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  • 1. Abbas, A.
    et al.
    Avdic, Anders
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Xiaobao, P.
    Zhao, S. L.
    Chong, R.
    Strategic framework of collaboration in knowledge transfer of high-tech industries2018Inngår i: Quality - Access to Success, ISSN 1582-2559, E-ISSN 2069-2242, Vol. 19, nr 163, s. 74-80Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 2. Abbas, A.
    et al.
    Faiz, A.
    Fatima, A.
    Avdic, Anders
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Örebro University.
    Reasons for the failure of government IT projects in Pakistan: A contemporary study2017Inngår i: 2017 International Conference on Service Systems and Service Management, IEEE conference proceedings, 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    After the introduction of information technology (IT), the government needs to take the initiative to start IT projects for the automation of government process to the citizen. Statistics show that a high number of government IT projects fail and only 15 percent e-government projects are successful. In this study, we will answer this research question, what are the reasons for failure of IT projects in the government sector organization in Pakistan and how to overcome these issues? This research was conducted through a literature review, 20 articles from journals and conferences were selected through keywords for the period of ten years from 2003 to 2013. For suggestions, we have followed the same structured search procedure. We found and select articles with our keywords, after reading abstract and conclusion. Our study has described four factors for the failure of IT projects in government sector organizations in Pakistan. These factors are Technology, Management, Politics and Finance. The technology factor can be reduced by providing latest ICT infrastructure with an expert to run and maintain it. Management issues can be resolved by hiring an experienced, skilled and highly motivated project manager to complete a project successfully. Government should make new laws and regulations to help the implementation of these projects and bureaucracy should eliminate any power struggle during and after the implementation. The budget should be allocated before the start of the project to complete it on time. Our research study has provided guidelines to policy makers for automation of government organizations in Pakistan. By considering these suggestions, successful government projects can be achieved.

  • 3. Abbas, Asad
    et al.
    Anam, Fatima
    Sunguh, Khavwandiza
    Avdic, Anders
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Zhang, Xuehe
    Digital rights management system in China: Challenges and Opportunities2018Inngår i: Journal of Cases on Information Technology, ISSN 1548-7717, E-ISSN 1548-7725, Vol. 20, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 4.
    Abbas, Asad
    et al.
    School of Public Affairs, University of Science and Technology of China.
    Avdic, Anders
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Chong, Ren
    School of Public Affairs, University of Science and Technology of China.
    Framework of Collaboration in Knowledge Transfer of High Technology Industries2018Inngår i: Quality - Access to Success, ISSN 1582-2559, E-ISSN 2069-2242, Vol. 19, nr 163Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The concept of Triple Helix relates to collaboration between universities, governments and industry. Such collaboration can take different forms in different countries. This paper examines collaboration between universities and industry in China, specifically in the city of Hefei in Anhui province, one of the most rapidly developing regions in the country. In so doing, it seeks to address the research question: How does industry collaborate with universities in order to acquire commercialized knowledge?

    Design/ Methodology/ Approach - The study is qualitative, based on interviews with experts in R & D, and Intellectual Property Rights from high-tech companies based in Hefei. We analyzed our findings using a conceptual framework that focuses on Knowledge Transfer and Innovation Diffusion (Liyanage et al, 2012). Our study describes and discusses the entire process, from an initial awareness of new knowledge to its eventual acquisition.

    Findings and implications - We conclude that Chinese high-tech companies design comprehensive strategies for the acquisition of knowledge generated from external sources. These strategies are based on local, provincial and state government industrial policies that aim to support collaboration with universities and implement external knowledge in existing systems.

    Originality - Commercialized knowledge put into practice by industries for their own innovation and commercial purposes.

    Limitation - We interviewed industrial experts from three high-tech companies in the city of Hefei, which is located in an industrial area of Anhui province.

  • 5.
    Abbas, Asad
    et al.
    School of Public Affairs, University of Science and Technology of China.
    Avdic, Anders
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Chang Barker, Katherine
    School of Public Affairs, University of Science and Technology of China.
    Xiaobao, Peng
    School of Public Affairs, University of Science and Technology of China.
    Process of knowledge transfer from universities to industry through the University of Technology Transfer Offices in China: The case of Anhui province2018Inngår i: Science and Innovation, ISSN 2409-9066, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 5-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. This paper focuses on knowledge generation and the way in which it is transferred from universities to industry. Most well reputed universities have several departments and university-run enterprises that engage in research. The purpose of these research units is to help universities provide breakthrough innovation through the generation of new knowledge.

    Problem Statement. For this we chose to study China's University Technology Transfer Offices (UTTOs) to gather concrete evidence of university knowledge generation for commercial use in industry. The objective of this study is get indepth information about the role of UTTOs in the transfer of such knowledge.Purpose. The generation of new knowledge contributes to the field of science and technology; in turn, industry can use this knowledge to produce new innovative products or improve existing ones. This study aims to identify the process of knowledge transfer from universities to industry in China.

    Materials and Methods. Our study was carried out as a qualitative case study in the Anhui province of China. Data was mainly collected through semi-structured interviews with technology transfer experts working in technology transfer offices. Collected data were analyzed using a knowledge transfer model with six phases: 1) awareness, 2) acquisition, 3) transformation, 4) association, 5) application, and 6) feedback.

    Results. In China, universities and their research groups dominate in the generation and commercialization of research results, with UTTOs acting as technology bridges between the two parties, as well as providing legal and business services.

    Conclusions. This paper contributes by offering a detailed description of the knowledge transfer process and specifically the role and activities of UTTOs. This research also helps Chinese and international researchers currently carrying out research on the technology transfer process in China.

  • 6. Abbas, Asad
    et al.
    Avdic, Anders
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Xiaobao, Peng
    Ming, Wan
    University-government collaboration for the generation and commercialization of new knowledge for use in industry2019Inngår i: Journal of Innovation & Knowledge, ISSN 2444-569X, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 23-31Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of Triple Helix relates to collaboration between universities, governments and industry. Such collaboration can take different forms in different countries. This paper describes collaboration between universities and government in China, specifically in the city of Hefei in Anhui province, one of the most rapidly developing regions in the country. The research question is: How can bi-lateral research collaboration be a source of knowledge generation and commercialization for use in industry?

    The study is qualitative, involving individual and group interviews with university team leaders and team members from successful projects. Government representatives in China were also interviewed. We used the SECI knowledge creation method to analyze the findings. We also describe the collaboration process from idea and application through to review, funding, realization and commercialization. Our study shows that the government in China plays a dominant role in the process of knowledge creation and commercialization. We conclude that collaboration is a source of new knowledge generation and that the government plays a key role by funding universities and creating a research environment that meets the policy requirements of industry today. In particular, we show that universities and their research groups use resources, such as skilled manpower, laboratories and equipment, to accomplish tasks within a set timeframe.

