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  • 1. Heinrichs, J.
    et al.
    Gerth, J.
    Bexell, Ulf
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Materialvetenskap.
    Larsson, M.
    Wiklund, U.
    Influence from surface roughness on steel transfer to PVD tool coatings in continuous and intermittent sliding contacts2012Ingår i: Tribology International, ISSN 0301-679X, E-ISSN 1879-2464, Vol. 56, s. 9-18Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A sliding test is used in order to evaluate the influence of tool surface roughness on the material transfer in intermittent and continuous sliding of PVD coated HSS against case hardening steel (20NiCrMo2). Two cutting tool coatings, TiN and AlCrN, and three different surface roughnesses are tested. For polished surfaces the same types of material transfer are obtained irrespective of sliding mode and coating type. If the surfaces are too rough, the tribofilms do not grow thick enough to separate the surfaces and the work material is abrasively worn in both sliding modes. With increased sliding distance, cracking of the TiN coating occurs while the AlCrN coating remains intact. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 2.
    Heinrichs, Jannica
    et al.
    Tribomaterials group, The Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Gerth, Julia
    Tribomaterials group, The Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Thersleff, Thomas
    Applied Materials Science, The Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Bexell, Ulf
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Materialteknik.
    Larsson, Mats
    Primateria AB, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Wiklund, Urban
    Tribomaterials group, The Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Influence of sliding speed on modes of material transfer as steel slides against PVD tool coatings2013Ingår i: Tribology International, ISSN 0301-679X, E-ISSN 1879-2464, Vol. 58, s. 55-64Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An intermittent sliding test was used in order to study the formation and build- up of tribofilms during intermittent sliding of PVD coated HSS against case hardening steel (20NiCrMo2). Two cutting tool coatings were tested, TiN and AlCrN, and the influence of sliding speed was evaluated. With moderate speed,  two tribofilms were formed separately, one consisting of Mn, Si, Al and O on an intermediate layer  of Fe and one consisting of Fe, Mn, Cr and O on an intermediate layer of Cr and Mn. At low sliding speeds an uneven transfer of steel occured while high sliding speeds resulted in thermal softening of the substrate leading to coating failure. AlCrN provided better substrate protection at high speeds than TiN did.

  • 3. Roizard, X.
    et al.
    Heinrichs, J.
    Et Taouil, A.
    Jacobson, S.
    Olsson, Mikael
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Materialteknik.
    Melot, J. M.
    Lallemand, F.
    Insights into sliding wear and friction behavior of copper in ethanol containing alkylphosphonic acid molecules2016Ingår i: Tribology International, ISSN 0301-679X, E-ISSN 1879-2464, Vol. 96, s. 141-148Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, the friction and wear behavior of bare copper was investigated for the first time under lubricated sliding conditions in diluted ethanol solutions of butylhosphonic (C4P), octylphosphonic (C8P), dodecylphosphonic (C12P), and hexadecylphosphonic (C16P) acids. The technique aims towards a more environmentally friendly lubrication to be used in shaping of copper sheets. Bare copper samples were subjected to unidirectional sliding using a tribometer with ball-on-disk contact geometry. Copper substrates (20 mm2×1 mm) were run against 100Cr6 ∅10 mm ball bearing counterbodies. All tests were conducted using the same sliding conditions with a normal load of 10 N, tangential velocity of 0.01 m/s, at room temperature of 20 °C. Worn surfaces were analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscopy, Optical Microscopy and White Light Interference Profilometry. When comparing to sliding tests in the pure ethanol solvent, significant decreases in terms of wear track dimensions, transferred material on the ball and friction coefficients are observed when active molecules are present in the solution. These form protective tribofilms exhibiting lubricating and anti-wear properties. Deeper studies on the tribological behavior of copper in C4P solution show that both low friction and low transfer of work material to the ball prevail in a specific range of low molecule concentration (5×10-4 M; 25×10-4 M). Even if the molecules are introduced during the test, after a few cycles, the tribological behavior improves, regardless of both friction level and copper surface degradation. Finally, specific friction tests were performed to further investigate the mechanisms. It was found that two mechanisms are involved; firstly molecules grafting onto the surface directly reduces friction, and secondly transformation of these grafted molecules into a tribofilm during the first mechanical contact cycles reduces it even further. 

  • 4.
    Westlund, V.
    et al.
    Uppsala Univ, Angstrom Tribomat Grp, Box 534, S-75121 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Heinrichs, J.
    Uppsala Univ, Angstrom Tribomat Grp, Box 534, S-75121 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Olsson, Mikael
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Materialteknik. Uppsala Univ, Angstrom Tribomat Grp, Box 534, S-75121 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Jacobson, S.
    Uppsala Univ, Angstrom Tribomat Grp, Box 534, S-75121 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Investigation of material transfer in sliding friction-topography or surface chemistry?2016Ingår i: Tribology International, ISSN 0301-679X, E-ISSN 1879-2464, Vol. 100, s. 213-223Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To differentiate between the roles of surface topography and chemical composition on influencing friction and transfer in sliding contact, a series of tests were performed in situ in an SEM. The initial sliding during metal forming was investigated, using an aluminum tip representing the work material, put into sliding contact with a polished flat tool material. Both DLC-coated and uncoated tool steel was used. By varying the final polishing step of the tool material, different surface topographies were obtained. The study demonstrates the strong influence from nano topography of an unpolished DLC coated surface on both coefficient of friction and material transfer. The influence of tool surface chemistry is also discussed.

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