações e configurações identitárias não deixam de lembrar a « posição semi-periférica » (Boaventura de Sousa Santos) de Portugal na Europa, quer dizer um país marcado por uma posição intermediária e subalterna (G. Spivak).

  • 34.
    Mackenzie, Calahan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Poska, Robert
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Uncovering History and FolkloreNear Vasalopps-Arenan: Exploring Functions of Mobile Applications for an E-Guide2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The location of focus is Vasalopps-Arenan, a trail of historical relevance in Sweden both forthe world famous ski race, Vasaloppet, which has been held yearly since 1922, and the journeyof Gustav Vasa, upon which it is named. The potential to expand the all-season use of thetrail with the advent of free Wi-Fi along its 90 km length further supports this means. Vasalopps-Arenan is also the organization responsible for the trail system of the same name.Instead of the ski-race that the arena is best known for, this research focuses on the historicalevidence, stories, myths, and folklore previously underrepresented, and connecting them tophysical and natural phenomena that surround the research area, through the formulation ofnarratives. The introduction of literature related to narrative authenticity and interpretationwill give context to the importance of gathering primary and secondary data, for the creationof narratives that convey the stories accurately and effectively. This data is collected and analysedusing qualitative methods, through which the implemented process of deducing theirinclusion into narratives, will be beneficial for both this study and the organization, VA. Bydoing this, a connection is made between physical attractions and the area’s history and folklore,to satisfy the formulation of narratives that are intended for presentation within a digitalguide or application. A smartphone application that enables the capture of video, audio, photoimages, GPS information, can provide opportunities for much deeper and meaningful e-guideexperiences. Introducing a technological background and current applications in the marketwill provide context for both a scale formed to provide a foundation upon which Vasalopps-Arenan can build user specific information relative to its trail, and to determine what functionswould be most beneficial for the user categories of Vasalopps-Arenan. This study willuncover underrepresented/unrepresented historical data related to folklore, myths, physicalattractions and ancient beliefs within the region of this study’s focus, for the purpose of beingincluded into an e-guide/smartphone application. The study will conclude that the findings fornarrative inclusion are suitable for use within a mobile e-guide platform, and that the functionsof an application intended for different user categories also support the future creation ofthe proposed Vasalopps-Arenan application.

  • 35. Moreno Herrera, Lázaro
    et al.
    Wedin, Åsa
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Re-thinking bilingualism: challenges of multilingualism and communication in classroom settings2010In: Language, Culture and Curriculum, ISSN 0790-8318, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 171-171Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Nigrisoli Wärnhjelm, Vera
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Italian.
    Apollonio Menabeni, protomedico di Giovanni III di Svezia, e il suo trattato sull'alce2008In: Atti della XXXVII Tornata degli Studi storici dell’Arte Medica e della Scienza: Per una storia della comunicazione medico-scientifica: dal manoscritto al libro a stampa, secoli XV-XVI. Fermo, Centro Congressi San Martino, 18-20 settembre 2003 / [ed] Fabiola Zurlini, Fermo: Andrea Livi Editore , 2008, p. 94-107Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Nigrisoli Wärnhjelm, Vera
    Stockholms universitet.
    Il viaggio in Scandinavia di un rappresentante della casa d'Este nel Seicento1999In: Settentrione: nuova serie, ISSN 1237-9964, no 11, p. 112-127Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Nigrisoli Wärnhjelm, Vera
    Italienska kulturinstitutet i Stockholm.
    La Biblioteca Comunale di Fermo e il fondo Ricci2003In: Lettere dalla Facoltà, Vol. VI, no 5, p. 26-27Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Nigrisoli Wärnhjelm, Vera
    Italienska kulturinstitutet i Stockholm.
    Una lettera inedita del cardinale Decio Azzolino jr sulla nascita della Biblioteca Comunale di Fermo2005In: Medici e medicina nelle Marche: Lo Studio Firmano e la storia della medicina Fermo, 1955-2005 / [ed] Zurlini, Fabiola, Fermo: Andrea Livi Editore , 2005, p. 169-174Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Nyberg, Gunn
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies (CeHum.
    Ways of knowing in ways of moving: A study of the meaning of capability to move2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis has been to investigate the meaning of the capability to move in order to identify and describe this capability from the perspective of the one who moves in relation to specific movements. It has been my ambition to develop ways to explicate, and thereby open up for discussion, what might form an educational goal in the context of movements and movement activities in the school subject of physical education and health (PEH).

    In this study I have used a practical epistemological perspective on capability to move, a perspective that challenges the traditional distinction between mental and physical skills as well as between theoretical and practical knowledge. Movement actions, or ways of moving, are seen as expressions of knowing.