  • 7.
    Ali, Liaqut
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Avdic, Anders
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    A framework for ICT-based knowledge sharing in sustainable rural development: the case of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan2015Inngår i: Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management, ISSN 1479-4411, E-ISSN 1479-4411, Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 103-116Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Some 50% of the people in the world live in rural areas, often under harsh conditions and in poverty. The need for knowledge of how to improve living conditions is well documented. In response to this need, new knowledge of how to improve living conditions in rural areas and elsewhere is continuously being developed by researchers and practitioners around the world. People in rural areas, in particular, would certainly benefit from being able to share relevant knowledge with each other, as well as with stakeholders (e.g. researchers) and other organizations (e.g. NGOs). Central to knowledge management is the idea of knowledge sharing. This study is based on the assumption that knowledge management can support sustainable development in rural and remote regions. It aims to present a framework for knowledge management in sustainable rural development, and an inventory of existing frameworks for that. The study is interpretive, with interviews as the primary source for the inventory of stakeholders, knowledge categories and Information and Communications Technology (ICT) infrastructure. For the inventory of frameworks, a literature study was carried out. The result is a categorization of the stakeholders who act as producers and beneficiaries of explicit and indigenous development knowledge. Stakeholders are local government, local population, academia, NGOs, civil society and donor agencies. Furthermore, the study presents a categorization of the development knowledge produced by the stakeholders together with specifications for the existing ICT infrastructure. Rural development categories found are research, funding, agriculture, ICT, gender, institutional development, local infrastructure development, and marketing & enterprise. Finally, a compiled framework is presented, and it is based on ten existing frameworks for rural development that were found in the literature study, and the empirical findings of the Gilgit-Baltistan case. Our proposed framework is divided in four levels where level one consists of the identified stakeholders, level two consists of rural development categories, level three of the knowledge management system and level four of sustainable rural development based on the levels below. In the proposed framework we claim that the sustainability of rural development can be achieved through a knowledge society in which knowledge of the rural development process is shared among all relevant stakeholders.

  • 8.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro Universitet.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Victim, Mother, or Untapped Resource? Discourse Analysis of the Construction of Women in ICT Policies2017Inngår i: Information Technologies & International Development, ISSN 1544-7529, Vol. 13, nr 2017, s. 72-86Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the construction of women in national ICT policies in South and Southeast Asia. The aim is to unravel the role ascribed to women in these policies and how this affects suggested measures. The research is based on critical discourse analysis and shows that women are mainly constructed as victims, mothers, or an untapped resource. We argue that if women are speciªcally targeted in policies, careful attention should be given to how they are portrayed. Our analysis also shows that in most cases the suggested solutions on how to include women in the ICT society only deal with the symptoms of gender inequality rather than the structures that prevent equal opportunities. We conclude by discussing implications for research and practice.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Wiklund, Matilda
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Emerging Collaborative and Cooperative Practices in 1:1 Schools2016Inngår i: Technology, Pedagogy and Education, ISSN 1475-939X, E-ISSN 1747-5139, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 413-430Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we explore how laptops used in 1:1 classrooms affect cooperation and collaboration practices. Based on an observational time study we find that the most common activity in 1:1 classrooms is group work using the computer. We also found that despite what the concept 1:1 alludes about one student working with one computer, most laptop use takes on other forms such as two students working with one computer (1:2) or two students working together using two laptops (2:2). The findings reported in this paper about the various different collaboration arrangements have implications for both research and practice. Practice because teachers can arrange activities based on an awareness of the different student-laptop constellations that emerge when students are given a laptop. Research is likewise informed about the various group work constellations and can build on this knowledge for further analysis of the pros and cons with the different collaborative forms. 

  • 10.
    Artursson Wissa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Avdic, Anders
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Flexible study pace, mental disabilities and e-Learning: Perceived problems and opportunities2017Inngår i: Proceedings of 16th European Conference on e-Learning, Porto, Portugal, October 26-27 2017. / [ed] Anabela Mesquita & Paula Peres, Reading, UK, 2017, s. 527-534Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Flexible study pace distant courses provide opportunities for students with disabilities to attend courses in higher educations as opposed to campus courses with fixed schedules. At least that is what we believe. This study investigates how mentally disabled students perceive taking distant courses with flexible pace and also how their teachers perceive opportunities and challenges. Flexible pace means here distant courses where students can start when they like and keep the pace they prefer. The courses in question are part of a two year program of eService Development at Dalarna University in Sweden. The program was launched in 2006 and admits ca 50-80 students each semester. Many of the students are unable to take campus courses of various reasons such as living far from universities, working daytime, etc. We sent out questionnaires to students with disabilities and to teachers asking them semi structured questions about perceived challenges and opportunities regarding the studies. The students had mental disabilities such as Dyslexia, ADHD, Asperger syndrome, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, and Social Phobia. The answers have been analyzed qualitatively by categorizing the answers firstly in groups of challenges and opportunities and further on in sub categories. Our finding shows that the flexible aspect is especially important to students as it gives them the opportunity to adjust their studying practices to their disabilities. Our conclusions are that the flexible study pace approach (FreeStartFreePace) is suitable for students with nonlinear work. It is also useful for students with mental disabilities who could have a problem adapting to schedules and conforming procedures.

  • 11.
    Asiimwe, Edgar Napoleon
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Opinions of social web users on privacy and online DAM2010Inngår i: Journal of Digital Asset Management, ISSN 1743-6540, Vol. 6, nr 6, s. 312-318Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The web today hosts thousands of web user profiles. These profiles contain information, which is sensitive – a reason why the information is protected from illegal use by privacy policies. This kind of information is at times referred to as online digital assets. Online digital assets are either hosted on private or government websites and online systems depending on where users are registered. There is a possibility that after death or impairment of a user, the confidentiality of online digital assets may be compromised due to absence of ownership and weak legal policies. This may result into privacy infringement of the owner, that is, the deceased or the impaired as well as other people related to the affected user such as those that have had sensitive conversations with him or her. Using Facebook as a case study, this research examined social web users’ opinions on privacy and online digital assets management (DAM) after death or impairment of a user. The study used an online questionnaire to collect opinions from 22 Facebook users. Results show that the majority of respondents consider privacy and online DAM to be important issues. On the other hand, other Facebook users think that privacy in social networking websites is a mere illusion. There are also users who are not familiar with the concept of DAM and do not have any means of managing their assets in case of impairment or death.

