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  • 1.
    Nordström, Carin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management. Mittuniversitetet.
    Sirén, Charlotta
    University of St.Gallen; Global Center Entrepreneurship & Innovation.
    Thorgren, Sara
    Luleå University of Technology; Entrepreneurship & Innovation.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology; Entrepreneurship & Innovation.
    Passion in hybrid entrepreneurship: the impact of entrepreneurial teams and tenure2016In: Baltic Journal of Management, ISSN 1746-5265, E-ISSN 1746-5273, Vol. 11, no 2, 167-186 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The present study draws on the theory of choice overload to examine how entrepreneurial tenure and involvement in entrepreneurial teams influence passion for engaging in entrepreneurship.

    Design/methodology/approach A survey was administered to 262 Swedish hybrid entrepreneurs, which refers to individuals who engage in entrepreneurship while also maintaining wage work; this arrangement is becoming more and more common in the Nordic economies. Hypotheses proposed associations between the entrepreneurial tenure (the length of engagement in the side business) and entrepreneurial teams (leading the business with one or more team members) with passion for entrepreneurship. Logistic regression was used to test the hypotheses.

    Findings Results from logistic regression support the hypotheses with three findings: 1) the longer the individual has had the side business, the less likely passion to be the main motive behind entrepreneurship; 2) passion is less likely to be the main motive behind entrepreneurship among those who are part of an entrepreneurial team, and 3) involvement in an entrepreneurial team strengthens the negative association between entrepreneurial tenure and passion for entrepreneurship.

    Research limitations/implications The data are limited to the creative sector in Sweden and to the hybrid entrepreneurship context.

    Practical implications – The results support the impact of choice overload and the notions that entrepreneurship passion will decrease the longer the business is up running and if the venturing occurs with another team member. In practice,this means that interventions for re-kindling passion in entrepreneurship should focus on dealing with choice overload under conditions of long-term tenure and team-funded ventures. If entrepreneurswant tomaintain high levels of passion, quick and isolated entrepreneurial processes reduce the choice overload that may threaten maintaining a high passion for entrepreneurship.

    Originality/value – This study is the first to apply choice theory to an entrepreneurship context and to find support for possible negative effects of choice overload on passion for entrepreneurship.

  • 2.
    Thorgren, Sara
    et al.
    Luleå Univ Technol, Dept Entrepreneurship & Innovat, S-95187 Luleå, Sweden.
    Nordström, Carin
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå Univ Technol, Dept Entrepreneurship & Innovat, S-95187 Luleå, Sweden.
    Hybrid entrepreneurship: the importance of passion2014In: Baltic Journal of Management, ISSN 1746-5265, E-ISSN 1746-5273, Vol. 9, no 3, 314-329 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the motives behind individuals’ choice to haveparallel business-employment careers (hybrid entrepreneurship) with a particular focus on passion(i.e. to work with something one is passionate about) as the main motive.Design/methodology/approach – A survey was administered to 262 Swedish hybridentrepreneurs. Hypotheses proposed associations of the individual’s age at business start-up andweekly hours spent on the business with passion as the main motive for the hybrid form. Logisticregression was used to test the hypotheses.Findings – The results indicated that first, the ability to work with something one is passionate aboutis the top motive for combining employment with a side business; second, passion is more likely to bethe main motive behind the hybrid form among individuals who are older at business start-up; third,passion is less likely to be the main motive behind the hybrid form among individuals who spend moretime on the business.Research limitations/implications – The study focusses on passion as motive for hybridentrepreneurship, and in doing so, it does not test the extent to which hybrid entrepreneurs experiencepassion.Practical implications – The results support the popular notion that passion drives people to haveparallel business-employment careers. Findings indicating that passion as a motive is more commonamong those who are older at start-up and less common among those who spend more time onthe business suggest the importance of acknowledging hybrid entrepreneurs’ various profiles whenapproaching them in research and practice.Originality/value – This is the first study on motives behind hybrid entrepreneurship.

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