    In order to explore an understanding of the knowing involved in specific ways of moving, observations of  actors’ ways of moving and their own experiences of moving were brought together. Informants from three different arenas took part: from PEH in upper secondary school, from athletics and from free-skiing.

    The results of the analyses suggest it is possible to describe practitioners’ developed knowing as a number of specific ways of knowing that are in turn related to specific ways of moving. Examples of such specific ways of moving may be discerning and modifying one’s own rotational velocity and navigating one’s (bodily) awareness. Additionally, exploring learners’ pre-knowing of a movement ‘as something’ may be fruitful when planning the teaching and learning of capability to move. I have suggested that these specific ways of knowing might be regarded as educational goals in PEH.

    In conducting this study, I have also had the ambition to contribute to the ongoing discussion of what ‘ability’ in the PEH context might mean. In considering specific ways of knowing in moving, the implicit and taken-for-granted meaning of ‘standards of excellence’ and ‘sports ability’can be discussed, and challenged.

  • 41. Nykanen, Arne
    et al.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Sundhage, Johan
    Mohlin, Peter
    Sketching sounds: kinds of listening and their functions in designing2015In: Design Studies, ISSN 0142-694X, E-ISSN 1872-6909, Vol. 39, p. 19-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, the use of sketching in sound design was studied. Based on Schon and Wiggins' model of how designers use sketching to see, move, and see again, we suggest that sound design evolves through a similar process requiring listening, moving, and listening again. This is facilitated by considering sounds as sketches. A case was followed in which six designers were asked to design a sound logotype. Processes and interactions were studied. The results suggest that sound design can be considered as a listen move listen process. Sound design is a conversation with sounding material, crucially dependent on listening. To assist in this, a computer interface was developed. Analysis of its use suggests that it supported co-designing. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 42.
    Pasqualini, Arianna
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    Transcultural memories of German-Namibian history (1978-1990):: Micro-perspectives from the global autobiographies of Lucia Engombe and Stefanie Lahya Aukongo2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present thesis deals with the Namibian liberation struggle against the South African regime, by focusing on the relationship of solidarity between SWAPO and East Germany. It provides an original perspective of the German-Namibian history between 1978-1990, by using the life stories of Lucia Engombe and Stefanie Lahya Aukongo. They are Namibian women who, according to the pact of solidarity, lived on the brink between Namibia and East Germany, becoming in this way witnesses of the historical upheavals that have changed the global order. Then, this thesis makes use of

    Child No. 95. My German-African Odyssey – the autobiography of Lucia Engombe – and Kalungas Kind: meine unglaubliche Reise uns Leben – the autobiography of Stefanie Layha Aukongo – as sources to investigate the complexities of that period. The global lives of Lucia Engombe and Stefanie Lahya Aukongo allow the combination of macro and micro history and bring out new facets, which otherwise would remain in the shadow. Through the deconstruction of their life narratives, in fact, the big narrative of the global history become fraught with new meanings, bringing out the power of microhistories. This thesis shows how individual autobiographies can be meaningful to history, and how global history can be reconciled with micro-history through the story of global lives, which provide new and unprecedented points of view.

  • 43.
    Pettersson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Måste barn alltid lära sig av barnkulturen?2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta paper, tar sin utgångspunkt i min avhandling TV for Children (Pettersson, 2013), och studerar hur diskurser om lärande är inkorporerade i TV för barn. Den tvärvetenskapliga teoretiska grunden för studien utgörs av TV studier (ex. Ellis, 2006, Corner, 1999; Lury, 2005), Barndoms studier (ex. James, Jenks and Prout, 1998; Kehily, 2008; Lee, 2001) och Visuell kultur (ex. Mitchell, 2005; Rose, 2001; Sparrman, 2002) för att diskutera hur barn representeras, visualiseras och tilltalas som lärande individer i public service TV-program för barn. Materialet som studeras är public service TV program sända för barn under 1980, 1992 och 2007 av SVT och UR och analysen fokuserar på hur föreställningar om barn ständigt är länkade till föreställningar om lärande i dessa program. Frågor som diskuteras är om barn trots att de konstrueras som sociala aktörer i programmen också i och med att de genomgående ska lära sig saker kommer att betraktas som otillräckliga. Här blir relationen barn-TV central då den i sig också bygger på diskursiva föreställningar. Samhällsdiskurser fokuserar ofta på TV och barn som en riskabel relation, i en sådan diskurs blir det omöjligt att skapa public service TV för barn som bygger på underhållning utan programmen för barn kommer att legitimeras med ett lärande tilltal och innehåll. Detta ger en barnkultur som bygger på vuxna förväntningar och förhoppningar mer än en barnkultur som bygger på vad barn själva anser sig vilja ha.