  • 12.
    Asiimwe, Edgar Napoleon
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Örebro University.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro university.
    E-waste management in East African community2012Inngår i: Handbook of Research on E-Government in Emerging Economies: Adoption, E-Participation, and Legal Frameworks / [ed] Kelvin Joseph Bwalya; Saul F.C. Zulu, IGI Global, 2012, s. 307-327Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 13.
    Asiimwe, Edgar Napoleon
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro University.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Practices and challenges in an emerging m-learning environment2017Inngår i: ijEDict - International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology, ISSN 1814-0556, E-ISSN 1814-0556, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 103-122Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study reports an interpretative case study investigating practices and challenges in an emerging m-learning environment at Makerere University in Uganda. The research was part of the MobiClass pilot project. Data was collected by means of observations and interviews with teachers and various m-learning support staff, including teacher trainers, systems administrators and a software developer. The Framework for Rational Analysis of Mobile Education (FRAME) is used as an analytic framework. The research focuses on how learning content management systems (LCMS) are implemented and used for m-learning purposes. We observed teacher training and m-learning content development practices and found that teacher skills for developing educational content, institutional m-learning policies and training programs are crucial success factors. The main finding is the importance of the support staff; it takes a long time to implement new technology and change teaching practices, support staff is needed to manage, inspire and support student and teachers.

  • 14.
    Asiimwe, Edgar Napoleon
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Örebro University.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro University.
    Wairagala, Wakabi
    Örebro University.
    Using technology for enhancing transparency and accountability in low resource communities: experiences from Uganda2013Inngår i: ICT for Anti-Corruption, Democracy and Education In East Africa / [ed] Katja Sarajeva, Stockholm: Spider , 2013, s. 37-51Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed at investigating the user needs, practices, experiences and challenges faced in promoting transparency and accountability using ICT in low-resource communities. The research was conducted on two ICT4D (Information and Communication Technology for Development) initiatives, a call center, and a telecenter supported by two projects; (1) “Promoting Social Accountability In The Health Sector In Northern Uganda”, (2) “Catalyzing Civic Participation And Democracy Monitoring Using ICTs”. The two projects sought to fight corruption by increasing transparency and accountability using ICT to enable “whistle-blowing,” i.e., reporting misconduct in service provision. The projects are based in Uganda and are carried out by Spider (Swedish Program for ICT in Developing Regions) partner organizations: Transparency International (TI) Uganda and Collaboration International ICT Policy in East and Southern Africa (CIPESA). Using interviews, focus group discussions and observations, the study addressed three research questions: (1) How have the two projects provided citizens a trusted and effective channel for “whistle-blowing”? (2) What are the enabling factors for whistle-blowing through ICT and challenges that affect whistle-blowers and how can the challenges be overcome?

    The ICT service-delivery monitoring and reporting methods used by projects include toll free phone calls, blogs, radio talk shows, SMS and e-mail for reaching out; and processes for verification of reports and for communicating reports to government. There are results that indicate these methods are sound enough to serve the purposes of transparency and accountability, and the track record exhibits real change achieved in many instances. ICT users are optimistic and trustful of these ICT methods. Effective whistle-blowing includes efficient and effective reporting processes, convenience in reporting, actual service delivery improvements, availability and privacy, and affordability. There are also a number of challenges, including user education, gender issues, and general issues pertaining to the business model, including economic sustainability and finding the most effective scope of the operations.

  • 15.
    Avdic, Anders
    Linköpings universitet.
    Användare och utvecklare: om anveckling med kalkylprogram1999Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I avhandlingen behandlas förutsättningar och effekter av kalkylprogramanveckling (KPA). KPA utförs av anvecklare, som fungerar både som användare och utvecklare. Anvecklare har djup verksamhetskunskap och viss verktygskunskap. Systemet, som anvecklaren utvecklar med kalkylprogram, kallas kalkylsystem. Den grundläggande forskningsfrågan i avhandlingen är: "Vilka nya möjligheter får användare att utföra arbetsuppgifter då de själva kan bygga informationssystem?" Avhandlingens syfte är att formulera en begreppsmodell över vilka förutsättningar och effekter, som gäller för kalkylprogramanveckling.

    Avhandlingens strategi kan sägas vara kvalitativ, hermeneutisk, abduktiv och empirinära. Fyra empiriska studier har genomförts. Empiri har i stor utsträckning styrt studier av relaterad teori. Den praktikgeneriska modellen har använts som referensmodell i avhandlingen, vilket har lett till ett synsätt, som innebär att när anvecklaren anvecklar, agerar han i minst två praktiker, utvecklarpraktiken och huvudpraktiken. Varje praktik har sin uppsättning av förutsättningar, t ex kunskap, normer och verktyg.

    Den integrerade karaktären på anveckling, gör interaktivitet i utvecklingsarbetet möjlig, vilket i sin tur innebär att anvecklaren snabbt kan växla mellan utveckling och användning. Ökad verktygskunskap kan innebära att anvecklaren ökar sin verksamhetskunskap. Då anvecklarens verksamhetskunskap ökar, ökar möjligheterna att analysera och ifrågasätta verksamheten. Anveckling innebär också att hänsyn kan tas till svårformaliserbara mål och normer, samt att formalisering av tyst kunskap möjliggörs. Anveckling i en miljö med lokala nätverk förenklar möjligheterna att distribuera kalkylsystem för granskning och verifiering. Kalkylsystemets transparens underlättar analys och diskussion. I avhandlingen diskuteras anveckling som ett sätt att hantera kontinuerlig omvärldsförändring på ett sätt som kan innebära omprövning av normer i verksamheten. Då anveckling betraktas som en form av systemutveckling, skiljer sig anveckling starkt från traditionell systemutveckling i och med att anveckling kännetecknas av integration, medan traditionell systemutveckling kännetecknas av specialisering. 

  • 16.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Knowledge sharing and deliberation using a spreadsheet program: two examples from a city planning department2006Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Mediability of knowledge types: planning for a web based rorum for knowledge sharing about end user development2005Inngår i: Promote IT 2005: proceedings of the fifth conference for the promotion of research in IT at new universities and university colleges in Sweden : Borlänge, Sweden 11-13 May, 2005 / [ed] Janis Bubenko jr ..., Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2005Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the paper is to describe knowledge categories that can be used as basis for the design of a Web Based Knowledge Sharing Forum for End User Development. The objective of the Web Based Forum is to support the end-user developers when the support is needed. The problem area is situated in the intersection between End User Computing and Knowledge Management. The study is qualitative. Methods used are participant observation and document studies.

  • 18.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Pedagogik för växande människor2005Inngår i: Swedish Business School: en analys, en idé, en vision, ett förslag, en uppgift och en möjlighet / [ed] Claes Hultman; Per Frankelius, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2005, s. 136-144Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 19.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet.
    Pedagogiskt program för Informatik2013Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 20.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Problem based learning with WebCT discussion groups in higher education2004Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 21.
    Avdic, Anders
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Örebro University.
    Second order interactive end user development appropriation in the public sector: Application development using spreadsheet programs2018Inngår i: Journal of Organizational and End User Computing, ISSN 1546-2234, E-ISSN 1546-5012, Vol. 30, nr 1, s. 82-107Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to respond to the research question: How does appropriation take place in the public sector in the development of end user applications by civil servants? Appropriation is defined as taking advantage of opportunities related to the development and use of applications, when the developer has in-depth knowledge of the problem domain and is also the primary user of the application. Our results showed that public servants who have deep problem domain knowledge can take advantage of end user tools (e.g. spreadsheet programs) in the problem- solving process to solve vaguely defined problems. Appropriation is manifested in the continuous development of various ICT applications. In this paper, we differentiate between first- and second-order appropriation. First-order appropriation takes place when the potential of the development tool is appropriated by the end user. Second-order appropriation takes place when an application is continuously developed and refined in parallel with the end user’s learning process and the development of organizational requirements.

  • 22.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro Universitet.
    The qualitative research method approach (qurma): students guide2010Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Qualitative methods are commonly used within the area of Electronic Government as well as other fields in social science. Among students carrying out qualitative approaches in their thesis work, qualitative studies are very common but unfortunately there is often a lack of rigor when using qualitative approaches. Method books discussing qualitative studies are frequent, but they often lack some firm advices about how to actually carry out a qualitative study. There are lots of good advices about interviews and observations. Grounded theory is often mentioned although in rather general terms. The interpretive part is not very thoroughly discussed though.

    Below we present an outline that might fill the mentioned gap somewhat.

    Our aim is to give the student a guide in carrying out the qualitative/interpretive approach. By following the ten steps below, students will not only have to prepare the study, they will also find some solid reference support for the necessary steps in the process of research.

  • 23.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    User spreadsheet systems development2005Inngår i: Encyclopedia of information science and technology / [ed] Mehdi Khosrow-Pour, Hershey, PA: Idea Group Reference , 2005, s. 2967-2972Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 24.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Users as developers: conditions and effects of user systems development2003Inngår i: Computing information technology: the human side / [ed] Steven Gordon, Hershey: IRM Press , 2003, s. 161-170Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 25.
    Avdic, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Artursson Wissa, Ulrika
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Socratic flipped classroom: What types of questions and tasks promote learning?2016Inngår i: Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on e-Learning ECEL 2016 / [ed] Jarmila Novotna & Antonin Jancarik, Reading UK, 2016, s. 41-48Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Socratic questioning stresses the importance of questioning for learning. Flipped Classroom pedagogy generates a need for effective questions and tasks in order to promote active learning. This paper describes a project aimed at finding out how different kinds of questions and tasks support students’ learning in a flipped classroom context. In this study, during the flipped courses, both the questions and tasks were distributed together with video recordings. Answers and solutions were presented and discussed in seminars, with approximately 10 participating students in each seminar. Information Systems students from three flipped classroom courses at three different levels were interviewed in focus groups about their perceptions of how different kinds of questions and tasks supported their learning process. The selected courses were organized differently, with various kinds of questions and tasks. Course one included open questions that were answered and presented at the seminar. Students also solved a task and presented the solution to the group. Course two included open questions and a task. Answers and solutions were discussed at the seminars where students also reviewed each other’s answers and solutions. Course three included online single- and multiple choice questions with real-time feedback. Answers were discussed at the seminar, with the focus on any misconceptions. In this paper we categorized the questions in accordance with Wilson (2016) as factual, convergent, divergent, evaluative, or a combination of these. In all, we found that any comprehensible question that initiates a dialogue, preferably with a set of Socratic questions, is perceived as promoting learning. This is why seminars that allow such questions and discussion are effective. We found no differences between the different kinds of Socratic questions. They were seen to promote learning so long as they made students reflect and problematize the questions. To conclude, we found that questions and tasks promote learning when they are answered and solved in a process that is characterized by comprehensibility, variation, repetition and activity.

  • 26.
    Avdic, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Grönberg, Pontus
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Olsson, Johan
    Örebro unviersitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Guerra Riveros, Francisco
    Örebro unviersitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Development of a Real-time Formative Feedback Student Response System2014Inngår i: Journal of Network and Innovative Computing, ISSN 2160-2174, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 259-268Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is focusing IT-supported real-time formative feedback in a classroom context. The development of a Student and Teacher Response System (STRS) is described. Since there are a number of obstacles for effective interaction in large classes, IT can be used to support the teachers aim to find out if students understand the lecture and accordingly adjust the content and design of the lecture. The system can be used for formative assessment before, during, and after a lecture. It is also possible for students to initiate interaction during lectures by posing questions anonymously. The main contributions of the paper are a) the description of the interactive real-time system and b) the development process behind it.

  • 27.
    Avdic, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Grönberg, Pontus
    Olsson, Johan
    Guerra Riveros, Francisco
    Student and teacher response system: development of an interactive anonymous real-timeformative feedback system2013Inngår i: Proceedings of the 2013 Third World Congress on Information and Communication Technologies (WICT 2013) / [ed] Ngo, L. .T., Abraham, A., Bui, L. T. Corchado, E., Yun-Hoi, C. & Ma, K., 2013, s. 25-30Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is focusing IT-supported real-time formative feedback in a classroom context. The development of a Student and Teacher Response System (STRS) is described. Since there are a number of obstacles for effective interaction in large classes IT can be used to support the teachers aim to find out if students understand the lecture and accordingly adjust the content and design of the lecture. The system can be used for formative assessment before, during, and after a lecture. It is also possible for students to initiate interaction during lectures by posing questions anonymously. The main contributions of the paper are a) the description of the interactive real-time system and b) the development process behind it.

  • 28.
    Avdic, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Lambrinos, Thomas
    Impera Kommunikation; Örebro universitet.
    Modeling and illustrating requirement prioritization in public e-service development from a value-based perspective2015Inngår i: Electronic Journal of e-Government, ISSN 1479-439X, E-ISSN 1479-439X, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 1-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A major problem in e-service development is the prioritization of the requirements of different stakeholders. The main stakeholders are governments and their citizens, all of whom have different and sometimes conflicting requirements. In this paper, the prioritization problem is addressed by combining a value-based approach with an illustration technique. This paper examines the following research question: How can multiple stakeholder requirements be illustrated from a value-based perspective in order to be prioritizable? We used an e-service development case taken from a Swedish municipality to elaborate on our approach. Our contributions are: 1) a model of the relevant domains for requirement prioritization for government, citizens, technology, finances and laws and regulations; and 2) a requirement fulfillment analysis tool (RFA) that consists of a requirement-goal-value matrix (RGV), and a calculation and illustration module (CIM). The model reduces cognitive load, helps developers to focus on value fulfillment in e-service development and supports them in the formulation of requirements. It also offers an input to public policy makers, should they aim to target values in the design of e-services.