  • 44.
    Pettersson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    The Best Friend: Exploring the Power Relations of the Child-Pet Co-Construction in Children’s TV Programs2017In: Childhood and pethood in literature and culture: new perspectives on childhood studies and animal studies / [ed] A. Feuerstein & C. Nolte-Odhiambo, New York: Routledge, 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Purcell Sjölund, Anita
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English. University of Otago .
    An analysis of Samoan reaction to The Orator (O Le Tulafale)’s Fāgogo defining Samoan identity2013Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Orator (O Le Tulafale) was promoted as the first Samoan language film shot in Samoa with a Samoan cast and crew. Written and directed by Samoan filmmaker Tusi Tamasese, the film succeeded at several of the movie industry’s prestigious festivals. The Orator (O Le Tulafale) is about an outcast family of a dwarf (Saili), his wife and her teenage daughter. As the main protagonist, Saili battles to overcome his fears to become a chief to save his family and land. The film’s themes are courage, love, honour , as well as hypocrisy, violence, and discrimination. A backlash by Samoans was predicted ; however, the opposite occurred. This raised the following questions: first, what is it about the film causing this reaction? It is a 106 -minute film shot in Samoa about Samoans and the Samoan culture . D espite promotional claims about the film , there have been Samoan -produced films in Samoa . Secondly, to what are Samoans really responding? Is it 1) just to the film because it is about Samoa, or 2) are they responding to themselves , and how they reacted during the act of watching the film? This implies levels of reactions in the act of watching, and examining the dominant level of response is important. To explore this, t he Samoan story telling technique of Fāgogo was used to analyse the film’s narration and narrative techniques. R. Allen’s (1993, 1997) concept of projected illusion was employed to discuss the relationship between Samoans and the film developed during the act of watching. An examination of the term Samoan and a description of the framework of Fa’a Samoa (Samoan culture) were provided. Also included were discussions of memory and its impact on Samoan cultural identity. The analysis indicated that The Orator (O Le Tulafale) acted as a memory prompt through which Samoans recalled memories confirming and defining cultural bonds. These memories constituted the essence of being Samoan. These memories were awakened, and shared as oral histories as fāgogo. The receivers appeared to interpret the shared memories to create their own memories and stories to suit their contexts, according to Facebook postings. An interpretation is that the organic sharing of memories as fā gogo created a global definition of Samoan that Samoans internationally claimed.

  • 46.
    Purcell Sjölund, Anita
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Exploring 'Samoaness' in the Samoan language film The Orator (O Le Tulafale)2012In: The Proceedings Book of ISLC 2012, Turkey, 2012, p. 1839-1847Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Pacific nation of the Independent Samoa (formerly Western Samoa)  is not known for having a developed film industry.   In 2011, a Samoan languge film called The Orator (O le Tulafale) placed the spotlight on Samoa, its people, and the Samoan culture when it became the country’s first ever film to be accepted into major international film festivals such as the 68th Venice Film Festival.  Samoans the world over have embraced the film for its richness, compassion, and authenticity. Yet at times, the film portrays the Samoan culture as harsh and cruel.   Samoans are usually quick to criticise negative portrayals of their culture but the thousands of comments on the film’s official Facebook page show otherwise.  From April 2011 to March 2012, there were only 11 comments criticising the film on Facebook, and these criticisms were denounced as ‘un-Samoan’. This raised the question as to why Samoans did not react to the unflattering portrayals of their culture, but instead react against legitimate criticisms of the film.  By using Foucault’s concept of heterotopia and the Samoan narrative structure of fāgogo, a heterotopia space and a utopia space are created in which past memories confirming Samoan cultural identity and bonds to the culture are evoked and are (re)experienced by Samoans while viewing the film.  Thus the film’s ability to encourage this is what Samoans praise rather than the actual film.  

  • 47.
    Purcell Sjölund, Anita
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    My Name is Gary Cooper, but it is also Samoan2016In: Transcultural Identity: Constructions in a Changing World / [ed] Irene Gilsenan Nordin, Chatarina Edfeldt, Lung-Lung Hu, Herbert Jonsson, André Leblanc, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2016, p. 306-325Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Samoan culture, chiefly titles are a form of oral history and cultural knowledge.  In this chapter, I interpret the term Samoan to be a title that has its own oral history and cultural knowledge. Those who call themselves Samoan belong to this history. However, Samoan is a title which is contested and (re)defined by contemporary Samoan cultural practitioners in immigration destination countries such as New Zealand. Examples are Victor Roger’s play My Name is Gary Cooper, Oscar Kightley and Simon Small’s play Fresh Off the Boat, and Tusi Tamasese’s film The Orator (O Le Tulafale). These works subvert the Western gaze upon the Samoan as the exotic and present a cultural mirror to Samoans to reveal how they view themselves. They form a larger discussion on a transnational or meta-Samoan culture and identity that is inclusive and that reflects the urban and cosmopolitan realities of Samoans whether they are in Samoa or abroad.  