  • 29.
    Avdic, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Åkerblom, Leif
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Flipped classroom and learning strategies2015Inngår i: Proceedings of 14th European Conference on e-Learning / [ed] Jefferies, A., Cubric, M., Barton, K. & Lilley, M., Reading, UK: Academic Conferences Publishing, 2015, s. 41-49Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to answer the research question "How does the flipped classroom affect students’ learning strategies?" In e-learning research, several studies have focused on how students and teachers perceive the flipped classroom approach. In general, these studies have reported pleasing results. Nonetheless, few, if any, studies have attempted to find out the potential effects of the flipped classroom approach on how students learn.

    This study was based on two cases: 1) a business modelling course and 2) a research methodology course. In both cases, participating students were from information systems courses at Dalarna University in Sweden. Recorded lectures replaced regular lectures. The recorded lectures were followed by seminars that focused on the learning content of each lecture in various ways.

    Three weeks after the final seminar, we arranged for two focus group interviews to take place in each course, with 8 to 10 students participating in each group. We asked open questions on how the students thought they had been affected and more dedicated questions that were generated from a literature study on the effects of flipped classroom courses. These questions dealt with issues about mobility, the potential for repeating lectures, formative feedback, the role of seminars, responsibility, empowerment, lectures before seminars, and any problems encountered.

    Our results show that, in general, students thought differently about learning after the courses in relation to more traditional approaches, especially regarding the need to be more active. Most students enjoyed the mobility aspect and the accessibility of recorded lectures, although a few claimed it demanded a more disciplined attitude. Most students also expressed a feeling of increased activity and responsibility when participating in seminars. Some even felt empowered because they could influence seminar content. The length of and possibility to navigate in recorded lectures was also considered important. The arrangement of the seminar rooms should promote face-to-face discussions. Finally, the types of questions and tasks were found to affect the outcomes of the seminars.

    The overall conclusion with regard to students’ learning strategies is that to be an active, responsible, empowered, and critical student you have to be an informed student with possibilities and mandate to influence how, where and when to learn and be able to receive continuous feedback during the learning process. Flipped classroom can support such learning.

  • 30. Axelsson, Karin
    et al.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    IT management during acquisition of ERP-systems: experiences from goal dialogues at two companies2001Inngår i: , 2001Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 31.
    Blomgren, Sofia
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Grönholm, Jonas
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Kravsammanställning samt utvärdering avbildvisningsprogramför diagnostik inom telepatologi: En fallstudiemed SIV-metoden som tillvägagångssätt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    De flesta har i sin närhet någon som drabbats av cancer och sjukdomsfallen har ökat genom åren. Den yrkesgrupp som ställer diagnos av denna sjukdom är patologer. Bristen på patologer är idagsläget stor och det finns därför ett behov av att finna effektiva lösningar för att möta denna brist och en ökande mängd patienter. För att digitalisera vävnadsproven som diagnostiseras, scannas dessa in med en glasscanner. Dessa digitala bildfiler kan sedan visas i ett bildvisningsprogram och delas digitalt mellan patologer på distans. Detta begrepp kallas för telepatologi.

    Studien utgår utifrån följande frågeställningar:

    • Vilka krav är väsentliga och bör ingå i en utvärdering för bildvisningsprogram avsedda för diagnostik inom telepatologi?
    • Vilket bildvisningsprogram är mest lämpat att implementeras i ett webbaserat system baserat på dessa väsentliga krav?

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka vilka krav som är väsentliga och bör ingå i en utvärdering av bildvisningsprogram avsedda för diagnostik inom telepatologi, samt att utföra en utvärdering av ett urval bildvisningsprogramvaror med hjälp av dessa krav.

    En fallstudie genomfördes med datainsamlingsmetoderna: intervjuer med två personer från studiens samarbetspartner CGM, Frågeformulär där Sveriges patologer var respondenter samt dokumentstudier för att samla in information gällande bildvisningsprogrammen. Studien tillämpar utvalda delar ur Anders G. Nilssons SIV-metod som tillvägagångsätt för att samla in krav samt för att göra ett urval av bildvisningsprogram som sedan utvärderas gentemot dessa krav.

    Resultaten av datainsamlingarna analyserades och ledde till ett kravdokument med väsentliga krav.Tre så kallade utslagsgivande faktorer bland dessa krav var att bildvisningsprogrammet måste vara webbaserat utan installation på klient, funktioner för in- och ut-zoomning samt panorering måste finnas. Utvärderingen av utvalda bildvisningsprogram visade slutligen att OpenSlide var mest lämpad att implementeras i ett webbaserat system.

  • 32.
    Brandt, Lisa
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Utvärdering av effektkartläggning med MA/SIMM: Effektkartläggning som stöd vid val av teknik för att nå önskad effekt vid utveckling av ett mobilt intranät2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Kravinsamling görs inför ett systemutvecklingsprojekt för att identifiera användarnas behov och önskade effekter med systemet. Ett problem för många system är att valet av teknik påverkas allt för mycket av vilka tekniker som finns i företaget och är i många fall förutbestämt, istället för att baseras på behov och krav som ställs på systemet. Effektkartläggning är en metod som kan användas för kravinsamling, men metoden har inte fokus på tekniska funktioner. Eftersom tekniken ofta är förutbestämd måste den beaktas redan under kravinsamlingen. Frågan är därför hur man kan använda effektkartläggning för att den ändå ska vara ett stöd vid val av teknik.

    Syftet med det här examensarbetet har varit att utvärdera metoden effektkartläggning genom en metodanalys enligt metoden MA/SIMM, för att ta fram ett förslag på hur metoden bör användas för att vara ett stöd vid val av teknik för applikationstyp och cms för att nå önskad effekt vid utveckling av ett mobilt intranät.

    För att kunna besvara syftet har två frågeställningar tagits fram:

     Hur bör metoden effektkartläggning användas för att vara ett stöd vid val av teknik för applikationstyp och cms för ett mobilt intranät?

     Vilka faktorer bör beaktas vid val av teknik för applikationstyp och cms för att nå önskad effekt vid utveckling av ett mobilt intranät?

    För att identifiera faktorerna har litteraturstudier och intervjuer genomförts. Resultatet av vilka faktorer som bör beaktas vid val av teknik är en lista på 13 faktorer som grovt kan delas in i faktorer för applikationstyp och cms.

    Metoden effektkartläggning har analyserats utifrån ett teoretiskt och ett situationellt perspektiv. Resultatet av metodanalysen visar att systemutvecklare bör involveras tidigare i processen, metoder som säkerställer att outtalade krav dokumenteras bör användas samt tre förändringar i effektkartans notation behövs för att effektkartläggning ska vara ett stöd vid val av teknik.

  • 33.
    Ericsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Information technology and knowledge acquisition in manufacturing companies: a Scandinavian perspective2002Inngår i: Knowledge management in the sociotechnical world: the graffiti continues / [ed] Elayne Coakes, Dianne Willis, Steve Clarke, New York: Springer-Verlag New York , 2002, s. 121-135Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 34.
    Fredriksson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Långberg, Andreas
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    En beskrivning av informationsmiljö därdatumstyrda förhållanden råder: En fallstudie av en myndighet och dess informationsmiljö med rättsakter2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this study a case study was conducted at the Transport Agency. The government agency is seeking better alternatives to its current ways of keeping track of important dates stated in legal documents. The agency wants to explore the possibility for an IT-solution for keeping track on those dates. In the case study change analysis was conducted on the vehicle type approval process. Qualitative interviews were conducted with a section manager, vehicle type and component approvers, and with a system administrator and a system manager at the Transport Agency in Borlänge. The study describes an information environment in an organization in which date-controlled conditions apply and challenges with such an environment.The study also provides a proposal for designing an IT-solution for such an environment.

    The result that emerged showed that the information environment in terms of the legal documents and the institutions’ (EU and UNECE) websites where they are distributed is challenging for keeping track on dates. The challenges of the websites are that they are limited and complicated in terms of information search. The challenges with the legal documents are that date-controlled conditions apply. In other words, the dates themselves determine which dates and what applies and not. The legal documents are also many, retroactive, refer to each other and contain regulations for different kinds of areas, which makes difficult to find the relevant dates. The design proposal that emerged was made based on the existing IT environment at the Transport Agency. It was proposed that important key concepts are identified, categorized and realized in a database with searchability on the most important common concepts as denominators, and that it the information conforms with E-message. The developed database was based on date, date type, vehicle category, legal document, minor version and other info. A web interface was created in ASP.NET and C # for access to the database, with the message that a webbbased IT-solution should be considered.

  • 35.
    Grahn, Cecilia
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Sund, Martin
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Cloud computing - Moving to the cloud2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Cloud computing innebär användning av datorresurser som är tillgängliga via ett nätverk, oftast Internet och är ett område som har vuxit fram i snabb takt under de senaste åren. Allt fler företag migrerar hela eller delar av sin verksamhet till molnet. Sogeti i Borlänge har behov av att migrera sina utvecklingsmiljöer till en molntjänst då drift och underhåll av dessa är kostsamma och tidsödande. Som Microsoftpartners vill Sogeti använda Microsoft tjänst för cloud computing, Windows Azure, för detta syfte. Migration till molnet är ett nytt område för Sogeti och de har inga beskrivningar för hur en sådan process går till. Vårt uppdrag var att utveckla ett tillvägagångssätt för migration av en IT-lösning till molnet. En del av uppdraget blev då att kartlägga cloud computing, dess beståndsdelar samt vilka för- och nackdelar som finns, vilket har gjort att vi har fått grundläggande kunskap i ämnet. För att utveckla ett tillvägagångssätt för migration har vi utfört flera migrationer av virtuella maskiner till Windows Azure och utifrån dessa migrationer, litteraturstudier och intervjuer dragit slutsatser som mynnat ut i ett generellt tillvägagångssätt för migration till molnet. Resultatet har visat att det är svårt att göra en generell men samtidigt detaljerad beskrivning över ett tillvägagångssätt för migration, då scenariot ser olika ut beroende på vad som ska migreras och vilken typ av molntjänst som används. Vi har dock utifrån våra erfarenheter från våra migrationer, tillsammans med litteraturstudier, dokumentstudier och intervjuer lyft vår kunskap till en generell nivå. Från denna kunskap har vi sammanställt ett generellt tillvägagångssätt med större fokus på de förberedande aktiviteter som en organisation bör genomföra innan migration. Våra studier har även resulterat i en fördjupad beskrivning av cloud computing. I vår studie har vi inte sett att någon tidigare har beskrivit kritiska framgångsfaktorer i samband med cloud computing. I vårt empiriska arbete har vi dock identifierat tre kritiska framgångsfaktorer för cloud computing och i och med detta täckt upp en del av kunskapsgapet där emellan.

  • 36.
    Grönlund, Åke
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Ten years of eGovernment: the end of history and a new beginning2009Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    eGovernment practice has over the past decade developed considerably in a technical perspective moving from information provision to complete transactional services. In terms of organizational adoption the change is less impressive overall and there are structural obstacles. While new business models have indeed evolved in large government organizations where scale advantages are easily found and transactions are easily automated, these models have not been fully disseminated across the range of government organizations where services are more complex and operations small-scale. Also, whole-system synergies have not happened as expected because stovepipes tend to pertain in the e-service government. This paper argues that although there is no lack of eGovernment “frameworks”, both governments and research are both in need of better guiding models in order to address contemporary and future challenges. This argument is pursued by reviewing a decade of eGovernment development and research in terms of the guiding values as expressed by influential maturity models and relating them to the eGovernment domain, as defined by formal definitions and practice in combination. We find that development so far has overall been too narrowly guided by a technical focus and economic and administrative values and too little informed by public sector values. While there is no lack of broad frameworks there is scarcity as concerns structured research and evaluation models that encompass such values. The paper examines some models dealing with such values and concludes by proposing criteria by which maturity models should be designed so as to serve as good guides for the next decade of eGovernment development.

  • 37.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Andersson, Annika
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Students’ use of one to one laptops: a capability approach analysis2013Inngår i: Information Technology and People, ISSN 0959-3845, E-ISSN 1758-5813, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 94-112Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - We evaluate effects of students’ 1:1 laptop use from a capability perspective by investigating increases and decreases of students’ opportunities and choices. We investigate changes that have taken place and how these changes enable or restrict students to do and be what they desire.

    Design/methodology/approach – We undertake an interpretive case study based on group interviews and questionnaires. Sen’s capability approach is used as theoretical framework and has informed the data collection and the analysis.

    Findings – 1:1 laptops in schools have provided students with new opportunities and choices, but also restricted others. An evident opportunity is the equalization of access to computers. Other opportunities relate to schoolwork efficiency and increased access to information. Gains also include the use of different media for overcoming disabilities or to fit individual learning styles. Regarding students’ well-being, a “fun” learning environment is mentioned. However, the “fun” is often about playing games or using social media – something which diverts the students’ attention from the learning. Students also find that they are less social, too computer dependent, and that they miss using pen and paper. Additionally, health issues such as back problems and headaches are reported, as well as an increased risk of being robbed.

    Originality/value – Most research on 1:1 laptops in education focuses on easily quantifiable measures and reports from a teacher perspective. We take a broader approach and investigate the impact 1:1 laptops have on students’ well-being and agency. 