  • 48.
    Purcell Sjölund, Anita
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    My name is Gary Cooper: Western popular culture and Samoan cultural identity2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Purcell-Sjölund, Anita
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Laffing wif ’n at da Fob, paht hooz da Fob? A discussion of the comedy performances of The Laughing Samoans in New Zealand: (Laughing with and at the Fob, but who's the Fob?)2013In: The Stockholm 2013 Metaphor Festival, Stockholm University, 29 - 31 August 2013: Conference proceedings book, 2013, p. 64-65Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Laughing Samoans is a comedy duo comprising New Zealand-born Samoan comedian Tofiga Fepulea’i, and Samoan-born actor Etuati Ete. Having performed throughout the Pacific region, The Laughing Samoans over-exaggerate and mock Samoan immigrants’ interaction with the New Zealand Pakeha (NZ-Europeans) as well as among Samoans, who are the fastest-growing immigrant group in New Zealand.

    In the Samoan culture, comic theatre is known as faleaitu (‘house of spirits’). Faleaitudeals with tensions and conflicts in the Samoan community by providing a comic mirror for the community. Fa’a Samoa (Samoan culture) is a chief-based system, wherein open criticism is discouraged. Hereniko (1994) explained that in faleaitu, actors are clowns and are seen as possessed by a spirit which criticises Samoan chiefs and institutions. Faleaitu is reminiscent of Bakhtin’s (1984) concept of the carnival, using masking and dissembling to turn the social world inside out to reconstruct social relations. The Laughing Samoans portray stereotypes of Samoans as educationally, economically, and socially backwards, in other words FOB (an importer’s acronym for “free on board”). Applied to Pacific Island immigrants, FOB became an acronym for “fresh off the boat” and is the derogatory equivalent to the term “nigger” applied to AfroAmericans.

    In their comedy sketches as a type of faleaitu, The Laughing Samoans enact the stereotypes of Samoans as well as mock Samoans’ attempts to mimic Pakeha. In their performances, The Laughing Samoans speak a variety of English called Pasifika (Pacific) English. Some of the characteristics of Pasifika English are a heavy island (Samoan) accent, slurred pronunciation of English, the mistaken use of prepositions, and switching of sentence word-order. Dominant in The Laughing Samoans’ use of Pasifika English are features such as puns, homonyms, and clichés to create (mis)communication with Pakeha characters and critically comment on aspects of Fa’a Samoa.

    An analysis of The Laughing Samoans’ performances indicates that what is going on is what Balme (2007:182) called reverse colonial mimicry, thereby contradicting Bhabha’s (1994:85-92) concept of mimicry, which may be described as reinforcing colonial cultural dominance. Through their use of Pasifika English and their mock faafafine (cross-dressing), The Laughing Samoans imitate the ways Pakeha as the dominant cultural group see themselves. In some comedy sketches the power and cultural dynamics are realigned and shifted so that Pakehabecome the FOB. In addition, The Laughing Samoans mocked the essentialist attitude many Samoan immigrants have of Fa’a Samoa, an attitude which results in the bastardisation of fundamental cultural values. Suggested in some comedy sketches of The Laughing Samoans is a fluid and contextual definition of the essence of Samoan in an immigrant destination country.

    References:

    Bakhtin, Mikhail. 1984. Rabelais and His World (Tr. Hélène Iswolsky). Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

    Balme, Christopher. 2007. Pacific Performances. Theatricality and cross-cultural encounter in the South Seas. Hampshire and New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

    Bhabha, Homi. 1994. The Location of Culture. New York: Routledge.

    Hereniko, Vilsoni. 1994. “Clowning as Political Commentary: Polynesia, then and now,” in The Contemporary Pacific 6:1, 1–28.

  • 50.
    Rauch, Lea
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    Humanitarian intervention: a problematic tool for a global Human Rights defence: The concept in theory and practice and the resulting dilemmas A case study of the NATO intervention in Libya in 20112016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current Thesis sought to identify and analyse the concept of humanitarian intervention in theory and practice and the resulting legal, ethical and political dilemmas. Along with this objective the question is raised if these dilemmas are a reason why the concept of humanitarian intervention is so rarely used in world politics.

    Th  theoretical part, that contains the main statements of the existing research about  this topic, will be followed by    case study of the NATO intervention in Libya in 2011.

    While some dilemmas seem crucial from a theoretical point of view they turn out to be marginal in a concrete case. Furthermore, one comes to the conclusion that these dilemmas are not the main reason behind the rare use of the concept. The international community is rather reluctant when it comes to inference, as the intervening forces need to see an own strategic and geopolitical interest in the intervention. If this is not the case interventions for the protection of Human Rights are unlikely to be launched.

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