  • 38.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Ater, Sarah
    CORDIO East Africa, Kenya .
    Obura, David
    CORDIO East Africa, Kenya .
    Mibei, Brigid
    CORDIO East Africa, Kenya .
    Capability outcomes from educational and ICT capability inputs: an analysis of ICT use in informal education in Kenya2014Inngår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, E-ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 61, nr 1, s. 1-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the field of Information and Communication Technologies for Development (ICT4D) ICT use in education is well studied. Education is often seen as a pre-requisite for development and ICTs are believed to aid in education, e.g. to make it more accessible and to increase its quality. In this paper we study the access and use of ICT in a study circle (SC) education program in the south coast of Kenya. The study is qualitative reporting results based on interviews and observations with SC participants, government officers and SC coordinators and teachers. The study builds on the capability approach perspective of development where individuals’ opportunities and ability to live a life that they value are focused. The aim of the study is to investigate the capability outcomes enabled through the capability inputs access and use of ICT in education as well as the factors that enabled and/or restricted the outcomes. Findings show that many opportunities have been enabled such as an increase in the ability to generate an income, learning benefits, community development and basic human development (e.g. literacy and self-confidence). However, conversion factors such as a poorly developed infrastructure and poor IT literacy prevent many of the individuals from taking full advantage of the ICT and the opportunities it enables. 

  • 39.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Avdic, Anders
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Andersson, Annika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    SCORM from the perspective of the course designer: a critical review2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The introduction of e-Learning opens new possibilities and new ways of delivering courses. Learning objects can be used and reused in educational contexts to educate students, employees, administrative officers and citizens. In later years Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) developed by Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) has more or less become a de-facto standard for creating learning materials that can be used in different learning management systems (LMS).There are many scientific papers that deal with the benefits of e-Learning from a learner’s perspective, or from a strictly economical point of view. In this paper we critically evaluate which benefits and drawbacks a course designer in a university setting can have from using the SCORM standard to deliver a course to the students. We use scenarios to test what benefits and drawbacks can be observed by setting up a course on an LMS with and without the use of the SCORM specification.Our findings show that for a course designer, advantages with SCORM are possibility of reuse, use of metadata and possibility to sequence the learning path of the learner. The most important drawback for a course designer is the lack of flexibility when using SCORM. Another major drawback is structure rigidity. In order to fully be able to use the potential of SCORM the course design and content should not be changed after the course is started. This might have negative impact on the possibilities to design a university course if the field of study is volatile, like many ICT-related topics are.

  • 40.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Devinder, Thapa
    University of Agder, Norway .
    Sæbø, Øystein
    University of Agder, Norway .
    A Framework for Understanding the Link Between ICT and Development: How Affordances Influence Capabilities2016Inngår i: Proceedings of SIG GlobDev Ninth Annual Workshop, Dublin, Ireland, December 11, 2016, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the role of ICT in development is at the core of the ICT4D field. However, while most agree that ICT do contribute to development, the question of how is still not fully explored. In this research-in-progress, we propose a framework that combines two theoretical lenses, the choice framework (that is based on the capability approach) and affordances, to increase our understanding of ICTs role in the development process. The capability approach considers development as freedoms for people to live the lives they have a reason to value. The affordance theory describes action possibilities allowed by material properties, thereby allowing the examination of how individuals explore material properties of information systems with the objective of enhancing their capabilities. We argue that, by combining the choice framework with affordances we can better explain the role of ICT in the development process, and explain how individuals’ agency and social structures influence their ability to perceive affordances in their interaction with the ICT.

  • 41.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Mozelius, Peter
    Stocholms Universitet / DSV.
    A model for a learning object repository metadata set: a case study at UCSC, Sri Lanka2009Inngår i: e-Asia conference 2009, 2009, s. 17-17Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42.
    Husnain, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Avdic, Anders
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Identifying the contemporary status of e-service sustainability research2015Inngår i: International Journal of E-Services and Mobile Applications, ISSN 1941-627X, E-ISSN 1941-627X, Vol. 7, nr 3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development is a major concern all over the world. Indeed, it is required in every domain of life, including that of government. E-services are widely acknowledged for the contribution they make to e-government. The research question raised in this study is: What is the existing status of e-service sustainability research? The research method used is a literature study that adopts a concept-centric approach. Literature was collected from high-ranking IS journals and relevant databases. Selected literature was then analyzed using the twin concepts of e-service sustainability itself and the enabler (secondary) effects of sustainable e-services. The Triple Bottom Line’s model was used to further categorize the findings using economic, environmental, and social sustainability concepts. Finally, the selected papers were analyzed in terms of research approach and topic. The results of the study revealed a lack of research into e-service sustainability. By way of contrast, it revealed 20 articles that cover the enabler effect. Existing research is related to economic and social dimensions, with the most common topic being related to user satisfaction.

  • 43.
    Joseph, Shaji
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Avdic, Anders
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Where do e-Government strategies take the Nordic nations?2016Inngår i: Electronic Journal of e-Government, ISSN 1479-439X, E-ISSN 1479-439X, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 2-16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An effective strategy is critical for the successful development of e-Government. The leading nations in the e-Government rankings include Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland. Their leading role makes them interesting to study when looking for reasons to successful e-Government. The purpose of this research paper is to describe the e-Government development strategies of Nordic countries, which rank highly on the international stage. In particular it aims to study the foci of these strategies. The approach is a document study of the e-Government development strategies of Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland was carried out using a qualitative content analysis inductive method. The results show that the major focus of Nordic e-Government strategies is on public sector reforms. Other focus areas include economic reforms and, to a lesser extent, e-Democracy efforts. Sweden, Finland and Norway have set ambitious policy goals in order to achieve global leadership in e-Government development. In response to the question posed by this paper’s title, we can say that Nordic e-Government strategies, except for Norway, focus more on reforming public sector services than on economic reforms.  E-Democracy reforms are hardly focused on at all.

    Practical implications: Public sector policy makers can relate their policy foci to some of the more successful e-Government countries in the world. Research implications/originality is that this paper can apart from the findings also provide a means on how to identify the actual foci of a country’s e-Government policy.

  • 44. Karlsson, Eva
    Systemutveckling för riskbaserad tillsyn: Hur verksamhetsanalys på praktikteoretisk grund kan användas för kravfångst2012Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har utförts vid en myndighet som bedriver statlig tillsyn över det svenska järnvägssystemet. När myndigheten beslutade att deras tillsyn skulle vara riskbaserad uppstod behov att se över och eventuellt förändra myndighetens verksamhetsprocesser utifrån ett riskbaserat synsätt. Arbetet med denna licentiatavhandling, som har skett i form av praktikforskning, har sin grund i två förändringsprojekt som var starkt påverkade av den bärande idén om riskbaserad tillsyn. Av denna anledning fanns ett behov att karaktärisera riskbaserad tillsyn. Detta skedde med hjälp av verksamhetsanalys på praktikteoretisk grund vars resultat formulerades i en verksamhetsteori för riskbaserad tillsyn. På ett övergripande plan handlar riskbaserad tillsyn om att integrera riskhantering i myndighetens tillsynsprocesser.

    Denna licentiatavhandling är skriven inom ämnet informationssystemsutveckling och det problem som undersöks är hur man kan fånga kraven på ett verksamhetsstödjande informationssystem med hjälp av en verksamhetsanalys på praktikteoretisk grund. Tesen för arbetet är att de krav som identifieras i en verksamhetsanalys på praktikteoretisk grund bör kunna användas i det fortsatta kravarbetet. Därför är spårbarhet mellan verksamhetsanalysens dokumentation och den fortsatta kravhanteringen i ett systemutvecklingsprojekt en viktig egenskap. Spårbarheten undersöks genom att två av myndighetens utvecklingsprojekt som var inriktade på att utveckla både verksamheten och nya informationssystem analyseras.

    Att uppnå spårbarhet är en del av tillvägagångssättet när informationssystem utvecklas. I denna licentiatavhandling beskrivs tillvägagångssättet utifrån tre metodegenskaper: arbetssätt (vilka frågor som ställs), notation (hur kraven dokumenteras) och arbetsformer (vilka tekniker för datainsamling som används). Det är alltså inte bara spårbarhet (som ingår i metodegenskapen notation) som är intressant att studera närmare utan hela tillvägagångssättet i verksamhetsanalysen.

    Studien har bedrivits i form av praktikforskning och det innebär att tre bidrag har producerats: 1) ett bidrag till den lokala praktiken, dvs. till myndigheten; 2) ett bidrag till den generella praktiken, dvs. till andra verksamheter som bedriver statlig tillsyn men även praktiker som arbetar med verksamhets- respektive systemutveckling inkluderas i den generella praktiken; samt 3) ett bidrag till akademin. Bidraget till den lokala praktiken är genomförandet av utvecklingsprojekten och deras resultat. Bidraget till den generella praktiken inom verksamhetsutveckling är verksamhetsanalysen som resulterar i en verksamhetsteori för riskbaserad tillsyn. Bidraget till praktiker inom systemutveckling är kravanalysen som visar hur en verksamhetsanalys på praktikteoretisk grund kan användas för att fånga krav på ett verksamhetsstödjande informationssystem. Kravanalysen öppnar även för möjligheter att söka efter krav på ett informationssystem utan att verksamhetsanalysen fokuserar informationssystemet. Bidraget till akademin består också av kravanalysen som med hjälp av fyra kravkategorier härleder spårbarhet mellan verksamhetsteorin för riskbaserad tillsyn och kravdokumentation från de studerade projekten. Det andra bidraget till akademin är ett önskvärt tillvägagångssätt för att genomföra en praktikteoretisk verksamhetsanalys för riskbaserad tillsyn.

  • 45.
    Laryea, Rueben
    Stockholm University.
    Project outcome classification with imprecise criteria information2013Inngår i: International Journal of Applied Decision Sciences, ISSN 1755-8077, E-ISSN 1755-8085, Vol. 6, nr 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A case in which managers have to make project outcome classification decisions with uncertainty in independently related criteria values is considered in this paper. A multi-criteria decision model is developed in this paper by selecting methods which delved into data analysis to help managers make informed classification decisions. Uncertainty in the criteria values is resolved using linear programming which enables managers to know the profit outcome of their projects for efficient resource allocation. The classification scheme from the linear programming process is used as predefined classification inputs for use in the UTilités Additives DIScriminantes (UTADIS) method, which further produces a classification model. The analysis presented a no misclassification error in the predefined classifications from the linear programming and the classifications in the UTADIS method thus further boosting the confidence managers can entrust in the resulting classification model.

  • 46.
    Lidén, Gunnar
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Democracy functions of information technology2003Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 47.
    Lundström, Joakim
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Spela vidare, konsumenten!: Interaktiv marknadsföring och svenska reklambyråers användande av spelifering2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta arbete var att genom semistrukturerade intervjuer och enkäter, kartlägga svenska reklambyråers användning och förståelse för vad spelifiering innebär inom marknadsföring. Reklambyråer utspridda i Sverige med olika antal anställda har svarat på enkäterna och majoriteten av reklambyråerna har hört talas om termen spelifiering sedan innan men endast ett fåtal har använt sig av det i sina egna reklamprojekt. Definitionen av spelifiering verkar vara snävare hos vissa reklambyråer då de oftast pratar om spelifiering som att man skapar ett komplett spel i sina projekt. Svenska reklambyråer ansåg inte heller att varumärken med etablerade kunder tjänar mer på att använda spelifiering i reklamprojekt än nystartade varumärken. Detta kan bero på att de anser att det viktiga är hur man utformar sitt projekt och att en lyckad kampanj skall fungera vare sig man har etablerade kunder eller inte. Gamers är mer bekväma vid användandet när det kommer till spelifierade reklamprojekt marknadsföring. En kund som är gamer kan även kräva mer för att bli positivt påverkad av en spelifierad reklamkampanj. Detta var reklambyråerna oense om och det kan bero på att deras vy på en lyckad reklamkampanj handlar om hur den formas, inte hur målgruppen ser ut.

  • 48.
    Nordin, Niklas
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Gustafsson, Marcus
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Analys, design och konstruktion av en ITS-prototyp: Att övervaka och informera transporter av farligt gods på väg2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 49.
    Persson, Desirée
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Grafisk teknologi.
    Design av grafiskt material till ett indiespel: Processen att utveckla en logotypoch webbsida till spelet Heathen Quest.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Målet med detta arbete var att ta fram en logotyp och en webbsida till spelet Heathen Quest. Både webbsidan och logotypen skulle tilltala spelets målgrupp och förmedla spelets känsla: ”Rollspel med klassiska dungeon crawling och moderna inslag”.

    En visuell innehållsanalys gjordes för att undersöka hur liknande populära indiespel designat sina webbsidor och logotyper. En enkät utfördes med respondenter ur målgruppen för att utreda vad de upplevde som tilltalande. För att se om materialet skulle vara kommersiellt gångbart, utfördes semistrukturerade intervjuer med branschaktiva inom indiespelutveckling. Till sist utfördes en semistrukturerad intervju med Heavy Realm Games för att validera att materialet reflekterade den känsla som de ville förmedla. Baserat på den data som samlades in skapades designförslag som skulle både signalera att spelet var ett RPG-spel, vara tilltalande för målgruppen och visuellt representera spelets tema.

    Under undersökningen framgick det att det är viktigt att designa med ett tydligt mål. Författaren har också upptäckt vikten av att välja det material som ska marknadsföra ett spel baserat på den tid som finns tillgänglig till att skapa det och underhålla det. Det är möjligt att det finns andra typer av grafiskt material som skulle ha varit av högre relevans att fokusera på inför sin lansering av spelet. Resultatet av de skisser som skapades under arbetet visar att de i stor utsträckning tilltalar målgruppen, kommer vara kommersiellt gångbara och kommunicerar spelets tema väl.

  • 50.
    Sandberg, Karl W
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Issues of emotion and usability of interactive artefacts in HCI2011Inngår i: Challenges for the future in an ICT context / [ed] Asproth, Viveca, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2011, s. 127-137Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
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